Vegetative petunia: varieties, reproduction, cultivation
The article presents vegetative petunia: varieties with a description, complete information on reproduction, growing rules, care.
Vegetative petunia: basic information
Briefly about petunia.
Florists have been fond of petunias for a very long time, there are a huge variety of them and it is very easy to choose a color and a variety that will be convenient for you according to the type of cultivation. In general, petunias are unpretentious plants and caring for them is not difficult. Petunias are often used as decorative flowers to decorate various places in the home, such as balconies or terraces. Most of the petunias reproduce using seeds, but there are also vegetative ones, in this article you will recognize them.
Vegetative petunia: the nuances of vegetative petunias
Let's take a look at a few of the characteristics of this variety.
Vegetative plants and petunias, including, propagate only with the help of cuttings.
Vegetative kills representatives of completely different varieties and species.
Most often these are terry petunias, surfiniya and tambelin, for example.
The types indicated above are very often used as decoration for terraces.
Vegetative petunias are almost impossible to grow with seeds, because then they will not lose their decorative and varietal qualities.
Seed germination is also lost.
Vegetative varieties are propagated using cuttings, it is faster and more efficient, and also very simple.
There are some botanical characteristics for such plants.
As a rule, vegetative petunias are spreading plants that bloom for several years, they come in completely different forms, but most often ampelous.
The root resembles a rod, lateral horse processes, small roots almost do not branch.
It is characterized by shallow roots, so you should be careful when you loosen the soil and remove weeds.
Plants are both standing and creeping.
The average plant height is about thirty-five to forty centimeters, but it varies exclusively from variety.
Breeders from the land of the rising sun relatively recently introduced surfinias, which reached two hundred centimeters in height.
On the territory of Russia, it is almost impossible to teach a petunias of such growth a lesson.
Under normal conditions, the average height of a bush is no more than a meter.
The stem is a bright green shade, the leaves are located close to it.
On top of the leaves there is a small white fluff, the leaves themselves are dark green.
Vegetative petunias decorated with funnel-like flowers.
They can be velvet or regular, each flower has five petals, they grow tightly to each other and form a funnel.
There are a lot of flowers of vegetative petunias, they can be either scarlet or wine, white, cream and burgundy.
Most often, this type of petunia is grown on the street, that is, in plots.
Looks very good in planters or hanging pots. But people grow them at home.
What are the varieties and varieties of vegetative petunias
Now you will learn a brief description of the most famous and popular types of vegetative petunias. Let's consider each separately.
The first instance is Rome chianti... And its characteristic features.
Varieties of vegetative petunia
Its representatives are medium-sized, the average bush reaches a height of thirty to thirty-five centimeters.
These plants are bushy.
Growth is characterized as fast, and soon the plant becomes like a ball.
When petunia blooms, it is literally covered with small flowers that have a pink purple hue, a white stripe runs along the edge.
Second instance - Cabernet bicolor... And its characteristic features.
This is a beautiful petunia, the flowers, as the name implies, have two colors.
Petals colored red and white.
These plants bloom early and grow quickly enough.
Third instance - Corduroy salmon... And its characteristic features.
These are ampelous surfins.
They grow quickly, the shoots are cascading.
Shoots are bright green.
The flowers can be pale pink or purple.
On average, the length of one lash is about seventy-five to eighty-five centimeters.
The burgundy species got its name from the flowers, which have a wine tint.
The fourth instance - Deep purple... And its characteristic features.
It is a bushy surfinia that belongs to the shockwave series.
The flowers of this variety are very beautiful, purple, they cover all the shoots.
Fifth instance - Table white... And its characteristic features.
It is also a bushy petunia covered with small white flowers.
There are a lot of flowers and the flowering is quite long.
The sixth instance - Corduroy parple... And its characteristic features.
This is an ampelous species, the average length of the whip of which is one hundred centimeters.
The flowers are bright purple, the middle is slightly darker.
The seventh instance - Million bells... And its characteristic features.
This species is a member of the Calibrachoa series.
It includes many different plants.
Flowers in this species are white, yellow, pink, dark pink and lilac.
Eighth copy - Surfinia baby pink... And its characteristic features.
It is a small and exotic petunia species.
