Briefly about a rose
Rose is a fairly popular plant. She is considered the queen of flowers. For a long time, she is worshiped and praised, and she is also recognized as a symbol of love. Caring for roses is very important to culture.
Rose care: how to plant
Planting and growing a garden rose is not difficult. But still, there are some nuances that you definitely need to know and take into account.
How to choose and store planting material
Planting material must be chosen very carefully, because it should be simply of the best quality. It is best to opt for seedlings with a closed type of root system. It should be remembered that the plant must be planted together with its native earthy clod.
If you want to purchase foreign varieties, then you need to know that they are being sold in advance. If you purchase such seedlings, then you need to store them until planting at temperatures from zero to five degrees Celsius. For example, on the bottom shelf in the refrigerator. The soil of the plant must be regularly moistened and made sure that it does not dry out. Stimulants can sometimes be added to the water for irrigation to form the root system, for example: 1) Mixture-solution with heteroauxin; 2) Mix-solution with root.
Rose care: the best time to plant roses
It is necessary to start planting a plant in the spring, that is, when the stable temperature is about ten degrees Celsius, and the soil is sufficiently warm. You can also plant a crop in the autumn. A favorable autumn time for disembarkation is considered: from the tenths of September to the tenths of October. If you plant before the indicated dates, then the grown young cuttings will not be able to overwinter. And if the planting is made later than the indicated dates, then the bush will not have time to adapt and take root before frost.
Caring for roses: a suitable place for planting
You need to plant where the rose will have enough lighting. Shade and partial shade will not work. Shady and semi-shady places threaten with the fact that dark spots will form on the foliage of the rose and it will stop blooming. There should also be good air circulation at the chosen place, but at the same time, the rose should be protected from cold drafts and strong wind currents.
Suitable soil mix
The land for cultivation should not be sandy loam or clayey. On other soil types, the crop does well. But it should be remembered that the groundwater should not be too far away.
Rose care: how to plant a culture
If the soil is rich in trace elements, macronutrients and nutrients, then the hole for planting should be fifty to fifty centimeters. But if the soil is clay, then the length and width should be increased by another ten to twenty centimeters. Sprinkle the seedling with soil.The soil should cover the graft site by at least five centimeters. If wax is present at the burial site, then it must be removed. The soil must be well tamped and watered with clean, soft, settled water at room temperature. After the seedling, you need to spud about ten to fifteen centimeters in height, so that a small hill is formed, which can be dismantled in ten to fifteen days.
What should be the land for planting
The soil mixture should be as nutritious as possible. To do this, you need to mix: 1) Rotten manure; 2) Fertile soil; 3) Organic compost; 4) Overripe humus. But you need to know that first you need to cover the roots with a not too large layer of soil, and only then start adding organic fertilizing.
Rose care: stratification of the planting pit and seedling
Before planting, you need to thoroughly shed the planting hole and wait until it completely absorbs moisture. If there is old soil around the root system when planting, then you do not need to shake it off. From free roots, you need to cut off one third of their length, and then lower them into a water mass, or into a solution with a root system growth stimulator.
How to prune shoots
There are several nuances: 1) If the variety belongs to floribunda roses, then about three or four pieces of buds should be left in it; 2) If the rose is groundcover, then you need to cut the roots. You do not need to shorten them, you just need to trim them slightly; 3) For tea-nibrid and polyanthus varieties, you need to leave about two to three flower buds on each cut; 4) If the variety is park, then the shoots need to be cut by ten to fifteen centimeters.
What methods can you use to breed culture
At the moment, there are not so many ways to reproduce roses, but they are.
The first way
This method is based on growing a crop from seed. But you need to know that rose seeds do not have a very high percentage of germination. But even if they do sprout, the chances of a full-fledged plant are very small. This is a difficult method that requires a lot of time and patience.
This method is based on the cultivation of a crop by means of cuttings. The advantage is that no wild shoots will grow on an adult plant. The middle of a strong and healthy shoot can be considered a cutting. You need to cut the cut just above the leaf bud, and then try to plant it with the help of root system stimulants. As soon as the root system begins to form on the cutting, you can start planting it.
