All about greenhouses and greenhouses in the garden
Greenhouse and greenhouse. What is the difference between them?
Sooner or later, every gardener thought about purchasing a greenhouse or greenhouse. These wonderful inventions help to increase the yield in your garden at times. So what is the difference between a greenhouse and a greenhouse?
Originally appeared greenhouses... They were small glass shelters, where horse dung was placed inside and as a result of combustion, heat was maintained. Greenhouses are also used today by gardeners. They are characterized by their small size, i.e. they are mobile. They grow seedlings of early varieties, then move them to open ground. There is still no heating in them.
Concerning greenhouses, then they originate from greenhouses. The history goes back to the distant 16th century, where glass greenhouses were first used in France. Today greenhouses can boast of their diversity. Greenhouses are more widely used with the use of polyethylene. Polycarbonate and spunbond are used in modern greenhouse designs. Greenhouses are very versatile. Plants are grown in them all year round and even tropical, thanks to the heating system, which can be electric, water or gas. The size of the greenhouses is also varied. In the height of a person, smaller, even more than 5 meters. There is a mandatory door and windows. All these nuances make building a greenhouse a daunting task.
Location of the greenhouse in the garden
If you nevertheless decide to install a greenhouse in your garden, you need to consider a number of important details. Many factors play on further yield, such as: groundwater level, soil type, wind direction, lighting, freezing points, nearby objects.
If the groundwater is close to the surface and there is no choice, then a pile or slab foundation is required for the greenhouse. This, in turn, will protect the root systems of plants from decay.
You should also pay attention to your soil type. Sandy soil is considered ideal. If your soil is not the same, you need to carry out a number of preparatory work before installing the greenhouse. In the place where the greenhouse will be located, dig a shallow pit, fill it first with gravel, then with a layer of pestle and sprinkle fertile soil on top.
It is also necessary to ensure that the area for the future greenhouse is flat, without slopes. The best option would be if you install it on an elevated surface in a well-lit area. Nothing should interfere with the penetration of sunlight, be it trees, a house, or shrubs. If you position the greenhouse from east to west, you will achieve maximum illumination.
Also, avoid air currents, as they can pass by adjacent houses. Find a quiet place on your property. Let this place be next to the house, but so that there is no obstacle to the entry of light. But there is one little secret. If you plant bare bushes 7 m from the greenhouse, you will significantly reduce the air flow.
Greenhouse and greenhouse: types
In this article, we will look at the types of greenhouses depending on their designs. There are designs for free-standing greenhouses. We will dwell on them in more detail, since some of their types can be realized as an extension to a house or other structure.
Greenhouses-houses. Their walls, as a rule, are 1.5 m high, the roof is gable. Covered with either polycarbonate or glass. The design of greenhouses-houses is very convenient to use, there is a lot of space in it.But there are also disadvantages - not cheap cost, installation complexity and heating costs.
Arched greenhouses. These types of greenhouses are 2 m high and 3 m wide, the length is the owner's business, there is a window on the roof. Such a greenhouse has many advantages: it lets in more sunlight than greenhouses-houses, its arched design allows you to make the heifer less tall, which makes it more resistant to winds. There are also obvious disadvantages: due to the complexity of the arched structure, it is almost impossible to assemble it by hand, so it is bought ready-made, which is expensive. It is also impossible to use glass for cladding, so the material is polycarbonate or film. Its sloping roof puts additional stress on the sheathing during snowfall.
Greenhouses with inclined walls. This type of greenhouse is something between an arched type and a "house". It is easier to build and install it yourself. It is smaller in height than a greenhouse house. its walls are located at a certain angle, which gives space for the beds. There is a gable roof. The cladding is glass, polycarbonate and foil. The disadvantages are as follows: the inability to grow plants in pots and on shelves, due to the steepness of the walls. You also need to make a window on the roof, for proper ventilation, otherwise there is a risk of mold, fungi and moss inside the greenhouse.
Greenhouses with a roof attic. This type of greenhouse is a kind of greenhouse-houses. The only difference is in the roof. Instead of a gable, they put an attic. Such a roof can handle snow loads better, but at the same time, it is more difficult to design. Therefore, if there is no need for such a greenhouse, it is better to opt for a greenhouse-house.
Drop-shaped greenhouses "Edelweiss". This type of greenhouse is the most modern on the market. It is widely adopted for its practicality. Since the roof of greenhouses of this shape is lancet, and the walls are rounded, the snow easily slides down by itself, without any human intervention. Height from 2.40 m, which is significantly higher than its predecessors. This type of greenhouse is ideal for growing tall plants. Of the minuses, only the complexity of its installation can be noted.
Polygonal greenhouses. Sometimes such greenhouses are called “the diamond of the garden” for their versatility, they are six- and eight-sided and look especially attractive on the garden plot. And they also have a number of advantages: multifunctionality (all kinds of crops are grown in them, even tall plants), the convenience of the internal space and when working in it, excellent illumination. It is also important that, if desired, such a greenhouse can be transformed into a gazebo. But there are also disadvantages: because of its shape, warm air mainly accumulates in the corners and under the roof arches. Thus, it is necessary to make all kinds of vents in order to ensure proper air circulation. And the price of such a greenhouse will be slightly higher than that of the others for its beautiful shape.
Now let's touch on the consideration of the most common wall-mounted greenhouses. As a support for such structures, not only houses can serve, but also other structures, as well as natural hills, for example, a hill.
Single slope greenhouses. They are, in turn, divided into ground and in-depth. Above ground greenhouses are built directly on the foundation for operation in spring and summer. For year-round use, in-depth greenhouses are erected by digging a foundation pit. The internal arrangement of these types of greenhouses can be varied. An economical option is the presence of racks and shelves.
Modern greenhouses are not limited to these types only. It all depends on your needs and what you will grow in it. It is worth examining the needs of plants for light and humidity. Which one to choose is up to you.
Greenhouses by type of purpose
Now we will consider the types of greenhouses by the type of their purpose.
Vegetable. To grow vegetables in a greenhouse, you must follow some rules for their combination.It is recommended to grow tomatoes and bell peppers, cucumbers, cabbage and radishes together. It should also be noted that the irrigation system should be separate for each crop. Some plants will need shading. The greenhouse needs vents and heating throughout the year.
Seedling. Before planting seedlings in the greenhouse, you must carefully prepare them. To carry out thermal and chemical soil treatment, as well as greenhouse sheathing. Check for the presence of disinfection mats, containers, racks. Limit the presence of unauthorized persons in the greenhouse.
Flower greenhouse and greenhouse. Some people want to see flowers at home or in a vase all year round. For this, there are flower greenhouses. To make a greenhouse in your greenhouse, you must follow a number of measures. Build a greenhouse on a foundation. Ensure proper heating of air and soil, avoid drafts. It should be noted that the flowers will need additional lighting. In greenhouses, you can grow absolutely any flowers and potted options, including. Both with subsequent transplantation into open ground, and for year-round stay in a greenhouse and a greenhouse.