Cherry is considered one of the most popular crops, which today is incredibly in demand in horticulture and horticulture. The breeders understood perfectly well that gardeners have a need for a large number of completely new varieties and, taking this moment into account, they began to breed new varieties of cherries with their own characteristics and characteristics. So, the Nadezhda cherry became widespread, which gardeners really liked.
This is due to the fact that the fruits of the Nadezhda cherries are very tasty and healthy, as well as the fact that in general it is a very unpretentious and undemanding planting, which really deserves attention. In this article, we will dwell in more detail on the most basic characteristics of the cherry variety, talk about how to choose seedlings, plant and take care of the Nadezhda cherry variety in such a way as to get an excellent and very good result, while not wasting either material or physical planes.
Cherry Nadezhda: variety description
Cherry variety Nadezhda was bred within the framework of the Rossosh Zonal Experimental Station, where specialists were just focused on creating completely new, innovative varieties with their own characteristics and properties.
The creator of the cherry variety Nadezhda is the renowned breeder A.Ya. Voronchikhin, who is also the author of several more cherry and cherry varieties. The new variety was obtained by free pollination of cherry flowers of another rather outstanding variety - Griot Ostheim.
Previously, the pollinators of the Nadezhda cherries were mixed with the Likernaya and Severnaya varieties, so that the resulting variety became even more intense and bright in taste. Of course, it took quite a long time before the variety became familiar, before all state tests passed.
In 1995, the cherry variety Nadezhda was finally included in the list of the state register as recommended for cultivation and distribution in the Central Black Earth Region. It is easy to guess that this did not stop gardeners at all, and very soon the variety very quickly spread to many other areas and regions.
Also, the cherry of Nadezhda perfectly takes root in those places where initially the climate was not considered somehow too stable and uniform - there were sharp temperature changes, in general, the plantings could be attacked by pests and pathogenic bacteria.
But the Nadezhda cherry quickly proved its resistance to such conditions, and therefore it is so fond of gardeners in different parts of our country. It is also worth saying that some other cherry varieties are very common in the Central Black Earth Region, among which - Turgenevka and Kharitonovskaya, Sap and Chocolate girl... All of them have their own features and characteristics, but we will focus specifically on the description of the cherry variety Nadezhda.
External characteristics of the cherry variety Nadezhda
I would like, of course, to dwell in more detail on the description of the external characteristics of the variety, the tree and the fruits themselves.
Trees cherries Nadezhda belong to a vigorous planting, which can reach a height of six meters. But the height can be different, if only for the reason that, in general, different conditions, different care, different technical and agrotechnical capabilities and climate can affect the planting, its abundance, tallness and many other indicators, which can then become quite significant in this question.
Foliage the crown is quite good, has an average density, but if you take care of the planting, planting it in the most favorable conditions, then there is a high probability that the tree will not only bear fruit, but it will also look incredibly decorative and attractive.
Crown in its shape it can be round, and it can be pyramidal. It all depends on how old the planting is, and also on whether the gardener himself will form it in accordance with his capabilities, skills and abilities. It is also worth saying that the formative pruning has a wonderful effect on the Nadezhda cherry, it recovers very quickly and looks quite decorative at the same time.
Stamp covered bark, painted in a dark gray shade. At first, while the tree is still young, the stem is a little rough, but with age, cracks can be seen on the bark, which at the same time do not at all indicate that planting a disease is a natural manifestation. The stem in general can be a little florid, like the branches, shoots that branch off from the cherry planting.
Cherry Nadezhda: photo of the variety
On young cherry trees of Nadezhda, a crack may form on the trunk. Thanks to it, you can notice the formation of new shiny pieces of the cover, which are painted in silver or brownish shades. The gray bark that has aged can be carefully removed, but must not be damaged.
The stem is florid, sometimes some shoots can grow right deep into the crown, so the gardener should be very careful about caring activities, cut off plants, shoots, shorten them so that some disease-causing manifestations, bacteria and microorganisms do not begin to develop due to the thickening of the crown.
