Apple tree Rudolph: photo, description, complete guide to growing
The article presents the apple tree Rudolph: photo, description, detailed instructions for reproduction, planting, care, pruning.
With the decorative apple tree Rudolph you can make any garden extraordinarily beautiful. It is perfect for drawing up a landscape composition, for decorating playgrounds, lawns, alleys, and even as a hedge. It will look wonderful on a summer cottage and in city parks. Perhaps, having got acquainted with this variety in more detail, it will be possible to determine its use and enjoy the view for many years. In this article we will tell you what is the beauty of the Rudolph decorative apple tree.
Apple tree Rudolph: variety description
Apple tree Rudolph: photo of the variety
Hybrid apple tree Rudolph is not tall, its maximum height does not exceed 6 meters. Sometimes the shape resembles a multi-stem shrub. The branches are in an upright position and deviate somewhat from the main trunk. Upon reaching adulthood, the tips of the branches tilt downward.
The Rudolph apple tree retains its decorative effect for most of the year. Its crown with rounded curvaceous forms is literally covered with 3 or 5 lobed leaves of a rich green color, which have a wide elliptical shape.
The flowering of the ornamental Rudolph apple tree lasts a long time, covering the target pink flowers with a diameter of 3 centimeters. In addition to gorgeous flowers, fruits in the shape of a ball can also be on the branches for a long time, decorating the tree even more.
The hybrid apple variety Rudolph is quite unpretentious to soils and can grow on anyone, but he loves fertile and open sunny areas
It's important to knowthat the wetlands are categorically unsuitable for the Rudolph apple tree.
Ornamental apple tree Rudolph is a tree resistant to various climatic conditions, which allows it to be grown in different regions.
Apple tree Rudolph: the pros and cons of the variety
Apple tree Rudolph: photo
The hybrid Apple tree Rudolph has been extremely attractive for a long time. It has natural unpretentiousness and resistance to unfavorable climate and environment.
TO disadvantages apple trees of the Rudolph variety can be attributed to the fact that apples have low consumer qualities. If it grows in the shade, then the tree loses its decorative effect, and its visual appeal is its main advantage.
The branches on the crown of the tree are vertical and directed upward. The maximum growth of no more than 6 meters, which the plant reaches already at the age of 7, is also considered a fast growing tree. The crown is 4 meters in diameter. After the apple tree reaches its maximum growth, its lateral shoots slow down in growth.
Apple tree Rudolph: frost resistance and immunity to diseases
Apple tree Rudolph: photo
The Rudolph apple tree is highly resistant to frost up to -40 degrees. Therefore, the variety can be grown almost anywhere in the world. During severe frosts, unripe annual shoots may freeze, but they can be quickly restored by pruning. The fruits of the Rudolph apple tree can be on the branches up to a temperature of -2 degrees and only in case of lower temperatures they will fall off.
The Rudolph hybrid apple tree has a strong immune system that is able to withstand statements such as scab and powdery mildew. In the case of prolonged cold and damp weather conditions, it is necessary to do prophylaxis by treating the plant with chemicals. This will help maintain the appearance of the plant.
Planting the Rudolph apple tree is carried out in the autumn and spring. The time is selected depending on the region. In the first case, it can be September or October, in the second, March or April.
In order for the seedling to take root and develop well, it is necessary to properly prepare the planting pit. Preparation is carried out a week or two before planting the plant. To do this, you need to dig a hole in such a way that the roots can be freely located there and do not bend. Further, humus, rotted mullein, peat, 2 tablespoons of phosphorus and potassium, as well as wood ash are introduced into the soil, everything is mixed and with such a mixture of fertile soil the hole is filled and compacted by 2/3.
When planting, the root collar should not go underground.
In order to support a young plant, you need to place a peg in the planting hole and fix a seedling for it. After the ornamental Rudolph apple tree is planted, the ground must be tamped and watered abundantly.
Since the tree can be grown both separately and take part in planting in groups, the distance from other plants will depend on this. If it is a freestanding tree, then it is important to give the crown the opportunity to develop well so that it can demonstrate its magnificence. Therefore, the distance should be 4 meters. If plants are used as a hedge, then 1.5 meters, decorating alleys with them, it is necessary to maintain distances from 2 to 4 meters.
In order for the plant to develop well and please the eye with its beauty, it is necessary to choose open sunny areas for planting.
Fertilizers and disease prevention
The hybrid apple Rudolph, for the full disclosure of its decorative potential, simply needs care, including fertilization and watering.
With the onset of spring, fertilizing is carried out using phosphorus and potassium. Before the onset of cold weather, the soil is covered with a layer of mulch from rotted manure and compost.
Prevention with the use of copper-containing preparations is carried out before the buds begin to bloom, as well as during flowering. This will help to avoid diseases provoking fungi and affecting leaves and fruits.
To increase the decorativeness of the Rudolph apple tree, annual formative pruning will help. Apple tree Rudolph tolerates it perfectly and recovery is fast enough. Therefore, you can fantasize and give the tree any shape. Besides the fact that you can create whatever odds you want, pruning rejuvenates the plant and affects the increase in flowers and branches that bear fruit.
Apple tree Rudolph: the beginning of fruiting
Rudolph's apples begin to form from the second year of the apple tree's life. In the first two years of fruiting, there will be few apples, but starting from the 5th year, small fruits begin to cover the entire crown of the trees.
If the weather conditions are favorable, then it will be possible to observe the beautiful flowering of Rudolph within a month, which is a good difference from other varieties. The flowering every year is plentiful and very beautiful.
Use and decorativeness
The fruits are colored in honey shades, but they are not able to please with their taste. They have a tart taste and are not consumed fresh. However, they can be dried and used when added to tea or made into preserves and jams.
The Rudolph hybrid apple tree is very popular among landscape designers. These small trees can be used to compose various compositions and display them as free-standing ones.Crohn has incredible beauty, she is spreading and only her own imagination can limit the creation of her forms. Rich dark green foliage covers the entire crown, later honey-colored fruits appear and delight the eye until late autumn.
Reproduction, regions for growing
The hybrid apple variety Rudolph is grafted onto a stock of an even, erect trunk that does not have shoots on the sides. During the development of the scion, pruning is done, which will give shape and prevent the appearance of shoots on the trunk. This will create a spectacular straight column topped with a thick and bright hat.
The decorative apple tree Rudolph has a high resistance to frost and unfavorable climatic conditions, so it can be grown throughout Russia and the former Soviet Union.
Due to its high decorative qualities, the Rudolph apple tree is able to decorate any home area, while not spending a lot of money on seedlings and a lot of time for care. Having planted such a tree in your garden, you can create any compositions and give the plant various forms.
Rudolph's hybrid apple tree will also be able to decorate city streets, gardens, courtyards and areas in front of administrative buildings.
Decorative apple tree Rudolph: video about the variety