Growing beets: how to do it right. Its the best varieties.
Growing beets: an introduction
Beets grow in every garden without exception. This vegetable contains a lot of proteins, sugar, potassium, magnesium, fiber and folate. The cultivation of beets depends on the variety.
Beetroot and its popular varieties with a description
Beets are available as early-maturing, mid-maturing and late-maturing.
The most popular varieties: early ripening: Wodan is a round, dark red fruit with a soft core, it grows up to 500 g in weight.
Pablo is a high-yielding variety with a delicate root vegetable and a sweetish taste. It grows in weight up to 500g.
The red ball is a cold-resistant variety, the root crop grows up to 300 g in weight, has a sweet taste without specific bitterness.
Boltardi - a root crop weighing up to 200 g, does not bloom and has a strong immunity to diseases. Stores well until next year.
Bordeaux 237 is a medium-sized cold hardy variety. The root crop grows up to 300g.
Mid-season varieties: Opolskaya is a moisture-loving variety, the root crop grows up to 500g. When cut, you can see slightly noticeable rings, the flesh tastes sweet.
Patrick - beets are round, dark burgundy and small in size, weighing up to 200g.
Monocle - a root vegetable weighs 270g, withstands frost well, and an excess of moisture.
Donskaya flata is a very productive variety, with medium-sized roots, weighing up to 370g.
The noblewoman is a variety that tolerates frost and drought well, and has a sweet taste. Root crops grow up to 480g.
Late varieties: Citadela - this variety has a cylindrical root crop, grows in length up to 26 cm, and weighing up to 420g.
Matrona Sedek - this variety is well suited for long-term storage, is resistant to moisture and produces root vegetables weighing up to 500g.
One-sprout - very resistant to various diseases, and changes in weather conditions, the roots are not large, weighing up to 350g.
Red ruby - this variety is round in shape, root crops weighing up to 240 g can be well stored.
Bolivar - this variety of intense red color, resistant to frost, drought and moisture, grows a root vegetable weighing up to 230 g and is perfectly stored for six months.
Growing beets: methods
Growing a rich harvest of beets is not at all difficult, it is not picky, but there are still some rules. And if you follow them, then this vegetable will grow well on your site.
Growing beets: instruction
They plant it immediately with seeds in open ground. A place for beets must be prepared in the fall, dig up a garden bed and apply fertilizer. In mid-May, it is enough to simply fluff this place well, form a bed. Make grooves no more than 2 cm deep, and 15 cm apart from each other.There is no need to prepare beet seeds in advance, so we immediately shed the grooves and plant one seed at a distance of at least 10 cm.The seeds of beets are large, and one seed gives up to 4 plants. After you have planted the seeds, fill up the grooves and leave them until they germinate. When the beets come up, you need to start watering them abundantly every 2-3 days.
Where and when to plant it
And after each watering, loosen the aisles. When the tops grow 10 cm from the ground, the beets need to be thinned so that the distance between the seedlings is 3-5 cm.At the same time, we add the first top dressing, and the second after another 3 weeks. About a month after the first thinning, when the root crop is actively growing, it must be repeated. It is necessary to thin out the beets again so that the distance between them is at least 10 cm. If the beets grow very close to each other, they will be small.In general, beets are well resistant to pests, but if they do appear, you need to treat it with Intavir solution. You need to plant beets every year in a new place, the site should be well lit by the sun, the best predecessors for beets are cucumbers.
Harvesting and storage
Two weeks before harvesting, the beets are not watered. Beets are harvested in early September. It must be carefully dug out with a shovel so as not to damage the root crop. And for 8-10 days they put it to dry, in the shade, in a draft. After it dries out, shake off the ground and cut the tops 0.5 cm from the root crop. Then it is poured into boxes or bags, ideally covered with sand or sawdust so that it does not come into contact with each other, and put away in a dark and cool place. storage temperature should be from 0 to +2 degrees. If the temperature is below 0, then the beets may freeze and their taste will deteriorate, and if it is above +2, then it will simply flabby and begin to sprout. In any case, it will no longer be edible.