Apple tree north synap
The northern synap apple tree is considered to be a variety that ripens by the end of September, and its harvest can, under the right storage conditions, lie until mid-May. The apple trees of this variety were bred by reproducing another apple variety. The ancestor of this variety is the Crimean synap, the harvest of which was in price even in the days of Ancient Rus at the palace. The apple tree northern synap was made due to the pollination of another apple tree variety with the Crimean synap. This process turned out to be quite unsuccessful and laborious, since many seedlings did not tolerate such pollination, but in the end, at the end of the experiment, the strongest and healthiest seedling was selected, which gave offspring in the form of fruits of a new variety of northern synap.
Apple tree north synap: variety description
Apples north synap: photos
The main feature of the North Sinap apple variety is that it is grown mainly in regions with a temperate cold climate. As already noted, the fruits of such apple trees can be stored for a long time after harvest, and the fruits of the northern sinup also have a sugary sugar taste. And the trees of this variety themselves have a high tolerance to winter frosts. And, finally, trees of this variety begin to bear fruit rather quickly after planting in the ground. However, the fruits can be different in size, experts consider these qualities of the variety to be negative.
North synap apple trees have a strong, dense crown that is powerful compared to other apple varieties. The tree itself grows quite large and most of the crown of the tree is made up of perennial shoots. If we consider a tree that was planted with another variety, strong and healthy, then its height will reach seven meters, the same size can be reached by a tree in its width. However, if we take into account small varieties that are considered dwarf or decorative, then the size of such apple trees will be much smaller. The branches of trees of this variety, like the trunk, will have a deep brown bark, and the leaves are not particularly large, but large in width and shine, as if they have a natural wax coating. When the northern synap begins to bloom, it is covered with large flowers, in the center of which there is a large bright red core, and the petals are pink in color. As for the taste of the fruits of the northern synap, the weight of each unit will be only one hundred or one hundred and thirty grams. The shape of the fruit varies between a circle and a cone. The apple itself is green in color, but there is a red ruddy shade over the entire surface of the fruit.
Taste features of the fruit are in the sugar juicy pulp. As mentioned earlier, the northern synap is capable of surviving severe frosts when the temperature reaches minus 35 degrees Celsius. Only Antonovka will be stronger than this grade, which is capable of surviving temperatures lower than this by five or ten degrees.
Apple tree north synap: pollinators
As for how this variety is capable of blooming, the northern synap is capable of pollinating without nearby pollinators, but such a yield will be poor and not very positive. If at the northern synap there are several pollinators of different varieties around the territory, then the tree will bear fruit very productively throughout the season, the harvest will be successful. Experts also note the following feature if you do not have the opportunity to plant pollinators nearby to the northern synap. They advise grafting another variety to the northern synap, then it will positively affect the harvest of the variety.
Apple tree north synap: planting
Apple tree north synap: photos
As for the time when it is necessary to plant the North Sinup apple variety, experts advise to do this in early spring. However, this approach is designed for mature trees, if the seedling is not yet two years old, then these trees must be planted by the end of spring. To make the future tree feel comfortable on the ground, it is necessary to choose a large space with direct rays of light falling on it. In order for such a large tree to be comfortable later, it is necessary to maintain a distance from other trees equal to three or even four meters. Like all apple trees, the northern synap apple tree also has an intolerance to deep waters, therefore experts recommend carefully choosing a place for the future seedling, preferably it should be in a high place.
To properly plant the north synap, experts share their recommendations. Before planting, gardeners are advised to soak the roots of the seedlings in plain water. This process should take at least six hours. After that, it is necessary to prepare a future place for planting a tree. If you plan to plant a tree two or three years old, then the depth can vary from sixty to seventy centimeters. After the depth for the future seedling is prepared, you need to install a support in the hole, since the young shoot will need support for survival in this area. The height of such a support should be from one and a half meters and above, since at first it will be difficult for a seedling to cope with strong wind currents, if they suddenly appear. After you have placed the seedling in the hole, you need to carefully decompose its root system, since in order to take root well, the tree needs its roots to look in different directions. After that, it is necessary to sprinkle the groove and fix the support with the tree.
Apple tree crown formation
To create a crown of a tree, you must follow some rules. First, you need to get rid of sick, weak or abnormally growing shoots, then you need to disassemble the dense weaving of branches, after which it is necessary to remove dried and damaged branches from the disassembled branches. After that, experts recommend increasing the tree's ability to bear fruit productively. After that, you need to take care of a comfortable approach to the tree from the side of your site and at the end take care of the comfortable preservation of the tree in the winter.
