There is a wide variety of grape varieties in our great country. About two thousand varieties. Many varieties are completely unfamiliar even to experienced gardeners. However, the Original grapes, which will be discussed in this article, differ from other varieties in their unique taste, aroma and fruit color.
Those familiar with the Original grape variety will not confuse this berry with anything. The variety is distinguished not only by its taste, but also by its characteristic large yield. Even if you grow at least one shrub of this variety of grapes on the site, you can enjoy tasty and healthy fruits, as well as feed your family, relatives, friends and neighbors. There is also enough for the blanks. Next, we will talk about how to care for a plant, its pros and cons, and the rules for planting and growing.
Grapes Original: variety description
Grapes Original: photo
In addition to the fact that the name is one, the variety itself is divided into several more types of grapes, which differ from each other in the color of the bunches. So, the following variations are distinguished.
Pink Grapes Original. The berries of this plant can change their color to purple during bright sun.
Black grapes Original. The bluish-black color of the berries is typical for the following type of culture. When the sun is especially bright, the fruit can turn red.
Third kind Is the original white grape. Bunches of this species change their color to a faint green when exposed to sunlight.
Thus, the name of the variety speaks for itself. The plant not only differs in the taste of the fruit, but also in the originality of the shades of the bunches of berries, which can also change color in the sun.
The main properties of the described grapes were influenced by the characteristics of the previous varieties, from which the "Original" was derived. After studying plant breeding, you can begin to characterize the variety itself.
This culture is a hybrid of two popular varieties "Datie de Saint-Valier" and "Damascus rose". Scientists bred the plant about thirty years ago. The place of origin of the hybrid is the Odessa Institute. V.E. Tairova. Therefore, one should not speak of the Original variety as a new type of grape. The subject of the creation of breeders immediately fell in love with the people, as it pleased everyone with its original and incomparable properties, both external and internal.
How the original grape variety bears fruit
Despite the fact that the variety has several varieties, the ripening dates for the berries are identical. So, after about 4-5 months, you can safely collect ripe sweet grapes.
Since almost every shoot of a plant has a good yield, it is possible to collect a huge amount of berries from one bush.
So, according to some data, in the industry, up to 100 centners of fruits are harvested from a hectare of this vineyard. And in private household farms, these figures are about 50-100 kg of berries per grape bush alone.
Description of fruits
The fruits of the "Original" variety, as mentioned above, have a different color that changes color under the influence of sunlight. The fruits are large in size and can reach about 5, 7, or even 10 g in weight. The berry is 3 cm long and 2 cm wide. Thus, the berries are oval in shape, and there is a slight sharpening towards the bottom.
The berries can taste sour or very sweet. This will depend on the acidity level and the sugar level in the fruit. As a rule, the white grapes have the most acidic fruits. Its berries have an acidity of 8 grams per liter.
Other types are sweeter and their acidity is 6 grams per liter. The sugar level in fruits depends mainly on the growing conditions, rather than on the type of crop. On average, it is 15 to 20 percent.
The fruit tastes very juicy. However, this cannot be said about a strongly pronounced aroma. In addition, there is information that the berries acquire a watery taste in case of late harvest.
The fruits have a thin, delicate rind that is almost invisible when eaten. There are very few seeds inside the berries. About one or two seeds per berry.
When the crop is ripe, it can be stored for a very long period. Particular attention should be paid to the transportation of the fruit. Since the difficulties are caused by the weak fastening of the berry itself on the stalk.
If you store grapes in a cool place, then their shelf life can last until deep winter.
Grape Original: characteristic of a shrub
Photo of grape variety Original
The Original grape has not only tasty and healthy fruits, but also performs a decorative function. Since it is able to decorate any area with its spreading green crown.
The stems reach a length of about three meters. Leaves, thick and lush, perfectly create shade in an open, sunny area. The leaves are beautifully carved with five lobes, slightly lowered downward.
In addition, ripe grapes, changing their color during the day, will add even more brightness and beauty to the plant, complementing the green crown of the bush with a delicate color, contrasting with it.
Separately, we can talk about the bunches of the plant. Ripe fruits are collected in conical bunches, the weight of which in some cases reaches two kilograms. However, there are also miniature specimens that weigh a little over half a kilogram.
