Cherries are a wonderful berry. Both adults and children love her. And gardeners simply love to grow this unpretentious tree in their plots. Nowadays, there are a huge variety of cherry varieties. Each of them has its own special characteristics, however, despite the huge species diversity, gardeners are very fond of unpretentious plants, large-fruited, drought resistance and frost resistance of the variety. And these are the characteristics of the Orcolia cherry. In today's article, we will talk about who bred the Orcolia cherry variety, what are the main characteristics of trees and fruits, and also talk about the advantages and disadvantages of the variety. Well, let's get started.
Cherry Orcolia: variety description and characteristics
You will not believe it, but the Orcolia cherry variety has been for quite a few years, the variety trials of breeders began in the seventies of the last century. This crop was bred at the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute for Fruit Breeding. The authors were domestic breeders. This variety was selected from seedlings with free pollination. The closest relative is the Zhukovskaya cherry. It is recommended to grow Orcolia cherry in Ukraine, but in many Russian regions this tree feels great. Cherries are considered quite unpretentious. There are no special rules for care. The tree grows quite tall, usually its shoots rush up to 3 m. If we talk about the shape of the crown, then it is round, rather raised, the foliage is rather thick, beautiful. The shoots of the plant are ordinary, straight, the bark on them is dark, brown, but at the base of the skeletal branches and on the trunk it is gray. The buds are ovoid, they are quite strongly deviated from the branches, small in size. The foliage is dark green, obovate in shape. The top of the leaf is usually pointed, but the base is not quite round either. Serration is observed along the edges of the sheet plate. But the surface of the leaves is almost not shiny, slightly curved. At the base of the leaf plates and on the petioles there are glands in the amount of 2 or 3. And the petioles of this culture are quite long, slightly more than 1 mm thick. Inflorescences on the tree are always formed quite actively. Each of them has 5 flowers. Plant corollas are also quite large, each more than 15 mm in diameter. They are saucer-shaped in shape, well open. The petals of the flowers are snow-white, located freely on the calyx. The pistil is located lower in relation to the anthers, it is slightly more than 8 mm in length, the stamens are also quite large. It should be noted that the sepals have a fairly strong serration. Culture always bears fruit more than actively. Moreover, for this, you do not need to take care of the plant in a special way. It is enough to water the trees in a timely manner, cut them off, and treat them from harmful insects and diseases. And sometimes to feed. It is necessary to grow a culture in well-lit areas, since this culture loves light. Then the cherry will certainly delight you with ripe fruits, which we will tell you about now.
Cherry Orcolia: features of the variety
The fruits of the Orcolia cherry variety are large enough, the weight of one fruit is about 4 g, they are oval in shape, rather plump and long. The funnels of the fruits are medium, and the tops are slightly depressed. Interestingly, the fruit is almost black in color. But the flesh inside is dark red, quite dense and juicy. The juice of this cherry is of the same dark color. The stalks are long enough, but not very thick.The seeds are oval in shape, and yellow in color, they are well separated from the juicy and dense pulp, so it is always very convenient to process the fruits. Cherries have high tasting qualities. However, the fruit does not always come off well from the stalk. These cherries contain solids, sugars and acids. However, this variety has a technical purpose, so it is best to process the fruits, but it is quite possible to use them fresh. The plant blooms usually closer to mid-May, and it is very luxuriant and abundant. But the fruits ripen in mid-July. The culture begins to bear fruit at the age of five. The Orcolia cherry variety can be called partially self-fertile. The fruit has high taste and commercial qualities.
Cherry Orcolia: advantages and disadvantages
Every culture has its merits and demerits, and the Orcolia cherry is no exception. Of the advantages, it is necessary to note the high yield. On an industrial scale, from 70 to 100 centners of ripe and aromatic berries are harvested from one hectare. As you can imagine, farmers are very fond of this variety. Winter hardiness of these trees is quite good, flower buds rarely freeze even in spring. The technological qualities of these beautiful cherries are also excellent, so these berries are easily processed. Trees are quite resistant to some types of diseases, so cherries rarely get sick. Of the minuses, of course, it is necessary to note the technical purpose of the fruit. The Orcolia cherry variety, unfortunately, is not a table one. However, this does not in the least interfere with the cultivation of plants in personal plots.
Orcolia cherry is an excellent variety. It is recommended to grow this plant in Ukraine, however, these trees are quite popular in Russia as well. The Orcolia cherry variety appeared in the last century and during this long time managed to establish itself as a high-yielding, winter-hardy hybrid. These trees are always compactly located in household plots, their crown is round, and the shoots rush upward by no more than 3 m. The plant is considered winter-hardy, resistant to some types of diseases. Cherries bear fruit very intensively, they are often grown on an industrial scale, and at the same time they get an excellent harvest. It is not so difficult to care for Orcolia cherries, it is enough to water, cut, feed and process the crop in a timely manner. Believe me, this cherry will certainly delight you with its fruits, despite their technical purpose.