Cherry Dream Trans-Urals
Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals has spread in regions with long and harsh winters, such as the Urals and the Volga-Vyatka region. This variety combines a number of qualities that make it suitable for widespread cultivation in Russia. This article will focus on the distinctive features of the Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals.
The origin of the cherry variety Dream of the Trans-Urals
Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals: photo of the variety
Unlike many modern varieties of cherries, Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals owes not to breeders, but to the amateur gardener Krivolapov M.F. The birthplace of the new variety is the Kurgan region, where in the city of Shumikha, the wild-growing shrub cherry, also called steppe, was crossed with the old Russian variety "Lyubskaya". Its origin is still controversial among breeders, but the dominant version is that this variety has long been cultivated by the population of the Kursk region. "Lyubskaya" is widely grown in the orchards of the national middle zone and became the progenitor of many varieties of cherries, including the Cherry variety Dream of the Trans-Urals
A seedling, cherry variety Dream of the Trans-Urals, was sent to undergo varietal tests at the Sverdlovsk horticultural selection station. Isakova M.G. took up the study of the novelty, who, along with M.F. considered the author of the Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals. In the State Register, a new cherry variety has been present since 2004 and is recommended for cultivation in the Urals and in the Volga-Vyatka region.
Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals: description of the variety and characteristics
Description of the plant
Cherry trees Dream of the Trans-Urals reaches 250-300 cm. They are characterized by the presence of a rather spreading crown of a rounded shape and medium density. The foliage of the branches and shoots forming the crown of the tree also corresponds to the average. The stem and skeletal branches are covered with gray scaly bark. Vertical shoots tend to be slightly curved and brown in color. Their surface is covered with a few lenticels, as well as slightly deflected rounded buds.
Cherry leaves Dream of the Trans-Urals have a rich green color and obovate shape. They are characterized by the presence of a sharp top and a wedge-shaped base, as well as double-cuneate teeth along the edge of the leaf plate. The surface of the leaves is distinguished by a glossy sheen and elasticity, and also has a slight bend. Fastening of foliage to shoots is carried out by means of short and thin petioles (about 1 cm in length and no more than 1 mm in thickness), painted in dark red.
Cherry variety Dream Trans-Urals is distinguished by a rather late entry into the flowering phase - it begins in the last week of May and lasts until June 5. During the flowering period, bouquet twigs and annual shoots are covered with inflorescences consisting of 4-9 white flowers. The diameter of their open rim is 2.1 cm. The petals are elliptical, and the calyx itself is blunt-wedge-shaped. On average, each flower includes 24 to 28 anthers, a pistil about 1 cm long and slightly shorter stamens (up to 7 mm).
Description of fruits
Cherry fruits Dream of the Trans-Urals are dark red rounded berries, whose average weight is about 4 g. The fibrous part of the fruit has an average density and color corresponding to the skin, the juice contained in it is also colored dark red. The fruits are attached to the shoots with stalks up to 3 cm long, the place of their separation remains dry. The brown bones are shaped like a pointed egg and weigh about ¼ gram, thus taking up no more than 6% of the total weight of the fruit.
The appearance of the Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals has a high score of 5 points. Juice-rich fresh pulp with a sweet and sour taste is rated at 4.3 points, while processed products have a tasting rating of 4.5 points. Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals is classified as a universal variety of cherries, whose fruits can be eaten both fresh and in jams, preserves, compotes, and wines. The chemical composition of the fibrous part of the fruits of this variety includes sugar (more than 8%), acids (1.7%), ascorbic acid (16 mg per 100 g), vitamin P (552 mg per 100 g).
Fruiting varieties, harvesting and storage of crops
Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals: photo of the variety
Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals is classified as a late-ripening variety - its fruits begin to ripen at the same time from mid-August. The first crop can be harvested 2-3 years after planting. This variety is characterized by consistently high annual yields.
Also Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals is suitable for growing in small private garden plots, as part of industrial plantings, as well as in experimental farms as a material for breeding new varieties of cherries. The Michurinsky state farm, located in the native Cherry variety Mechta of the Trans-Urals Shumikhinsky district of the Kurgan region, invariably appreciates the quality of this variety and recommends it for farms practicing intensive cultivation of horticultural crops.
Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals: reviews of gardeners about the variety
Natalia Viktorovna, Sverdlovsk region: “Cherry Dream of the Trans-Urals I like absolutely everyone, I see no minuses. In addition to high commercial qualities and versatility of fruits, as well as high harvest volumes, the Cherry variety Mechta Zauralie has a late flowering period, which makes it suitable for growing in regions with late spring and a high risk of recurrent frosts that are detrimental to flower ovaries. I live in just such a region. "
Konstantin Vladimirovich, Leningrad region: “I chose the Dream Zauralie cherry variety for cultivation, as the variety is very frost-resistant: wood, buds, and flowers tolerate a drop in air temperature well. Well, the self-fertility of cherries The Dream of the Trans-Urals saved me from the need to select suitable pollinators for the variety ”.