How to plant and grow a tomato Ladies' man
Ladies' Man is a versatile tomato variety that can be used both for conservation and fresh. Of course, any gardener with a large garden with fertile soil wants rich harvests of high-quality vegetables and fruits to grow on his site. To make this a reality, one must start with the correct choice of not only seedlings, but also varieties. Since tomatoes are grown in almost every area, then their choice must be approached with knowledge, since not
all varieties can be used for conservation and not all of them can grow outdoors. Tomato Ladies' Man certainly deserves attention. It is about him that will be discussed in this article.
Tomato Ladies' man: variety description
Tomatoes of the Damsky splendid variety are completely mid-season, indeterminate varieties. The height of the bushes reaches one and a half meters. Large leaves are colored dark green. The ladies' man does not lose its qualities with long storage periods. Easily transfers long distance transportation. The fruit ripens evenly and is ideal for canning.
Also, growing this variety, you will always get large yields of juicy tomatoes. However, in order for the harvest to be good, it is necessary to have in-depth knowledge and experience. Therefore, it is not recommended to grow these tomatoes for those who are just starting to do gardening.
An incorrectly chosen place in the garden for planting bushes in an open area, errors associated with care, can lead to the loss of most of the crop.
The Ladies' man's tomato differs from its "brothers" in shape and good transportability. That allows you to transport fruits over long distances without losing their presentation. The variety belongs to the early ones. But ripening in all regions of the country occurs at different periods.
For example, in the south, ripening occurs earlier. This is facilitated by high humidity and a large amount of sunlight.
Characteristics of the tomato Ladies' man
The fruits of the Ladies' Man are painted in bright red colors, resembling the shape of a cylinder. They are incredibly juicy and have a smooth and firm skin. The maximum weight of one berry reaches 60 grams. When preserved, the peel does not crack.
As mentioned above, this variety brings good yields, from a square meter you can get 10 kilograms of tomatoes. To achieve such indicators, it is necessary to properly prepare the seeds and care for the plant.
How to choose the right seedlings
Seedlings can be grown either by ourselves or in a specialized store or nursery. In the case of a purchase, be careful when choosing. There are some rules that can help with this:
- Please note that the seedlings are at least 45 and no more than 60 days old.
- For one bed, the plant should be chosen of the same age. This will make it easier to care for them.
- The seedlings should not exceed 30 centimeters in height.
- One stem should have 11 or 12 leaves.
- The leaves should be bright green. It is important to pay attention to this. And they shouldn't
- The stem is the same thickness as a regular pencil.
- Do not buy seedlings packed in bags. Only those in boxes are suitable for growing.
Soil and fertilizers required by the tomato Ladies' man
The ladies' man prefers to grow on loose, fertile soil with an average level of acidity. Plots on which beans, vegetables belonging to the cabbage, onion, and pumpkin family were previously grown are perfect.
After vegetables such as potatoes, eggplants and peppers, the soil must be allowed to rest and fertilized for three years before the tomatoes are planted there. Suitable for growing areas are open sunny areas. Lack of sunlight is detrimental to tomatoes.
When growing a Lady's Man, it is important to remember that the presence of a large amount of organic fertilizers, a large or insufficient amount of water and too dense planting will negatively affect the growth and development of this plant.
Site preparation begins in August or September. To do this, you need to choose a dry day. The land must be well dug up and fertilized. The next time the soil is dug up in the spring, after
after the threat of night frosts disappeared.
During this period, humus and mineral fertilizers are applied. Please note that all work is carried out in dry weather.
Tomato Ladies' Man - growing
Photo of a bush variety Ladies' saint
It is possible to grow a tomato Ladies' man both in open areas and in greenhouse conditions.
If you chose the second option, then it will be necessary to control the moisture in the soil and its temperature. It should not be less than 12 degrees. The temperature inside the greenhouse must be kept
at + 20 degrees.
When planting seedlings in open areas, do not forget that the plant loves sunny places and must be watered regularly and abundantly.
