Eggplant has flowers falling
Briefly about eggplant
Eggplant is a crop for which temperature is very important, so it is easy to cultivate in a greenhouse or greenhouse. Those crops that are planted in the open field will develop better, grow and give the gardener a bountiful, tasty harvest. But under comfortable greenhouse conditions, the required air humidity, eggplants can shed their inflorescences, which will ultimately result in much less harvest. Eggplant flowers fall - we will tell you what to do and how to fight in the article.
Why do eggplant flowers fall
Even an experienced gardener may have such a problem. If you find it, you need to act immediately. In addition to the danger of insect pests, flowers can fall off even before they bloom.
Some reasons why inflorescences and buds may fall off
These are the most important factors by which the fall of inflorescences and buds can occur. Even seedlings of insufficient quality can lead to this outcome. Vegetable seeds must be purchased in proven places with a quality guarantee. Seedlings from self-collected seeds do not always grow exactly like the parent specimen, so it is better not to risk it.
The culture lacks boric elements. This can be understood by the inhibition of growth and development.
The second reason
Not high-quality and not proper care of the plant.
Lack of moisture and low percentage of air humidity.
Attack of hordes of insect pests.
Not suitable temperature conditions. Too much heat or excessive cold snap.
Poor lighting, lack of sunlight.
The seventh reason
Unsuitable mix soil with incorrectly selected composition.
An overabundance or lack of nutrients necessary for active growth, development and life
When cultivating eggplants, you need to provide not only proper care, but also timely feeding. The lack of certain elements can adversely affect the plant.
Eggplant flowers fall: if there is not enough phosphorite, boric and nitrogenous elements
If the culture lacks phosphorite, boric and nitrogenous elements, then it will begin to shed its inflorescences and buds.
Eggplant flowers fall if there is not enough phosphorus
Phosphorus is very important for proper growth, development and formation of a strong root system. If there is not enough phosphorus, then the root system will be weak, and the plant will lag far behind in development.
Eggplant flowers fall if there are not enough nitrogenous elements
Nitrogenous elements are needed in order for the plant to grow its green mass.After all, the amount of absorbed sunlight will depend on the size of the sheet plate. If the plant lacks nitrogenous elements, then naturally it will have small and sparse leaves, which will not allow it to fully feed and develop. When the crop begins its flowering period, nitrogen-based feeding should be stopped.
Eggplant will drop flowers if there are not enough boric elements
If the plant lacks boric elements, it will begin to throw off its ovaries, flowers, buds. It is not so difficult to make up for the lack of this component, you just need to feed the plant with boric acid. How to cook: 1) Ten liters - clean, settled, soft water at room temperature; 2) Five grams - boric acid. Stir the boric acid in water thoroughly and you can start the feeding procedure. Boron-based preparations can be used approximately three times during the growing season.
The main mistakes made when caring for a crop
If you do not provide the necessary care for the plant, then it can also begin to shed ovaries, flowers, buds.
Eggplant flowers fall: problems with pollination
Pollination in greenhouse or greenhouse conditions is often not very successful, so you either have to lure pollinating insects yourself, or do everything by hand, using a cotton swab or a small brush. During this time, it is very important to reduce the humidity of the air, as well as to reduce the frequency and volume of watering. After all, the buds can begin to fall off due to the fact that the pollen is wet, that is, heavy.
Eggplant flowers fall: problems with the watering regime
Proper watering is the key to active growth and development in eggplant. Experienced gardeners, I recommend using only clean, settled, soft water at room temperature. Due to irrigation of water with a low temperature, it can happen like this: cold water gets into the heated soil, increases the risk of disease of the culture, and shatters its immune system. All this will have a detrimental effect on the condition of the bush, and naturally it can begin to shed its ovaries, flowers, buds. It is important to consistently water the plant, because if you allow the soil to completely dry out, and then make abundant watering, this will also negatively affect the growth and development of the plant.
Suitable climate in greenhouse conditions
For a culture to actively grow and develop, it is necessary to create suitable conditions for it.
Eggplant flowers fall: the right temperature
The greenhouse temperature should not be higher than thirty degrees Celsius, otherwise it will lead to the sterility of the pollen. But it shouldn't go down less than twenty-five degrees Celsius either. If the plant is too hot, then at least it will shed its ovaries, flowers and buds, and at most it can die. So that the temperature is not too high, it is necessary to carry out periodic ventilation so that fresh air circulates in the greenhouse.
Cold snap, drafts and wind
When ventilating the greenhouse, it is very important to avoid cold drafts and strong sweats of the wind - the plant will not like this and it can get sick. If the temperature outside began to drop and it became cold, then the greenhouse must be insulated so that the crops do not freeze. If the bushes are cold, they will drop their ovaries, flowers, buds and then the long-awaited harvest will not be.
The problem with the percentage of humidity
For their active growth and development, eggplants require an increased percentage of air humidity. Usually, with a properly aligned irrigation regime, there should be enough moisture. But if the eggplant withers and becomes lethargic, and you feel dry air, then you need to place small containers with water around the perimeter of the beds. The water will gradually evaporate and thereby help to raise the percentage of humidity in the air.
Eggplant flowers fall: how to increase the number of ovaries, flowers, buds
The size and flavor of the crop is directly related to the proper move.In order for the plant to actively grow and develop, it is necessary to provide it with:
1) Correct irrigation regime;
2) Proper lighting;
3) Suitable fertilizers and feeding;
4) The required percentage of air humidity;
5) The required temperature regime;
6) Protection against diseases and insect pests;
7) Suitable microclimate.
Eggplant flowers fall: about flowering
It is important to remember that even if there are a huge number of inflorescences on a bush, it will not be able to give everyone the necessary vital energy. One plant can fully develop about fifteen ovaries. Experienced gardeners recommend leaving only large inflorescences, and removing small and underdeveloped ones so that the plant does not waste its precious energy on them.
Eggplant flowers fall: about shoots
On one bush, you need to leave only three or four healthy and strong shoots, pinch off the rest so that they do not interfere with active growth and development. This will greatly help in the formation of ovaries on the plant.
An important trick
Gardeners with extensive experience recommend installing eggplant trellis. This will allow the plant to flower properly. If you install trellis support, you will need to shake the bush a little every day, this will ensure high-quality pollination.
The importance of fertilization and feeding
The importance of fertilizers and fertilizing should not be forgotten either. Even if, before planting a bush, you perfectly stratified the soil, the plant will still need feeding. You need to be guided by the introduction of certain fertilizers and dressings by looking at the stage of culture development. It is very important not to overdo it with the introduction of certain fertilizers and dressings, because then you can grow a very beautiful and spreading bush, but unfortunately without a crop.
Eggplant flowers fall: conclusion
When cultivating an eggplant culture, it is very important to consider all its needs. After all, if you make mistakes in:
1) Watering mode;
2) Air temperature;
3) Percentage of air humidity;
4) In the calculation with the introduction of dressings and fertilizers;
5) Providing light.
All this can lead to the fact that the bush will throw off ovaries, flowers and buds, and possibly even die. Before planting, carefully study all the nuances of care and then the culture will delight you with a plentiful and tasty harvest.