Apple-tree Tubinskoe oriental
The apple-tree Tubinskoe oriental is a late variety, therefore it blooms only closer to the middle of summer. He was displayed at a scientific station in the city of Minusinsk. Due to the fact that scientists decided to cross the Minusinskaya variety with a hybrid, a successful sample was obtained, which later passed all tests. The authors of the Tubinskoe oriental apple variety are considered Shevchenko.
Other scientists carried out tests for compliance with the criteria, after which the variety was included in the state register. Soon, the Tubinskoe oriental apple variety spread in many regions and became popular among gardeners.
Apple-tree Tubinskoe oriental: description of the variety and characteristics
The apple-tree Tubinskoe east reaches an average height, about 270 centimeters. It grows gradually, growing to a maximum height by 7-8 years. The crown of the tree is thin, since the eyelids lie at a great distance in relation to each other. It is rounded in shape, slightly flattened on top. The branches are of the skeletal type, they deviate towards the shoot. The bark of the trunk with small peeling, brown with a burgundy tint.
The shoot of the Tubinskoe oriental apple variety is long, straight, even, without bends, with a small number of villi. There are large numbers of lentils on it. They are conical and medium in size. Buds of medium size are few in number, convex and have a round apex. The foliage is ovoid, green in color. The leaf plate is depressed in the middle, and the edges are directed upwards, so a kind of boat is formed. The two sides of the leaf are completely different, one of them is dark, glossy and smooth, and the other is light with a little fluff. The petioles are long and thin, so the leaves often fall off throughout the season, regardless of the weather.
The flowers of the apple-tree variety Tubinskoe oriental are white with a slight yellow tint.
Features of the variety
- Description of the fruits.
The apples are small, the average weight of one fruit is 20 grams, while the maximum weight can reach up to 30 grams. The fruit is round and regular in shape. The skin is glossy, smooth and shiny in sunlight. On the surface of the entire apple, a coating with a silver tint is observed, which protects the apples from various mechanical damage, as well as from insects and pests. The color of the fruit depends on the ripeness of the fruit, in an immature state it is green, and at full maturity the apple turns yellow with red sides. All over the apple there are white subcutaneous dots that stand out strongly from the main color. The peduncle is firmly attached to the base of the fruit and holds it until the end of the season, it is thick and long, without bends.
Inside the fruit of the Tubinskoe oriental apple tree, there is a juicy pulp, medium density, it is soft, grainy and filled with a large amount of juice. It tastes sweet with a slight sourness, as well as a wonderful, pronounced aroma, reminiscent of flower honey. Appearance and taste are rated at 9.1 points out of 10 points.
Apples contain many useful nutrients, for example, ascorbic acid 7%, titratable acids 0.8%, natural sugars 14%, pectin 3%.
- When to Harvest?
You can start harvesting the Tubinskoe East apple tree at the end of August. If the collection is left at a later time, the fruits may crumble, since at the end of the season the stalk weakens and cannot hold the apple on the tree, thereby detaching itself from it.After harvesting, the fruits can be stored for about a month, while all storage criteria must be observed: cold and dark place.
The first harvest will appear soon after the tree is planted, usually after 3 years.
Note: Do not forget that the Tubinskoe oriental apple variety is sterile and needs pollination. Pollination is provided by other varieties of apple trees, which are planted near the main variety. The most important thing is that the flowering periods should be the same.
The amount of harvest is high, one tree per season brings about 25 kilograms, while the harvest becomes regular in the second year after the beginning of fruiting.
- Where to use apples?
The apple variety Tubinskoe oriental belongs to the universal varieties, therefore, various preservation can be made from the fruits in the form of jams, juices or compotes. You can also freeze apples, as they can be stored in this form for much longer than fresh.
Apple-tree Tubinskoe oriental: variety care
Apple-tree Tubinskoe oriental: photo of the variety
The apple variety Tubinskoe oriental can be propagated in various ways. Usually they use grafting, budding or using stock. Planting is carried out according to a special scheme, a distance of 5 meters should be maintained between each tree, 4 meters between rows.
For good fruiting and functioning of the Tubinskoe oriental apple variety, it is necessary to make regular fertilizing that will nourish the tree. For active growth, fertilizing with nitrogen or phosphorus is perfect. You can also use complex fertilizers, which contain a huge amount of nutrients necessary for the tree.
Since the crown of the Tubinskoe eastern apple tree is thin, it is only necessary to carry out sanitary pruning, which consists in pruning old leaves, weak or underdeveloped shoots and parts of the tree. Such pruning will facilitate the functioning of the system and the tree will be much more comfortable.
Apple-tree Tubinskoe oriental: advantages and disadvantages
Dignity apple varieties Tubinskoe oriental:
- Pleasant taste and aroma.
- Quality harvest.
- High resistance to frost. The tree can withstand frosts down to -40 degrees, at lower temperatures it is necessary to cover the tree.
- Drought and heat resistant.
- Medium resistance to fungal diseases and pests.
Flaws apple varieties Tubinskoe oriental:
- Fruit shedding at the end of the season, but this can be avoided by collecting the fruits from the tree in time.
- Small weight of apples.