The Ladies' Man tomato is a crop that is resistant to winds and first cold weather, but needs a lot of light and moderate humidity.
In case you decide to grow seedlings on your own, you need to learn how to properly prepare fertile soil.
How to grow seedlings yourself
When deciding to grow seedlings on your own, prepare well for this. Sowing time depends on the region where you live. For example, living in the south of our country, sowing must be started from the end of February to the middle of the first month of spring. Planting seedlings in the ground will take place from May to June.
As for the northern regions, seeds are planted there in April. And the transplant to the garden, in contrast to the southern regions, takes place two weeks or a month later. It is important to know that the planting time is approximate and depends on when the frost ends.
From planting seeds to transplanting seedlings into the ground, it should take from 2 to 2.5 months.
Preparation of tomato seeds of the variety Ladies' saint
Before planting seeds, they must be decontaminated. Since seeds purchased in the markets or collected on their own may contain microorganisms that can lead to serious diseases.
If you bought your planting material in a specialized store or nursery, then you should not be afraid, since there are seeds that have undergone the necessary processing.
Processing can take place in several ways.
- In the first case, you can prepare a manganese solution. To do this, mix potassium permanganate with water, in a ratio of 1 g / 100 ml and dip the seeds wrapped in cheesecloth into it. Leave them there for 15 minutes, that should be enough. It is not worth keeping it longer, as this can negatively affect germination. But no less, so that the processing is successful. Next, take out the seeds and rinse thoroughly in water.
- The second method is to treat it with a soda solution. To do this, you need to mix soda with water, in proportions of 0.5 g / 100 ml. Dip the seeds wrapped in cheesecloth there and leave for 24 hours.The use of such a solution has a positive effect on the yield.
- You can also use Fitosporin solution. To do this, dilute one drop or half a teaspoon in 100 ml of water, if Fitosporin is in powder form. Dip the seeds in there and wait 2 hours.
- The fourth way will help strengthen the resistance of tomatoes to various diseases. To do this, you will need to make or purchase a solution of aloe juice at the pharmacy. It can be made by mixing equal parts juice and water. After that, dip the seeds into the solution and leave them alone.
In addition to treating seeds from infections, it is necessary to treat the soil in which they will be planted. This is especially important if the land is purchased from the market or from your own garden.
So that no harmful microorganisms remain in the soil, soak it in an oven preheated to 200 degrees for at least 10 minutes. You can alternatively use boiling water treatment.
In this case, place the earth in a container that has drainage holes. Pour boiling water over and wait until it is completely dry.
Potassium permanganate is also suitable for tillage. To do this, mix 1 gram of manganese in 100 ml of water and water the soil well in a container.
The methods can be combined, or can be applied independently of each other. It is important to allow the soil to restore beneficial bacteria after processing. Therefore, leave the ground for two weeks.
Place and soil
After the seeds are planted, they should be placed in a warm, well-lit area. For this, a window sill on the south side is suitable. If your windows do not face south, then install
additional artificial lighting. Fluorescent lamps work well.
In the first four days, seedlings need a lot of light all 24 hours. Then 16 hours will be enough.
Seedlings love high humidity, so it must be maintained throughout the entire growing period. To do this, spray them with a spray bottle twice a day.
If you cannot water as needed, install a humidifier in the room. Remember that the humidity level should not be lower than 80%.
The daytime air temperature in the room where the seedlings are grown should be between +18 and +25 degrees, and at night between +12 and +15. An excellent option would be to place the seedlings next to the battery so as not to worry about freezing.
Seeds must be planted only in the soil that is disinfected. The capacity can be completely different. Fill the selected container halfway with soil. Water, make furrows
the depth of which will be no more than 1 centimeter, at a distance of 2 centimeters from each other.
If sowing takes place in boxes or other large containers, then the distance between the rows can be increased to 4 centimeters. After the seeds are planted, they must be sprinkled with earth and
Gardeners also often use another option, as they consider it the simplest. Having poured the soil into suitable containers, they lay out the seeds in rows and sprinkle them. The main thing to remember is that when planting seeds, the soil must be moist regardless of the method.
