Cherry Mtsenskaya is the main character of today's article. The variety was obtained by artificial crossing of two other rather popular varieties - Zhukovskaya and Lyubskaya, and therefore it took, perhaps, the most striking features from the parent crops.
Cherry Mtsenskaya: description of the variety, characteristics
The authors of the Mtsenskaya cherry variety are renowned breeders who have authored several other incredibly popular varieties - A.F. Kolesnikova, E.N. Dzhigadlo, G.B. Zhdanova, A.V. Zavyalova, T.A. Trofimova.
The Mtsenskaya cherry variety was added to the state register in 2005, and was originally intended for planting in the Central region. But later the planting began to spread and cultivated in other areas, which aroused interest from other gardeners and gardeners.
Cherry Mtsenskaya has trees of medium height, which reach a height of three meters, sometimes a little less. The crown is raised, spherical, becomes more spreading over time, but due to the fact that it bends slightly under the weight of the crop.
The crown density is average; during flowering, the trees look incredibly attractive due to the fact that the plantings themselves are really distinguished by their abundance, stability, and also excellent spring flowering.
The harvest is plentiful, versatile, the fruits are also suitable for processing, they can be combined to taste with other berries and fruits, creating incredible flavoring ensembles. Domestic varieties are generally considered one of the most successful and really interesting both in terms of yield and in terms of further use of fruits.
Cherry Mtsenskaya: external characteristics and features
Let's talk a little more about what the Mtsenskaya cherry is, about its external characteristics and features.
Fruit Mtsensk cherries are medium-sized, rounded, very juicy and sweet, but we will deal with their description a little later. Let's just say that the fruits have a universal purpose, which means that in general they can be used and eaten fresh, or you can cook a large number of preparations and dishes from them.
Taste fruit can also be safely stored if each fruit is frozen for later use. But this largely depends on how the gardener himself considers it necessary to handle the harvested. Tasters assess the taste characteristics of the fruit at a solid four points out of five, saying that the acid leaves the berries only upon reaching consumer maturity, that is, almost complete ripening of the fruit.
But overall, this variety is quite convenient and preferable, so it really deserves attention. Considering that the fruits can ripen for a very long time, and their taste does not always reach perfection, it is possible, in principle, to use cherries for technical processing, for the preparation of compotes and juices, wine, combining berries with other fruits and fruits.
In general, cherries are quite attractive, have excellent taste and appearance characteristics, so that in general they can be grown not only in private household plots, but also on a wider industrial scale.
The rather attractive appearance of the landings should also be of interest. Crown in its shape it can be round, and it can be pyramidal.It all depends on how old the planting is, and also on whether the gardener himself will form it in accordance with his capabilities, skills and abilities.
It is also worth saying that formative pruning has a wonderful effect on the plant, it recovers very quickly and looks quite decorative at the same time. Stam covered with dark gray bark. At first, while the tree is still young, the stem is a little rough, but with age, cracks can be seen on the bark, which at the same time do not at all indicate that planting a disease is a natural manifestation. The stem in general can be a little florid, like the branches, shoots that branch off from the cherry planting.
On young trees, a crackle may form on the trunk. Thanks to it, you can notice the formation of new shiny pieces of the cover, which are painted in silver or brownish shades. The gray bark that has aged can be carefully removed, but must not be damaged.
The stem is florid, sometimes some shoots can grow right deep into the crown, so the gardener should be very careful about caring activities, cut off plants, shoots, shorten them so that some disease-causing manifestations, bacteria and microorganisms do not begin to develop due to the thickening of the crown.
In general, the shoots that the tree gives are straight, can be elongated, with pronounced internodes. Initially, they turn greenish or brown, but later, over time, the color changes to reddish. A large number of pronounced glands appear on the shoots, which also indicate the active development of planting, and that the gardener should carefully look after them.
The glands give the planting additional nutrition, they must be strong and strong, so that the tree, if something happens, can safely fight bacteria and pests, infectious and fungal diseases. But we will talk about such a struggle a little later.
Vegetative buds reach six millimeters in size, have an elongated shape, more like an egg. The tip of the buds is pointed, the vitality of the entire planting will depend on their healthy appearance, vitality and quantity.
The planting also has the so-called generative buds. They are slightly smaller in size than the main ones - about four millimeters, and generally have the same shape and color.
Cherry Mtsenskaya: Photo of the variety
Leaves cherries are round, quite standard in shape and size, as the leaves of other varieties and varieties of cherry plantings. The top of the leaves is slightly pointed, the consistency is leathery, dense, the leaves generally look quite attractive and decorative, especially when they all bloom at once in the spring.
Gardeners note the attractiveness and beauty of the plant, indicate that they really look very cool and interesting. The length of the leaves can be up to ten centimeters, and the width ranges from four to six centimeters. These are the dimensional indicators of larger and older plantings, of course, when the seedling is still very young, its size is not so abundant and large.