Generally shoots, which the cherry tree Nadezhda gives - straight, can be elongated, with pronounced internodes. Initially, they turn greenish or brown, but later, over time, the color changes to reddish.
A large number of pronounced glands appear on the shoots, which also indicate the active development of planting, and that the gardener should carefully look after them. The glands give the planting additional nutrition, they must be strong and strong, so that the tree, if something happens, can safely fight bacteria and pests, infectious and fungal diseases.
But we will talk about such a struggle a little later. Vegetative buds reach six millimeters in size, have an elongated shape, more like an egg. The tip of the buds is pointed, the vitality of the entire planting will depend on their healthy appearance, vitality and quantity. The planting also has the so-called generative buds. They are slightly smaller in size than the main ones - about four millimeters, and generally have the same shape and color.
Leaves Nadezhda cherries are round, quite standard in shape and size, as the leaves of other varieties and varieties of cherry plantings. The top of the leaves is slightly pointed, the consistency is leathery, dense, the leaves generally look quite attractive and decorative, especially when they all bloom at once in the spring.
Gardeners note the attractiveness and beauty of the plant, indicate that they really look very cool and interesting. The length of the leaves can be up to ten centimeters, and the width ranges from four to six centimeters. These are the dimensional indicators of larger and older plantings, of course, when the seedling is still very young, its size is not so abundant and large.
The outer side of the cherry leaves Nadezhda is smooth and shiny, colored in a rich and deep green shade. There is a slight concavity, which is mainly located in the central vein. But the inner side of the leaves is not so bright - it is rather pale, has a pinkish center at the vein.
On the sides, you can feel the pubescence of the leaves, the hairiness is a feature of the planting of the cherry variety, and in general, the appearance of the leaves does not change in any global way from this.
Leaf petioles - their size is up to twenty millimeters. Their color is dusty, dirty pink, the thickness is medium, but at the same time the leaves are firmly held on the petioles, they do not crumble (unless the planting gets sick or is in an unsatisfactory condition due to the fact that it lacks nutrition and care from the gardener).
There are no stipules in the variety, glands may be in small quantities, or not at all, it all depends rather on the climatic and natural conditions in which this cherry variety grows.
Flowers can be located singly, and can form in inflorescences of two or three beautiful flowers. The flowers are quite large and abundant on their own, they can reach 4.5 centimeters in diameter. They stand out against the background of many other varieties and plantings, especially during flowering. At first they are painted in a white shade, but then it gradually changes to a delicate, pink, incredibly attractive.
Cherry Nadezhda: photo of the variety
It is worth noting that, in principle, gardeners highly value the Nadezhda cherry variety precisely because it not only gives a bountiful harvest, but can also look incredibly decorative and attractive precisely because of an excellent looking tree, especially during flowering.
Petals can be corrugated, with uneven edges, and can be spoon-shaped. The pistil is located or next to, on the same level with the stamen, or it can be slightly lowered. The stamens reach a centimeter in length, but the length of the pistil is about one and a half centimeters. They stand out perfectly against the background of the flower, they also look a little contrasting and, at the same time, quite festive.
Most importantly, they take an active part in the pollination of Nadezhda cherries and, accordingly, can be quite bright representatives of a self-fertile culture, but this should be discussed a little later. Next, we will tell you a little about what cherry fruits are, what their size and shape are, as well as the level of versatility in purpose and use.
Fruit rather large ones are formed on the tree - what corresponds to the cherry variety. They have a flat-round shape, the skin is painted in a deep maroon shade. On average, the mass of one cherry berry can be about six grams, the pulp is homogeneous in its own structure, average if you evaluate the density, but many say that the fruits are quite hard and dense.
Pulp cherries Nadezhda also turns dark red, the juice is rich in color, and just as tasty in terms of taste. The stalk is shortened, but rather thick, strong, it can be easily plucked when the fruits reach their consumer maturity, but in other situations, in principle, the fruits do not crumble, and this is a huge plus.
