Apple tree Amber
Apple tree Amber is a popular autumn variety in harsh climatic latitudes, among amateur gardeners, professional gardeners engaged in selection. Breeders use the Yantar apple tree as a starting point in creating varieties that are resistant to harsh winters. With the help of the Yantar apple tree, many elite apple varieties have been created and are being created.
Apple tree Amber: variety description
Apple tree Amber: photo of fruits
Apple variety Amber has been one of the most popular autumn apple varieties in the middle of the Ural region for many years.
The Yantar apple variety was received by PA Dibrov in the city of Sverdlovsk through free pollination of an unknown apple tree and the Welsey variety. Recommended growing regions: Ural, Western Siberia, Volgo-Vyatka region.
The apple tree Amber is criticized for the small size of the fruit, but, despite this, the variety is popular among the Ural and Siberian gardeners. Recently, nevertheless, it is being replaced by new, high-quality, winter-hardy hybrids, which leads to a noticeable reduction in the volume of cultivation of the Yantar apple tree.
Now about the characteristics. Apple-tree Amber is medium-sized, thin crown, spreading. The color of the sinuous, skeletal branches extending from the main stem at 90 degrees is predominantly gray.
The branches of the upper part of the crown go up. Young saplings have dense and well-developed branches. Long and thin shoots have a grayish-brownish color. The leaves are green, matte, oval, slightly rounded at the base with sharp tops.
The shape of the petioles is saber-shaped. Small white flowers are cupped. The color of the buds is light cream.
In general, the fruits are small, but depending on the soil, they can be larger. For example, if the soil on which the apple tree grows is structureless, acidified (podzolic), then the average weight of the fruit is 50 grams; in the case of fertilized, chernozemic soil, the average weight of the fruit can be up to 80 grams.
The fruit is obtuse ribbed in shape, narrowed at the base. The smooth skin of the fruit has an amber hue. The shallow funnel of the apple is compressed from 2 sides, the stalk is thin.
If the summer turned out to be hot, and the autumn is warm and long, then in this case, against the background of an early harvest, there will be the worst keeping quality of apples. That is why Apple Amber is an early autumn variety.
Apple tree Amber: characteristics of the variety
Apple tree Amber: photo of the variety
Ripe fruits of the amber apple tree are perfectly attached to the branches and do not crumble. It is even necessary to make an effort to remove the apple from the branch. The fruits, after being removed from the tree, are completely ready for use and do not need to be cured.
About the advantages and disadvantages
To the advantages of the apple variety Amber can be attributed to good ecological adaptation, good yield, good indicators of fruit quality, excellent quality of processed fruits, behave well during transportation.
To the disadvantages of the variety include instability to scab.
About the size of a mature apple tree
The apple-tree of the Amber variety is medium-sized. Under ideal growing conditions, the maximum growth will be no more than 4 meters.
In general, the yield of the apple variety Amber can be called regular and high. The maximum number of apples from one tree reaches 175 kilograms.
About the taste assessment of the variety
The color of the fruit, fine-grained, juicy and dense, is creamy. Amber apples are very tasty, fragrant, there is a pleasant natural sourness. The variety was given the maximum tasting score of 4.95 points out of 5 possible.
About winter hardiness
The level of frost resistance of the variety is quite good. Normally tolerates cold winds and cold, early spring return frosts. "Yantar" has a quick adaptation to the climate.
About resistance to various diseases
Experienced gardeners point to the excellent resistance of the Amber apple variety to various diseases. Prolonged rains and high humidity can provoke scab. Best of all, to protect the apple tree, do not forget about preventive treatments from this pest.
Apple tree Amber: reviews of gardeners
Gennady Anatolyevich: “I have three Yantar apple trees: two from a specialized nursery, one from my brother. I like apple trees, they give big yields, they taste good. 15 years have passed since the year of planting, and only now we have to deal with scab. Probably, immunity weakens over the years.
Grigory Ivanovich: “I don’t have an apple tree Amber, but my neighbor in the country does. These apples are enough for everyone, despite the fact that they are not large. The taste is excellent both fresh and in the form of jam and compotes. I tried it myself, as my wife does it regularly. I think that the Moscow region is a good place for growing apple trees Amber.
Elizaveta Vasilievna: “I planted amber apple trees in 2000, and the first harvest was in 2009, despite normal care. I don't know, maybe this is due to the fact that I did not plant pollinating apple trees nearby because of the small size of the plot. The harvests have been stable since 2012 ”.
Apple tree Amber: planting and care
Apple tree Amber: photo of the variety
The apple variety Amber is planted and looked after in the same way as a classic apple tree.
About the timing of planting
Young apple trees of the Yantar variety are planted both in spring and autumn. In autumn, planting is carried out until mid-autumn, and spring planting should occur before the buds bloom.
About landing technique
The amber apple tree is grown using cuttings or seedlings. The most common and simple way of them is seedlings, since it will not work to grow an apple tree from a cutting without special knowledge and skills.
So which landing site should you choose? Firstly, without drafts and cold winds, since in winter in such a place, due to frosty winds, the Amber apple tree can get frost cracks and damage.
