Modern gardeners are watching with great interest what new plantings appear, what varieties and varieties of cherry trees are available today. Breeders, taking into account such high expectations and needs, continue to carry out sufficiently serious and multifaceted work to develop new varieties and varieties of cherries to please the gardener and satisfy the taste of any demanding gardener. The varieties are different - early ripening, winter-hardy, early. Among the winter-hardy varieties, the Radonezh cherry is especially prominent. In this article, we will just dwell in more detail on the description of the variety and its main characteristics.
Cherry Radonezh: variety description and characteristics
Cherry variety Radonezh was bred in 1987 by specialists from the Bryansk Experimental Station, and very quickly gained popularity due to its advantages and some really positive characteristics.
To obtain a cherry variety Radonezh crossed I-I-L and a variety called Kistevaya cherry. The authors of the Radonezh cherry are considered to be specialists named A.L. Astakhov, M.A. Kanshina and L.I. Zuev, who owns the authorship of several more varieties.
The cherry variety Radonezh was entered into the state register a little later, in 2002, and initially established itself as a planting that adapts perfectly in the Central region and in the south of our country. But the work did not stand still, and later the variety began to be cultivated in many other interesting areas that were not intended for cultivation in the regions in the North.
In principle, this is not surprising, since gardeners strive to obtain such crops and an excellent harvest from them, and while growing in not the most comfortable conditions. But if the gardener is ready to create a microclimate for planting and do everything possible so that it produces a crop, then he will certainly succeed in achieving a good indicative result.
If the gardener knows the parameters and parameters of planting, then it will be much easier to choose a good place to place the seedlings.
Cherry Radonezh in adulthood can reach a height of three meters, sometimes there are very high plantings, which give the gardener some inconvenience in caring activities. But still, experienced gardeners say that this medium-sized attractive fit.
Trunk short, shoots are quite strong and powerful, can withstand large volumes of harvest, do not sag.
Crown medium thickening, it looks quite decorative when all the leaves open at once. The foliage at the crown is quite good, has an average density, but if you take care of the planting, planting it in the most favorable conditions, then there is a high probability that the tree will not only bear fruit, but it will also look incredibly decorative and attractive.
The crown of Radonezh cherry in its shape can be round, and maybe pyramidal. It all depends on how old the planting is, and also on whether the gardener himself will form it in accordance with his capabilities, skills and abilities. It is also worth saying that formative pruning has a wonderful effect on the plant, it recovers very quickly and looks quite decorative at the same time.
Stamp covered bark, painted in a dark gray shade.At first, while the tree is still young, the stem is a little rough, but with age, cracks can be seen on the bark, which at the same time do not at all indicate that planting a disease is a natural manifestation. The stem in general can be a little florid, like the branches, shoots that branch off from the cherry planting.
On young trees of the Radonezh cherry variety, cracks can form on the trunk. Thanks to it, you can notice the formation of new shiny pieces of the cover, which are painted in silver or brownish shades. The gray bark that has aged can be carefully removed, but must not be damaged.
The stem is florid, sometimes some shoots can grow right deep into the crown, so the gardener should be very careful about caring activities, cut off plants, shoots, shorten them so that some disease-causing manifestations, bacteria and microorganisms do not begin to develop due to the thickening of the crown.
Generally shoots, which the tree gives - straight, can be elongated, with pronounced internodes. Initially, they turn greenish or brown, but later, over time, the color changes to reddish. A large number of pronounced glands appear on the shoots, which also indicate the active development of planting, and that the gardener should carefully look after them.
Cherry Radonezh: photo of the variety
The glands give the planting additional nutrition, they must be strong and strong, so that the tree, if something happens, can safely fight bacteria and pests, infectious and fungal diseases. But we will talk about such a struggle a little later.
Vegetative buds reach six millimeters in size, have an elongated shape, more like an egg. The tip of the buds is pointed, the vitality of the entire planting will depend on their healthy appearance, vitality and quantity.
The Radonezh cherry tree also has so-called generative buds. They are slightly smaller in size than the main ones - about four millimeters, and generally have the same shape and color.
