Cultivation of peas, sowing dates, observance of crop rotation, video
Peas are one of the members of the legume family. Growing peas is a simple process, but there are some peculiarities.
Growing peas and bacteria
Like beans, beneficial microorganisms develop on the root system of peas, which have a significant effect on the accumulation of nitrogen in the soil.
The colonies of these beneficial bacteria are like small tubers called nodule bacteria. Nodule bacteria live in symbiosis with legumes, helping them to absorb nutrients. These microorganisms form new colonies within three years, and without them, the peas will die.
If crops from the legume shoot family have already been grown on your site, take some land from the last planting site, then microorganisms will enter into symbiosis with peas and begin to enrich the soil with nitrogen faster.
In addition to the ability of legumes to fertilize the soil for future planting, peas bear tasty fruits. To obtain a rich harvest of peas, it is necessary to choose the right planting site, grow seedlings and place trellises. Based on the goals of growing peas, there are cerebral and solid varieties of a given crop.
Choosing a planting site for growing peas
For growing peas outdoors, the best soil is the soil on which cucumbers, pumpkins, potatoes or cabbage were previously grown.
For the fruits of peas to be soft and sweet, when growing these crops, it is necessary to use phosphorus and potash fertilizers. Also, compost and vermicompost will serve as a good fertilizer for peas. They can be applied during planting by applying a small amount to the groove. The depth of planting seeds in the soil is 3-5 cm, the distance between the furrows is at least 50 cm, and between the seeds is 5-7 cm.
Pea seeds should be planted in the soil no earlier than April 20, and early ripening varieties - until July 10. In addition, peas are able to withstand frosts down to -6 C.
Outdoor pea care
Peas belong to the unpretentious family. This plant does not require special care. The main care activities are: weeding, timely watering and harvesting. At the first emergence of seedlings, the sprouts should be slightly huddled, and the soil should be loosened. Pegs are driven in along the beds and the net is pulled, thus placing the trellis. After 30-50 days, the peas will bloom, and you can harvest the crop a month after the mass flowering.