The outer side of the leaves is smooth and shiny, colored in a rich and deep green hue. There is a slight concavity, which is mainly located in the central vein. But the inner side of the leaves is not so bright - it is rather pale, has a pinkish center at the vein. On the sides, you can feel the pubescence of the leaves, the hairiness is a feature of the planting of the cherry variety, and in general, the appearance of the leaves does not change in any global way from this.
Leaf petioles - their size is up to twenty millimeters.Their color is dusty, dirty pink, the thickness is medium, but at the same time the leaves are firmly held on the petioles, they do not crumble (unless the planting gets sick or is in an unsatisfactory condition due to the fact that it lacks nutrition and care from the gardener). There are no stipules in the variety, glands may be in small quantities, or not at all, it all depends rather on the climatic and natural conditions in which this cherry variety grows.
Flowers can be located singly, and can form in inflorescences of two or three beautiful flowers. The flowers are quite large and abundant on their own, they can reach 4.5 centimeters in diameter. They stand out against the background of many other varieties and plantings, especially during flowering. At first they are painted in a white shade, but then it gradually changes to a delicate, pink, incredibly attractive.
It is worth noting that, in principle, gardeners value cherries very much precisely due to the fact that they not only give a bountiful harvest, but can also look incredibly decorative and attractive precisely because of an excellent looking tree, especially during flowering.
The petals can be corrugated, with uneven edges, or they can be spoon-shaped. The pistil is located or next to, on the same level with the stamen, or it can be slightly lowered. The stamens reach a centimeter in length, but the length of the pistil is about one and a half centimeters. They stand out perfectly against the background of the flower, they also look a little contrasting and, at the same time, quite festive.
The most important thing is that they take an active part in the pollination of the tree and, accordingly, can be quite bright representatives of a self-fertile culture, but this should be discussed a little later. Next, we will tell you a little about what cherry fruits are, what their size and shape are, as well as the level of versatility in purpose and use.
Fruit rather large ones are formed on the tree - what corresponds to the cherry variety. They have a flat-round shape, the skin is painted in a deep maroon shade. On average, the mass of one cherry berry can be about six grams, the pulp is homogeneous in its own structure, average if you evaluate the density, but many say that the fruits are quite hard and dense.
The pulp also turns dark red, the juice is rich in color, and just as tasty in terms of taste. The stalk is shortened, but rather thick, strong, it can be easily plucked when the fruits reach their consumer maturity, but in other situations, in principle, the fruits do not crumble, and this is a huge plus. The stone is of medium size, it is separated from the pulp by half, but in general, gardeners do not encounter special difficulties in processing the crop, and this is a huge plus.
Berries have a pleasant sweet and sour taste, not cloying. The versatility means that cherries can be eaten immediately after they have been harvested from the site, or, in principle, they can be consumed when they are processed. In addition, you can make preserves and jams, drinks - juices, wine, compotes.
The taste of cherries goes well with the taste of other fruits and fruits, which is also a noticeable plus. Gardeners appreciate the variety very much due to the fact that it is completely unpretentious and not capricious. We will talk about agricultural technology and planting, about leaving later in this article.
The variety has several bright and key characteristics, which you should definitely pay attention to just in order to be able to decide for yourself - whether the gardener wants to see this planting on his own plot, or he would like to take other varieties and seedlings that will profitable to him.
Features of growing Mtsenskaya cherries
Cherry Mtsenskaya: Photo of the variety
Cherry Mtsenskaya is characterized as a mid-season variety, the fruits ripen in July, but if a tree is planted in the southern region, then there is a high probability that the fruits will reach their consumer maturity at the end of June, which means that gardeners will get ripe and tasty berries much earlier. Many indicators also depend directly on how the planting was grafted.
If it was a grafting on an antipoke, then the fruiting of cherries begins in the fourth or fifth year after the seedling is planted in open ground. Also, this vaccine will be characterized by its early maturity at a very high level. Of course, here the choice of vaccination and when exactly he would like to get his own harvest will depend on the gardeners himself.
Cherry Mtsenska also gives abundant and very regular harvest, it is very high quality and tasty enough. Almost sixteen kilograms of the crop can be harvested from one tree in adulthood, and gardeners note that sometimes this is not the highest indicator, that the yield can be even higher.
But here it all depends on the conditions under which the cherry variety grows, whether the gardener himself was able to give the planting everything that she needed so much, and how far the agricultural technology was followed in accordance with all the rules and regulations.
It is important to know the very subtle aspects and nuances in caring for Mtsenskaya cherries, and if we take these points into account, it will be possible to get a harvest even where the initially climatic conditions are not too favorable. Next, we will just dwell in more detail on the description of the plant and on how to take care of the plantings in the future.