Leaves the Radonezh cherry is rounded, quite standard in shape and size, as the leaves of other varieties and varieties of cherry plantings. The top of the leaves is slightly pointed, the consistency is leathery, dense, the leaves generally look quite attractive and decorative, especially when they all bloom at once in the spring.
Gardeners note the attractiveness and beauty of the plant, indicate that they really look very cool and interesting. The length of the leaves can be up to ten centimeters, and the width ranges from four to six centimeters. These are the dimensional indicators of larger and older plantings, of course, when the seedling is still very young, its size is not so abundant and large.
The outer side of the leaves is smooth and shiny, colored in a rich and deep green hue. There is a slight concavity, which is mainly located in the central vein. But the inner side of the leaves is not so bright - it is rather pale, has a pinkish center at the vein.
On the sides, you can feel the pubescence of the leaves, the hairiness is a feature of the planting of the cherry variety, and in general, the appearance of the leaves does not change in any global way from this.
Leaf petioles - their size is up to twenty millimeters. Their color is dusty, dirty pink, the thickness is medium, but at the same time the leaves are firmly held on the petioles, they do not crumble (unless the planting gets sick or is in an unsatisfactory condition due to the fact that it lacks nutrition and care from the gardener).
There are no stipules in the variety, glands may be in small quantities, or not at all, it all depends rather on the climatic and natural conditions in which this cherry variety grows.
Flowers Cherry trees Radonezh can be located singly, or they can form in inflorescences of two or three beautiful flowers. The flowers are quite large and abundant on their own, they can reach 4.5 centimeters in diameter. They stand out against the background of many other varieties and plantings, especially during flowering. At first they are painted in a white shade, but then it gradually changes to a delicate, pink, incredibly attractive.
The petals can be corrugated, with uneven edges, or they can be spoon-shaped. The pistil is located or next to, on the same level with the stamen, or it can be slightly lowered. The stamens reach a centimeter in length, but the length of the pistil is about one and a half centimeters. They stand out perfectly against the background of the flower, they also look a little contrasting and, at the same time, quite festive.
The most important thing is that they take an active part in the pollination of the tree and, accordingly, can be quite bright representatives of a self-fertile culture, but this should be discussed a little later. Next, we will tell you a little about what cherry fruits are, what their size and shape are, as well as the level of versatility in purpose and use.
Fruit rather large ones are formed on the tree - what corresponds to the cherry variety. They have a flat-round shape, the skin is painted in a deep maroon shade. On average, the mass of one cherry berry can be about six grams, the pulp is homogeneous in its own structure, average if you evaluate the density, but many say that the fruits are quite hard and dense.
The pulp also turns dark red, the juice is rich in color, and just as tasty in terms of taste. The stalk is shortened, but rather thick, strong, it can be easily plucked when the fruits reach their consumer maturity, but in other situations, in principle, the fruits do not crumble, and this is a huge plus.
The stone is of medium size, it is separated from the pulp by half, but in general, gardeners do not encounter special difficulties in processing the crop, and this is a huge plus.
Berries have a pleasant sweet and sour taste, not cloying. The versatility means that cherries can be eaten immediately after they have been harvested from the site, or, in principle, they can be consumed when they are processed. In addition, you can make preserves and jams, drinks - juices, wine, compotes. The taste of cherries goes well with the taste of other fruits and fruits, which is also a noticeable plus.
Gardeners appreciate the variety very much due to the fact that it is completely unpretentious and not capricious. We will talk about agricultural technology and planting, about leaving later in this article.
Cherry variety Radonezh - key characteristics
The variety has several bright and key characteristics, which you should definitely pay attention to just in order to be able to decide for yourself - whether the gardener wants to see this planting on his own plot, or he would like to take other varieties and seedlings that will profitable to him.
Cherry Radonezh is characterized as mid-season grade, the fruits ripen in July, but if a tree is planted in the southern region, then there is a high probability that the fruits will reach their consumer maturity at the end of June, which means that gardeners will receive ripe and tasty berries much earlier.
Many indicators also depend directly on how the planting was grafted. If it was a grafting on an antipoke, then the fruiting of cherries begins in the fourth or fifth year after the seedling is planted in open ground. Also, this vaccine will be characterized by its early maturity at a very high level. Of course, here the choice of vaccination and when exactly he would like to get his own harvest will depend on the gardeners himself.
