A competent choice of plants for planting affects the quality characteristics and yield. Cherry variety "Molodezhnaya" is one of the most famous and widespread varieties in cultivation among gardeners. Having learned about the characteristics of the youth cherry and competent agricultural technology of the variety, you will not have problems with its cultivation, as a result you will get a very rich harvest.
Cherry variety Molodezhnaya: an excursion into history
Cherry Molodezhnaya: photo of the variety
The variety we are considering appeared not so long ago; it has been listed in the state register since 1993. The variety was bred by Khasan Yenikeev and Sania Satarova from the All-Russian Selection and Technological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery. Scientists crossed the cherry varieties "Lyubskaya" and "Vladimirskaya". The variety is recommended to be cultivated in the Russian center and in the Ural region.
Cherry Molodezhnaya: variety description
The height of Molodezhnaya cherry can reach about 2 meters. Growth is combined with branches that are lowered to the ground, in which case it becomes easier to harvest. The twigs may intertwine, but they are not susceptible to brittleness from the weight of the berries.
The leaves are deep green in color, the crown is round, medium dense. The inner part of the leaf is light. The bark is colored brownish-brown, becoming darker over the years.
The inflorescence contains 3-7 white flowers, about 3 cm in size. Since the pistils and stamens are at the same height, the tree is pollinated independently. Cherry blossoms continue from the first decade of May to the second.
Berries can be 1 cm in size, the average weight of the fruit is 4-5 g. Berries are in the form of an oval, painted in maroon colors, their inner content is plump and sweet-sour. Assessment of tasters - 4.5 pts / 5 pts.
The stone is medium in size, well separated from the crumb. If you collect, transport and store the fruits correctly, they will remain intact for 15-20 days.
Cherry Molodezhnaya: characteristic of the variety
Cherry Molodezhnaya: photo of a tree
Cherry Molodezhnaya: frost and drought resistance
The variety has good dry season resistance. But immediately after the Molodezhnaya cherry seedlings have been planted and at the time when they bloom, monitor the moisture content of the soil.
Also, the variety is not afraid of frosty times. Flower ovaries have excellent frost tolerance at night.
Cherry Molodezhnaya: pollinators and ripening dates of the variety
Cherry Molodezhnaya: photo of a tree
Pollination plays a significant role in planting planning. 40% of our species is self-pollinated, since the pistils and stamens are at the same height. You can cultivate nearby other cherry varieties or sweet cherries, they will be additional pollinators for Molodezhnaya cherries.
Cherry pollinating varieties Molodezhnaya: "University"," Nord-star "," Lyubskaya "," Turgenevka ", cherry varieties.
Our variety is a good pollinator for late-ripening cherry varieties.
Even young shoots form ovaries. All buds bloom, excluding the topmost ones.
Yield indicator, and how the Molodezhnaya cherry bears fruit.
The annual harvest from one tree is 8-15 kg of fruits. The yield indicator depends on the age of the trees. The berries ripen on the 30s of the second summer month.
Fruiting of cherries begins 3-4 years after planting, and the tree yields for another 15-20 years, if it is properly looked after. Regular pruning of shoots has a beneficial effect on the yield indicator. In the absence of pruning Molodezhnaya cherries, only shoots from the periphery will bear fruit. Ripening of fruits does not occur outside the trees, therefore, they must be removed when ripe. But this is easy to miss, since the fruits can remain on the branches for a long time, but by this time they may already be overripe.
The purpose of the fruit.
If you correctly collect, transport and store the berries, then they can be successfully preserved. It will be possible to store the berries if they are collected by cutting them off the branch and keeping the stalk at the same time. The fruit will remain intact.
To preserve the berries in order to preserve them in the future, follow these rules: conduct a scrupulous selection of fruits, see that they are whole; do not wash the berries; transport and store them in a container that is ventilated; treat the container in advance with a solution of potassium permanganate and dry well; lay paper on the bottom of the container; there should be a small amount of berries in the container, a layer of about 5 cm; store fruits at temperature conditions + 2-4 degrees.
From the fruits, desserts, drinks, juices, jams, preserves, jam are prepared, cherries are added to pies.
Immunity to diseases and harmful insects.
The immunity of the variety to diseases and harmful insects is above average. The plant can be susceptible to fungal infections.
