Apple tree Starkrimson
Is there a person who has never eaten apples? It seems that there is no such thing. Apples not only decorate the table on holidays. Initially, it is a very healthy fruit with a pleasant taste. And apples are available to everyone: both for purchase and for cultivation in the vast expanses of the Earth. Difficulties may arise when purchasing planting material: which variety to give preference to when choosing from many other varieties so that the apple tree is the best? Advertisements abound. I don't want to make mistakes. You study information on the Internet, ask for advice from people who are engaged in gardening - as a result, you become even more confused. Therefore, every gardener has his own adorable variety. This article will consider the "Starkrimson" apple tree.
Apple tree Starkrimson: variety description and characteristics
Apple tree Starkrimson: photo of fruits
The apple tree came to us from the United States of America, namely, from the state of Iowa. The culture appeared by kidney mutation of "Starking" and "Delicious". After a group of new varieties under the code name "Starking Delicious" was under observation for a long time, an eye was laid on the "Starkrimson" variety. This event happened in 1921.
Where does this plant name come from? "Star" translated from English means "star", "star", "outstanding", "delicious", "crimson" translates as "crimson", "dark red", "painted in crimson", "covered with blush ".
In the North Caucasus region, in the Stavropol Territory in the USSR, this Starkrimson apple variety was grown in a large number of garden plots. However, for more than twenty years the apple tree has not been considered as popular as it used to be.
The reasons for this are varied. The main thing is that many new varieties have appeared on the market, the best in marketability and quality composition. At the moment, this culture can be found among experienced gardeners who are accustomed to it. This variety is an example of a spur.
Briefly about Starkrimson apple trees
- They grow upward almost 1/3 lower than their parent apple trees, which took part in the selection.
- The branching of the crown is small, it is sparse, however, the branches are powerful.
- Starkrimson apple trees have sharper spacing between buds than simple apple trees.
- On the shoots, a larger number of annelids and flowers are formed, therefore, apples.
- Shoots are brown, thickened and with knees.
- The leaves are dark green in color, in the form of an oval, their ends are pointed. Roughness on both sides. The edges are finely serrated.
- The buds are pinkish in color, the opened rosettes are painted in white.
- The apples are large enough, oblong, in the form of a cone, the fruit stem is strong and thickened. There is ribbing at the top of the fruit.
- Fruits weigh one hundred seventy to one hundred and eighty grams. There are also record holders weighing one hundred eighty to two hundred grams. The fruits are not one-dimensional. In shape, they are more like a circle than a cone.
- The entire surface of the apples is painted in a memorable crimson or dark red shade and covered with a waxy coating. Also the color is called bright carmine.
- The inner content of the fruit is sweet and juicy, acidic. Turns to creamy when the fruit is ripe. The peel is plump. When you eat apples, do not taste it.
Apple tree Starkrimson: advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The compactness of the crown.Thanks to this, a fairly large number of apple trees can be planted in a small area.
- Begins to bear fruit early enough.
- High yield rate, excellent marketability of fruits.
- The harvest is stored for a long time.
- Thanks to the crown of the spur, favorable conditions are created for cultivation in intensive gardens.
- This variety is not sufficiently adapted to frosty and dry periods.
- Immunity to disease is also low, especially to scab when it rains.
- The size of an adult apple tree.
- The tree is small, therefore the crown is neat, in the form of a pyramid.
- The apple tree is of medium vigor, there are also low stature.
- On a seed stock, the trees grow to a height of over four meters.
Apple tree Starkrimson: frost resistance of the variety
The frost resistance of the Starkrimson apple tree is low, as mentioned earlier. The variety can be grown in areas with milder winters, for example, in the North Caucasus, in the Stavropol Territory, in the Rostov region. A set of measures is also being taken to improve frost resistance.
Poor immune defense to scab, in this parameter, novelty varieties that are immune to disease have surpassed this apple tree, so it is not a competitor to them. But you can minimize the risk of scab. For this purpose, the correct crown is selected: it should not be thickened, it should be well ventilated and let in sunlight. You should also remove all fallen leaves and apples from under the tree, dig up the trunk circle, treat the tree with fungicidal preparations (iron vitriol, copper sulfate, urea, Bordeaux liquid, "Hom", "Skorom").