Cherry Radonezh also gives abundant and very regular harvest, it is very high quality and tasty enough. Almost sixteen kilograms of the crop can be harvested from one tree in adulthood, and gardeners note that sometimes this is not the highest indicator, that the yield can be even higher. But here it all depends on the conditions under which the cherry variety grows, whether the gardener himself was able to give the planting everything that she needed so much, and how far the agricultural technology was followed in accordance with all the rules and regulations.
It is important to know very subtle aspects and nuances in plant care, and if you take these points into account, it will be possible to get a harvest even where the initially climatic conditions are not very favorable. Next, we will just dwell in more detail on the description of the plant and on how to take care of the plantings in the future.
Fruit are distinguished by a high level of quality, since each cherry is very elastic, bright, sweet, without any unpleasant or tart flavors. Gardeners also value the variety very highly due to the fact that, in general, these plantings are of high quality and versatile.
The fruits are excellent fresh, they are great in taste with other berries or fruits. They can be used to prepare food and drinks, juices and wines, compotes, sauces, preserves and jams. It is also worth saying that the fruits contain a large amount of useful substances - acids, vitamins, trace elements, peptides. All of them have a beneficial effect on the general condition of the human body, can help fight diseases, increasing immunity and stress resistance.
Cherry Radonezh can be grown in private household plots, and can be cultivated on a large industrial scale. With all this, the fruits are perfectly stored for a long time, they can be transported over long distances.
Cherry Radonezh: advantages and disadvantages of the variety
I would like to highlight several advantages and disadvantages of the variety, since they can have a serious impact on the opinion of the gardener himself, as well as on his choice directly in favor of this variety.
Among merits varieties can be distinguished as follows:
- Frost resistance of Radonezh cherry - a seedling and an adult tree can safely tolerate a drop in temperature to -25 degrees, and show absolutely no negative reactions to such changes in the climate;
- The variety is resistant to the most common diseases and is practically not attacked by pests, insects and rodents;
- The variety can be propagated in different ways - rootstocks, seeds, vegetative methods. The result will be equally positive, so you should think about this when choosing certain landings;
- Cherry Radonezh has high commercial qualities and excellent characteristics. Cherries are great for selling, they look great and they have a very high taste;
- The yield of Radonezh cherries has high rates, even if the gardener cannot give the variety enough attention and support, there is still a high probability of getting a regular and excellent harvest with high taste and storage characteristics (keeping quality, transportation).
But the cherry variety Radonezh has some limitations, some nuances that you should definitely pay attention to, since the well-being and general condition of the plant will largely depend on their observance:
- Demanding for constant and abundant lighting (at this point, the gardener pays attention when planting cherries, since it does not tolerate transplants);
- The yield will depend on whether the planting care requirements were followed or not. Of course, it is very important to know and keep in mind the most elementary norms and requirements in order to achieve an excellent result;
- To squeeze the maximum yield from one tree, it is worth planting pollinating varieties nearby (the variety is partially self-fertile).
The main subtleties of planting and subsequent plant care
Cherry Radonezh: photo of the variety
Cherry Radonezh is distinguished by a high level of resistance to frost and sudden changes in temperature, and also, in principle, if return spring frosts suddenly come, planting there will feel as comfortable as possible.
These circumstances do not in any way affect the abundance and quality of fruiting. But nevertheless, it should be borne in mind that in any case, the general condition of the planting will largely depend on the gardener himself, the level of yield, its regularity and abundance will depend.
If the gardener completely observes all the norms and nuances of agricultural technology, gives the planting everything it needs, then the results will be simply excellent.
It is recommended to schedule the planting of Radonezh cherries on spring period, since the seedling will have more time for rooting and adaptation, which means that the risk of the tree freezing or not having time to prepare for the onset of frost will decrease (this usually happens if the planting was scheduled for autumn).
But, again, this moment depends on the area and region in which the landing is carried out, since if these are the southern regions, then Radonezh cherries can be planted there in the fall - it will have time to adapt before the onset of unfavorable temperatures. But in Central Russia and closer to the north, it is still worth taking care of organizing planting in the spring.