Pros and cons.
- Begins to bear fruit early.
- A high yield rate - 8-15 kg of fruits / tree, it all depends on age.
- The berries are large in size, 10 mm, weight - 4-5 grams.
- Dessert taste, the assessment of tasters is high.
- The fruits are perfectly transported.
- The tree is self-pollinated.
- The plant is resistant to the frost period, the ovary of flowers too.
- Medium immunity to fungus.
- The planting location affects the growth of the tree.
- If the soil is depleted, then the yield decreases.
- It is required to regularly cut off overgrown shoots.
Resistance to the dry period is observed only with careful care of Molodezhnaya cherries at a time when the plant begins to bear fruit.
How to correctly plant a variety of cherries Molodezhnaya
Cherry varieties Molodezhnaya: photo of a seedling
The best time to plant Molodezhnaya cherries is early in the spring. Cultivation in the spring season will contribute to the successful survival of Molodezhnaya cherry seedlings.
When preparing a place for planting Molodezhnaya cherries in a garden plot, leave an interval between plants somewhere 2-2.5 m, and in the row spacing - 3 m.
How to choose a site for planting ordinary cherries Molodezhnaya
The best option is an unventilated, well-lit place. Trees are usually located in the south or southwest of the garden plot next to fences, sheds or walls of the house. Cherries love to grow on sandy loam soil, the acidity level should be 6-6.5 pH. 2 months before the cultivation of the cherry, a planting pit is prepared, it should be 40 cm deep, 80 cm wide.Organics is added to the bottom of the hole, or the soil is dug up in the autumn season, at the same time a complex of fresh compost fertilizer, phosphorus and potassium is added.
The common cherry variety Molodezhnaya likes to grow in light soil, into which the air penetrates well, which means that planting cherries in lowlands and wetlands is prohibited, as this will have a bad effect on yield.
How to choose and prepare Molodezhnaya cherry seedlings
The best option for planting are two-year-old Molodezhnaya cherry saplings, which have formed crowns. A healthy plant should reach a height of 0.7-1.1 m; have roots 15 cm long, not less; carry flexible branches and roots that are not damaged; the leaves should be fresh and bright; the bark should be intact.
It is recommended to buy planting material in the nursery.
Right before cultivation, all leaves are removed from the plant, damaged branches are cut off. To prepare the plant for planting in the soil, the roots must be treated with garden varnish or soaked in a clay mash.
- 2 months before planting the Molodezhnaya cherries, a pit 40x60 cm in size is dug, organic fertilizers are added to it.
- Before disembarking, we form a 10-15 cm-th hill at the bottom of the hole.
- In the central part of the hill, we install a 130 cm-th stake.
- We put a Molodezhnaya cherry sapling next to the stake, straighten its roots along the hill.
- We check that the root collar should rise 3-5 cm above the soil.
- We fill the hole with soil, compact it.
- We form a near-stem hole with a side of the soil.
- We tie a seedling.
- Abundant watering is introduced.
- The pit is mulched after water has been absorbed.
The main thing is to correctly determine the location of the root collar (this is the transition of the roots into the trunk). If you are mistaken, then the survival rate of the seedling will not occur.
The optimal way to determine the root collar: it is necessary to retreat from the upper root upward by 3-4 cm.
During the first year after planting, seedlings practically do not need additional care. It is only required to water and loosen the soil in a timely manner. You can also learn about the first symptoms of cherry diseases, in order to respond quickly and save the tree.
Do not forget about agricultural techniques that increase yields:
- If you cut the tree on time, then this will protect against a decrease in the yield indicator. If the plants overgrow, then the ovaries will form only on the shoots from the periphery.
- It is better to prune Molodezhnaya cherries every year by 50 cm of the crown of the apical part of the tree.
- It is necessary to feed the trees 2 times a year. In the spring season, nitrogen-containing fertilizing is introduced, in the autumn season - potassium and phosphorus.
- Common cherry Youth loves water. Therefore, watering should be frequent.
- Excess water can cause serious harm - fungus.
- It is necessary to carry out preventive measures against diseases every year.
- To keep the plants healthy and grow well, add compost fertilizer and manure to the top dressing.
- For wintering, a shelter is made for the roots to protect them from rodent pests.
