Pests of pepper seedlings: how to process
Pepper is a very thermophilic vegetable. But Russian gardeners tamed it long ago and grow it with great success in their garden plots. Pepper is just a storehouse of vitamins. He is able to completely change the taste of the dish, adding pungency and piquancy to it. Also, pepper has become an integral part of homemade preparations. Well, it's amazing that now pepper grows on every site. And very often this culture is attacked by pests that greatly undermine the health and fruitfulness of plants. Scientists have counted more than 200 species of pepper seedling pests. I will tell you about the most common pests of pepper seedlings.
Pepper seedling pests: aphids
Aphid seedling pest: photo
The pest of aphid pepper seedlings settles on almost all plants. These are parasites that live in colonies. They feed on plant sap and carry fungi and viruses. There are many varieties of garden aphids. She has different colors and sizes. Usually, aphids settle on the back of the leaf of young plants; older and coarser leaves are too tough for her. If you do not start a timely fight against garden aphids, pepper seedlings will not only weaken, but also die. If you notice curled leaves covered with bloom on pepper seedlings, immediately start fighting the pest. There are many ways to combat aphids. Usually, for the complete disappearance of this pest from the garden, at least three treatments are required. Aphids are very afraid of plants that have a pungent and pungent smell, so I advise you to plant such plants as onions, mint, lavender, basil or mustard around the perimeter of the garden. You can also get rid of aphids by simply washing them off with water. You can also use a variety of infusions and solutions. For example: a solution of laundry soap or onion infusion. Traditional methods for aphids are very effective and use special preparations, the content of chemistry is not needed.
Pepper Seedling Pests: Defeating a Wireworm Attack
Pepper seedling pest wireworm: photo
The wireworm is the larva of the click beetle. The larva has a rigid body, the length of the wireworm can reach about 4 cm. The body of the larva is colored yellow - brown. The larva grows slowly, its growth period lasts about 4 years. The wireworm hibernates in the ground at a depth of more than 50 cm. This larva is very harmful, damaging almost all garden crops. Eats out the roots of plants and part of the stem. The plant dies almost immediately. The fight against this pest of pepper seedlings is very difficult, but if done regularly, the wireworm larva will leave your site forever. The autumn deep digging of the soil helps very well to defeat the wireworm. Once on the surface, the larva will die from the cold. Weed the soil very well, thus you will solve the food wireworm. You can also sow mustard on the site, with its pungent smell, it will drive the larvae from your site. Before planting pepper, thoroughly treat the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate. Before planting, you can pour mustard powder or wood ash into the holes, this measure will complicate the life of the wireworm.
We are fighting with a bear
Pepper seedling pest Medvedka: photo
Medvedka is a pest of pepper seedlings that can harm almost all garden crops. A rather large insect, it can reach a length of up to 8 cm. Medvedka has a shell and, in case of danger, hides its head on it.Medvedka vaguely resembles a crayfish, the forelimbs are longer, adapted for digging the soil. The color of the bear is brown or brown. As soon as spring comes, the bear becomes active, digs underground passages in search of food. Pepper is no exception, he is very loved by the bear. She feeds on the roots of this culture. Gradually, the pepper begins to wither and die. The most important sign of the presence of a bear on your site is the tunnels and channels dug in the soil. But it is really possible to remove this pest of pepper seedlings from your site. It is enough to observe preventive measures: - in spring and autumn the soil should be well dug up; - The bear reproduces very well in fresh manure, therefore, fertilization of the soil with organic matter should be limited; - the bear is scared off by onions and garlic, so try to arrange a bed of pepper in the immediate vicinity of these plants; - sprinkle the soil abundantly with river sand. If traditional methods did not help, use special drugs.
We bring out the whitefly
The whitefly, in spite of its small size, is very dangerous for not matured pepper seedlings. This pest looks like a very small white butterfly. The second name of this pest of pepper seedlings is "seedling moth". She feeds on nutritious plant juices. She is also a carrier of fungi and viruses. After the attack of the whitefly on the bed of pepper, the plants are covered with a white bloom, which darkens over time. Whitefly reproduces well in warm and humid climates. If you follow the preventive measures, then the whitefly can be scared away. Hang sticky tapes from flies and mosquitoes on the pepper bed. Plants should be sprayed with garlic infusion three times per season.
Slug pepper seedling pest: photo
These pests of pepper seedlings do not have a shell and look very defenseless, but they can cause tremendous damage to garden crops. Slugs - relatives of snails, have a soft mucous body. They are nocturnal, during the day they usually hide from the scorching sun. Slugs feed on roots, berries and tender young foliage. The most suitable conditions for the appearance of slugs on the garden bed is a warm and humid climate. Methods and methods for removing slugs from a personal plot: - we dig well and loosen the soil, then sprinkle the bed with wood ash; - we use a variety of traps, slugs are very attracted to beer; - Plant slug-repellent plants next to the pepper, such as basil, geranium, onion or mustard; - you can also scare off slugs with ordinary baking soda; - spray with vinegar or ammonia solution. These methods are very effective if there are not very many slugs, if the slugs have completely captured the area, then it is best to resort to the help of special preparations.
Pepper seedling pests: spider mite
Spider mite seedling pest: photo
This pest of pepper seedlings can spread throughout the site and destroy many garden crops. Both garden crops and indoor plants can be affected by it. This is the most insidious enemy of pepper. The mite is very small and has a color from green to dark brown. If conditions are favorable, the tick will have a life cycle of about a month. If the conditions are not suitable, then the mite clutch can remain in the soil for almost 4 years. If you notice that the pepper is covered with fine cobwebs, it's time to act. If you do not take action in time, the pepper leaves will first begin to dry, then fall off, the whole plant will gradually die. The spider mite also carries viruses and various diseases. For tick control, I usually use folk remedies. I make a cool solution of laundry soap and spray the plants with it. An infusion of garlic or onion peel also helps from spider mites.
Thrips and prevention of their appearance
Small insects that can destroy all seedlings, most often they can be found in the beds with pepper. Small beetles, dark in color. They are the main carriers of infections and fungi. They significantly pollute the seedlings with waste. Thrips settle on the underside of pepper leaves. It is not difficult to understand that they have become the owners of the garden. Yellow spots will appear on the pepper leaves, after a while the leaf will dry out. Thrips reproduce at lightning speed, especially if the weather is favorable. Folk remedies against them are not effective, so you should not delay, and immediately apply special drugs.
Pests of pepper seedlings: photo
Pests of pepper seedlings most often cause damage to the seedlings themselves and to weak shoots, so you have the right to choose to use folk methods or special preparations. If you made a choice in favor of the second, then carefully read the instructions on the package and strictly follow the directions.