Apple-tree Augustow Far East
The apple-tree Avgustovskoe Far East was bred by A.V. Bolonyaev on the basis of the Far Eastern Research Institute of Agriculture by crossing the varieties "Ranetka purple" and "Tsarsky ship" in 1937. Apple variety Avgustovskoe Far East of early ripeness, the apples bring rather large and decorative, therefore, the apple tree has spread widely in the collective and adjoining garden plots of the Khabarovsk and Primorsky Territories, in the suburban areas of the south of the Amur and Sakhalin territories.
Apple-tree Augustow Far East: variety description
Apple-tree Augustow Far East: photo of the variety
Apple-tree Augustow Far East - a tree of great growth vigor, crown in the form of a pyramid or wide in the form of a pyramid, medium dense, the main branches are light, brownish-gray in color, grow from the trunk at a slight slope or perpendicular to the trunk.
Shoots of the apple-tree variety Avgustovskoe Far East are medium in thickness, elongated, slightly bent, greenish-brown in color. The leaf is large, rounded, oblong, deep green in color, below it is light green in color, there is a slight pubescence, the petiole is shortened, pubescent. The formation of fruit buds occurs on the shortened shoots of this year or on the branches of two to three years. The fruit buds are large, slightly pubescent, and grow obliquely.
Apple-tree Augustow Far East: characteristic of the variety
The fruits of the apple variety Avgustovskoe Far East are below average (the average weight is seventy-five grams, the maximum is one hundred and two grams), flat, rounded or simply rounded in shape. The main coloration is light greenish, slightly yellowish, the integumentary color is blurry, carmine. The fruit stem is short or medium in size, rather thickened, slightly curved, located in a shallow funnel with a slight rustiness, there are few sepals, painted in a greenish color.
The inner content of the fruit is loose, sweet, slightly sour and bitter. The taste is mediocre. When the fruits on the apple tree are fully ripe, most of them are poured and become in the form of glass. Apples contain: sugars (10.4%), acids (0.9%), tannins (0.3%), pectin substances (0.2%), ascorbic acid (15.8 mg per hundred grams).
Ripening of the fruits of the Augustow Far East apple tree occurs from August 10-20 or in the 20th of August.
Apples can be eaten directly fresh, plucked from the tree, the storage of fruits lasts no more than twenty days, in a cool room - up to forty days.
Features of culture
The apple variety Avgustovskoe Far East does not have the same quality as self-fertility. The best varieties for pollination: "Amur yielding", "Amur filling"," Early Bolognaeva ".
Apple trees of the Avgustovskoe Far East variety begin to bear fruit from 3-4 years of development, large yields are observed from 6 years. The yield indicator is average, not periodic. When a tree begins to bear fruit en masse (at the age of seven to eleven years), the yield is fifteen to seventy kg per apple tree. Productivity lasts fifteen to seventeen years. Winter resistance and burn resistance are the same as those of semi-cultivated apple trees. The variety is immune to scab and moniliosis.
Apple-tree Augustow Far East: advantages and disadvantages
Advantages apple varieties Avgustovskoe Far East: rather large fruits that ripen early among semi-cultivated varieties, immunity to moniliosis, the variety bears fruit every year.
Minuses apple varieties Augustow Far East: the taste of apples is mediocre, the fruits need to be consumed quickly, the resistance to winter is at an insufficient level.
The apple variety Avgustovskoe Far East is used for breeding new varieties of summer ripening, giving fruits of a higher quality composition.