Fertilizer magnesium sulfate: instructions for use
The article presents fertilizer magnesium sulfate: instructions for use, description and characteristics, feeding methods.
Magnesium sulfate: instruction, introduction to the topic
Magnesium sulfate: instruction
As a rule, even those soils that are considered the most fertile may experience depletion, lack of strength to grow new crops. The most useful mineral components can be pulled out or washed out of them, so the gardener is forced to use fertilizing in order to restore balance. Experienced gardeners in general say that such a deficit is very easily compensable, it is important to use only special fertilizers suitable for this. Magnesium is one of the most important elements for plants to fully root and develop. In this article, we will dwell in more detail on what magnesium sulfate is, talk about its properties, as well as how to carry out root and foliar feeding with this tool in order to give the plant exclusively benefits and not cause harm.
Magnesium sulfate: instructions, characteristics
Magnesium sulfate: instruction
Magnesium sulfate is a component that also has several more names - Magnesia or magnesium sulfate, all of which are quite widely known in modern agricultural and horticultural activities. in the agricultural sector, magnesium sulfate is one of the most popular fertilizers. This component is simply necessary for a plant precisely so that multiple biological and chemical reactions take place in it, which support the vitality of the plant and help it develop in accordance with the declared information about a given plant or culture. The element is contained in absolutely all parts of the plant, and also affects the processes of photosynthesis, which is very important for the plant. Also, magnesium sulfate contributes to the fact that other elements that are very important for the plant begin to accumulate in the leaves and stem parts.
Magnesium sulfate contains many magnesium ions, as well as sulfur, which are important for the plant, and we have mentioned this many times. Magnesium sulfate is presented as a grayish or white powder, which most of all in appearance resembles table salt rather than some kind of drug. But at the same time, magnesium sulfate crystals are much larger than salt crystals, and this also has differences in terms of external signs. The composition can vary depending on the tactics and mix used by the manufacturer. Typically, the powder contains about 13% magnesium sulfate. Unlike other drugs and fertilizers that include magnesium, magnesium can act on the soil most quickly, improving its composition. Also, thanks to magnesium sulfate, it is possible to really adjust the level of the protein element in the plant in its fruits, while completely not affecting the composition of the fruits themselves, leaving them safe to use.
Magnesium as an element plays a very important role in the development and life of plants. For example, it affects the chlorophyll synthesis process and, accordingly, it is easier for a plant to increase its green mass and give effective flowering in the future. We can say that it is thanks to magnesium that the plant builds up the green color that most plants have.Magnesium ions can also absorb red rays, green ones are practically not absorbed, so the plant acquires a similar characteristic green color. But it's still worth noting that magnesium. Chlorophyll contains only about 13-15% of the total number of useful elements, but the remaining 75% are magnesium ions, which are in a mobile state.
Magnesium is a component that is contained in the plant, and there is no way to replace it with anything. It participates in a variety of biochemical reactions, both directly and indirectly. It is only thanks to magnesium ions that not only plastic, but also energy exchange in the plant can take place, which is why it is so significant in the plant.
Magnesium sulfate: instructions for identifying signs of a lack of substance
If the plant lacks magnesium, then this can be determined by some signs. It should be noted that the deficiency in different crops and plants can manifest itself in different ways, although there are some features that will still be quite recognizable and identical.
So, experienced gardeners say that magnesium starvation can be recognized by the following number of characteristic signs:
- the leaf blade turns out to be discolored, usually the lower leaves begin to suffer first, and then the color of the upper part of the plant begins to change. The leaves become weakened, faded, whitish, and have a very unhealthy appearance. Sometimes the color of the leaves can change to brown, which also indicates that the plant lacks certain components and needs support. The color in the vein area may remain the same as it was before, but this does not at all negate the fact that the plant has undergone some kind of stress, and measures should be taken to replenish its composition with magnesium.
