History of creation
Felt cherry Amurka was bred in the Far East at the Research Institute, which is engaged in the creation of new varieties and varieties of cherries and grapes. The author of experiments and experiments is G. Kuzmin, who crossed several varieties and a hybrid. The Amurka cherry variety can be grown in both warm and cold regions.
Cherry Amurka: variety description and characteristics
The bush of the Amurka cherry variety is vigorous and has a semi-spreading shape. The density of the branches is average, that is, there is a small distance between them. Shoots that appear annually of medium size and curl slightly at the end. The color of the shoots of the Amurka felt cherry tree depends on the season, but most often they are gray, brown and burgundy-brown. The buds that form the fruits are very small, they have a sharp end, and they also strongly press against the branch. It is very rare to see buds on branches that have been shortened.
The foliage is quite dense, so pruning is necessary. Usually it is carried out once a year. The leaf of the Amurka felt cherry is large, has the shape of an oval, with a slightly elongated and pointed edge. If you look at the foliage, you can see the heavily corrugated leaves. The color can range from green to dark emerald. Down is present on one side. Flowers are large in size compared to other varieties and varieties. The color of the flower can be pale pink or pale yellow. Each flower of the Amurka cherry variety is located on a short stalk. The petal resembles a flattened oval in shape. The flower cups are of the tubular, cylindrical type. The stigma of the pistil is located at the top of the stamen.
Characteristics of the fruits.
Amurka cherry is very large, on average one berry is 3.5 grams, but with good care and proper fertilization, the berries grow up to 4-5 grams by weight. The berries are located close enough to each other, so fruiting is solid. When all fruits are completely ripe, they can be adjacent to each other. Amurka cherries have a regular round shape. The skin is thin, but dense, so the berries do not crack and keep their shape. When fully ripe, the skin color becomes burgundy or burgundy with a slight black tint. Inside the Amurka felt cherry there is a juicy pulp, which contains a large number of fibers. Inside the pulp, you can see a bone, about 0.1 gram, which separates perfectly from the berry. Each Amurka cherry fruit contains 10% natural sugar, 3% vitamin C, 17% dry matter, and 8% micronutrients.
The berries of the Amurka felt cherry reach full maturity after July 13-14, so it is by this time that you can prepare for harvesting. If the seedling was grafted onto a felt cherry, then such a tree will grow on the site for a long time and delight its owner with a high level of yield. On average, each tree bush brings up to 15 kilograms.
Cherry Amurka: reviews of gardeners about the variety
- Kristina Alexandrovna, Leningrad region: “The taste of the Amurka felt cherry variety is pleasant, sweet and sour, so when eating this cherry it refreshes a little, which is very good for a hot summer. As a rule, Amurka cherry brings a large number of berries. So much that we have enough for both fresh berries and delicious cherry jam and compote. "
- Kirill Mikhailovich, Samara region: “In my garden, Amurka felt cherry has taken root well and bears fruit regularly.The fruits are not inferior in taste characteristics to the best and well-known cherry varieties. Therefore, it is extremely unfortunate that the Amurka cherry is not stored for long, although this can be corrected. I noticed that if you start picking a week ahead of schedule, the Amurka cherries will be stored much longer. "