Cherry Kubanskaya was bred by M.A. Kolesnikov and E.M. Alekhina at the North Caucasian Research Institute of Horticulture and Viticulture in the city of Krasnodar. Its creation was associated with the pollination of the Gedelfingen cherries by the pollinating variety Daibera Chorna. It has been under the jurisdiction of the North Caucasus region since 1989.
Cherry Kuban: description of the variety and characteristics
Cherry Kuban: photo of the variety
The Kuban cherry tree grows relatively quickly, its crown is in the shape of a ball with lush, spreading branches. The bark of young branches is covered with a very noticeable gray layer. The eyes are rather large, oval in shape with an elongated and pointed end; they have an excellent effect during fertilization. The leaves are large (size 19 × 9 cm), egg-shaped, dark green in color without pigmentation. The base of the leaf is slightly curved, the upper part is very sharp; on the edge with double blunt serrations, rather large in size. On the outside, the leaf is smooth, slightly wavy, and on the inside, it has weak pubescence.
The stalk of the Kuban cherry tree is small, wide, with strong absolute pigmentation. On each cutting there are 2 glands, large and intensely colored. Flowers are arranged in bouquets of 2 to 5 individuals in each, very large, in the form of a saucer.
The petals are elongated-round, white, randomly placed. The stamens are of different lengths, the pistil is elongated, can be located both below and above the anthers; flower bowl in the form of a bell, sepals are smooth, with a little pigment. Cherry Kuban most often bears fruit with the help of perennial or annual branches with inflorescences, as well as young branches.
The fruits of the Kuban cherry are significantly enlarged, weighing up to 8.2 g, measuring 2.3 × 2.5 × 2.1 cm, with a round base and a spacious, but shallow notch for the cutting at the top. The color of the skin is dark red, the color of the pulp is lighter, pink, the pulp itself is sinewy, abundantly saturated with juice, the juice is about the same color as the pulp. The stalk is thick and long, quickly and without moisture breaks off the berry. The fruits are pretty, have a high taste rating from a professional taster (4.5 points). The composition of the Kuban cherry contains 15.3% of various dry substances, 10.4% of saccharides, 0.64% of acids and 6.6 mg / 100 g. Oval-shaped knuckle, small, in the full weight of the berry has only 1.2% , the separation from the pulp is unhindered. The fruits, due to their pleasant taste, can be used for any purpose and in any form (fresh or after heat treatment).
Features of the variety
Cherries of the Kuban variety bloom relatively quickly, the fruits ripen by early June. Cherry begins to bear fruit 5 years after planting in the place of cultivation. Does not pollinate on its own, suitable pollinating plants are required.
Kuban cherry trees do an excellent job with unusually low winter temperatures, and have good immunity to spring frosts and various fungal diseases. In the most suitable years in all respects, with the condition of full-fledged fruiting, up to 120 tons of berries can be harvested from one hectare of the garden.
Cherry Kuban: reviews of gardeners
- Nikolay Andreevich, Rostov region: “I have been growing the Kuban cherry variety for many years. I like that the berries have amazing taste (sweet, sour). Also, the Kuban cherry has early ripening dates, which is good news. We use sweet cherries Kubanskaya both fresh and make delicious jams that delight us throughout the winter ”.
- Ekaterina Vladimirovna, Sverdlovsk region: “Kuban cherry is a real find for gardeners. In addition to delicious fruits, the tree itself has an incredibly spreading crown. Of course, for many it may seem like a disadvantage, but I really like how the flowering tree fits into the garden design. "