Briefly about the representatives of herbaceous crops
Thuja Filiformis, or "filiformis" is an extraordinary herbaceous with needles that look very much like a thread. The native land of this species is North America. On the territory of Europe, it appeared around the nineteenth - twentieth century. Thuja perfectly adapts to urban realities and is widely used in landscape design.
Tuya filiformis: description of this representative of herbaceous crops
Thuja western Filiformis grows upwards by one hundred and fifty - two hundred and fifty centimeters, in diameter it grows up to one hundred and fifty centimeters. The crown shape grows in the form of a cone. Due to the hanging branches and needles in the form of threads, the tree is very similar to willow, and sometimes there are specimens similar to haystacks. Young needles grow in the form of scales, bright green color, by the winter season they acquire reddish and brown colors at the same time.
This variety is a very slow growing herbaceous species. Every year the shrub grows no more than two to seven centimeters.
Herbaceous has a high level of resistance to cold, is a lover of sunlight, but it can grow in partial shade.
In full shade, the color of the needles takes on a dull appearance. Thuja is famous for its long growing time, up to about one hundred fifty - two hundred years.
Tuya Filiformis: planting and care
Herbaceous can be planted at the beginning of the spring season or in the fall season. For landing, select a site with a sufficient amount of light or partially shaded with a light neutral soil.
The planting hole is made depending on the dimensions of the root system and a clod of earth. A drainage layer of fifteen to twenty centimeters is placed inside (for example, from sand, expanded clay, crushed stone).
Garden soil is mixed with peat in an amount of two to one, special fertilizing for conifers or nitroammofosk is poured (when planting in the autumn season, no fertilizer is applied).
In the middle of the planting hole, a small tubercle is poured, on which a herbaceous one is placed. The root system is carefully spread in a downward movement. If the filiform thuja Filiformis is planted from the container, it is moved to the planting hole with a lump of earth.
The seedling is covered with soil, without touching the root collar at soil level, well moistened (from five to twelve liters of liquid) and strongly compacted. Immediately after planting, the near-stem part is covered with a layer of mulch made from sawdust or needles.
Thuja "sinking" requires constant moisture and sprinkling. Moisten it every week, applying five to six liters of liquid per young seedling, ten to twelve using per adult seedling. Irrigation of needles is carried out closer to the night.
Fertilizers are applied twice - at planting and in the last month of the summer season. For the winter season, the shrub is covered with a dense layer of mulch (about six to seven centimeters), and in the spring season the soil is dug shallowly.
Young seedlings are sheltered from cold and strong winds, and on especially hot days they are sheltered from direct sunlight that burns the plant. Trimming is done in the last week of the last spring month or in the early summer season - during the slow movement of the juices.
At the same time, preventive pruning is performed every year (branches with defects, dried up and infected are removed), and shaping ones - if desired, with the required giving the correct shape.
Diseases and parasites
Usually, aphids and scale insects have a negative impact on the western thuja. The larvae of parasites can be removed independently, and the foliage can be treated with a preparation with laundry soap or medical alcohol (ten milliliters per liter of liquid).
If drugs from the people do not work, it is necessary to use special insecticides, for example "karbofos".
Thuja can also be susceptible to fungal diseases. With an excessive amount of moisture, phytophthora may appear - for preventive herbal procedures, Bordeaux liquid or products containing honey are used. Schütte diseases are often encountered - when shrubs are infected, it is advised to process it with "hom" and moisturize with the help of "foundationol".
Filiform thuja filiformis in landscape design
Photo of western thuja Filiformis
Due to the hanging branches and unusual needles, Filiformis looks great in landscape design. It looks more unusual in sufficiently lit places or in front of white walls, buildings, structures. Thuja usually grows in Japanese-style gardens.
It is also used in the manufacture of alpine slides, heather gardens and rocky ones. Herbaceous grows well in containers, which makes it possible to use it to add flavor to facades, increase the green mass on window sills, windows, roofs and loggias.
Thuja looks great with other coniferous varieties, and also with other representatives of herbaceous and deciduous crops. It is possible to cultivate it individually or in several copies.
Western thuja Filiformis: reviews and opinions of summer residents about the variety
According to summer residents, thuja perfectly tolerates the cold, but young grassy ones should be covered with spruce branches for the winter season and sheltered from cold and strong winds.
Agrotechnics behind the bush does not have any complications, the most important thing is correct moisture and constant sprinkling on especially hot days. Most summer residents cultivate without shaping, arranging exclusively preventive pruning in the spring season. But even without this action, strong filiformis branches look unusual and beautiful.
In the winter season with an abundance of snow, the crown is damaged due to its excessive amount. To avoid breaking the branches and changing their shape, it is recommended to compact the branches with ribbons.
Believing the opinion of summer residents, thuja perfectly adapts to urban realities, grows calmly in conditions of excessive amounts of dust, smoke and gas. For urban landscaping, it is advised to plant it in park areas and squares, but not next to the road.