Blackcurrant Lazybones has many admirers among professional farmers, and no less among amateurs. This sympathy is justified by high yields, large size of berries, excellent taste. This currant ripens at the end of summer. Interesting and tempting this variety and external data.
In this article, we will talk about the characteristic features of the lazy black currant, agricultural technology, as well as how to properly care for this crop.
The geography of distribution of the Lazyay currant variety is wide enough. Even harsh climatic conditions are not scary for seedlings of this variety. Let's designate the growing regions where the variety reveals its best properties: Central, Volgo-Vyatka, Srednevolzhsky and North-West.
Blackcurrant Lazy: variety description
Black currant Lazy: photo of the variety
Blackcurrant Lazybear is a powerful, vigorous shrub, reaching a height of up to 1.80 m with a dense, medium-spreading crown. This shrub has slightly curved, thick, smooth shoots. Young branches - with greenish bark, and mature ones - brown-gray.
The cone-shaped, small buds, arranged in an asymmetrical manner, have a purple-pink hue.
Large wrinkled leaves of a five-lobed shape - deep green in color.
The shape of the small flowers resembles the shape of bells. One brush combines 8-9 flowers, which means 8-9 black berries with a thin skin.
Blackcurrant Lazy: characteristic of the variety
For more than twenty years, the Lazybones blackcurrant variety has earned good reviews from both amateur and professional gardeners. This sympathy is directly related to the excellent taste of currants and unpretentious care.
Delicate and aromatic, the berry is great both fresh and frozen and processed.
- About drought resistance and frost resistance
Lazytay currant can withstand even severe low temperatures - up to -35 degrees. Surprisingly, she is not afraid of the dry summer either. Such abilities of the currant bush make it possible to care for it even for novice gardeners.
- About yield and fruiting
If you follow all the rules for planting and care, then it is easy to collect up to 4 kg of berries from one bush. "Lazy" begins to bear fruit from the second year from the moment of planting. The fruiting period can be said to be quite long - up to 20 years, of course, with proper care. Currant Lazy - medium late currant. It is with the late ripening of the berry that the name of the variety is associated.
- About the size of berries and their taste
The berries of the Lazy currant are mostly large in size, weighing 1.7-3.6 g. Currants - with dense pulp, aromatic, with a sweet dessert taste without any acidity. The variety has a tasting score of 4.8 points.
- On the advantages and disadvantages of the currant variety Lazy
Among the advantages of the variety are: resistance to temperature extremes, frost resistance (up to -35 degrees), excellent yield indicators, good tolerance to major infections and viruses, technological collection of fruits is possible, variety in use and culinary processing.
Among the shortcomings, it can be emphasized: uneven ripening of berries, berries of different sizes (sorting will be required), shedding of ripe berries with a loss of taste, difficult to transport (especially over long distances), difficult to grow on an industrial scale.
Blackcurrant Lazy: planting varieties
Black currant Lazy: photo of the variety
Cultivation of black currant Lazybones depends on the competent implementation of the planting stages. Only in this case, the seedlings will perfectly settle in your garden plot, and will give amazingly tasty berries.
First, you should determine the timing, then the place, and start choosing the planting material.
Taking care of young plants consists of watering, feeding, pruning and sheltering for the winter.
- About timing
Planting is done in spring or autumn. According to the advice of experienced gardeners, it is better to choose autumn for planting. In the case of planting on October days (14-15 days before the first freezing temperatures), the bushes root better and adapt to a new place.
When planting in spring, there is a danger that the root system will not have time to strengthen, and the early growing season will not be at all beneficial to young plants. Under these circumstances, the bushes may die.
- About landing conditions
For a high-quality yield of the blackcurrant variety Lazy, seedlings should choose a windless and well-lit place, best of all - on the sunny side, near a fence or fence, which will serve as protection from winds for the currant.
- How to choose the right place
Planting place for currant Lazybones should not contain heavy soil. The site must be clay-sandy. The acidity of the soil should not exceed 6-6.5 pH. It is important that the correct predecessors grow on these soils earlier, so that the seedlings do not undergo various fungal infections. Plant well after winter crops and legumes.