Use these funds with caution: at the recommended time, observe the dosage, guided by the instructions, do not overdo it, since excessive concentrate can harm the apple tree, up to four treatments are carried out during the season in order to prevent six times.
Apple tree Starkrimson: growing and care
The planting of purchased seedlings is carried out in the spring season before the buds bloom, when the soil has thawed and warmed up, usually planting occurs in the last days of April.
You can plant a plant in the autumn after the leaves have fallen, but before the onset of frost, the seedling must successfully root, then it will be able to endure the winter well. The event can be held in October. Be guided by weather conditions. Dwarf apple trees are planted at intervals of two to two and a half meters between themselves, the distance in the row spacing is three to three and a half meters.
The weather is not always suitable for planting, it may not give permission to immediately plant apple trees, but do not panic: do not allow the root system to dry out, you should place the seedling in moistened sawdust and temporarily dig in, maybe even until the spring season.
First, a landing site is selected. The southern apple tree should grow in a well-lit place that is accessible to the rays of the sun. A good site would be a hill. In the autumn season, the soil is prepared (fertilizers, humus are applied, all this is dug up).
Landing is prohibited where groundwater is high and in low-lying areas.
Pits are prepared before planting. The size of the pit depends on the root system and soil. The hole should be at least seventy cm deep, and at least a meter in diameter. Organics and minerals are introduced. It is worth considering the composition of the soil, it may be necessary to improve it with sand and peat or clay. The pit is dug in advance, twelve to fifteen days before planting.
You should also install stakes and tie up the seedling. It is advisable to tie the tree to the trellis, of course.
When planting, you need to monitor the root collar, after the soil has settled, the collar should rise six to seven cm above the surface soil level.
If you regularly water and feed the tree, then the yield and taste of the fruit will increase significantly. It is recommended to carry out two or three waterings for seven days, spending ten liters for each adult apple tree. But it is optimal to water the tree with two to three buckets every three to five days.
Drip irrigation is considered a good method as it provides constant hydration.
Both spraying and root feeding are used. It is better to feed the plants at the same time as watering.
You should also carry out prophylaxis against harmful insects and diseases using effective means. Tip: Prepare tank mixes of fungicidal and insecticidal preparations that are compatible. This saves both time and effort.
You should not buy funds from trays and an unknown manufacturer. Otherwise, the fight against harmful insects will grow into their feeding, because of this they will grow and harm even more.
Experienced gardeners use stretch marks to bend down the main branches, which tend straight up. And they advise others.
The Starkrimson apple tree is ideal for cultivation in intensive gardens. Thanks to the row spacing, the soil can be mechanically processed using herbicides, special techniques and minerals. This has become attractive to businessmen.
It is necessary to thin out the ovaries after the apple tree has faded, because overloading is harmful to the tree. Also, because of this, the size of the fruits decreases, in which case their taste deteriorates.
The Starkrimson apple tree responds well to watering. Especially if done in a timely and abundant manner, the tree will yield a generous harvest of large fruit with a juicy taste.
The soil must be constantly moistened. Otherwise, the yield will be greatly reduced.
In case of high yields, supports should be installed to avoid branch breakage.
Cutting and shaping the crown.
If the crown is correctly formed, then the yield rate will be high, and the incidence of the tree will also decrease.
Crown shapes: sparse-tiered, in the form of a spindle, in the form of a bowl, palmettes and cordons (for this variety, they are often used when grown on trellises).
The choice is only yours.
When shaping, circumcision is used: formative, sanitary, rejuvenating.
The apple tree is pruned annually in the spring, before the buds open, before the juice begins to move. The main conductor and main branches are shortened by 2 buds. Dried and damaged branches are removed, as well as repetitive and growing crowns.
When choosing varieties for pollination, look for similar flowering times. The best pollinators for Starkrimson are Jonathan and Golden Delicious.
Ripening and fruiting
Apple tree Starkrimson: photo of the variety
The Starkrimson apple tree begins to bear fruit two to three years after planting - this is the case with a dwarf stock.
- On seed stock - 1-2 years later.
- At five to six years old, the tree will delight you with a generous harvest of fruit with good taste.
- The formation of flowers and apples occurs mainly on ringlets, a smaller amount is formed on fruit branches.
- The variety blooms from May 1-15, it looks very attractive.
