Apple tree safare
Apple safare is a late winter variety of apple trees, it has many positive characteristics, the trees always grow quite intensively. The variety was bred at the Research Institute of Horticulture in the North Caucasus, through the hybridization of other varieties. Domestic scientists were engaged in breeding. In the presented article, we will analyze the main characteristics of the Safare apple variety, tell you about the rules for growing this crop, as well as the advantages and disadvantages, and the characteristics of fruiting.
Apple tree Safare: variety description and detailed characteristics
Apple tree Safare: photo of the variety
Apple trees of the Safare variety are vigorous, the crown is quite thick, round in shape. In this regard, it will be necessary to trim the crop in a timely manner, otherwise thickening cannot be avoided. Pruning is usually carried out twice a year, in spring and autumn. This must be done either before the start of sap flow, or after its completion. Formative pruning is carried out so that the crown is not only compact, but also free. That is, the shoots should not be in close contact with each other, it is in this case that the plant will bear fruit most intensively. All branches growing inside the crown must be removed, in addition, all diseased and deformed shoots must be cut off, due to the fact that they interfere with fruiting and the development of culture. The bark on the trunk and skeletal branches is grayish, brown, while it is quite smooth to the touch.
Apple trees are actively bearing fruit. Shoots are long enough, well developed. The foliage is large, ovoid in shape, oblong, the leaf plates are usually curved. Dullness and irregularities are noticeable along the edges. The petioles are medium in length, and the stipules are lanceolate, and they are quite large. If we talk about inflorescences, then they are formed actively, and the flowers are always quite large. They are saucer-shaped in shape, and light, pinkish in color. A pleasant aroma always spreads from the inflorescences in the garden. The stipules are rather long, but not pubescent. The stigmas are rather large in relation to the anthers.
Description of the fruits of the safare variety
The fruits of the Safare apple variety are medium, the weight of one apple is usually not more than 150 g, the fruits are round in shape, always one-dimensional. It is due to the beautiful regular shape that these apples have a wonderful appearance. The surface of the fruit is smooth, rather shiny. If we talk about the color of the skin, then it is greenish-yellow, and a bright red blush is noticeable on the surface, there are a lot of subcutaneous dots, they are usually white in color. Inside the fruit there are large seed chambers, the pulp of the fruit has a whitish yellow tint, sometimes even green. According to its internal structure, the pulp is fine-grained, quite dense and juicy. Due to this, wonderful apple juice can be prepared from these fruits; in addition, apples are suitable for other forms of processing. Housewives often canned fruits, make jam, jam, and add fresh apples to baked goods. In addition, these fruits can also be eaten fresh from the sprig. They taste sweet and sour, they contain a lot of acids, sugars, useful vitamins and microelements. The fruits of the Safare apple tree ripen quite late, therefore it is recommended to harvest closer to the end of October. However, it should be noted that this variety is rather fast-growing, due to the fact that plants begin to bear fruit already at the age of three or four.
Advantages and disadvantages
Merits the safare apple variety has a lot.Firstly, as we noted earlier, this variety is early-growing, so after planting the plant in open ground, after three years you can enjoy a ripe apple. In addition, the yield is quite high. Secondly, this variety is resistant to certain types of diseases, for example, powdery mildew and scab. Given the fact that these diseases have become a real scourge for gardeners, the dignity is undeniable. Thirdly, the fruits have a beautiful marketable appearance, as well as excellent taste. The fruit is always one-dimensional, bright in color, and the taste is sweet and sour. And finally, these fruits contain many useful substances, for example, 100 grams of apples contain about 6 mg of ascorbic acid, so these fruits are more than useful.
Of the shortcomings apple trees Safara must point out the average winter hardiness of the culture. The main skeletal branches and fruit buds often freeze slightly during recurrent frosts, in this regard, special attention should be paid to the shelter of plants for wintering. It should also be said that the fruits are not very large, otherwise, no shortcomings were found. Apple tree Safare is quite popular both due to the fact that it has many positive characteristics and the absence of serious flaws.