Apple tree Baganenok
Apple tree Baganenok of autumn ripening, bred in the Central Siberian Botanical Garden (CSBS) SB RAS. The authors are: V.N. Vasilieva, N.V. Moiseeva. We got an apple tree by crossing the varieties "Siberian beauty" and "Yagodnaya" ("Siberian"). The variety was zoned in the Khabarovsk Territory. The culture became widespread in most of the territories and regions of the West Siberian and East Siberian territories, as well as in the Ural region and in the north of Kazakhstan.
Apple tree Baganenok: description of the variety and characteristics
Apple tree Baganenok: photo of the variety
Apple tree Baganenok is a tree of large growth, formed in the form of a low stem (stem twenty-thirty cm). A young tree has a narrow crown in the form of a pyramid, when the apple tree fully bears fruit, the crown becomes wide and also in the form of a pyramid. The branches are vertical, arranged compactly, their ends are directed upward. The fruits are formed mainly on the ringlets.
Shoots are brown, thickened. The leaves are dark green in color, medium in size, the surface is wrinkled, there is medium pubescence, the edges are in the form of large denticles. The petiole is medium in length, the stipules are lanceolate.
Apple tree Baganenok: features of the variety
The fruit of the Baganenok apple tree is in the form of an ellipse; by weight, it is a semi-cultivated plant that produces fruits of medium weight (up to forty-two grams). The surface of the apple is smooth. The main color is greenish-yellow, the integumentary color is purple-red over the entire surface of the fruit. The fruit stem is medium in length, thickened. The calyx does not fall off, the tube under the calyx is shortened, in the form of a bag. The seed chambers are half open, the seeds are egg-shaped. The inner content of the fruit is yellow, sweet-sour, very aromatic. Apples contain: sugars (10.6%, 8.2-15.3%), titratable acids (1.45% wet weight, 1.08-2.2%), tannins (0.14% wet weight, 0.08-0.2%), ascorbic acid (22.1 mg one hundred grams, 18.7-39.6 mg per hundred grams), P-active compounds (one hundred and one mg per hundred grams, thirty three to one hundred and sixty mg per hundred grams), pectin substances (1.3% wet weight, 0.73-2.6%).
Fruits ripen on the 15th of September, storage continues until the first winter month.
Apples are well transported, used for food fresh, and the fruits are well processed in different ways. Freshly squeezed juice has a dull pink color, slightly sourness, pleasant, impatient taste. The juice is excellently used in blends. To prepare compotes, fruits are used whole and with a fruit leg.
The Baganenok apple variety begins to bear fruit from the third or fourth year, has a high yield rate (up to one hundred and fifty six kg from one apple tree). Fruiting regularly, its duration is longer than that which is accepted in commercial horticulture. The culture is resistant to the winter season, as well as immunity to fungal diseases.
Apple tree Baganenok: advantages and disadvantages
Advantages apple varieties Baganenok: a high level of environmental stability, a high and stable yield indicator, high marketability and consumer properties of apples.
Minuses apple trees Baganenok: there is a slight sensitivity to dry periods, fruits in drought are not so juicy.
The Baganenok apple variety is a valuable genetic source for breeding new varieties for winter resistance, high yield, rich fruit coloration and for their long-term storage.In the Central Siberian Botanical Garden, with the participation of the Baganenok apple variety, we obtained and propagated apple forms resistant to winter, immune to scab, with large apples containing a large amount of vitamins.