The first feeding of cucumbers: when and what is the best way to carry it out
The first feeding of cucumbers in the greenhouse: what do fertilizers give?
With the right, fertile soil, the plant can cope and produce high-quality fruits by itself, but if there is no such soil, various fertilizers will come to the rescue. The number of fruits can drop if the same species is planted in the same place. This is especially true for growing cucumbers in a greenhouse. The first feeding of cucumbers in the greenhouse will help ensure the flow of nutrients during the most crucial period. Fertilizers can help with these kinds of problems. Knowing how and what to feed your cucumbers after planting in the ground will help your harvest.
Why carry out the first feeding of cucumbers: advantages
Fed plants grow faster, this is a fact, therefore, the first feeding of cucumbers will be an important step on the way to a good harvest.
When using fertilizers, the fruiting period may increase, you will be able to harvest a larger crop.
The right fertilizer and soil can improve crop quality
Another plus of properly selected fertilizers is the protection of plants from pests and diseases. Cucumbers in nature are almost not protected from harmful factors.
How to apply top dressing correctly
Basically, everyone in the garden or in the greenhouse can see cucumbers. In the second variant of cultivation, this plant has all the conditions to grow well and develop correctly. Timely feeding of cucumbers will increase the yield.
When to feed cucumbers for the first time?
Top dressing of cucumbers is carried out at least 4 times in one season. Plants in a greenhouse are fertilized for the first time 2 weeks after planting. The following additives are added during flowering and then ripening of the fruit. They can be applied to the stems or directly under the root.
In the second case, this is done in the warm season, then all the nutrients along the root system will quickly reach the goal.
But the first method is used in the cold season. Since the roots are already weak enough and will not absorb the required amount. Then spraying the leaves of the plant and its stem will be the best solution. It is best to apply the fertilizer in a small amount, distributing it evenly over the entire place. In this case, the plant will not get burned.
The first step is to dilute the fertilizer in the correct proportions to avoid harming the cucumbers. Also adhere to safety precautions when using chemicals (work with gloves and cover all exposed areas of the body).
Do not forget that for the first time it is necessary to feed the cucumbers after the seedlings have completely taken root in the ground. This happens on average after 2 weeks. Then it is necessary to carry out the fertilization process. This can be done with any nutrient.
The first feeding of cucumber seedlings
An important question is when to make the first feeding of cucumber seedlings? The very first feeding of cucumbers is done before planting. Young cucumbers will need a full range of dressings. One of the most necessary will be top dressing, which will include potassium, which stimulates the correct and accelerated growth of cucumbers, frequently used chemical elements: urea, various superphosphates, potassium chloride, potassium nitrate.
Types of dressings for cucumbers
With a lack of nitrogen in the soil, nitrogen fertilizers are used. With a small amount of it, the plant becomes weak, stops growing. In this case, ammonium nitrate comes to the rescue. It is introduced throughout the season. But too much of this substance will badly affect the plant. It will accumulate nitrates, the fruits will become irregular, and the stems and leaves will be too large.
If the leaves of the plant begin to turn yellow and curl or the fruits are deformed, then potash dressings should be added, preferably without chlorine in the composition. Such funds reduce the risk of disease in cucumbers, increase the amount of the crop.
You can use these tools:
- potassium sulfate;
- potassium magnesium;
- potassium nitrate (used when ovaries appear).
The first two remedies are suitable for greenhouses. Fertilize with either potassium sulfate (30 g per 10 liters of water) or potassium magnesium (20 g per 10 liters of water), but not at the same time.
The use of organic fertilizers will be useful at different stages of the cucumber growing season. The first feeding of cucumbers in the greenhouse is also done with organic matter. Experienced gardeners often use the cheapest and healthiest organic fertilizers such as bird droppings and mullein. They must be dissolved with water in a ratio of one to fifteen; five hundred grams of wood ash are often added to this mixture.
Homemade organic dressings, option:
- Collect the weeds
- Toss with nettle and boil grass and finely chopped dandelions
- Ten liters of water will require a thousand grams of the mixture.
- Next, you need to insist the mixture for twenty-four hours and strain
- Four liters are needed to fertilize one square meter
What other options are there for the first feeding of organic cucumbers:
- fresh chicken droppings (sometimes granular);
- cow dung;
- horse dung;
- infusion of green herbs.
When used correctly, they are all very powerful.
For example, a manure solution for the first feeding of cucumbers is prepared as follows: 2 liters of this substance is poured with a bucket of water. It is defended for 7 days. Then the infusion must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 6 and you can water the cucumbers (only at the root).
The first feeding of cucumbers with yeast
Yeast is good for cucumbers and is a good fertilizer. They stimulate the growth of the root system, stimulate the growth of cucumbers, make plants more resilient, the general immunity of cucumbers increases with their use.
How to prepare a solution for the first feeding of cucumber seedlings:
- Ten grams of yeast is diluted with ten liters of water
- Two tablespoons of granulated sugar are added
- The mixture is infused for about two hours and diluted with fifty liters of water
- Can be used no more than two times
- For the first time, the mixture is applied approximately two weeks after planting.
- The second time after fertilizing the seedlings with phosphorus
Ash fertilization: recipe, dosage
This is a widely used organic first dressing for cucumbers. The ash contains a very important element - calcium, it plays an important role in the development of the plant.
How to use:
- Ash is not used more than six times during the growth period
- The first feeding of cucumbers is carried out after the appearance of three leaves
- Next during the beginning of flowering
The soil can be fertilized like dry ash. So it is with her solution. Dry ash is poured around the plant immediately before watering
The first feeding of cucumbers with phosphorus
At the very beginning of development, these plants really need phosphorus, which helps to make shoots and roots stronger, and fruits to form correctly. Phosphorus cannot be too much, but a small amount of it will contribute to the loss of flowers, as well as the ovaries themselves.
For greenhouse cucumbers, as a top dressing with phosphorus, a solution of monophosphate (10 g per bucket of water - at the root, 5 g per bucket of water - foliar spraying) or superphosphate (60 g per 10 liters of water) is suitable.
Some experienced gardeners and gardeners hold their own opinion in terms of fertilizers for the first feeding of cucumbers. They prefer to use folk remedies instead of special purchased means. They have a complex effect on the plant (improve the quality and increase the amount of the crop, prevent the appearance of fungal diseases).
Do not neglect the first feeding of cucumbers. Their roots cannot themselves receive all the necessary substances from the depths of the soil. When a plant has used up all its reserves, it will not be able to produce a crop and will soon die. To prevent this from happening, you need to increase immunity, help to become stronger and bring more harvest of cucumbers. A properly selected nutrient fertilizer for the first feeding of cucumbers will help you with this.
The first feeding of cucumbers: video