Let's start with preparing the site for planting seedlings and with the very procedure for planting cherries in open ground.
Pits for planting a seedling in depth should be up to half a meter, and their diameter varies from half a meter to sixty centimeters. Again, one should focus on the size of the seedling itself, on the size of the root system - the roots should be comfortable in the hole, not cramped, there should be free space.
If this is not a single, but a group planting, then there should be a distance between the seedlings, which is about three meters. In general, it should be borne in mind that plantings need enough space in order to grow normally and actively develop.
In addition, when the trees grow taller, they will not shade each other, which means that each cherry will get sunlight and space for growth and development.
When a gardener prepares a hole, the soil that he pulls out of it must be mixed with humus in a 1: 1 ratio. You can also add potassium chloride, superphosphate, ash there to normalize the general condition of the soil and make it more saturated and nutritious for cherry growth.
If suddenly the site has a heavy and clayey soil, then river sand should be added to it before planting cherries. Thanks to him, the soil will become looser, and this will have a beneficial effect on future planting.
Cherry Radonezh needs the root system to be constantly saturated with moisture and oxygen, because only thanks to this the roots will not start to rot, and pathogenic bacteria will not develop on them.
Before planting, seedlings are carefully examined for damage or disease.
If suddenly the root system or its parts were affected, then they must be carefully removed. The cut sites must be treated with activated carbon so that bacteria no longer penetrate there.
Next, the seedling is sent into the open ground, it is planted in a hole, a peg is installed next to it. The peg is necessary in order to support the planting, and also so that when the wind blows, the seedling does not break or be damaged.
The root collar should protrude about three to four centimeters above the ground surface.
Full landing algorithm
- The gardener selects healthy and full-fledged seedlings, examines them from all sides. Before planting, the seedlings are placed in a growth stimulator - root for several hours;
- The seedling is placed in a pre-prepared hole, which is filled with fertile soil.A peg is driven into the center, which will become the future support for planting. Around the peg, the mixture is poured in the form of a mound, the seedling itself is installed on the mound. Experienced gardeners recommend planting not alone, but together - one person will support the seedling from above, and the second will gently spread the roots;
- Further, soil is poured onto the roots, this should be done carefully, constantly shaking the seedling. This must be done so that air pockets do not form around the roots, which will lead to the formation of cavities and the development of pathogenic bacteria;
- A cherry seedling Radonezh is tied to a peg, they do it carefully. This can be done from the north side of the peg strictly vertically - the seedling should not deviate anywhere, otherwise this will lead to the fact that the tree will grow unevenly and unevenly.
Then the gardener monitors how the seedling takes root, how it adapts and takes root in new conditions. It is extremely important to maintain the vital activity of the planting, to mulch the near-trunk circle. Mulch serves several functions - it protects the planting from attack from bacteria, and also prevents moisture from evaporating from the soil too quickly. In addition, thanks to the mulch, the required amount of heat is retained in the soil, which is also very important for the general condition of the planting.
After the planting of the Radonezh cherry seedling has been completed, an earthen roller should be made around the entire circumference. It should be located about 25 centimeters from the main trunk, and thanks to this, the roller will indicate the space for full watering of the plant.
It is recommended to water the seedlings with settled water at room temperature. It is best not to use very cold water, as it will put a lot of stress on the planting. In general, the root system of a plant is considered very delicate and vulnerable, and therefore it is still recommended to be very careful about both the watering process and the feeding.
They are part of agrotechnical measures, just like pruning, top dressing, harvesting, planting rejuvenation.
Cherry Radonezh: care measures
Cherry Radonezh: photo of the variety
Cherries of Radonezh do not tolerate transplants, so initially the gardener should make sure that the landing site is as comfortable and well-lit as possible.
For watering One cherry seedling, the gardener will need about two or three buckets of water, but you should definitely take into account the temperature indicators and regimes, because otherwise the planting will feel less comfortable, and in general, the growth and development of this cherry seedling may noticeably slow down. Because of this, the periods of fruiting will shift.
When the Radonezh cherry tree matures, the agricultural technology can be slightly changed. For example, it is worth increasing the number of waterings - at least three times per season. You should also focus on climatic and weather conditions, on the amount of precipitation and the duration of dry periods. Only taking into account all the external features, as well as taking into account the state of planting, it will be possible to create the most favorable irrigation schedule that will meet all planting requirements.
