The article presents a commemorative cherry - a description of the variety, main characteristics, recommendations for planting, growing, care.
Cherry Commemorative: variety description
Cherry Commemorative: photo of the variety
Commemorative cherry is a rather special variety. It was obtained as a result of crossing two legendary varieties - Gift to the 50th anniversary of October and Pamyat Vavilov. As a result, a completely new and special variety has turned out, which is distinguished by its unique characteristics and properties. This variety has been in the framework of the state test since 2004, but has already managed to get the hearts of a considerable number of fans from different parts of our country. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is of medium density, although experienced gardeners emphasize that the planting really looks quite interesting and remarkable.
Fruits of the cherry variety Memorial are formed large, rounded, colored in a dark red shade. The juice also turns out to be red, very aromatic and really tasty. The fruits of the Commemorative cherry contain a large amount of nutrients and components, vitamins and minerals, and in general they are excellent for organizing both dietary and baby food.
Cherry Commemorative: photo of the variety
On young trees of the Pamyatnaya cherry variety, cracks on the trunk can form. Thanks to it, you can notice the formation of new shiny pieces of the cover, which are painted in silver or brownish shades. The gray bark that has aged can be carefully removed, but must not be damaged. The stem is florid, sometimes some shoots can grow right deep into the crown, so the gardener should be very careful about caring activities, cut off plants, shoots, shorten them so that some disease-causing manifestations, bacteria and microorganisms do not begin to develop due to the thickening of the crown.
In general, the shoots that the Pamyatnaya cherry tree gives are straight, can be elongated, with pronounced internodes. Initially, they turn greenish or brown, but later, over time, the color changes to reddish. A large number of pronounced glands appear on the shoots, which also indicate the active development of planting, and that the gardener should carefully look after them. The glands give the planting additional nutrition, they must be strong and strong, so that the tree, if something happens, can safely fight bacteria and pests, infectious and fungal diseases. But we will talk about such a struggle a little later. Vegetative buds reach six millimeters in size, have an elongated shape, more like an egg. The tip of the buds is pointed, the vitality of the entire planting will depend on their healthy appearance, vitality and quantity.
The cherry variety Memorable also has so-called generative buds. They are slightly smaller in size than the main ones - about four millimeters, and generally have the same shape and color. Cherry leaves are round, quite standard in shape and size, as leaves of other varieties and varieties of cherry plantings. The top of the leaves is slightly pointed, the consistency is leathery, dense, the leaves generally look quite attractive and decorative, especially when they all bloom at once in the spring. Gardeners note the attractiveness and beauty of the plant, indicate that they really look very cool and interesting. The length of the leaves can be up to ten centimeters, and the width ranges from four to six centimeters.These are the dimensional indicators of larger and older plantings, of course, when the seedling is still very young, its size is not so abundant and large.
The outer side of the leaves is smooth and shiny, colored in a rich and deep green hue. There is a slight concavity, which is mainly located in the central vein. But the inner side of the leaves is not so bright - it is rather pale, has a pinkish center at the vein. On the sides, you can feel the pubescence of the leaves, hairiness is a feature of the planting of the cherry variety, and in general, the appearance of the leaves does not change in any global way from this.
Leaf petioles - their size is up to twenty millimeters. Their color is dusty, dirty pink, the thickness is medium, but at the same time the leaves are firmly held on the petioles, they do not crumble (unless the planting gets sick or is in an unsatisfactory condition due to the fact that it lacks nutrition and care from the gardener). There are no stipules in the variety, the glands may be in small quantities, or not at all, it all depends rather on the climatic and natural conditions in which this cherry variety grows. Flowers can be arranged singly, or they can form in inflorescences of two or three beautiful flowers. The flowers are quite large and abundant on their own, they can reach 4.5 centimeters in diameter. They stand out against the background of many other varieties and plantings, especially during flowering. At first they are painted in a white shade, but then it gradually changes to a delicate, pink, incredibly attractive. It is worth noting that, in principle, gardeners value cherries very much precisely due to the fact that they not only give a bountiful harvest, but can also look incredibly decorative and attractive precisely because of an excellent looking tree, especially during flowering.
The petals can be corrugated, with uneven edges, or they can be spoon-shaped. The pistil is located or next to, on the same level with the stamen, or it can be slightly lowered. The stamens reach a centimeter in length, but the length of the pistil is about one and a half centimeters. They stand out perfectly against the background of the flower, they also look a little contrasting and, at the same time, quite festive. The most important thing is that they take an active part in the pollination of the tree and, accordingly, can be quite bright representatives of a self-fertile culture, but this should be discussed a little later. Next, we will tell you a little about the fruiting that characterizes the Memorable cherry: a description of cherry fruits, their size and shape, as well as the level of versatility in purpose and use.