After everything is done, the containers must be covered with transparent film or glass. This helps to maintain the desired microclimate and humidity, while not interfering with the flow of light.
Watering regularly while maintaining constant moisture is very important, but it is just as important to avoid stagnant water. If this could not be avoided, remove the film and let the earth dry. If mold forms on the surface, remove it, treat it with potassium permanganate or anti-fungal preparations.
Watch the temperature regime, the seedlings do not tolerate sudden changes. When 2 or three true leaves appear on the stem, the film must be removed. This usually happens 14 days after planting.It is important to know that the amount of light, temperature and watering should increase equally as the seedlings grow.
There are gardeners who prefer to pick seedlings when the first two leaves appear. If the seedlings are planted close to each other, then this must be done. For this you need separate 500 ml containers. This can be done in two ways.
One of them is transplanting seedlings in containers with pre-prepared soil. Preparation includes fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
Among gardeners, Senor Tomato is popular, it is added one tablespoon at a time. Next, two seedlings are placed there. This method allows the root system to form powerful. After the plants grow up to 10 centimeters, they need to be tied. For this, a nylon thread is suitable. As soon as they grow together, the upper part of the less developed sprout is gently pinched.
This option is most suitable for growing tomatoes of the Ladies' Man.
Having made the decision to dive, remember that the seedlings should be lowered into the depths of the soil to the syamidol leaves, while maintaining an earthen lump on the forming root.
Hardening and feeding seedlings
For two weeks before the transplant is planned to the garden, the seedlings must be hardened. To do this, it must be placed in a room with a temperature of +14 to +16 degrees. 5 days before planting, the plant must be taken out into the street, where it should be within 3 hours. You can leave it outside the day before boarding.
Hardening is necessary for the plant to better adapt to new conditions; without it, seedlings may die.
Fertilizing tomatoes is necessary, and the first time it is done 21 days after you saw the first shoots. Then it is done once every 7 days. Tomatoes are very fond of organic matter, such as manure, rotting grass, the main thing is not to overdo it.
If you are using guano-based fertilizers, then for seedlings use them half as much as indicated in the instructions.
Tomato Ladies' Pleasure. When and how to transplant seedlings into the ground
Transplanting tomatoes into the garden occurs when they have not yet exceeded 30 centimeters, but already have a well-developed, strong stem with seven leaves on it. Also, a flower brush and short internodes should already be formed on it by the time of planting.
Do not transplant on a windy or hot day, it is better to postpone for another time. The best option would be to transplant seedlings into the garden on cloudy, calm days.
When planting, keep a distance of 40 centimeters from each other. The plant must go 3 centimeters deep into the ground so that new roots appear at the root system. The soil should be fertilized with peat. After you have planted your intergrowths, they need to be watered with water at room temperature right under the root.
In order to grow large yields in open areas, you must strictly follow the rules.
How to properly care for tomatoes outdoors
In order to create the right conditions, it is necessary to choose the right place for growing, the soil and take into account the winds.
Considering that tomatoes love warmth, you need to choose the appropriate place. This means that the site should be located where it will be well lit and warmed up by the sun's rays. Do not plant the Ladies' Man tomato where there is shade.
It is necessary to water the plant regularly, growing it in an open area. Watering should be done more frequently than if it had been planted in a greenhouse. Tomato Ladies' Man does not tolerate drought. However, when planting tomatoes in a greenhouse, they may not have enough sun, due to which the yield will be reduced.
The ideal soil for tomatoes is soil mixed with peat fertilizers in equal proportions.
Interesting to know! In the United States, a tomato was grown that weighed about 3 kilograms. It is the largest tomato ever grown.
To speed up the process of seed germination, it is necessary to lower them into a growth stimulator 12 hours before planting. Using this method, you will be able to see the first shoots not after 7 days, but after three days.