- On the selection and preparation of a seedling for planting
The market is not the best place to search for the Lazyburn variety of black currant, it is almost impossible to find it there. But the nursery is what you need. When choosing seedlings, carefully examine them. Roots and branches should be free of any damage, rot and mold. Pay attention to the bark of the plant: if it is even and smooth, seedlings can be purchased.
Before planting young plants, their roots are placed in water for a couple of hours in order to nourish and moisturize them.
- Planting stages
- Make a hole, the depth of which is 0.35 × 0.40 m, the diameter is 0.5-0.6 m. The bushes should be planted at a distance of about 1 m, in the row spacing - about 2 m.
- Fill the hole three-quarters of its height with a fertile soil mixture (compost - 1 bucket, superphosphate - 0.2 kg, wood ash - 0.05 kg, soil from the pit).
- Lower the plant into the hole, carefully distributing the roots. The seedling should be at a 45 ° angle.
- The deepening of the root collar should be no more than 5 cm from the soil surface.
- The hole is covered with soil mixture (soil + compost) on top.
- Water the planting (at least 2 liters of moisture per bush).
- Do they plant something nearby
Strawberries, yoshta, honeysuckle, apple trees, garlic, onions, and also spicy herbs will become wonderful and useful neighbors for Lazyday currants. These plants are similar in composition to this variety of black currant.
Blackcurrant Bummer: care
Black currant Lazy: photo of the variety
Caring for a variety of black currant Lazy is simple, you only need to comply with a number of conditions.
- Moistening the soil. The main thing is not to allow excessive watering, otherwise the bushes will weaken. On the contrary, the lack of moisture causes wilting of currant bushes, growth retardation. From the very beginning of spring to mid-summer, watering should be carried out twice a week. One bucket of water should be poured onto one bush (flooding method). Sprinkler irrigation and drainage methods are also popular with gardeners.
- Fertilizer... The nutrients introduced with the soil during planting will “work” for exactly two years.In the third year in the spring, it is necessary to introduce urea (for 1 bush - 50 grams with 10 liters of water). For the 3-4th year, currants will also require the introduction of humus (8 kg / 1m2), potassium sulfate (40 g / 1m2), double superphosphate (80 g / 1m2).
- Pruning carried out for the first time - immediately after planting, leaving no more than four buds on the branches. Next fall is the time to remove broken, weak and dry branches. Only strong branches with 4 buds are not touched. For the 4th season, sanitary pruning is carried out with the removal of non-viable and diseased branches.
Preparing for the winter period
Currant bushes Lazybones should begin to prepare for winter as soon as freezing and hardening of the soil occurs. First, the place where the bush grows must be cleaned of dry leaves, branches, fruits, so as not to create favorable conditions for pathogenic microorganisms and pests.
Then you need to tie the bush with twine from the bottom up. This will help preserve the branches so that they don't break from the weight of the snow caps. After the first heavy snowfall, the bushes will be evenly covered with snow, like a fur coat. Throughout the winter, try to huddle your berry bushes as the snow cover increases.
Blackcurrant Lazy: breeding varieties
Blackcurrant Lazybear reproduces well using cuttings... For cuttings, green or lignified (you can use half lignified) parts of the bush are suitable. The second half of September is a good time for grafting. Shoots are cut off and 15 centimeter cuttings are made (each should have 5 buds).
Cuttings should be smooth-cut, so a sharp garden knife is needed. In order for the cuttings to root well, they are first (before planting) immersed in a container of water for several hours. When planting in open soil, each cutting should be at a 45 ° angle, with a pair of buds above the soil surface.
The soil is compacted, mulched with peat (compost, sawdust, wood chips, coniferous bark or other organic mulch), moistened and loosened. The roots should appear by December, and in the spring the young plant begins to grow rapidly.
Also popular is the breeding of currants Lazy using layering... True, with this method, there will be a small number of seedlings. Choose a suitable branch and dig a hole next to it (depth 10-11 cm), fold the branch into it and sprinkle it with soil, leaving it up to 25 cm above the surface. Layers should be well attached to the pegs. They take care of the layers, often watering them. In the fall, each layer is transplanted to its place.