Fruits on the tree of the Pamyatnaya cherry variety are formed quite large - what corresponds to the cherry variety. They have a flat-round shape, the skin is painted in a deep maroon shade. On average, the mass of one cherry berry can be about six grams, the pulp is homogeneous in its own structure, average if you evaluate the density, but many say that the fruits are quite hard and dense. The pulp also turns dark red, the juice turns out to be rich in color, and just as tasty in terms of taste. The stalk is shortened, but rather thick, strong, it can be easily plucked when the fruits reach their consumer maturity, but in other situations, in principle, the fruits do not crumble, and this is a huge plus. The stone is of medium size, it is separated from the pulp by half, but in general, gardeners do not encounter special difficulties in processing the crop, and this is a huge plus.
The berries of the Commemorative cherry have a pleasant sweet and sour taste, not cloying. The versatility means that cherries can be eaten immediately after they have been harvested from the site, or, in principle, they can be consumed when they are processed.In addition, you can make preserves and jams, drinks - juices, wine, compotes. The taste of cherries goes well with the taste of other fruits and fruits, which is also a noticeable plus. Gardeners highly appreciate the Memorable cherry variety due to the fact that it is completely unpretentious and not capricious. We will talk about agricultural technology and planting, about leaving later in this article.
Cherry Commemorative: photo of the variety
The cherry variety Pamyatnaya has several bright and key characteristics that you should definitely pay attention to just in order to be able to decide for yourself whether the gardener wants to see this planting on his own plot, or he would like to take other varieties and seedlings, which will be beneficial to him. The cherry of the variety in question is characterized as a mid-season variety, the fruits ripen in July, but if a tree is planted in the southern region, then it is highly likely that the fruits will reach their consumer maturity at the end of June, which means that gardeners will get ripe and tasty berries much earlier. Many indicators also depend directly on how the planting was grafted. If it was a grafting on an antipoke, then the fruiting of cherries begins in the fourth or fifth year after the seedling is planted in open ground. Also, this vaccine will be characterized by its early maturity at a very high level. Of course, here the choice of vaccination and when exactly he would like to get his own harvest will depend on the gardeners themselves.
Cherry Commemorative also gives a bountiful and very regular harvest, it is very high quality and quite tasty. Almost sixteen kilograms of harvest can be harvested from one tree in adulthood, and gardeners note that sometimes this is not the highest indicator, that the yield can be even higher. But here it all depends on the conditions under which the cherry variety grows, whether the gardener himself was able to give the planting everything that she needed so much, and how far the agricultural technology was followed in accordance with all the rules and regulations. It is important to know the very subtle aspects and nuances of plant care, and if you take these points into account, it will be possible to get a harvest even where the initially climatic conditions are not too favorable. Next, we will just dwell in more detail on the description of the plant and on how to take care of the plantings in the future.
The fruits of the Pamyatnaya cherry variety are distinguished by a high level of quality, since each cherry is very elastic, bright, sweet, without any unpleasant or tart flavors. Gardeners appreciate the Pamyatnaya cherry variety very highly also due to the fact that, in general, these plantings are of high quality and universal. The fruits are excellent fresh, they are great in taste with other berries or fruits. They can be used to prepare food and drinks, juices and wines, compotes, sauces, preserves and jams. It is also worth saying that the fruits contain a large amount of useful substances - acids, vitamins, trace elements, peptides. All of them have a beneficial effect on the general condition of the human body, can help fight diseases, increasing immunity and stress resistance. The variety can be grown in private household plots, and can be cultivated on a large industrial scale. With all this, the fruits are perfectly stored for a long time, they can be transported over long distances.
Planting cherry varieties Commemorative
Saplings of the Commemorative Cherry are chosen only by those that have vitality, which do not have any damage. It is best to take biennial seedlings, as it will be easier for them to adapt to new conditions and take root. The choice of time for planting (autumn or spring) depends mainly on the region in which the planting will grow.If this is the southern part of Russia, then planting can be scheduled for autumn, but if this is the central or northern part, then it is recommended to plant seedlings here in the spring. Then they will surely have time to adapt, will not be frozen, and in general they will feel as comfortable as possible.
Before planting, seedlings of the Pamyatnaya cherry variety are carefully examined for damage or disease. If suddenly the root system or its parts were affected, then they must be carefully removed. The cut sites must be treated with activated carbon so that bacteria no longer penetrate there. Next, the seedling is sent into the open ground, it is planted in a hole, a peg is installed next to it. The peg is necessary in order to support the planting, as well as so that the seedling does not break or be damaged by a gust of winds. The root collar should protrude about three to four centimeters above the ground surface.