Bone is of medium size, it is separated from the pulp by half, but in general, gardeners do not face special difficulties in processing the crop, and this is a huge plus.
Berries have a pleasant sweet and sour taste, not cloying.
The universal purpose means that cherries of the Nadezhda variety can be eaten immediately after the harvest has been harvested from the site, or, in principle, they can be consumed when they are processed. In addition, you can make preserves and jams, drinks - juices, wine, compotes.
Taste cherries Nadezhda goes well with the taste of other fruits and fruits, which is also a noticeable plus. Gardeners appreciate the variety very much due to the fact that it is completely unpretentious and not capricious. We will talk about agricultural technology and planting, about leaving further within the framework of this article.
Cherry variety Nadezhda - features of cultivation
The cherry variety Nadezhda has several bright and key characteristics that you should definitely pay attention to just in order to be able to decide for yourself - whether the gardener wants to see this planting on his own site, or he would like to take other varieties and seedlings, which will be beneficial to him.
Cherry Nadezhda is characterized as a mid-season variety, the fruits ripen in July, but if a tree is planted in the southern region, then there is a high probability that the fruits will reach their consumer maturity at the end of June, which means that gardeners will receive ripe and tasty berries much earlier.
Many indicators also depend directly on how the planting was grafted. If it was a graft on an antipoke, then the fruiting of cherries begins in the fourth or fifth year after the seedling is planted in open ground. Also, this vaccine will be characterized by its early maturity at a very high level. Of course, here the choice of vaccination and when exactly he would like to get his own harvest will depend on the gardeners himself.
Cherry Nadezhda also gives a bountiful and very regular harvest, it is very high quality and quite tasty. Almost sixteen kilograms of harvest can be harvested from one tree in adulthood, and gardeners note that sometimes this is not the highest indicator, that the yield can be even higher.
But here it all depends on the conditions in which the cherry variety grows, whether the gardener himself was able to give the planting everything that she needed so much, and how far the agricultural technology was followed in accordance with all the rules and regulations.
It is important to know the very subtle aspects and nuances of plant care, and if you take these points into account, it will be possible to get a harvest even where the initially climatic conditions are not too favorable.
Next, we will just dwell in more detail on the description of the plant and on how to take care of the plantings in the future.
Cherry planting Nadezhda perfectly tolerate frost and the winter period, but if suddenly the frosts are very strong, then the flower buds can freeze and die. This does not directly affect the yield of the variety in the most positive way, so it is still recommended to plant in more favorable conditions in order to get an appropriate decent result.
Cherry Nadezhda - planting, agrotechnical requirements and care
Cherry Nadezhda perfectly takes root on light and loose soils. If we talk about the soil composition, then, as a rule, cherries generally feel great in medium loamy soil mixtures.
The acid reaction should be neutral, and the soil should be such that moisture does not stagnate in it. Due to stagnation, the root system can experience severe stress, plantings will grow several times slower than expected. And, in principle, there is a high probability that the roots will begin to be affected by putrefactive and fungal growths, which will lead not only to a decrease in immunity, but also to the death of the planting as a whole.
Landing pits in depth should be up to half a meter, and their diameter varies from half a meter to sixty centimeters. Again, one should focus on the size of the seedling itself, on the size of the root system - the roots should be comfortable in the hole, not cramped, there should be free space.
If this is not a single, but a group planting, then there should be a distance between the seedlings, which is about three meters. In general, it should be borne in mind that plantings need enough space in order to grow normally and actively develop.
In addition, when the trees grow taller, they will not shade each other, which means that each cherry will get sunlight and space for growth and development.
When a gardener prepares a hole, the soil he pulls out of it must be mixed with humus in a 1: 1 ratio.
You can also add potassium chloride, superphosphate, ash there to normalize the general condition of the soil and make it more saturated and nutritious for cherry growth. If suddenly the site has a heavy and clayey soil, then river sand should be added to it before planting cherries.
