The nine most famous seedless grape varieties: a brief description and methods of propagation.
The grape is a fruit completely filled with sweet juice, accompanied by a delicate fruity aroma, and the taste is pronounced! Grapes contain vitamins, minerals and trace elements useful for the human body. The most important thing is that all these medicinal substances do not go away during the heat treatment of the product. Small fruits form clusters, they are used to make wine, skate and champagne. In this article, you will find everything about seedless grapes.
Advantages of the grape variety "kishmish"
Grapes are considered one of the most widespread berries throughout the planet Earth. At the moment, the list of countries in which it has not even begun to be cultivated is zero. Grapes can be grown both in a special plot for sale, where there will be dozens of trees, and in your summer cottage or country plots, where one or two trees can grow. Today there are about six hundred grape varieties. Experts do not want to be satisfied with what has already been achieved.
A favorite grape is the one that has no seeds. It is understandable - it is both safer and faster, nothing prevents you from plunging into the full pleasure of eating ripe and sweet grapes.
Also, these varieties of grapes are used to prepare raisins, namely for drying berries.
One cannot fail to mention one more advantage of such varieties - a high yield and frost resistance.
The grape varieties "kishmish" and "korinka" are among the most famous since antiquity. Now other grape varieties are attributed to "kishmish" to make it clear that they do not have seeds. The grape variety "korinka" is a small dark and richly sweet fruit. Today in Greece there is and is still operating a research institute for raisins.
Seedless species are used to pollinate other grape varieties to create breeding species and varieties. All pitted fruits contain not only sugar, but also natural acids. They also have a richly sweet taste, pleasant and unusual aroma, thin skin. It is ideal to eat them both raw and cooked or as an addition to any dish.
Propagation methods of grapes
Many people wonder how these grape varieties can multiply without seeds. Most of the existing seedless species are hybrids that were obtained by crossing Black Monucca grapes and Thompson grapes. They have their own advantages and disadvantages, similarities and differences, for example, the shape of the fruit, their color, weight, size. And why is there no seed in the "kishmish" variety? In fact, there are seeds, but they have not fully developed during the growth of the grapes. Different "raisins" have a different size, number and degree of hardness of the seeds.
To breed grapes, you must use cuttings or layering. These two methods are vegetative.
It is worth remembering that seedless grape varieties were specially bred by specialists.
To obtain new hybrids, planting material is used, namely seeds. In other cases, breeding methods are used using cuttings and layering.
Now experts are breeding varieties from seeds that are incompletely developed. Propagation by vegetative methods is necessary to preserve all the advantages of the variety.
Variety of grapes "kishmish" require pollination, therefore, seeds can be seen in the fruits, but they are underdeveloped. But the variety "korinka" does not need pollination, so it is impossible to find traces of seeds in it.
Seedless grape varieties have a high level of cold resistance, large fruit size, excellent ripening time and degree of maturity.
Seedless grapes: "kishmish"
Nowadays, many varieties of "raisins" have been obtained. However, nothing can influence the choice of experienced gardeners and gardeners, they value raisins grapes for their amazing varieties and their reliability.
Seedless grapes "radiant"
The ripening period is average, about one hundred thirty days - one hundred thirty-five days. Very well developed vine, medium to strong growth rate. The fruits are small, about two grams, elongated, pink in color, filled with sweet juice, there is a nutmeg aroma, eaten both fresh and processed. The fruits form clusters weighing one and a half to two kilograms. They have a long shelf life, long-term transportation of berries is possible, and have a high level of frost resistance.
Seedless grapes "Zaporizhzhya"
The ripening period is early, the fruits are red or purple in color, the shape resembles an oval, the taste is pronounced, the fruits are filled with sweet juice. The vine has a high level of resistance to frost and various diseases.
Seedless grapes "black"
It is one of the oldest grape varieties. The taste of this variety is specific, but it contains a huge amount of vitamins and useful microelements. For example, it contains antioxidants that reduce the growth rate of cancer cells, reduce the inconvenience of diabetes, and stop the formation of fatty layers. The plant is whimsical, but has a high yield and cold resistance level.
Kesha seedless grapes
The ripening period is early, from about ninety to one hundred and fifteen days, the fruits have a mass of about three to four grams, the shape resembles a ball, the fruits are filled with sweet juice, the shell is not tough, the fruits are completely ripe and have brown, green, amber, yellow colors. The fruits form small clusters and weigh about three hundred to four hundred grams, however, the variety has a high yield level - up to six and a half kilograms.
Kenadis seedless grapes
It has a high level of productivity, is the owner of the highest level of frost resistance of the varieties that do not have pits, can live peacefully at minus thirty degrees. Shelf life is up to sixteen weeks, more than others it is involved in the preparation of juices, since it has an isable flavor. The color of the fruit is pink with a gradient to red.
Grape variety "himrod", or "himrod"
Ripening period is average, fruits are small in size, have a yellow color. The unusual taste and smell attracted winemakers to make white wine from this variety. High level of resistance to cold and fungal diseases.
Jupiter, Neptune, Mars grapes
In appearance, the fruits do not differ much, the color is red or purple, large berries with sweet juice, have a pleasant smell. They have a high level of resistance to cold and diseases of the fungus, as well as gray rot. The Jupiter variety is used to make red wine.
Not requiring much attention, with a high level of resistance to various diseases, cold weather, yield, as well as amazing taste, do not forget that these are seedless varieties.Deservedly these varieties can be called the best.