The lightest is the type of variety with black fruits. A certain grace to the bunches is given by the free arrangement of individual berries within the bunch.
Resistance to external influences
Initially, this variety was bred and recommended for cultivation in the Odessa region. Because the culture is quite demanding on heat and is extremely vulnerable to severe frosts. The maximum temperature that the plant can withstand is minus 21 degrees.
However, in central Russia there are regions with suitable weather conditions. Therefore, it is also possible to grow this plant variety here.
But the described variety is very resistant to many diseases common for this plant. Original grapes have a high immunity to phylloxera, rarely affected by gray rot or powdery mildew. The variety is also resistant to mildew.
But this culture has its own pests. Wasps are one of them. These insects cause significant harm to plants, since the grapes have a thin, delicate skin. This is easy food for insects, which is why they so often attack the fruits of this grape variety. Moreover, black berries are most susceptible to wasps attack, in contrast to white berries.
As a result, we found out that the fruits of this grape variety are distinguished by abundant fruiting, rather large sizes and excellent taste. If we talk about the aroma of the plant, then it is not so pronounced here, however, the flavor combination is quite harmonious.
Despite the fact that this grape variety is not popular with industrial-scale winemakers, the drink is often made in private households. Moreover, the berries can be stored under all conditions until winter. But the appearance of fresh bunches on the New Year's table in winter will greatly surprise and delight guests and family members.
Pros and Cons of the Original Grape Variety
Grapes original Pink: photo
Before you start growing a crop in your area, it is better to learn more about the characteristics of the variety, its advantages and disadvantages.
TO positive cultural qualities include:
- large size of berries and their external characteristics;
- the shrub has great vigor and abundant productivity;
- fruits are stored for a very long time;
- after the plant has been planted, it begins to actively grow;
- the shrub has a beautiful, lush shape, which certainly helps to perform decorative functions on the site.
Like any plant, the described variety has some limitations:
- the plant does not have good frost resistance, which means it can freeze during severe cold weather;
- the culture has low immunity to such a pest as felt mite;
- if bad weather conditions are noted during the flowering period, then the bunches may be peas;
- those fruits that ripen on the stepchildren of the plant lag far behind the rest of the bunches. And they can completely stop ripening if autumn has come;
- the finished crop can crumble if it is not harvested on time. Fallen berries are not suitable for long distance transportation.
In addition, each type of variety "Original" has its own individual qualities... For example, black berries most often get sick, and they are constantly attacked by wasps, harming the fruit. White berries of the variety are characterized by sourness, which may not please everyone. On the other hand, pink clusters have a sweet taste and are particularly vulnerable to external influences.
So, having learned more complete information about the characteristics of the variety, about its advantages and disadvantages, you can safely take on the cultivation of this crop. Observing simple rules of agricultural technology, you are likely to get a good harvest of tasty, juicy fruits. The rules of cultivation will be discussed later in this article.
How to properly plant and care for Original grapes
Black grape variety Original: photo
Like all grape shrubs, Original loves bright, open areas, so you need to choose a suitable place where the sun shines all day. Also, there should be no drafts on the site.
The soil should be loose, fertile, rich in nutrients. To exclude rotting of the root system, it is necessary to keep the moisture content of the earth at an average level. And do not plant grapes where groundwater flows closer than one and a half meters to the surface.
If you are planting several seedlings on the site, then you should maintain a distance between the bushes of about 2 meters so that they do not interfere with each other.
Planted young plants immediately grow rapidly, actively increasing greenery and shoots.
Care consists in standard procedures. Particular attention is paid to the formation of the bush. So, regularly the culture must be pruned by about 12 buds. The crown is formed at its discretion. The main thing is that the total number of eyes on the bush does not exceed sixty.
They do not speak about special dressings for the described variety. It is only recommended to add peat, ash, compost or rotted manure to the soil from time to time. Particular attention is paid to young plants here.
Thus, having familiarized yourself with the characteristics and basic rules of caring for the Original grape variety, you will probably want to grow a plant on your own site and please your guests and loved ones with delicious "original" fruits.