The Kazanischenskoye apple tree is a late winter variety and belongs to the breeding varieties of the Dagestan experimental station. The authors of the variety are T.B. Alibekov and I.P. Matasov. The hybrid was obtained by crossing two varieties. This is Renette Champagne and a variety Mig-Ints, which is a Dagestan variety. The plant was bred with a recommendation for cultivation in the northern mountainous zone of the republic.
Apple tree Kazanischenskoe: description of the variety and characteristics
The Kazanischenskoye apple tree has a small height and is distinguished by its rapid growth rate. The crown is spherical, thickened. Fruits are mainly formed on ringlets, as well as on fruit twigs. The branches are short, but rather large in diameter. The bark is brown, has a slightly red tint. The leaf plates are quite large and egg-shaped. The surface of the leaves is smooth, slightly wrinkled. The sheets are jagged along the edges. The color of the leaves is dark green. Each leaf of the Kazanishchenskoye apple tree is attached with a small but strong petiole with stipules.
Description of fruits
Apple tree Kazanischenskoe: photo of the variety
The fruits of the Kazanischenskoye apple-tree are quite large in size. Each weighs from 200 to 350 grams. The shape is round, slightly flattened. The peel of the fruit is smooth. Ribs may be visible on some apples. The skin color is light or even golden. There is a blurred striped blush almost over the entire surface of the fruit. The fruits are attached with a small stalk. The calyx is quite pronounced here, as is the subasculum tube. There are seed chambers inside each fruit. They can be closed or semi-open. These chambers contain rather large brown seeds. The fruits have a light, tasty yellow pulp with a bright pronounced aroma.
The taste of the Kazanischenskoye apple tree is considered dessert and is rated with the maximum score. The composition of the fruit contains useful substances: these are dry substances, sugars, acids and vitamin C.
Since the Kazanischenskoye apple variety is late winter, the fruits are usually harvested here in mid-autumn. Then the apples are stored for a very long time. Under the right conditions, the shelf life is approximately 200 days or more.
The Kazanischenskoye apple variety is partially self-fertile, therefore, for its better fruiting, other apple varieties should be grown on the site. Dagestan winter, Renet champagne and others are well suited.
The apple tree of the Kazanishchenskoye variety begins to bear fruit in 4-5 years after planting, and if the apple tree is grafted onto a medium-sized stock, then already three years after planting. Fruiting is noted to be quite high and stable.
Growing the Kazanischenskoye apple variety on the territory of Dagestan, the tree tolerates climatic conditions well in winter, and also has immunity to various fungal diseases.
The Kazanischenskoye apple variety is a very good option for planting, because it has sweet fruits of an attractive appearance, and can withstand many diseases common to apple trees. The tree begins to bear fruit early, and its yield is very high. The advantages include the long shelf life of the fruit. However, it should be borne in mind that the vegetative period of the plant ends quite late.
The Kazanischenskoye apple tree can be used in breeding to increase the yield of the future plant, resistance to various diseases, and also to improve the taste of the fruit.