Features of planting tomato Ladies' man in open ground
It is important to respect the distances when landing. Between plants in a row it is 30 centimeters, and between rows 60 centimeters. The hole should go no more than 4 centimeters deep into the soil and 4 seeds are placed in it. Next, the hole is covered with soil.
When planting, it is important that the soil is moist, however, immediately after the seeds are planted, do not water. The first watering is carried out after the first shoots appear.
Watering young plants is necessary as needed. At the initial stage of growth (the first three weeks), they are watered at the base of the stem for better development and nutrition of the root system. The Tomato Ladies' Man requires constant attention. Do not allow the soil to dry out, otherwise
if the plant withers.
However, remember also about the inadmissibility of moisture stagnation. Since this will provoke the development of fungal diseases, which can lead to death. The required volume of liquid is equal to 3 liters of water per 1 sq. meter. Gardeners also prefer to use an EO spray solution in the first week of growth. The solution is applied at a rate of 1: 1000.
Also, drip tapes, which can be installed on the site, will help to facilitate watering.
The site must be loosened before planting tomatoes and this should be done after planting at least once every 14 days. The best option is to loosen it after each watering. Loosening takes place between the rows and all weeds are removed at the same time.
For the first four weeks, this procedure is carried out 12 centimeters deep. And then only 8 centimeters to protect the roots from possible damage.
The formation of stepchildren occurs in the axil of the leaf. These are young stems that do not differ from the main stem. Stepsons must be pruned, since their growth leads to overloading of the plant, and they also take up a lot of nutrients, which leads to a decrease in fruit. When watering the plant, inspect it and prevent the growth of stepchildren.
Tomato Garter Ladies' Man
In order to secure a rich harvest of tomatoes for the Ladies Man, the bushes must be tied up. This must be done because the vertical stems receive more sun, are easier to spray, and less moisture stagnates in the soil.
Plants must be tied up 21 days after planting in the ground. There are various methods, but the following are more popular among gardeners:
Stakes. For tall tomatoes, you need to pick up stakes with a height of about 2.5 meters. They can be made of metal or wood. The stakes are placed at a distance of 10 centimeters from
stem and should go into the ground to a depth of 25 centimeters.
After they are installed, you need to take a strong thin thread, wrap it around the stake, and then tie the stem. The procedure must be carried out carefully so that the stem is not damaged during its development.
Cells. Cages can be made from any available means, most often wood is used. Make a tall stool out of them without a seat. Install. This method is very popular, since the cells can be made wide, which will allow you to tie 4 bushes to them.
Caps. In this case, wire is used, but other materials are also fine. They can be made in the same way as cells, only they will resemble a pyramid. The caps can be used not only for tying tomatoes, but also for other plants.
Tomato Ladies' man. How and when to fertilize
Tomatoes Ladies' Man will benefit from root mineral fertilizing. They should be carried out exclusively on sunny days.If weather conditions do not allow this for a long time, then foliar feeding will serve as a way out.
Throughout the entire time of active growth and development, it is necessary to apply fertilizers 4 times.
- 21 days after transplanting the plant into open ground, the first feeding is carried out. At this point, solutions of organic fertilizers in the form of cow dung or poultry manure are suitable.
- The next top dressing is done when flowering is just beginning. Fertilizers based on nitrogen and potassium, such as ammonium nitrate, ash or dung, are suitable here.
- After three weeks, another top dressing is carried out. At this stage, complex mineral fertilizers are suitable.
- The last fertilization is when the bushes begin to bear fruit, but it is not required. If you decide to feed the plant at this point, then spray the superphosphate directly onto the plant. This feeding is foliar.
Pay attention to the leaves. If they are bent, then they need magnesium or they lack copper. Spray the plant with magnesium salt or add ash to the soil. A solution of copper sulfate will help to add copper.
If you see that the leaves are small, then this indicates that the plant is experiencing a lack of nitrogen.