The petals are pink and have crimson streaks.
Ninth copy - Surfinia Sky Blue... And its characteristic features.
A very beautiful plant, the flowers of which resemble the blue sky in their color.
The tenth instance - Blushing princesses... And its characteristic features.
This is a super petunia that originated in Japan.
Shoots of light green color.
The flowers are soft pink.
Eleventh instance - Priscilla variety... And its characteristic features.
The flowers are purple in color and have purple veins.
Breeding novelties, reproduction of vegetative petunia
Gardeners are very fond of recently bred varieties, which have interesting names: 1) monster., 2) night sky., 3) leka garden., 4) glacier sky.
Consider a few recommendations for breeding this variety.
Shoots about eight to nine centimeters long are suitable as cuttings, on which there are a couple of internodes and four to six leafy plates.
It is best to cut the shoots at an oblique angle so that the roots begin to form faster.
The lower leaves on the shoot are removed.
The plant should start growing in a substrate, it can be peat tablets or vermiculite.
You can also use water to grow new roots.
Plants can be transplanted into the ground after the roots have grown to the end.
For rooting to go well, the cuttings must be in the greenhouse.
The container with puppies must be covered with polyethylene or plastic.
Young plants need daily ventilation and watering.
Home-made greenhouses can be removed after the first leaves begin to appear.
At the same time, pinching must be done so that the side lashes begin to grow.
Pinching is needed for all petunias.
After normal roots and five leaves appear, the plants can be transplanted to their permanent growth site.
Simultaneously with this process, pinching should be stopped.
Pinching postpones the onset of petunias flowering.
Advantages in breeding a true variety.
Vegetative petunia differs in that it reproduces only with the help of cuttings. And this method has many advantages.
This method saves the gardener's time.
It grows from cuttings of a plant many times faster than from seeds.
When propagated by cuttings, the root system is grown complete.
Plants grown by cuttings start flowering several weeks earlier.
When petunias are propagated by cuttings, that is, vegetatively, all the traits of the parent are preserved in the resulting plant.
If hybrid varieties are bred using seeds, the similarities may be lost.
Vegetative petunia: how to plant it correctly
Consider a few recommendations on how to land this species.
Vegetative petunias are hybrids, they love sunlight and warmth, so they need an open area.
It would be better to build some kind of protection from strong winds and rains so that they do not damage the flowers of the plants.
Soils saturated with useful elements are best suited for the growth of petunias.
Such lands can be bought in a store or made on your own.
In order to prepare your home soil, you will need:
1) fertile soil.,
2) peat land.,
3) coarse sand.,
4) wood ash.,
5) sod land.
Ash must be from pure wood, that is, not painted, not glued, not varnished.
All components must be mixed.
An excessive amount of moisture in the ground next to the petunia can destroy the plants, so it will be better to drain it, and not be zealous with watering.
Drainage in a pot, how to do it, is very simple.
A hole is drilled at the bottom and a few centimeters are covered with pebbles or expanded clay.
Before planting seedlings in open ground, it is necessary to harden.
For several weeks, the plants must be taken out into fresh air, that is, outside, first for several hours, then the time must be increased.
It is better not to plant more than three pieces of sprouts in one container.
If you plant petunias in a flower bed, then the distance between them should be about thirty to thirty-five centimeters.
What kind of care should vegetative petunia receive?
Consider a few tips for caring for this species.
Caring for petunias is, in principle, not very difficult, even more so for vegetative ones.
It will be necessary to water the plants quite often and with high quality.
In the summer, when the weather is hot, watering is studied to be carried out up to twice a day.
It is not recommended to loosen the ground, the root system of the petunia can be close to the ground, and it can be easily damaged.
Fertilizers are applied every ten to fifteen days.
When there is massive shoot growth, it is best to feed the plants with nitrogen fertilizers.
When the moment of flowering and budding comes, the plants will need potassium and phosphorus, which can also be given with the help of dressings.
In order for the decorative appearance of petunia to always remain beautiful, it is necessary to remove them at the first appearance of spoiled flowers, that is, which have already wilted.
So that new buds begin to form after flowering, the shoots are cut in half.
Grow vegetative petunias in your home, and they will delight you with their beauty.