The fruits are of a high level of quality, since each cherry is very firm, bright, sweet, without any unpleasant or tart flavors. Gardeners also value the variety very highly due to the fact that, in general, these plantings are of high quality and versatile.
The fruits are excellent fresh, they are great in taste with other berries or fruits. They can be used to prepare food and drinks, juices and wines, compotes, sauces, preserves and jams. It is also worth saying that the fruits contain a large amount of useful substances - acids, vitamins, trace elements, peptides.
All of them have a beneficial effect on the general condition of the human body, can help fight diseases, increasing immunity and stress resistance.
Cherry Mtsenskaya can be grown in private household plots, and can be cultivated on a large industrial scale. With all this, the fruits are perfectly stored for a long time, they can be transported over long distances.
In this regard, this variety is really very advantageous, because the gardener does not always have enough time to take care of the plantings, to give them everything they need, and therefore trees that are more or less independent in this regard are excellent helpers. Further, I would like to dwell in more detail on the description of caring activities, on the intricacies of planting and agrotechnical requirements.
Cherry Mtsenskaya is a winter-hardy variety that can withstand temperatures down to -38 degrees, and at the same time the buds and leaves will not be damaged. This means that the yield of the variety will remain absolutely stable and excellent. To return frosts, the culture is also quite calm, it can recover on its own if any dangerous damage suddenly appears.
Cherry variety Mtsenskaya - planting and subsequent care of the plant, its advantages and disadvantages
I would like to start with what advantages this variety has. The gardener should immediately understand what the strengths of planting are, but what it is recommended to pay special attention to in order to correct some points in agrotechnical terms as soon as possible.I would like to highlight several advantages and disadvantages of the variety, since they can have a serious impact on the opinion of the gardener himself, as well as on his choice directly in favor of this variety.
Among merits varieties can be distinguished as follows:
- frost resistance of cherry planting - a seedling and an adult tree can safely tolerate a drop in temperature to -25 degrees, and show absolutely no negative reactions to such changes in the climate;
- berries have a universal purpose - they can be used immediately after being removed fresh, or you can prepare dishes, desserts, preserves and jams from them, compotes, drinks, juices, wines;
- the variety is resistant to the most common diseases and is practically not attacked by pests, insects and rodents;
- the variety can be propagated in different ways - rootstocks, seeds, vegetative methods. The result will be equally positive, so you should think about this when choosing certain landings;
- Cherry Mtsenskaya has high commercial qualities and excellent characteristics. Cherries are great for selling, they look great and they have a very high taste;
- yields are high even if the grower cannot give the variety enough attention and support.
Cherry Mtsenskaya: planting features
Seedlings are chosen only by those that have vitality, which do not have any damage. It is best to take two-year-old seedlings, as it will be easier for them to adapt to new conditions and take root.
The choice of time for planting (autumn or spring) depends mainly on the region in which the planting will grow. If this is the southern part of Russia, then planting can be scheduled for autumn, but if this is the central or northern part, then it is recommended to plant seedlings here in the spring. Then they will surely have time to adapt, will not be frozen, and in general they will feel as comfortable as possible.
Before the seedling is sent to the open ground, it is recommended to prepare a place for planting in advance.
It should be well lit, located on a hill, and at the same time protected from sudden gusts of wind and drafts (these factors can be especially negative if the seedling is still very young and has not yet had time to finally adapt to external conditions.
Before planting, seedlings are carefully examined for damage or disease. If suddenly the root system or its parts were affected, then they must be carefully removed. The cut sites must be treated with activated carbon so that bacteria no longer penetrate there.
Next, the seedling is sent into the open ground, it is planted in a hole, a peg is installed next to it. The peg is necessary in order to support the planting, and also so that when the wind blows, the seedling does not break or be damaged. The root collar should protrude about three to four centimeters above the ground surface.
How Mtsenskaya cherry sits - successive steps:
- the gardener selects healthy and full-fledged seedlings, examines them from all sides. Before planting, the seedlings are placed in a growth stimulator - Kornevin for several hours;
- the seedling is placed in a pre-prepared hole, which is filled with fertile soil. A peg is driven into the center, which will become the future support for planting. Around the peg, the mixture is poured in the form of a mound, the seedling itself is installed on the mound. Experienced gardeners recommend planting not alone, but together - one person will support the seedling from above, and the second will gently spread the roots;
- then soil is poured onto the roots, this should be done carefully, constantly shaking the seedling.This must be done so that air pockets do not form around the roots, which will lead to the formation of cavities and the development of pathogenic bacteria;
- the seedling is tied to a peg, do it carefully. This can be done from the north side of the peg strictly vertically - the seedling should not deviate anywhere, otherwise this will lead to the fact that the tree will grow unevenly and unevenly.