It is also necessary to take into account here that it is necessary to cut the apple trees of the Northern Sinap variety not only in the fall, but also in the spring, in which case the trunk of young trees can be shortened by thirty centimeters in height, and the branches, already selected, healthy and fruitful, are cut off by one third. It is also important to take into account that in the spring, it is necessary to cut apple trees before the warm weather sets in and the first buds of the trees begin to appear.
Apples north synap: photos
In order for the northern synap apple tree to bear fruit productively, it is necessary to feed the trees approximately four times a year. The first time you need to take care of the seedling at the end of April. Here you need ten kilograms of rotted mixture, which you will need to divide around the tree at a short distance, within the near-stem diameter. The second time you will have to take care of pear trees, you will have to during the period when the seedling for the first time begins to go through the flowering period. To fertilize the seedlings, you need to mix a special compound. Which will include a large amount of water, urea, potassium, superphosphate. The third time it is necessary to fertilize the seedlings during the period when the fruits begin to ripen. For such care, you will need a mineral fertilizer, which consists of all the elements necessary for any plants, namely, phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen.This fertilizer will need to be mixed with plenty of water and poured over the trees. Last time, the care of the planted northern synapses must be done after the harvest. To do this, you will need a dry powder of potassium, superphosphate. They will need to be poured under the tree.
If you do not suddenly cut off the crown of the northern synap apple trees, then the fruitfulness of the trees will fall, since it will be difficult for the branches that have grown incorrectly to cope, they will simply begin to branch and form incorrectly.
The northern synap apple variety, as mentioned earlier, has the ability to bear fruit quickly. A large mature tree produces a large harvest within five or six years after planting. And dwarf apple trees are already beginning to bear fruit a couple of years after planting. A little higher, we mentioned various kinds of feeding for the northern synap, but do not forget that if you actively feed apple trees with nitrogen microelements, then the ability to bear fruit at the northern synap will slow down.
As already mentioned, the northern synap begins to bear fruit in the fall. To be more precise, in late autumn, throughout October, the trees give their harvest. Since the northern synap is resistant to frost, it can be said that the fruits also calmly tolerate any temperature drop to zero degrees Celsius. After freezing, the apples that hang on their trees become even sweeter and more ripe at low temperatures, and they also acquire the ability to store better.
North synap apples: harvest time
If you choose the right time to harvest the northern sinup, then the fruits from such trees can survive until the end of May or the beginning of June. However, the harvested crop will need to be stored in a room with temperatures ranging from zero to minus four degrees Celsius. If suddenly it is not possible to have such a cool room, then at higher temperatures the apples will survive only until mid-March.
Also, the structural features of the fruits of the northern synap depend on the seedling crossed with it, which affects the size of the block, the taste of future fruits, as well as the length of life of the tree itself and its health.
Varieties of varieties
Apples north synap: photos
In addition to the North Sinap apple variety, there are varieties that are also strong against frost. For example, Oryol synapwhich differs in the size of apples. Compared to the northern synap, the Oryol synap has fruits that are fifty or one hundred grams larger than the northern one. Also, if the northern synap begins to bear fruit in October, then the Orlovsky begins to bear fruit in September. In addition, the fruit of the Oryol synap tastes slightly sour than the fruit of the northern synap.
There is also such a variety of varieties as Qandil, which, in comparison with the northern sinup, loves heat more and gives a good large harvest. Also, kandil can be stored for a long time compared to sinap. However, this variety is more finicky and its yield can periodically drop if the trees are not properly cared for.
So, if you summarize all of the above, you need to determine the main points that you should remember if you want to plant the North Sinap apple variety. It is necessary to start forming the crown in the spring, until the cold has subsided. This option will be more acceptable compared to the late autumn period. It is also necessary to remove the cover of the seedlings after the winter period of time at temperatures above zero degrees, since otherwise, the trees may become rotten. It is also necessary to protect the bark of young trees from rodent attacks. To do this, you must follow the standard instructions in such a situation. You need to grab the entire trunk of the North Sinap trees with a nylon or unnecessary rag, this will protect the seedlings. Also, in such a situation, a rustling bag can help, which will drive away hares with its noise.However, it is necessary to take into account the fact that such protection should be located along the entire length of the trunk, this will provide reliable protection for the young seedling.