Thanks to him, the soil will become looser, and this will have a beneficial effect on future planting. The plant needs the root system to be constantly saturated with moisture and oxygen, because only thanks to this the roots will not start to rot, and pathogenic bacteria will not develop on them.
Before disembarking Cherry seedlings Nadezhda are carefully examined for damage or disease. If suddenly the root system or its parts were affected, then they must be carefully removed. The cut sites must be treated with activated carbon so that bacteria no longer penetrate there.
Next, the seedling is sent into the open ground, it is planted in a hole, a peg is installed next to it. The peg is necessary in order to support the planting, as well as so that the seedling does not break or be damaged by a gust of winds. The root collar should protrude about three to four centimeters above the ground surface.
The complete landing algorithm is as follows:
- the gardener selects healthy and full-fledged seedlings, examines them from all sides. Before planting, the seedlings are placed in a growth stimulator - root for several hours;
- the seedling is placed in a pre-prepared hole, which is filled with fertile soil. A peg is driven into the center, which will become the future support for planting. Around the peg, the mixture is poured in the form of a mound, the seedling itself is installed on the mound. Experienced gardeners recommend planting not alone, but together - one person will support the seedling from above, and the second will gently spread the roots;
- then soil is poured onto the roots, this should be done carefully, constantly shaking the seedling. This must be done so that air pockets do not form around the roots, which will lead to the formation of cavities and the development of pathogenic bacteria;
- the seedling is tied to a peg, do it carefully. This can be done from the north side of the peg strictly vertically - the seedling should not deviate anywhere, otherwise this will lead to the fact that the tree will grow unevenly and unevenly. Then the gardener monitors how the seedling takes root, how it adapts and takes root in new conditions. It is extremely important to maintain the vital activity of the planting, to mulch the near-trunk circle. Mulch serves several functions - it protects the planting from attack from bacteria, and also prevents moisture from evaporating from the soil too quickly. In addition, thanks to the mulch, the required amount of heat is retained in the soil, which is also very important for the general condition of the planting.
After the planting of the seedling has been completed, an earthen roller should be made around the entire circumference. It should be located about 25 centimeters from the main trunk, and thanks to this, the roller will indicate the space for full watering of the plant.
It is recommended to water the seedlings with settled water at room temperature. It is best not to use very cold water, as it will put a lot of stress on the planting. In general, the root system of the plant is considered very delicate and vulnerable, and therefore it is still recommended to be very careful about both the watering process and the feeding.
Cherry Nadezhda: photo of the variety
Cherry Nadezhda does not tolerate transplants, so initially the gardener should make sure that the landing site is as comfortable and well-lit as possible.
For watering One cherry seedling, the gardener will need about two or three buckets of water, but you should definitely take into account the temperature indicators and regimes, because otherwise the planting will feel less comfortable, and in general, the growth and development of this cherry seedling may noticeably slow down. Because of this, the periods of fruiting will shift.
When the cherry Nadezhda matures, the agricultural technique can be slightly changed. For example, it is worth increasing the number of waterings - at least three times per season.
You should also focus on climatic and weather conditions, on the amount of precipitation and the duration of dry periods. Only taking into account all the external features, as well as taking into account the state of planting, it will be possible to create the most favorable irrigation schedule that will meet all planting requirements.
The first watering should be scheduled at the time when flowering ends. The second time the cherries are watered after the fruits have gradually filled in, and when they begin to ripen gradually. At this time, they really need watering so that they can become juicy and large - what corresponds to varietal indicators and characteristics. The third watering should be carried out at the very beginning of October, after the leaves have fallen off, and the planting will need to be prepared for the winter period.
It should be remembered loosening soil after irrigation during the entire growing season. Also, the trunk circle should be not only loose (to allow oxygen and moisture to pass through), but also cleaned of weeds and other excess vegetation. This may not have the best effect on the state of the plantings, on their characteristics and properties, and therefore it is still worthwhile to pay as much attention as possible to some issues and points that are related to the hygiene and aesthetics of the sites.
