What to plant hot peppers with
In this article, we will tell you how to properly grow hot peppers, introduce you to the most favorable neighbors in the garden, and, conversely, with the most unfavorable ones, and we will also touch on the topic after which crops should be planted hot peppers.
Features of growing hot pepper
We noticed that some gardeners, with the same care, the yield and quality of the crops grown are completely different, the same applies to hot pepper. Often this depends on the fact that not everyone knows and adheres to the rules of crop rotation.
These rules include the importance of what you grow nearby, because some crops have a positive effect on the development, quality and taste of hot peppers, while others, on the contrary, have a very negative effect on these characteristics, transferring insect pests and selecting peppers that are extremely important for the development. nutrients. It is also very important after which you plant hot peppers on the site, and there are a number of crops, after which it is strictly forbidden to plant it.
Since each of the gardeners dreams precisely of a good, tasty, high-quality harvest of chili peppers, for this we today will analyze in detail next to which plants it needs to be planted so that neither he nor him will be harmed, and also designate which predecessors in the garden will be ideal for growing pepper and raising the level of the harvest.
Choosing a place and soil
Before planting peppers, it is imperative to find the right place and the right soil. Pepper is a thermophilic plant, respectively, the site must be necessarily sunny and at the same time without drafts. Temperature drops have a very negative effect on growth, development and, as a result, on the harvest of hot pepper. In the heat, and especially at its peak, plants need to create shade, since the sun's rays can cause burns on the foliage.
A greenhouse or greenhouse is ideal for growing peppers rather than open ground. Since it is in the greenhouse and greenhouse that a regular level of temperature and humidity is maintained, which are so important for the development of pepper, even minimal temperature drops can slow down growth. It is impossible to create such conditions outdoors, but at the same time, with proper and proper care, you can grow a fruitful crop on it.
The soil for hot peppers should be loose, fertile, moist and non-acidic. Do not allow stagnation of water and waterlogging - the roots can rot. If the soil is acidic, it must be "deoxidized"; the most popular means for this is dolomite flour.
The site must be dug up and fertilized before planting.
How to plant pepper
You can plant peppers both as seedlings and seeds in open ground. The first method is the most popular, it is used by the northern regions, and the second - by the southern regions.
For seedlings, depending on the region, the sowing time will be different, since ready seedlings are planted in open ground at different times. For the southern regions, seeds for seedlings are sown from about January to February, while in the northern regions - from the second half of February to March. The most convenient way to grow chili seedlings is in wooden crates. After planting, the boxes are covered with foil to maintain the required humidity and temperature conditions.
In open ground, seedlings of hot pepper are planted when an average of 45 days have passed since the moment of planting the seeds.At this moment, the seedlings have already grown by 15 cm, and the leaves have formed on the plant, about 6 pieces.
How to care for peppers
After the seedlings have hatched, the film must be removed. The seedlings are transferred to a bright, warm place until the seedlings are transplanted into the ground. When 2 full-fledged leaves appeared on the plants, the seedlings dive. Be sure to moisten the soil a couple of hours before diving. Next, each seedling is transferred to a separate container, peat pots are best suited for this.
For pepper, you need to create proper lighting - at least 12 hours a day. If natural lighting does not work, it is worth resorting to the method of artificial lighting - using a lamp.
They move the seedlings to the beds when the air warms up steadily to +14 degrees, then the risks of frost will be reduced to zero.
When growing hot peppers, whether it is open ground or boxes with seedlings, it is necessary to maintain the moisture of the earth and in no case let it dry out. Do not water the pepper by sprinkling methods. Also, the earth must be loosened, providing oxygen to the roots. Bitter pepper responds very positively to top dressing, it must be carried out a couple of times a month. Remember to remove weeds as they can negatively affect the harvest.
The harvest of hot peppers is harvested from mid-summer to autumn - the timing directly depends on the planting method and the region. It is recommended not to wait for the pepper to overripe, but to harvest it when the fruits are still green.
Bitter pepper is very well stored, used as a seasoning, added to various dishes and preserved. It is very useful, contains many vitamins and microelements (for example, vitamins of groups A, B, C, etc.). Pepper perfectly boosts the immune system and speeds up the metabolism.
