Black currant Nara
In this article, we will consider the Nara black currant, which is a domestic variety and therefore suitable for growing in central Russia. The fruits are harvested here in summer and consumed fresh or used for harvesting. The Nara black currant variety is resistant to drought and various fungal diseases.
Black currant Nara: variety description and characteristics
Currant Nara: photo of the variety
Black currant Nara was obtained by scientists from the Bryansk region and officially registered in 1999 with a recommendation for cultivation in the Central zone of Russia.
The currant of the Nara variety has an early onset of fruiting. The flowering period is in May. The bush is of medium height and slightly thickened. The length of the stems does not exceed one and a half meters, the branches grow rather densely and are curved at the ends. The leaf plates have a wrinkled and convex surface.
Each fruit weighs 2 or 3 grams. The peel of the fruit has a black tint, and the berries themselves are round in shape. The pulp of the fruit is green with a sweet taste. Experts estimate the palatability of the fruit at 4.3 points.
The harvest begins to ripen in early summer, while in regions characterized by severe winters, flowers may suffer from recurrent frosts. Black currant Nara has a high yield, so up to 14 kg of berries can be harvested from one bush. In addition, the fruits ripen at the same time, which makes harvesting easier. In addition, the berries contain a large amount of vitamin C. The fruits are used both for harvesting and fresh. Many people freeze berries. In this form, they will be stored for 3 months without losing their useful properties.
Black currant Nara: cultivation of a variety
The lifespan of one Nara currant bush is over 15 years. The landing site should be open, well lit by the sun. There should be no drafts on the site, and the soil is also nutritious enough.
You should choose only healthy and strong seedlings so that the plant grows healthy and fructifies well. If you plant currants in the shade, then the yield will be much lower, and the berries will lose their sweetness. You can plant shrubs on the south side of the site.
The optimal soil is loam or sandy soil. The main thing is that the land is light, loose and fertile. In addition, currants do not like clay soil, as well as soil with a high acid reaction. If your site is dominated by clay soil, you need to add sand. If the acidic reaction is increased, then lime should be added. Black currants are very fond of watering and moisture. However, you should avoid stagnant water so that the roots do not rot. River sand helps to better conduct water to the roots.
Nara currant: variety propagation
As described above, it is better to buy seedlings in proven nurseries, where you will definitely not be deceived. In this case, you should pay attention to the plant has a sufficiently strong root system about 20 cm in length and sufficiently long shoots, 30 cm each. The shoots must have buds, and the seedlings must not show signs of damage and disease.
If you already have currant bushes on your site, then you can propagate the culture with the help of your plants. The Nara black currant is propagated by layering and cuttings, as well as by dividing the bush. For propagation by layering, you need to choose a strong and healthy stem that grows closer to the ground, dig out a groove, bend and pin the layering using staples into this groove. Next, the layering is covered with soil, and it is looked after in the usual way, watering, weeding, and by the fall you will already have ready-made planting material.
For propagation by cuttings, you need to cut out strong, healthy branches that remain with you after pruning. The optimum thickness will be about 1 or 2 cm. The stems are cut into cuttings at an acute angle and placed in a container with wet sand. Rooted cuttings can be transplanted in autumn.
For reproduction by dividing the bush, you should carefully dig the bush and divide it into several parts, leaving both the roots and stems. All cut points must be treated with charcoal or ash.
Currant Nara: planting varieties
The optimal time for planting will be autumn or spring, after the snow has melted and when the soil has warmed up enough. However, it is still better to plant the plants in the fall, so that the seedling takes root and immediately begins to grow until spring.
It is necessary to dig a planting hole, which will be about 50 cm in all directions, add soil, fertilizers consisting of humus, ash and superphosphate to it. Next, you need to fill up the top layer of the soil and leave the hole for several weeks, so that all the earth has settled. All affected areas, as well as leaves, are cut off from the planting material. It is necessary to place it in the planting pit, deepening the root collar by at least 7 cm. Then the pit is covered with the remaining soil and, as it should be, watered. After planting, all shoots should be cut by 10 cm.