Another breeding method of the Lazybear currant variety is dividing the bushes... First, the bush must be dug up and divided into several parts with two or three branches. All delenki - with a root system. Before planting, the shoots are shortened by three quarters, followed by deepening by 5-7 centimeters. It should be remembered that this breeding method is not often used. For example, it is used when redevelopment of a site or transfer of a bush to a new site is required. It should be emphasized that the age of the bush used for dividing must be at least 6 years old.
Currant Lazy: pollinators of the variety
We can talk about approximately 45 percent ability of the Lazybear currant variety for self-pollination. Therefore, additional pollinators for the lazy currant are necessary for a noticeable improvement in fruiting and fruit quality. As neighboring pollinating plants, currant lazybones are used Binara, Ojebin, Belarusian sweet.
Diseases and pests
Black currant Lazy: photo of the variety
Blackcurrant variety Lazybear has high immunity, but despite this there is danger of attack by anthracnose... The first signs of the disease are brown spots and tubercles on the leaf plates. Anthracnose is treated with fungicides, for example, Nitrafen (300 grams of fungicide per 10 liters of water).
Also currants of the Lazybones variety can get sick white spot... The disease manifests itself with the appearance of brown spots on the leaves and berries, gradually turning white. As a prophylaxis and treatment, Bordeaux liquid is used at the rate of 5 liters of solution per 100m2. You can also be treated with Nitrafen.
Now about striped mosaic and terry... These are serious diseases that, as a rule, cannot be cured. The diseased culture is uprooted. As a preventive measure, you need to use exclusively healthy seedlings and disinfect garden tools.
In the prevention and control of spider mite and two-year-old fruit sawfly you can use one of the insecticides - Aktara, Confidor, Koragen.
Harvesting and storage
Harvest currant berries Lazy in the morning or evening. Since the fruits of currants ripen at different times, then first they collect a large berry, and then a smaller one. A variety of containers are suitable for picking berries: tray, box, box. The berry is laid out in layers. If the harvest is very large, then containers with berries are placed in a cool room (basements, cellars). At a cool temperature, currants can be stored for up to 2 months, in a refrigerator (not a freezer) - no more than 4 days when unfolded in one layer. Currants freeze perfectly, retaining freshness, aroma and useful properties for up to 1 year.
The berry can be consumed both fresh and processed. It is often ground with sugar and kept in the refrigerator. In this case, the currant of the Lazyday variety also retains all its useful properties.
Currant blanks are often used to make wonderful preserves, compote, jam, etc. And this wonderful berry is also used to make natural dyes used in food production.
Blackcurrant Lazy: reviews of gardeners
Margarita Sergeevna, Moscow region: “I really like black currant. Lazy taste, sweet and fragrant. The berries are large. My bushes are 4 years old, planted at the same time. The yield makes me happy. About two years ago it was a rainy summer, and then the skin on the berries burst. It is very thin, but when harvesting, I did not notice that the berries burst. I love the currant variety Lazy and recommend it to everyone for growing. "
Vladimir Alekseevich, Samara region: “I have a lazy currant on the site for many years, and so have my neighbors. At first I did not understand why they have more harvests than me, and the berries are larger. But then I found out that it is better to plant a pollinator currant nearby. I planted the variety "Belorusskaya Sweet". Now my lazy currant gives excellent yields, and the berry has become much larger. "
Sofia Stanislavovna, Leningrad region: "I acted like this: first I looked at the characteristics, photos of the varieties, then I went to the nursery. There I liked the variety of black currant Lazy, I immediately decided to plant 2 bushes in my summer cottage. The bushes began to grow very quickly, grew, gave a generous harvest. The fruits are large and sweet. However, ripening was later than that of the varieties "Azhurnaya", "Exotic". I recommend leaving a distance of 2 meters between the bushes, in order to develop the currant well..
Blackcurrant Lazybones will not only become an adornment of any garden plot, but will also delight with their taste, large harvests, and give health a charge of vitamins. Even novice gardeners can cope with this culture.