Apple-tree Molodezhnaya has a lot of advantages. The main advantage is a high yield rate, good marketability of fruits. In addition, the culture is completely undemanding to the soil.
Apple-tree Molodezhnaya: description of the variety and characteristics
Apple-tree Molodezhnaya: photo of the variety
Apple-tree Molodezhnaya is an early winter variety. Differs in high yield, winter resistance and drought resistance.
Young apples are usually stored for up to 3 months, but this depends on whether the right conditions are provided for the preservation of the crop. Optimal temperature conditions are required - zero degrees. The air humidity should be ninety to ninety five percent. Fruit should be stored in wood boxes or containers. It is also necessary to sort the fruits by size. In addition, you need to store each variety separately.
There are also such winter varieties as: "Nastenka", "Nymph", "Aport", "In memory of a warrior", "Orlik».
The apple variety is pollinated by the youthful pollen of flowers of apple varieties that are self-fertile, because the apple tree we are considering is self-fertile.
It would be ideal to plant rows of 2 varieties at intervals of 5 m from each other. The best pollinators for the Molodezhnaya apple tree: "Snow Calvil"," Miltosh ","Jonared"," Pepinka ","Autumn striped».
Apple-tree Molodezhnaya: characteristic of the variety
Apple Molodezhnoe: photo of the variety
Apple-tree Youth of medium height, its crown is lush, saturated colors, apples are large, light green in color.
Apple-tree Molodezhnaya grows rapidly, medium vigor. The crown is rounded, lush. The branches are painted gray. The branches are plump, elongated, at a large angle in relation to the trunk. The fruits are formed on ringlets and spears.
Fruit bags are oblong, large in size. The shoots are large in thickness, have dense pubescence, curved, are distinguished by a brown color. The leaves are large, oval-shaped, short-pointed.
- Medium-sized lentils. The leaflet is large, symmetrical, with wrinkles, pubescence covers it in a medium way.
- Red-pink buds. Flowers are white with pink dots.
- Fruits are ribbed, rather large and heavy. The color of the fruit is light green, smoothly transforms into a pale red top color.
- The peel is smooth, slightly covered with a waxy coating. The surface of the apple is distinguished by well-defined large dots under the skin.
- The inner content is white with yellow color, juicy, aromatic.
Taste qualities are dessert, sweet and sour. The following varieties have similar taste qualities: "Aromatic", "Dessertny Petrova", "Uralsky nalivnoy", "Silver hoof", "Pepin saffron».
Youth apples contain a large amount of chemical elements. They are rich in dry substances (up to twenty percent), sugars (thirteen percent), titratable acids (one and a half percent), ascorbic acid (eleven mg per hundred grams), P-active compounds (flavonols - twenty mg per hundred grams, catechins - one hundred twenty seven mg per hundred grams), phenolic compounds (two hundred and sixty mg per hundred grams, one hundred twenty one to three hundred and forty), pectin substances (0.42%), vitamin C (forty mg), vitamins B1, B2, A, PP. The ratio of sugar content to acidity is about thirty.
A brief excursion into history
The Molodezhnaya apple tree was bred on the basis of the Volgograd Research Institute of Plant Industry named after NI Vavilov when crossing the varieties "Zhigulevskoe" and "Boyken". The authors of the variety are: V.V. Malychenko, L.N. Balandina.
The apple-tree of the Molodezhnaya variety has one more name, which comes from the surname of one of the breeders - "Malychenkovskoe".
Where does the Molodezhnaya apple tree grow?
The Molodezhnaya apple tree grows in the wild in the Lower Volga region of the Russian Federation.
If you plant an apple tree correctly and take care of it, then it perfectly adapts to the climate of other regions, but the plant will feel more comfortable in regions illuminated by the sun, for example, in the south of the Ukrainian territory.
The apple variety Molodezhnaya begins to bear fruit from the fourth to fifth year after planting. The tree gives high yields, and the fruits are well transported.
Collecting Youth apples begins in the first days of September. The fruits do not fall off when ripe. Apples are harvested regularly, every year, the average yield is one hundred and fifty centners per hectare.
The following varieties are high-yielding: "Winter Grushovka", "Melba's Daughter", "Antey", "Winter Beauty", "Autumn Stunted".
Apple-tree Youth: planting varieties
Apple-tree Molodezhnaya: photo of the variety
The yield index and the size of apples completely depend on agrotechnical measures. When planting varieties, traditional fertilizers are used.
Taking care of the tree is not particularly difficult, because the Molodezhnaya apple tree is undemanding to the ground.