Then the gardener monitors how the seedling takes root, how it adapts and takes root in new conditions. It is extremely important to maintain the vital activity of the planting, to mulch the near-trunk circle.
Mulch serves several functions - it protects the planting from attack from bacteria, and also prevents moisture from evaporating from the soil too quickly. In addition, thanks to the mulch, the required amount of heat is retained in the soil, which is also very important for the general condition of the planting.
Care after planting and subsequent care for Mtsenskaya cherries
Cherry Mtsenskaya: photo of the variety
After the planting of the Mtsenskaya cherry seedling has been completed, an earthen roller should be made around the entire circumference. It should be located about 25 centimeters from the main trunk, and thanks to this, the roller will indicate the space for full watering of the plant.
It is recommended to water the seedlings with settled water at room temperature. In general, the root system of a plant is considered very delicate and vulnerable, and therefore it is still recommended to be very careful about both the watering process and the feeding.
They are part of agrotechnical measures, just like pruning, top dressing, harvesting, planting rejuvenation. Cherries do not tolerate transplants, so initially the gardener should make sure that the planting site is as comfortable and well-lit as possible.
To water one cherry seedling, the gardener will need about two or three buckets of water, but the temperature indicators and regimes must be taken into account, because otherwise the planting will feel less comfortable, and in general, the growth and development of this cherry seedling may noticeably slow down. Because of this, the periods of fruiting will shift.
When the tree grows up then the agricultural technique can be slightly changed. For example, it is worth increasing the number watering - at least three times per season. You should also focus on climatic and weather conditions, on the amount of precipitation and the duration of dry periods. Only taking into account all the external features, as well as taking into account the state of planting, it will be possible to create the most favorable irrigation schedule that will meet all planting requirements.
The first watering should be scheduled at the time when flowering ends. The second time the cherries are watered after the fruits have gradually filled in, and when they begin to ripen gradually. At this time, they really need watering so that they can become juicy and large - what corresponds to varietal indicators and characteristics. The third watering should be carried out at the very beginning of October, after the leaves have fallen off, and the planting will need to be prepared for the winter period.
It should be remembered loosening soil after irrigation during the entire growing season. Also, the trunk circle should be not only loose (to allow oxygen and moisture to pass through), but also cleaned of weeds and other excess vegetation. This may not have the best effect on the state of the plantings, on their characteristics and properties, and therefore it is still worthwhile to pay as much attention as possible to some issues and points that are related to the hygiene and aesthetics of the sites.
Let's talk a little about dressing. In the first couple of years, the Mtsenskaya cherry will not need fertilization and dressing at all, for the reason that they will be saturated with all the necessary substances and components from the saturated and ennobled soil.
But after two or three years, it is still necessary to start making additional fertilizing and substances so that the planting can feel much more comfortable. Usually fertilizers are applied in the autumn, before the gardener prescribes a deep digging of the personal plot.
So, for one cherry tree, we need to apply potash fertilizers, phosphorus fertilizers (all these dressings are applied mainly in dry form). In the early spring period, it is necessary to make the soil saturated with nitrogen-containing components. This will require about fifty grams of dressings, which will be ideal for saturating the planting and creating the most favorable conditions for it.
You should not be zealous with feeding, as you can overfeed the planting quite strongly and harm it. And in general, experienced gardeners say that it is better not to feed the planting than to create conditions of satiety for it, in which the cherry will experience discomfort.
When the Mtsenskaya cherry reaches the age of two years, then you should begin to exercise shaping crowns. For this, the twigs are pruned. They carefully examine the planting, shorten the growths so that the plant looks not only neat, but also healthy.
If the Mtsenskaya cherry becomes very old, then gardeners are advised to carry out a rejuvenating pruning. Thanks to her, the tree can be given a second life. It should be borne in mind that, in principle, trees tolerate these procedures quite calmly and normally recover after pruning and shaping.
Frost protection Is another important condition that must be maintained by gardeners. The fact is that the winter period can be very harsh, both for adult plants and for young seedlings. Therefore, it is necessary to protect Mtsensk cherries using materials such as glass wool and roofing material, reeds, spruce forests, thick paper.
If the trunk of the Mtsenskaya cherry has been damaged by rodents, pests or mechanically by the gardener himself, then the place of damage is carefully cleaned with a knife, smeared with garden pitch to prevent further penetration of infection into the bark. From above, it is better to tie up the trunk with dense material that will allow a small amount of air to pass through.
In general, if you create such conditions for planting, you can reduce the risk of injury, freezing or other negative manifestations from the planting side.
The main thing is to be able to recognize in time some negative manifestations from the Mtsenskaya cherry variety, its some signals that it is worth being more attentive to agrotechnical moments, and then the gardener will achieve an excellent and significant result.