- the gardener selects healthy and full-fledged seedlings, examines them from all sides. Before planting, the seedlings are placed in a growth stimulator - root for several hours
- the seedling is placed in a pre-prepared hole, which is filled with fertile soil. A peg is driven into the center, which will become the future support for planting. Around the peg, the mixture is poured in the form of a mound, the seedling itself is installed on the mound. Experienced gardeners recommend planting not alone, but together - one person will support the seedling from above, and the second will gently spread the roots
- then soil is poured onto the roots, this should be done carefully, constantly shaking the seedling. This must be done so that air pockets do not form around the roots, which will lead to the formation of cavities and the development of pathogenic bacteria.
- the seedling is tied to a peg, do it carefully. This can be done from the north side of the peg strictly vertically - the seedling should not deviate anywhere, otherwise this will lead to the fact that the tree will grow unevenly and unevenly. Then the gardener monitors how the seedling takes root, how it adapts and takes root in new conditions. It is extremely important to maintain the vital activity of the planting, to mulch the near-trunk circle. Mulch serves several functions - it protects the planting from attack from bacteria, and also prevents moisture from evaporating from the soil too quickly. In addition, thanks to the mulch, the required amount of heat is retained in the soil, which is also very important for the general condition of the planting.
After the planting of a sapling of the Memorable cherry variety has been completed, an earthen roller should be made around the entire circumference. It should be located about 25 centimeters from the main trunk, and thanks to this, the roller will indicate the space for full watering of the plant. It is recommended to water the seedlings with settled water at room temperature. In general, the root system of a plant is considered very delicate and vulnerable, and therefore it is still recommended to be very careful about both the watering process and the feeding.
Cherry Commemorative: variety care
Let's talk a little about top dressing. In the first couple of years, Cherry Pamyatnaya will not need fertilization and dressing at all, for the reason that they will be saturated with all the necessary substances and components from the saturated and ennobled soil. But after two or three years, it is still necessary to start making additional fertilizing and substances so that the planting can feel much more comfortable. Usually fertilizers are applied in the autumn, before the gardener prescribes a deep digging of the personal plot. So, for one cherry tree, we need to apply potash fertilizers, phosphorus fertilizers (all these dressings are applied mainly in dry form).
In the early spring period, it is necessary to make the soil saturated with nitrogen-containing components.This will require about fifty grams of dressings, which will be ideal for saturating the planting and creating the most favorable conditions for it. You should not be zealous with feeding, as you can overfeed the planting quite strongly and harm it. And in general, experienced gardeners say that it is better not to feed the planting than to create conditions of satiety for it, in which the cherry will experience discomfort. But if satiety suddenly occurred, then it is recommended to leave the planting alone for a while, not to make any top dressing, so as not to make it even worse. Gradually, the tree will rest, recover.
When the Commemorative cherry reaches the age of two years, then the formation of the crown should begin. For this, the twigs are pruned. They carefully examine the planting, shorten the growths so that the plant looks not only neat, but also healthy. If the cherry becomes very old, then gardeners are advised to carry out anti-aging pruning. Thanks to her, the tree can be given a second life. It should be borne in mind that, in principle, trees tolerate these procedures quite calmly and normally recover after pruning and shaping. Frost protection is another important condition that must be maintained by gardeners. The fact is that the winter period can be very harsh, both for adult plants and for young seedlings. Therefore, it is necessary to protect plantings using materials such as glass wool and roofing material, reeds, spruce forests, thick paper. If the trunk has been damaged by rodents, pests or mechanically by the gardener himself, then the place of damage is carefully cleaned with a knife, smeared with garden pitch to prevent further penetration of infection into the bark. From above, it is better to tie up the trunk with dense material that will allow a small amount of air to pass through.
In general, it should be said that a sapling of the Pamyatnaya cherry variety is a fairly good option, especially if the gardener plans to plant cherries in the Central Region. The fruits are quite versatile, they can be used in order to be consumed fresh, or you can prepare a large number of dishes, drinks and preparations from them. Most importantly, cherries have a very high flavor profile and go well with other berries and fruits. I would also like to note that, in general, cherries are also a very useful product that is prescribed for organizing dietary and baby food.
This is a medium-sized tree that is easy to care for, and it looks very attractive. If the gardener observes all the subtleties in the selection of seedlings, in planting and subsequent care, the result will pleasantly surprise gardeners. Cherries of the Memory variety look very appetizing, they are colored red, the juice from them is the same red, aromatic and tasty.