- the growth of the root system stops, both in depth and in width. The roots become very thin, brittle, and cannot retain useful substances. As a result, all this leads to the fact that the plant gradually becomes thinner, becomes weak, cannot develop normally.
- in root crops and tubers, if they lack magnesium, growth is noticeably reduced or stops altogether, and the tubers stop developing. As a result, the plant can slow down its growth so much that by the end of the season the gardener does not receive a crop, as a result, digging and throwing out the plants without obtaining the desired result
- the size of the fruits also becomes much smaller, their taste becomes lower, and the appearance is more painful and wilted. The fruits generally become very weak and faded, unattractive, lose their presentation, they are shriveled and tasteless, are not suitable either for fresh consumption, or for cooking any dishes that the gardener likes
- if we are talking about flowering and ornamental plants, then with a lack of magnesium, the size of the bud changes significantly - it becomes much smaller, and it can also happen that the buds will be completely absent. The petals will be dry and noticeably brittle.
Thus, we covered in this part of the article why magnesium sulfate is so necessary for various crops. Its lack leads to rather negative consequences, so it is better for the gardener to take care of how to deliver a sufficient amount of nutrients to the plant and make the plant more resistant to various bacteria, pests and diseases.
Magnesium sulfate: application, basic feeding methods
Magnesium sulfate: application
In general, experienced gardeners recommend using magnesium sulfate mainly in the spring, when the last snow melts and the temperature becomes more stable.If necessary, fertilization can also be applied in the fall, but only if a rather negative situation develops, and the gardener understands that without the introduction of magnesium sulfate, the plant will simply die and will not tolerate frost. Low temperatures can in no way affect the active components of magnesium sulfate, but it should be noted that this way the crystals need a little more time in order to completely dissolve. The soil temperature is comfortable within the range from +18 to +20 degrees Celsius.
Magnesium sulfate is a component that effectively reveals its positive qualities in almost all types of soils. The effect of the preparation is especially noticeable in sandy soils. In this case, the element is eroded much faster and, accordingly, the acidity of the soil can to some extent prevent the plant from assimilating the elements. So it is advisable to slightly oxidize the earth before this, and then add magnesium sulfate to the soil. It is worth doing this in advance, usually gardeners oxidize the soil during the autumn digging of the soil. To do this, wood ash, dolomite flour, as well as lime can be added to the top layer, all components are of organic origin, their correct use does not negatively affect the soil, only enhances it, making it more favorable for the development of many crops.
The main top dressing is a special type of soil treatment with magnesium sulfate. Usually, the main feeding is organized in the spring, or already in late autumn. There are several steps to follow:
- the gardener distributes granules of magnesium sulfate extremely evenly over the area that needs more processing
- then you need to thoroughly dig up the area that was fed
- the soil is very well moistened with warm settled water so that the crystals gradually dissolve, and their components open directly inside the soil.
This type of basic treatment can be repeated periodically, while the gardener can choose one of two main methods: root dressing or foliar dressing. Both methods are equally useful, but the technique for their implementation is noticeably different, so there are some particularly significant points to consider.
In order to carry out root dressing, you should prepare a solution based on magnesium sulfate, following the instructions. The amount of fertilizer should be calculated based on what are the characteristics of the crop, as well as its size. The fertilizer is very thoroughly mixed with water, and then it is best to water the soil with the finished solution within a radius of no more than fifty centimeters from the plant trunk. If we are talking about perennials, as well as shrubs and fruit trees, then in this case you can use potassium sulfate in dry granules. To do this, even while the snow is slowly melting, it is necessary to dig in a certain amount of potassium sulfate right around the trunk, and then cover it all with earth. The granules will dissolve in the snow, spread in the soil, enriching it, this will be a huge advantage of this top dressing.
The second method is foliar. Magnesium sulfate is well absorbed in the green part of the plant - in the leaves and branches. Therefore, this method is excellent for processing the hardwood part. Basically, it is used for preventive treatment with magnesium deficiency, as well as during periods of excessive drought, when the plant simply needs to maintain its healthy balance of various substances and elements.