Cherry Molodezhnaya: diseases and pests of the variety
Milky shine... Symptoms: the leaves become pearlescent, dead areas appear between the veins, the wood on the cut acquires a brown color. Preventive measures and how to treat: protect against mechanical damage and sunburn; process damaged bark; immediately destroy the affected branches and trees.
Moniliosis... Symptoms: blackening and drying of young leaves and shoots, rotting and sporulation on the berries. If the conditions are wet and cold, the disease will spread quickly. Preventive measures and how to treat: remove rotten berries and fallen leaves in time; destroy infected shoots; treat trees with a solution of Bordeaux mixture, 3-4% solution when they are green, 1% solution, when the plants have faded, after 14-21 days. In rains, it is allowed to process 5-6 times.
Phomopsiosis... Symptoms: Drying and spiraling of leaves; darkening of the bark, the appearance of spots and cracks on it, which contain pathogens. Preventive measures and how to treat: cleanse infected bark fragments before bud break; close the wounds.
Rust. Symptoms: the appearance of spots of a rusty-brown color on the leaves. Preventive measures and how to treat: destroy fallen leaves; weed the spindle thoroughly; treat trees with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture.
Coccomycosis... Symptoms: the leaves acquire a yellow-red color, then the formation of brown dots on them, the appearance of bulges of a white-pink color on the back of the leaf; leaves are dropped in large numbers; the tree freezes out in the winter season, the bark cracks, the buds become weak. The last stage - the berries become bony. The resistance to coccomycosis of Molodezhnaya cherries will be much higher if preventive measures are taken: it is necessary to whitewash the trunks well; process plants with Bordeaux mixture before they bloom and after the berries are picked.
Anthracnose... Symptoms: covering the berries with pale dots, later with bulges of a pale pink color. The last stage - the fruits turn into a mummy. Preventive measures and how to treat: treat the plants with the fungicidal preparation "Poliram", before and after they bloom, the procedure is repeated after 15 days.
Cherry trees are attacked by such harmful insects as: leafworm, sawfly, aphid, cherry weevil, shoot moth.
Young cherry ordinary: preventive measures
Cherry Molodezhnaya: photo of an adult tree
Early in the spring, at temperature conditions of +5 degrees, the plants are sprayed with a 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture with tar soap. Spraying is carried out when it is dry outside and there is no wind.
Treat trees at the green cone stage with 1% Bordeaux mixture solution.
When the buds turn pink, spraying with a complex of preparations "Horus", "Decis", "Zircon" is carried out, tar soap is added to the solution.
When Cherry "Youth" blooms, it is treated with a solution of 10 g of boric acid / 10 l of water.
You need to re-treat the plants another 2-3 times with a complex of drugs.
When the leaf fall ends, the trees are treated with a 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture.
Lovers of the Molodezhnaya cherry variety appreciate it for its good commercial properties of berries, for its high yield and resistance to negative conditions of the surrounding world.
Since the variety is self-pollinated, this means that you can get a harvest even from one cherry tree located in the garden.
If you carefully and deliberately choose cherry varieties, then a regular rich harvest will delight you every year.
Cherry Molodezhnaya: reviews of summer residents and gardeners
Alevtina Alekseevna Petrova, 36 years old, Tomsk: “I have no experience in planting cherry trees. I couldn't understand if the berries were ripe. I took it off anyway, just in case. The fruit tastes sweet, I did not feel the sourness. The family is happy. After all, this is our very first harvest. And by the way, the variety "Molodezhnaya" is excellent to cultivate in the Siberian region! The tree is still small in stature, only 0.5 m, but it has grown beautifully. "
Semyon Nikolaevich, 49 years old, Yekaterinburg: “The tree is small and drooping slightly. This is the convenience in collecting fruits. Bears fruit every year, regularly, in large quantities. We take the berries home and process them, they do not deteriorate during transportation. "
Lyubov Pavlovna, 56 years old, Orel: “I always treat wood against fungus. There is no hassle with this and never was. I am very pleased with Molodezhnaya cherry - it is undemanding and gives delicious fruits. The main thing here is choosing the right site for planting Molodezhnaya cherries. Neighboring cherries are cultivated in a low-lying area, the yield is many times worse than ours. "