Next, you need to water the black currant of the Nara variety every week. To retain moisture in the soil, it is better to lay out a thick layer of mulch, which is good for humus or straw. Before the winter period, the plant is also insulated, spud or covered with leaves.
Black currant Nara: care
Currant Nara: photo of the variety
Observing simple rules of care, you can achieve a bountiful harvest. It is especially necessary to remember about regular watering, as well as feeding the plant. In the autumn, you should form a bush and cut out old and excess branches, as well as affected shoots. Do not forget about preventive measures against insects - pests and diseases.
The Nara blackcurrant variety has drought tolerance, but if the plant lacks water, then this will negatively affect its harvest, as well as development. The plant should be watered abundantly during the flowering period and during the formation and ripening of fruits. Watering is carried out at the rate of 30 liters of water per plant. It is necessary to water the currants with warm water that has settled over the day. In the absence of rain, it is necessary to water the currants twice a week. After watering, loosen the soil around the shrub to circulate air, and remove weeds.
Since all the necessary fertilizers were applied before planting, it is necessary to resume feeding only 2 years after that. The plant is fertilized with organic preparations, as well as with mineral compounds. In the spring, fertilization with a solution of slurry or urea is suitable, since these substances contain nitrogen, which contributes to the growth of green mass.
You cannot use these fertilizers at the time of flowering, as well as during the formation of fruits. Black currant is very responsive to Nitroammofosku, which is a complex fertilizer. Here the solution is prepared at the rate of 3 tablespoons per bucket of water. With such a solution, it is necessary to feed the currants, using 2 liters for each bush.
During the flowering period, it is good to water the shrubs with an infusion of potato peelings, and you can also throw them just under the bush. In order to prepare the infusion, it is necessary to pour boiling water over the cleaning and leave for a while. When the fruits are already formed, it is good to add potassium-containing preparations and superphosphate here. Fertilizers should be used according to the rules specified in the instructions. Potassium has a good effect on the fruits, their quality, and phosphorus has a positive effect on the root system of the plant.
In the fall, after the berries are harvested, it is necessary to dig up the soil, add humus and ash. Organic fertilizers have a positive effect on the entire bush as a whole, and also enrich the soil.
Like any plant, the Nara blackcurrant shrub must be pruned in a timely manner to extend its lifespan as well as increase the amount of harvest. It is necessary to cut off old shoots that are more than 5 years old, since they do not bear fruit, as well as diseased and diseased, dry branches. An adult bush should consist of 15 or 20 shoots of different ages.
In the spring, sanitary pruning is carried out, where frozen branches are removed. The bush should not be allowed to thicken, since there will be little sunlight inside the bush, and the berries will not form correctly.
Diseases and pests
Black currant Nara has a high immunity to powdery mildew and terry. In this case, you need to follow the rules of care in order to increase the body's defenses.
For preventive purposes, the shrub should be treated with copper-containing preparations from time to time. Usually, processing is carried out in early spring, as well as after the harvest has been harvested. Of the insect pests, spider mites, aphids and others are popular. If you notice insects or see signs of their presence, then you need to treat the plants with drugs such as Karbofos or Phosphamide. Care should be taken not to use chemicals 3 weeks before harvest.
Black currant Nara: variety reviews
Currant Nara: video about the variety
Those gardeners who have already grown the black currant variety Nara on their site speak positively about the shrub, focusing on high yields, as well as the large size of berries.
Berries bear fruit annually, bearing about 9 kg of fruit. Others highlight the undemandingness of the plant to care. At the same time, the shrub is very large and branched, about 2 m.
The Nara currant variety is distinguished by good immunity to diseases. Experienced gardeners also recommend using dandelion infusion to protect the plant from bud mites as well as aphids.
Black currant Nara is an excellent option for planting, since it has a large number of advantages, including high yield, unpretentiousness of the plant, versatility of the use of fruits. In order for the Nara currant bush to be resistant to diseases and pests, preventive measures should be taken regularly.