If the gardener has decided to carry out foliar feeding, then it is recommended to take into account the weather conditions. It is best not to process the plant under the following conditions:
- if excessively windy weather is present
- if the air temperature is too high
- if solar activity is increased, and treatment may lead to burns on the green part of the plant.
It is best to carry out foliar feeding in cloudy and cloudy weather, when there is no heat. You can also do this early in the morning, before sunrise, or in the evening, when the sun has already set over the horizon and cooler, calm weather sets in. Due to the observance of these conditions, the processing will become more effective, which plays a very important role, because some plants need components in an emergency.
Fruit trees are best rooted with magnesium sulfate. The concentration of the solution used depends entirely on the age of the treated plant. For example, for a seedling, it will be enough to add about 30 grams of granules when planting in open ground. Then you should make similar top dressing annually. Young trees need no more than five liters of fertilizer, if the plant is five years old or older, then it needs ten liters of fertilizer. If we are talking about the foliar method, then the leaves can also be irrigated. For this, no more than 15 grams of magnesium sulfate is diluted per ten liters of water. Leaves are irrigated at some distance.
Trees are best fertilized in the spring and then fertilized as needed. Here the gardener should monitor the condition of the plant, take into account the peculiarities of its development and growth. Of course, climatic conditions also have an impact here - all this should be taken into account when processing, then you can achieve the maximum effect.
Fruit and berry bushes are treated with magnesium sulfate in early spring, and then the substance can be applied, depending on the state of the plant, about two to three times in one season, but no more. Experienced gardeners recommend making foliar top dressing without fail when the shrub begins to bloom. When planting, about twenty grams of magnesium sulfate granules should be added, then root feeding is carried out using the prepared solution.
What plants can be fertilized
Pumpkins, tomatoes and cucumbers are quite sensitive to magnesium deficiency. Therefore, it is necessary for them to provide root treatment, and it is desirable to do this in double the volume. Usually, top dressing is applied every 14-20 days, starting from the moment the buds form. The main top dressing is about ten grams of magnesia for each square meter of the plot, then root top dressing is carried out, which dissolves in warm, settled water. In order to irrigate the leaves, you should take care of preparing 1-1.5% liquid in advance.
If crops such as beets or carrots are deficient in magnesium, then first of all, the color of the green part, as well as the shape of the leaves, changes very much. Cabbage may stop growing altogether and, accordingly, heads of cabbage will not form. Therefore, root feeding should be organized on the site, then a solution for foliar feeding and processing of leaves. The concentration is chosen depending on what the culture is. And how negative her condition is - this should also be taken into account.
Magnesium sulfate is also used to feed flower crops. You can also use both methods - foliar and root feeding. For flowers and ornamental shrubs, experienced gardeners recommend using no more than fifteen grams of the substance for about one square meter of the plot. You can carry out top dressing just before precipitation falls, so the plants will receive nutrients faster through the soil.
You can use the product as a treatment for indoor plants. In particular, magnesium sulfate will be very useful for large-leaved plant species. If the plant is in a state of suspended animation, then treatments are not recommended.To carry out both root processing and foliar processing, a three percent solution is used, and the treatments can be carried out at the same time, so that the plant receives full nutrition from both the roots and the green part. So it will react much faster to the introduced substances and, accordingly, the effect of the treatments will be much higher.
Magnesium sulfate is a product that has a very positive effect on a wide variety of crops. Its advantage is that magnesium sulfate can revive even the most hopeless plants. If you apply top dressing at the earliest stages of plant development, you can reduce the risk of developing various diseases, as well as increase the immunity and stress resistance of the plant even in the most unstable climatic conditions. The gardener should be attentive to the preparation of solutions for processing, take into account the necessary concentration and gramme of the substance.
Magnesium sulfate: instruction