Removable ripeness of fruits falls on the last days of September and before the first days of October. Next, the crop must be stored. Consumer ripeness will come only thirty days after the harvest is harvested. The best quality composition of the fruit will be after they have been lying for a long time.
Storage can last even up to April days if preservation conditions are properly created.
Harvesting must be timely, neither early nor late.Since this will affect the quality composition of the fruits when they are stored. Sometimes, with prolonged storage, a bitter taste may appear.
Cultivation options for varieties.
- On a dwarf rootstock.
- The tree reaches three meters high.
- The variety is used on the MM-106 rootstock on an industrial scale.
This type of variety has not yet been on the market. From a brief excursion into history, it became clear what this variety is called "Starkrimson Delicious". This is the same apple tree.
Due to its low resistance to winter, and, consequently, due to freezing of the shoots, this apple tree is not recommended to be cultivated for commercial purposes in the Moscow region. It is also risky to grow it in the Black Earth region and in the Volga region.
Gardeners try, grow, but no good reviews. There are more reliable varieties for cultivation in these areas.
If you nevertheless decided to plant it, then it is worth taking measures that will protect the tree from cold temperatures. You should choose a site that protects from the wind (near buildings, fences). It is required to mulch the soil with humus. Make rodent protection.
The Starkrimson apple tree is zoned in the Krasnodar, Stavropol Territories, as well as in the Rostov Region. However, gardeners are already planting other varieties in these areas.
In Ukrainian gardens, the variety is grown in the same way. In places where the climatic conditions are warmer and milder. Also, apple trees should be watered abundantly.
Those who wish can cultivate this variety in their garden. But you need to familiarize yourself with it from two or three sources. For example, somewhere it is written that the resistance of the variety to winter is at a high level, and the variety itself is self-fertile. This is written by the sellers. These features have already been discussed above.
Apple tree Starkrimson: reviews
Apple tree Starkrimson: video about the variety
Alexander: “The Starkrimson apple tree has been bearing fruit in my garden for more than 10 years. An excellent American variety. He is not from Crimea, as some say. You need to look after him more than domestic apple trees. Water is especially abundant. Poor winter resistance and low immunity to scab do not even seem to me to be minuses. You just need to treat trees against diseases and harmful insects in order to prevent them five to six times during the season, as weather conditions allow. And the fruits are very beautiful and tasty at this apple tree, they have excellent juiciness, they decorate the festive table on March 8. "
Vladislav: “I remember the fruits of the Starkrimson apple variety. A neighbor-gardener gave Dad a try. I easily found a seedling in one of the nurseries. They immediately said that the Starkrimson apple variety is not resistant to scab, and that it should be watered well, and also fed. The harvest is enough for the entire winter season. Such delicious apples! We eat them fresh. Before storage, some fruits were discarded and made into juice and jam. Everyone is happy with whom they have treated. You need to be very careful when storing. Already in the spring season, the appearance of bitter pits can occur. Preventive handling is required by the standard. By the way, the scab affects this variety no more than the Semerenko variety. "
Arkady: “You can arrange a race for new varieties that have super-resistance to cold temperatures and diseases. What to do with old varieties? Which are time-tested, and everyone loves them. I'm also talking about the Starkrimson apple tree. My family is very tasty and juicy apples. Especially before the New Year holidays. They are also of great size, what is needed for happiness? Also stored for a long time without any special conditions. It is possible that the variety is not so popular and famous. Usually this situation can be traced among modern gardeners. And in my garden I don't want to plant another variety to replace it. On the contrary, I want to be grafted onto another apple tree.This is for every fireman, because the tree is already old. "
Alexey: “If someone wants to plant the Starkrimson apple variety in their garden, then first think carefully and look at the photos and characteristics of the apple tree. Is your climate suitable for cultivating it? In particular, keep in mind that the tree needs to be watered regularly. It will be an advantage if it can be dripped. Experiments in areas with severe winter periods are not recommended. Although the taste and decorativeness are worth cultivating the Starkrimson apple tree at home. Starkrimson apples are rare in the bazaar. "
Apple tree Starkrimson: video about the variety
- For many years, the Starkrimson apple tree has been successfully cultivated in the southern orchards. Someone said that this apple tree is of Russian selection.
- Starkrimson apples are rare in the bazaar. However, seedlings can still be purchased at the nursery.
- If conditions are right, you can successfully grow the Starkrimson apple variety in your garden.