Apple tree Bashkir emerald
Apple tree Bashkir emerald belongs to the late representatives of autumn fruit trees. It appeared at the Bashkir Research Institute of Agriculture, thanks to the works of such scientists as G.A. Mansurov, H.N. Fazliakhmetov and T.G. Demina, by crossing such apple trees: Cinnamon new and Ural bulk. The apple variety Bashkir Emerald is quite strong in the Orenburg and Kirov regions, as well as in Bashkortostan. In 2001, this tree was zoned.
Apple tree Bashkir emerald: description and characteristics
Apple tree Bashkir emerald: photo of the variety
Description of the tree
The tree in the apple variety Bashkir Emerald is medium in size, and is also considered to be rapidly growing. The crown has an average thickening index, at a young age it is quite spreading, and in adulthood it acquires a wide round shape. The stems of the tree are straight, they are located rather compactly, they branch off from the tree trunk at almost right angles, the ends point upward, the foliage is at the middle level. The bark on the main stems and on the trunk has a smooth surface and a green color. Fruiting occurs on short and elongated fruit twigs.
Description of shoots
The shoots of the Bashkir emerald apple tree are quite thin, straight, naked, round in shape and brownish-brown in color. There are very few lentils, they have a bulge and are rather small. The buds are adpressed, conical in shape and brownish-red in color. The leaves are of medium size, elongated, elliptical, elongatedly pointed, with a smooth surface and pale green color, and they are also shiny with delicate and light nerves. The leaflet is flat, with a slight upward curvature and without pubescence. On the edge of the leaf is even, small-town. The petiole is of medium size, thin and slightly completely pubescent. Stipules are large, lanceolate. Apple flowers Bashkir emerald are endowed with medium size, pinkish tint, small chalice-shaped. They have a light aroma, and their stigmas are located above the anthers.
Apple tree Bashkir emerald: features of fruits
The fruit of the Bashkir emerald apple tree is below average in size, can reach 60-86 grams each in weight. Such fruits are one-dimensional, with a regular conical shape, with a weak ribbing and a smooth surface. The peel of such apples has an average thickness, smooth and shiny surface, it is oily with no rustiness. It is also endowed with a yellow-greenish tint, with no integumentary color and not very noticeable rather dots under the skin. The stalk has an average length and thickness, it is straight. The funnel is also medium, sharp-conical in shape with no rustiness. The saucer is rather small, grooved, wide. The calyx is closed and non-collapsing, and the subacheal tube is of medium size and short, funnel-shaped. There is no axial cavity. The heart is large, bulbous. The seed chambers are membranous and semi-open; the seeds themselves are medium in size, conical in shape and brownish in color.
The inner part of the apple-tree of the Bashkir Emerald variety has a yellow tint and medium density. The fruit tastes sweet, with a slight acidity. The inside of the fruit is quite juicy and has a rich smell, as well as a fine-grained structure. According to the tasting score, these fruits are given 4.4 points for taste and 3.7 points for appearance.These apples contain: 16.4 percent dry matter; 10.4 percent sugars; 0.47 acidity; 0.8 percent pectin; 11 milligrams per 100 grams of product - ascorbic acid.
The fruits of the Bashkir Emerald apple variety can have a shelf life of up to 4 months. They are distinguished by a high level of transportability and marketability. It is also worth noting that the fruits of this subspecies have a universal purpose.
The best pollinators for the Bashkir emerald apple tree will be such varieties as: Buzovyazovskoe, Bashkir handsome, Ural bulk.
This subspecies is considered fast-growing, begins its fruiting period in the fifth year of life. The yield can reach from 170 to 460 centners per hectare. Fruiting is constant, rather weak ability to fall off.
Apple tree Bashkir emerald has a fairly high frost resistance. It was analyzed that for the period from 1985 to 1999, the total degree of freezing of the variety was not higher than one point. It is also worth noting that this plant has a high resistance to extreme growing conditions. And of course, it should be noted that the apple variety Bashkir Emerald has a high immunity to the dangerous and widespread disease of scab.