Secondly, it is worth taking care of a flat surface, and best of all, the landing site should be slightly raised.
The quality of the soil is loamy, since with its help moisture will be retained, such a soil is endowed with useful and nutritious properties, in addition, with its help, the root system of the apple tree will be saturated with oxygen. An excellent version of the soil is meadow and sod-podzolic.
On the eve of planting young plants, fertilizers are applied to the soil:
- organic (humus 10 kg or rotted compost 20 kg);
- mineral (phosphorus, nitrogen, potash at the rate of up to 50 g of each fertilizer per 1 sq. m.).
The planting hole is dug to a depth of 0.6 m and a diameter of 0.7 m. The upper part of the soil is carefully removed, and the fertile part is prepared in order to fill up the root system.
The prepared soil mixture is laid down the pits and a little sprinkled with earth. Next, take a seedling and carefully place it in the hole so that the root collar of the seedling is above the soil surface. Sprinkle the roots with soil mixture so that no air voids are formed. Then the seedling is watered abundantly (in the future, watering should be not very frequent and abundant).
It is very important to plant the apple tree correctly so that the tree develops actively and is healthy.
About the secrets of agricultural technology
Here are a few secrets, the observance of which will help to harvest decent harvests of the apple tree Amber:
- preventive measures against various diseases;
- timely loosening of the trunk circle;
- harvesting weeds, spoiled leaves and apples;
- mulching the trunk circle with rotted manure (layer - 5-7 cm);
- liming (bleaching) of boles and skeletal branches.
How to prune and shape the crown
The apple tree Amber is formed, starting from the second year from the moment of planting.To begin with, the branches that appear on the boles, vertical branches are removed and shortened by 1/3 of last year's shoots, which have grown to 0.5 m and more. Thanks to such events, young trees will stop actively reaching up, and the side branches, on the contrary, will appear and will be more active.
In subsequent seasons, some of last year's shoots and adult branches are pruned to activate branching and budding on young branches.
It is also necessary to cut off the branches that go inside the crowns, as well as damaged, diseased and dry ones. Sections must be processed with a garden varnish or a special compound.
If you correctly form a tree every year, then over time it will become multi-tiered with a pyramidal appearance. Of course, this will have a positive effect on the yield, life expectancy and frost resistance of the apple tree.
It is worth emphasizing the importance of sanitary pruning throughout the life of the tree. If it is absent or untimely, the tree can get sick and die.
Apple tree Amber needs cross-pollination. In this regard, amber apple trees are planted near pollinating trees. For this purpose, the varieties "Fuji", "Gala", "Renet Simirenko" and others do an excellent job.
On the ripening and fruiting of the variety
The fruits from the Amber apple tree appear in the 7th year from the moment of inoculation with eyes and delight their owners every year. Sometimes fruiting occurs in the fifth year.
The first few years, in order for the amber apple tree to harden, the flowers are cut off. In subsequent years, it is also necessary to control the load on the branches. This will help regulate yields and have a positive effect on the development of the tree.
For 6-7-8 years, it is also important to deal with the thinning of the ovaries: no more than 2 fruits are left on one branch.
For mature apple trees, it is important to make supports for branches with a lot of fruit.
Apple tree Amber is a medium late variety. On average, the flowering period falls in the first decade of May. In more northern regions, flowering occurs later. Apples begin to ripen on average in September. In warmer regions, harvesting begins from the 15th of August.
Storage of fruits
Apples can be stored until the 20th of January, but in this case, harvest should be unripe, earlier than the due date. If you pick apples late, then they should be consumed before winter.
Apple tree subspecies Amber
Apple tree Amber: video about the variety
About Triploid Apple
On the basis of the apple-tree variety Yantar with the help of its pollination with "Zvezdochka", "Gem", "Orange", the autumn variety "Ekrannoe" was bred. To obtain a mid-winter "Sverdlovchanin" "Yantar" was pollinated with the same pollen, but the order was different.
Apple Amber Red
The early summer apple variety Amber Red turned out to be medium-sized, resistant to pests such as scab and powdery mildew. The fruits of the Amber Red apple tree are much larger - up to 200 grams. Apples have a harmonious red color, taste rating - 4.75 on a 5-point scale.
The fruits of the Amber Red apple tree ripen by the end of August, are stored for a short time - from 10 to 15 days in a cool place.
About the Columnar Apple "Amber Necklace"
Another subspecies of the Yantar apple tree is the Amber Necklace apple tree, a late variety. The height of fruit trees reaches three meters. Apples are medium, yellow-green with a pink blush. Apples have a pleasant dessert taste and long shelf life. The great advantage of this subspecies is its high yield.
In which regions does it grow
Apple variety Amber can be planted in different climatic regions. The ideal option is the Ural region. It grows well in the Moscow region, in the regions of Siberia. Differs in the ability to adapt to different climatic conditions.
This tasty and juicy variety of apples with a peculiar natural sourness has an amazing property - to give stable large yields throughout the life of the tree. The fruits of the Amber apple tree are used both unprocessed and in the form of jam, compotes, juice.