Favorable garden neighbors
When growing any vegetables, it is very important to know which crops are recommended to grow next to them in order to accelerate their growth, and which should be planted at the other end of the garden. Let's talk about which crops are the most favorable neighbors in the hot pepper bed.
Surprisingly, herbs will be positive neighbors for pepper, this does not mean that the entire bed should be covered with it - the herbs should be in moderation. Chamomile, coltsfoot, etc. are ideal for the neighborhood with chili peppers - they significantly accelerate the growth of fruit ripening. The grass can be planted along the edge or in the aisle. An overabundance of grass will take away all the useful elements from the soil.
Weeds must be removed, since they carry destructive sores and insect pests.
Cilantro, dill, basil will also perfectly coexist with pepper - they will give more flavor characteristics to the pepper. Pay attention to the fact that there is no shading, pepper can affect this negatively.
According to the crop rotation table, the proximity of hot peppers to tomatoes will affect the rapid growth of both crops; eggplants, carrots, cabbage and onions are also great for the neighborhood.
If you plant garlic next to a hot pepper, then the second will scare away all insect pests.
With what you can not plant peppers next
In addition to favorable neighbors, there are, on the contrary, unfavorable ones, which should be planted away from the bitter pepper, or better at the other end of the garden. Moreover, not only hot pepper can harm, but also vice versa - a "hot" plant can negatively affect the taste of vegetables planted nearby, so be extremely careful.
To begin with, bitter pepper is unfavorable for being close to fennel. This is expressed by the fact that the pepper can get sick, which will lead to wilting of the foliage, the fruits themselves will develop poorly, which will certainly affect the level of the crop, since fennel takes away all the useful trace elements necessary for development.
The next vegetable with which it is not recommended to plant peppers, or keep a sufficient distance, is beets. Since the beet grows and develops quickly enough, the root system with its rapid growth suppresses the roots of its neighbors.
Also, you cannot plant peppers with potatoes, since the second takes all trace elements, vitamins and other useful substances from other vegetables. Therefore, it is better to choose a place for potatoes away from other vegetables.
Also, the neighborhood of bitter and sweet peppers is not allowed. In the neighborhood, two peppers will pollinate each other, this will lead to the fact that bitterness is observed in the sweet pepper, at the same time, unfavorable taste changes, the loss of useful microelements are noticed in the burning one. With the proximity of two peppers, the burning will be of a completely different variety, all thanks to pollination. It follows that bitter and sweet peppers must be planted in different places, in this case, the bitter pepper will not lose its quality and taste characteristics.
After what crops are bitter peppers planted
When planting peppers, it is very important what grew up to him in this place, since the past "tenants" can negatively affect the harvest, so the land must be rested.
You will get a smooth, delicious birth if you plant hot peppers in the place where melons (watermelon, melon, pumpkin, etc.), as well as herbs, grew before.
The next favorable predecessor is cucumbers, after which the soil is very favorable for the growth of hot peppers. If there are two or more greenhouses on the site, the planting in them should be changed annually.
Beans, peas, etc. are also excellent predecessors - they saturate the earth with potassium and phosphorus minerals, very important and necessary for pepper. It is from them, as well as from magnesium and humus, that hot peppers grow very well.
Do not plant peppers after other nightshades (for example, tomatoes, potatoes and others), this can be very detrimental to the growth of hot peppers and to the crop as a whole. All nightshades have all ailments, in the form of diseases and pests, absolutely the same, which will not be difficult for our "burning" plant to adopt these "misfortunes".
When growing hot peppers, it is extremely important to respect the neighborhood. For a fruitful, tasty, high-quality harvest of pepper, you need to choose the right "neighbors" in the garden that will not harm its growth and development, but, on the contrary, will accelerate its growth, protect it from pests and diseases, and, in general, have a positive effect on all characteristics of hot pepper. Do not forget that the pepper itself can also harm - do not allow this. Before planting, it is recommended to draw up a scheme for planting vegetables, this will allow you to prevent neighborhood mistakes. Follow our recommendations and advice and you will be assured of a great harvest.