Cherry Shchedraya is a very famous and widespread bush cherry variety with excellent yield and frost resistance. As a rule, bush varieties do not have high durability, however, bush cherries of the Schedraia variety can be considered an exception to the rule. When properly pruned and fed, it can live and produce beautiful fruits for more than thirty years.
Cherry Generous: variety description and characteristics
Cherry Generous: photo of the variety
Shrub cherry Generous is quite unpretentious, it does not require special care. Due to its unpretentiousness, the Schedraya cherry variety resembles such varieties as “Volochaevka», «Vianok"," Zhukovskaya ", etc. For successful growth and fruiting, this variety cannot do without special treatment for protection, competent feeding and planting.
About variety breeding
The appearance of Cherry Generous is directly related to the pollination procedures of young cherry seedlings "Ideal"). Various cherry varieties, including steppe ones, have become pollinators of Cherry Generous. The selection of the variety was made by gardeners-breeders from Sverdlovsk Zhukov and Gvozdyukova. The Cherry variety Shchedraya was zoned in the middle of the 20th century (on the territory of the Volga region, the Urals and Western Siberia). This cherry is actively grown in addition to Russia in the Baltic countries, in Ukraine, Belarus and in some countries outside the post-Soviet space.
About the external data of the variety
The height of the bush cherry Generous reaches 2 m, it has spreading branches and shoots stretching upward. On the branches there are small buds, as well as round, elongated, with a glossy surface, dense green leaves. The leaves are pointed, with tiny denticles along the edges. One inflorescence includes 3-4 whitish flowers.
The mass of small burgundy round berries of the Cherry variety Generous - up to 5 gr. overripe cherries do not crack, do not crumble, sit firmly on their refined long stalks. Cherries with a fairly large stone, which is quite easy to separate. The watery berry pulp has a pleasant sweetish-sour taste with a pronounced thick cherry aroma.
According to the chemical composition of sugar in berries - up to 7%, acids - 1.5%, ascorbic acid - 13.2 mg / 100 g of berries.
More about the characteristics of Cherry Generous
The name of the cherry variety Generous is no coincidence! This cherry variety has excellent generous yields. One bush can give up to 15 kg of berries. Fruiting of cherries begins in the third or fourth year. The flowering of the bush cherry variety Generous begins from the 20th of May, and the ripening of the fruits - from the beginning of the first autumn month. Berries do not ripen at the same time, so it is better to harvest in several stages. In terms of yield, Cherry Generous is similar to Podbelskaya, Ural Ruby, Tamaris, Vianok.
Cherry Generous: cultivar pollinators
Bush cherries of the Generous variety are classified as self-fertile varieties. But for a better harvest, it is better to place "Polevka", "Maksimovskaya", "Subbotinskaya" "Standard of the Urals" side by side.
The variety in question has good winter hardiness. Frost of 35-40 degrees is not dangerous for her (at such temperatures, the bark and shoots will not be damaged).
Even when the cherry is lavish in bloom, the cherry can successfully tolerate freezing temperatures.
Shrubbery cherries of the Generous variety can be easily grown successfully in the northern part of our country.
Cherry Generous: planting and care
Shrub cherry Generous: photo of the variety
It is best to plant Generous cherries in the spring. A sunny, without shade, dry, elevated windless area with sandy loam soil is suitable for her.
The soil is prepared in the fall.Digging the selected area onto a shallow shovel, add limestone, and after 30 days - organic matter. Here, water-diluted manure (1: 2), rotted manure or compost (about 15 kilograms per 1m2) will come in handy. You cannot do without adding superphosphate - up to 100 grams, potassium sulfate - 50 grams per 1 m2.
The pit is prepared on autumn days, approximately 0.4-0.5 m deep, 0.7-0.9 m in diameter.A special soil mixture is poured into the bottom of the hole, consisting of the surface layer of the earth (1 part), compost (1 part), with the addition of superphosphate (30 g), potassium chloride (15-20 g) and wood ash (1 kg). A plant is placed in the formed mound and covered with soil.
For cherries of the Generous variety, a deep planting is not suitable, that is, without immersing the root collar. Deep holes are made around the circumference of the root zone, which are used in the irrigation process. Up to four buckets of water are poured into them and mandatory mulching with peat or compost is carried out.
For a couple of years, you need to take care of the plant as follows:
- fight weeds;
- dig up the root zone in the fall (depth - no more than 0.1 m).
Three years later, in the spring, the 1st root top dressing is carried out. This can be nitrogen fertilization from ammonium nitrate or urea. In the fall, you will need superphosphate and sulphate top dressing. When fruiting, top dressing is applied more often.