The first watering of Radonezh cherries should be appointed at the time when the flowering ends. The second time the cherries are watered after the fruits have gradually filled in, and when they begin to ripen gradually. At this time, they really need watering so that they can become juicy and large - what corresponds to varietal indicators and characteristics. The third watering should be carried out at the very beginning of October, after the leaves have fallen off, and the planting will need to be prepared for the winter period.
It should be remembered loosening soil after irrigation during the entire growing season.Also, the trunk circle should be not only loose (to allow oxygen and moisture to pass through), but also cleaned of weeds and other excess vegetation. This may not have the best effect on the state of the plantings, on their characteristics and properties, and therefore it is still worthwhile to pay as much attention as possible to some issues and points that are related to the hygiene and aesthetics of the sites.
Let's talk a little about dressing. In the first couple of years, planting will not need any fertilizers and top dressing at all, for the reason that they will be saturated with all the necessary substances and components from the saturated and ennobled soil. But after two or three years, it is still necessary to start making additional fertilizing and substances so that the planting can feel much more comfortable.
Usually fertilizers are applied in the autumn, before the gardener prescribes a deep digging of the personal plot. So, for one cherry tree, we need to apply potash fertilizers, phosphorus fertilizers (all these dressings are applied mainly in dry form). In the early spring period, it is necessary to make the soil saturated with nitrogen-containing components.
This will require about fifty grams of dressings, which will be ideal for saturating the planting and creating the most favorable conditions for it. You should not be zealous with feeding, as you can overfeed the planting quite strongly and harm it. And in general, experienced gardeners say that it is better not to feed the planting than to create conditions of satiety for it, in which the cherry will experience discomfort.
When the Radonezh cherry reaches the age of two years, then you should begin to exercise shaping crowns. For this, the twigs are pruned. They carefully examine the planting, shorten the growths so that the plant looks not only neat, but also healthy.
If the Radonezh cherry becomes very old, then gardeners are advised to carry out anti-aging pruning. Thanks to her, the tree can be given a second life. It should be borne in mind that, in principle, trees tolerate these procedures quite calmly and normally recover after pruning and shaping.
Frost protection Is another important condition that must be maintained by gardeners. The fact is that the winter period can be very harsh, both for adult plants and for young seedlings.
Therefore, it is necessary to protect plantings using materials such as glass wool and roofing material, reeds, spruce forests, thick paper.
If the trunk has been damaged by rodents, pests or mechanically by the gardener himself, then the place of damage is carefully cleaned with a knife, smeared with garden pitch to prevent further penetration of infection into the bark.
From above, it is better to tie up the trunk with dense material that will allow a small amount of air to pass through. In general, if you create such conditions for planting, you can reduce the risk of injury, freezing or other negative manifestations from the planting side.
Cherry Radonezh: photo of the variety
Let's talk a little about what they are pests, and how they can be dangerous to the cherry tree. In general, the variety is quite resistant, and with all this, it is quite rarely affected by such common diseases as moniliosis or coccomycosis, which can lead to the inevitable death of the plant.
Rodents can attack the landing, but not very often. The thing is that the bark of the tree is bitter, and with its taste, it does not attract rodents or other pests at all. This is another plus of planting, as it can regenerate itself.
Cherry Radonezh: reviews of gardeners
Victoria Andreevna, Samara region: "I distinguish this cherry variety among others (I have about 4 different cherry varieties), since Radonezh cherry not only gives a bountiful harvest, but can also look incredibly decorative and attractive precisely because of its excellent looking tree, especially during flowering."
Alexandra Viktorovna, Moscow region: “The versatility of the cherry variety amazes and pleases at the same time. The fact is that I make jams, and various desserts, and even wines from Radonezh cherries. And of course, fresh, they are no less tastes. "
Maxim Gennadievich, Leningrad region: “The Radonezh cherry tree grows very large, which makes care and harvesting problematic. It is also necessary to correctly and accurately form the crown, to prevent its thickening. Only in this case it is possible to create the most healthy and beautiful tree with our own hands. "