For good growth of the Molodezhnaya apple tree, for its health and decorativeness, it is necessary to correctly select planting material. It is necessary to buy plants with developed roots; it is recommended to purchase in an area of an identical climate. A young tree is selected, thanks to this, it will quickly adapt to the soil on which it is cultivated.
After purchasing planting material, it is important to choose the right site for planting. It should be well-lit by the sun, there should be no drafts, and the landing site should be well-drained. For good apple tree growth and maximum yield, it is advisable to plant the tree in loam. Groundwater should not run high. Proper preparation of the pit for planting is also important.
The apple tree Molodezhnaya is usually planted in the fall (in the last September-first October days) or in the spring (in the last April days).
The most important point when planting - preparing holes for planting. The optimal layout of the hole for landing is one hundred by one hundred by seventy cm.
The surface soil layer, which was dug out during the preparation of the pit, is mixed with the lower layer, and fertilizers are applied: horse manure (eighteen to twenty kg), wood ash (two hundred fifty grams), superphosphate (two hundred fifty grams), potassium sulfate (one hundred grams) ...
The well is two-thirds full with the substrate. Fertile soil is poured on top. Next, watering is carried out, and fertile soil is refilled again.
The seedling is then carefully planted. After planting, the plant is bound to a tree stake without fail.
Apple-tree Youth: variety care
At first, the Youth Apple tree hardly needs to be looked after. In the spring season, 2 years after planting, a crown is formed.
The tips of each branch are cut off. For the first 2 years, it is important that the apple tree is tied to a stake made of wood (preferably linden or hazel).
It is recommended that the tree does not bear fruit in the first 4-5 years (it is required to cut off eighty to one hundred percent of the flowers).
The main agricultural techniques for the first 5 years after planting: tie the apple trees with parchment or spruce branches to protect them from mice and hares; mulch the trunk circle with humus; spud the soil to a height of 20 cm; irrigate apple trees with solutions that protect against harmful insects.
Diseases and harmful insects
The Molodezhnaya apple tree has a high immunity to various fungal infections. The best option for treating an apple tree for fungal diseases is preventive measures.
A set of preventive measures against various diseases: spraying trees with colloidal sulfur and copper-containing preparations; to grow varieties with high immunity to diseases; destroy infected fragments; add potassium and phosphorus; add ash to the soil; form a crown; feed with potassium; spray with calcium chloride during the growing season; collect fruits in a timely manner; store fruit properly.
If you follow even ½ part of the above rules, then the apple tree will be saved from scab, powdery mildew, fruit rot, bacterial burn.
Foliage is affected first, then apples. The cause of the appearance of the fungus is stagnant air inside the crown or too high humidity.
The first symptoms of the disease: spots of green-brown color appear on the leaves, many small specks of brown color appear on the apples, which form a crust.
- Fruit rot.
A disease caused by fungi that penetrates the center of an apple through cracks and wounds created by animals, hail or something else. The first symptoms: a speck of brownish color appears on the peel, growing until the fruit completely decays.
The disease is caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora. Unfortunately, treatment of infected apple trees is impossible. Trees are immediately destroyed to avoid contamination of other varieties that grow nearby. The causative agent of the disease is a quarantine object.
- Powdery mildew.
Fungal infection. Symptoms of the disease: a mycelium fungus appears on the leaves in the form of a white coating.
Often, the infection appears after showers. The tree becomes infected from bottom to top, until it is completely affected.
It should be remembered that harmful insects can also be a threat to plants. Carry out prophylaxis against such parasites as: apple moth, miner moth, hawthorn, silkworm, fruit sapwood.
Apple-tree Molodezhnaya: reviews of gardeners about the variety
- Anastasia Igorevna, Samara region: “Youth apples are very popular both for me and for my whole family. Fresh, they are incredibly tasty, and which of them make jams and compotes ... very tasty! She gave all the neighbors a try and told them how to plant and take care of the Molodezhnaya apple tree in the future. Now in our garden complex, every second grows his own Youth Apple tree! "
- Marina Konstantinovna, Chelyabinsk region: “The Molodezhnaya apple tree has been cultivated in my summer cottage for many years. I can say that what kind of care - this is the end of the apple tree and will grow. One summer she appeared in the garden very little and did not take care of measures, and diseases attacked my Youth Apple tree, and pests did not bypass my tree. I don’t make such a mistake again. I take care of the variety, and my Molodezhnaya apple tree pleases me with a rich harvest of delicious apples ”.