Nitrogen fertilizers (1/2 part) are applied in the spring, and the other half when flowering ends.
Organic matter is applied twice a year, and liming procedures are done once every 5 years. During the autumn digging, phosphorus and potash fertilizers are applied.
Watering a young plant is carried out when the soil dries up. A single watering uses three to four buckets per square meter.
Fruiting cherry Generous is watered about three times a year: at the end of flowering; when berries ripen; in the fall.
In dry summers, the cherry tree is watered more often, using up to six buckets per 1m2.
The care consists of 4 points:
- top dressing;
- annual pruning.
An adult Cherry Generous should form 10 to 15 strong branches. The crown will finally form after 4-5 years. With the help of subsequent pruning, you will maintain the already formed crown.
In early spring, it will already be possible to consider the branches that should be removed. Pruning is carried out before the leaves begin to bloom. After removing dried and diseased branches, the sections should be treated with a thick garden pitch.
One-year branches cannot be cut. Avoid excessive thickening by removing branches that grow deeper into the tree in time. This will significantly increase the yield, and also work as a prevention against various diseases.
Also, an important step in the care is the removal of unnecessary root growth, as the tree becomes weaker from it.
About diseases and pests
Cherry Generous: photo of the variety
The bush cherry variety Generous has some predisposition to moniliosis and coccomycosis. Cherry Generous is not afraid of pests, but sometimes it can be bothered by a slimy sawfly and cherry aphids (most often, during a cool, lingering rain).
Let's talk about the main measures for the prevention and protection of the cherry tree.
With moniliosis - a fungal disease that affects the entire cherry bush. The causative agents of this fungus overwinter in the branches and shoots, and begin their subversive activity during the flowering period of the plant. Moniliosis can be recognized by the thick, gray moss on the bark, shoots and leaves. Over time, you will notice cracking of the bark and complete drying of the branches and foliage. Cherries are also affected (decay, drying out).
In the affected parts of the plant, the fungus can persist until the spring.
The main preventive measure is the removal of affected leaves, shoots and berries with their obligatory burning. In early spring and at the end of flowering - treatment of the bush with an aqueous solution of copper oxychloride.And in the fall, as soon as the crop is harvested, effectively spray the bush with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid. It will be useful to treat the plant with the same solution in the spring, before the leaves appear.
With coccomycosis – fungal disease, fruits and foliage are affected. The first signs of the disease lie in the appearance of reddish spots on the leaves. In a short time, the specks increase in size and cover the entire surface of the leaves, and then the berries.
The affected foliage will fall off in July, and the fruits will become dry. If you do not engage in treatment, then the fruit plant will die the next season.
The causative agent of the fungus sits in the fallen leaves for the winter. That is, the main prophylactic agent for coccomycosis is timely cleaning and burning of dry leaves. In addition, careful weeding and loosening of the soil is required.
The treatment consists in two-fold processing of the plant and soil with the help of Bordeaux liquid. A one-time treatment with copper oxychloride during the period when the plant has bloomed will also help.
When attacked slimy sawfly, which is quite rare, this small winged insect lays eggs on the underside of the leaf plates. After two weeks, you can see a large number of larvae that feed on cherry leaves. As a rule, the harmful effects of a slimy sawfly are enormous.
The fight against it consists in the regular deep loosening of the soil in the root zone and in the treatment of the plant with an insecticide.
Cherry Generous May Attack aphid... This harmful insect spreads through the laying of eggs on branches near the buds. Having spent the winter in this way, by the spring, many larvae begin to drink the juice of young leaves. So in a very short time, the larvae can destroy the cherry bush.
The fight against aphids consists in spraying with special solutions or using folk remedies. Wood ash (300 g / 3 liters of boiling water) will help a lot here. In such a solution, you can add crushed tar soap, strain, bring in volume to 10 liters and pour in 2 tablespoons of vinegar. It is necessary to spray the plant with such a medicine before and after flowering. I am glad that aphids are a rare "guest" on cherry bushes.
Cherry Generous: reviews of summer residents
- Anastasia Igorevna, Chelyabinsk region: “The generous cherry variety came to me from my parents, who once planted and managed to grow an excellent shrub. Regular and rich harvests of the Schedraia bush cherry variety have been pleasing me for several years already, and the winter hardiness and drought resistance of Schedraia cherries are additional pleasant bonuses of the variety. "
- Vasily Viktorovich, Sverdlovsk region: “Despite the fact that the berries of the bush cherry Generous are surprisingly tasty and look good, they do not ripen at the same time, which significantly complicates the harvesting process for me. I also heard that Cherry Generous has poor immunity to moniliosis and coccomycosis, so I regularly feed and examine my berry bushes. "