Diseases and pests: control methods and prevention
Tomato Ladies' Man is very resistant to many diseases. However, a disease such as late blight, can harm him too. This disease affects the plant if it grows if the temperature (less than +10 degrees) is not observed and if high humidity is present.
You can determine the disease by blackening leaves and fruits. This disease cannot be cured, but it can be avoided if preventive Events.
It is necessary to process the plant immediately after you have planted the seedlings in the garden. Next, you need to monitor
plant and if you see that the infection has intensified, this will mean that there is a fungal infection in the soil.
To carry out preventive measures, you will need:
- Dissolve one tablet of Trichopolum in one liter of water and spray the plants with this solution every 14 days.
- 7 days after planting seedlings in the garden, you need to pour ash between the rows.
- Dilute one liter of low giraffe iodine milk with 15 drops in 10 liters of water. Plants can be sprayed with this solution every 14 days.
- Another option is to use copper sulfate. Dissolve 2 tablespoons in 10 liters of water. You can use such a solution only before flowering.
Other biological products designed for prophylaxis and which can be purchased in a specialized store or nursery have also proven themselves well.
If, despite all the measures taken, the disease overtook your plants, then they must be removed and burned. After that, the land is treated with special preparations. And for two years nothing has been planted on this site.
In addition to late blight, the ladies' man can be attacked by such parasites as bear, scoop, tick, white-winged and a number of other pests. You can avoid their appearance. To do this, you just need to follow some rules related to care.
- Do not spread cow dung on wet soil.
- Loosening the soil regularly will help prevent insects from laying eggs.
- Planting marigolds. By planting them around the site, you will create a natural barrier to pests. An alternative can be calendula, which scoops are especially afraid of.
Interesting to know! Tomatoes can be colored red, but there are varieties that produce black fruits.
Mosaic Is a viral disease that can kill a plant. You can identify it by yellow spots on the leaves and red stains on the fruits. This disease is also incurable,
therefore, all bushes must be removed and burned.
Vertex Mosaic - This disease occurs due to a lack of moisture, a large amount of nitrogen and due to a lack of calcium. You can identify the disease by the black spots that appear on the fruits when they are still green. It can be avoided if properly watered and not applied
too much nitrogen based fertilizer.
If the disease cannot be avoided, then the affected fruits are cut off. Bush y
the base is thoroughly watered with water and sprayed with calcium nitrate. To do this, dilute 1 tablespoon in 10 liters of water.
It is worth noting that the Ladies Man's tomato is rarely affected by infections due to its strong immunity.
When and how to harvest and store crops
Tomatoes Ladies Man: photo
Harvesting time depends on when the seeds were planted and when the seedlings were transplanted into the garden. You can determine the ripening of fruits by the rich red color in which the fruits will be colored and by the dense skin.
Tomato Ladies' Man is perfectly stored for a long time and can be transported over long distances without losing its presentation and taste. Storage should be in covered boxes, in cool and dark rooms. Sort the fruit regularly and remove those that are cracked.
Interesting to know! Until 1893, tomatoes were considered berries, but after the decision of the US Supreme Court, they were recognized as a vegetable crop. This decision was facilitated by the fact that they were served during lunch and not during dessert.
Problems that may arise when growing tomato Ladies' Man
The Damsky splendid tomato variety is a variety that has many advantages. It is resistant to disease. Will not die in case of frost. It is easy to tie it up. And it responds perfectly to fertilizers. However, despite this, even such a variety can be ruined due to poor agricultural technology.
If you notice that the leaves and fruits are falling off, then this means excess nitrogen, which was introduced during the period of bud formation. It can also be the reason for insufficient watering.
To get large yields of high-quality and juicy tomatoes Ladies' Man, pay attention to him. Do not forget to prune the stems, water regularly and in the correct amount. It will be enough 4 buckets of water per 1 sq. meter, once every 7 days.
Remove the leaves that grow at the base of the stem as they help spread
fungal diseases. When growing seedlings on your own, feed them with organic matter once every 14 days.
By following these rules, you can always enjoy the results of your labors.