I would like to say that there are step-by-step instructions for planting a cherry tree. If the gardener adheres to it, then he will increase the chances of creating a very rich, vigorous and productive plant. The most important thing is that, in general, even a gardener who does not have any specific and very rich experience in planting a plant can cope with this algorithm. Only by observing the conditions, the gardener will be able to achieve the maximum that the planting will be capable of.
But there are some points that you should definitely follow. These aspects include the following:
- the recommended time frame for planting a cherry tree;
- a suitable place in which the planting will feel comfortable and develop in accordance with the requirements of the variety;
- neighborhood with cherry planting;
- selection of healthy and viable planting material, preparation for planting in open ground;
- landing algorithm and subtleties;
- subsequent care of the plant so that the planting will live and bear fruit as long as possible, despite the external conditions and characteristics.
Let's talk a little about dressing. In the first couple of years, planting will not need fertilization and top dressing at all, for the reason that they will be saturated with all the necessary substances and components from the saturated and ennobled soil. But after two or three years, it is still necessary to start making additional fertilizing and substances so that the planting can feel much more comfortable.
Cherry Nadezhda: photo of the variety
Fertilizers are usually applied in autumn period, before the gardener assigns a deep digging of the personal plot. So, for one cherry tree, we need to apply potash fertilizers, phosphorus fertilizers (all these dressings are applied mainly in dry form). In the early spring period, it is necessary to make the soil saturated with nitrogen-containing components.
This will require about fifty grams of dressings, which will be ideal for saturating the planting and creating the most favorable conditions for it. You should not be zealous with feeding, as you can overfeed the planting quite strongly and harm it. And in general, experienced gardeners say that it is better not to feed the planting than to create conditions of satiety for it, in which the cherry will experience discomfort.
When the Nadezhda cherry reaches the age of two years, then you should begin to exercise shaping crowns. For this, the twigs are pruned. They carefully examine the planting, shorten the growths so that the plant looks not only neat, but also healthy. If the cherry becomes very old, then gardeners are advised to carry out anti-aging pruning. Thanks to her, the tree can be given a second life.
It should be borne in mind that, in principle, trees tolerate these procedures quite calmly and normally recover after pruning and shaping.
Frost protection Is another important condition that must be maintained by gardeners. The fact is that the winter period can be very harsh, both for adult plants and for young seedlings. Therefore, it is necessary to protect plantings using materials such as glass wool and roofing felt, reeds, spruce forests, thick paper.
If the trunk has been damaged by rodents, pests or mechanically by the gardener himself, then the place of damage is carefully cleaned with a knife, smeared with garden pitch to prevent further penetration of infection into the bark. From above, it is better to tie up the trunk with dense material that will allow a small amount of air to pass through. In general, if you create such conditions for planting, you can reduce the risk of injury, freezing or other negative manifestations from the side of planting.
Let's talk a little about what they are pests, and how they can be dangerous to the cherry tree. In general, the Nadezhda cherry is quite resistant, and with all this, it is quite rarely affected by such common diseases as moniliosis or coccomycosis, which can lead to the inevitable death of the plant.
Rodents can attack Nadezhda cherries, but not very often. The thing is that the bark of the tree is bitter, and with its taste, it does not attract rodents or other pests at all. This is another plus of planting, as it can regenerate itself.
The disadvantage of cherries Hope is that the tree turns out to be very tall, it is quite problematic to care for it, and it is not easy to harvest the resulting crop. Sometimes the fruits can crumble, but in rare cases - usually gardeners manage to collect most of the crop, preserving it and using it for universal purposes.
In general, if the gardener maintains all these conditions, then there is a high probability of getting a very decent and tasty crop of Nadezhda cherries. The most important thing is to simply take into account the needs of the variety, its characteristics and properties.
You should not independently carry out any work to support the cherry of Nadezhda, you should also not interfere with his life when there is no need for it. Only thanks to timely care in accordance with all the rules will you get a healthy, beautiful, decorative and productive cherry tree that will have a long life in a variety of climatic and temperature conditions.