This method is based on growing a crop through budding. As close as possible to the soil cover, you need to make a T-shaped incision. After that, you need to carefully insert a small bud from the selected culture to it and fix it all with garden film. This is not a difficult method, but you still need to get your hands on it.
This method is based on the cultivation of a crop through layering. For this method, the following are suitable: 1) Climbing roses; 2) Shrub roses. You need to choose a strong and long shoot, make an eight centimeters long incision on it and stick a chip or match there. Then part of the cut must be lightly sprinkled with soil and made stable, and what remains to be tied to the trellis. During the time when the layers have formed their root system, it can be disconnected from the parent instance.
Caring for roses: how to take care of culture
Culture care is very important. The rose will grow, bloom and actively develop only in conditions that are comfortable for its life.
Fertilizers and feeding
The best organic fertilizer for roses is considered to be horse manure with an exposure time of at least two hundred days. Chicken droppings and manure from pigs - can only harm the plants, since these types of manure have high acidity and they will simply burn the crop. Horse manure, in its own way, will block the excess of nitrogenous elements in the soil.Roses do not like extreme cold, summer evil and heavy rains. In order to help the plant cope, if something happens, for spraying, you can use: 1) Epin; 2) Sodium humate; 3) Zircon; 4) Ecosil. It is important not to overfeed the plant, because otherwise it will actively increase the green mass, and will allocate very little vitality and energy for budding.
When the plant blooms
During the budding period, you can use calcium nitrate. How to make a solution: you need to take a full tablespoon of calcium nitrate and dilute it in ten liters of clean water.
Rose care: during the period of active growth and development
When the culture begins to gain growth and develop, you can feed it with the help of: 1) A solution of a universal mineral complex fertilizer for decorative flowering crops; 2) Infusion on mullein; 3) Infusion on weeds; 4) Infusion on chicken manure with low concentration. The frequency of feeding is: once every ten to fifteen days. It is necessary to apply fertilizers in the form of dissolution in water, immediately after you have irrigated the crop. From the twenties of the middle of the summer period, feeding should be stopped, because at this time the plant begins to prepare for wintering.
Rose care: how to water
Watering is not necessary very often, namely once every seven days. But if the summer period turned out to be very hot and sultry, then you need to water the plant a couple of times a week. You need to water at the root, about one bucket of water should be enough. Never get on foliage, buds and flowers. This can burn them. Water for irrigation should be clean, soft, filtered and at room temperature. After watering, the soil should be saturated by twenty to thirty centimeters.
To maintain moisture near the ground, you need to mulch the bush. This can be done using:
3) Sunflower husk;
4) tree bark;
5) Over-matured humus.
If the plant lacks the amount of watering, then the flowers will slightly decrease in size. If watering is excessive, then the foliage will begin to turn yellow, and the root system may rot. It is recommended to loosen the soil around the bush, after each watering procedure, in order to avoid the formation of an earthen crust.
Caring for roses: possible insect pests, diseases and how to deal with it
Powdery mildew disease
Roses have a high likelihood of developing this disease. As a preventive measure, spray with a baking soda solution. How to cook: You need to dilute forty grams of baking soda in one liter of clean, warm water. It is necessary to spray at the beginning of the summer period, once every seven days. In total, you need to spray two or three times.
Insect pest - aphid
When aphids appear, you need to: grate one laundry soap on a fine grater, dilute it in warm, clean water, then add two wormwood shoots. Mix all this, put on fire and let it boil for ten to fifteen minutes. Then let it cool and you can start spraying the culture. After seven days, you need to re-process. If such organic measures could not help, then you can turn to chemical preparations, for example, to Aktar.
With the help of which plant can you scare off the pest
Aphids really do not like:
4) Bow. These plants can be planted not far from the roses, this will help them maintain their beauty. And for example, marigolds and a calendula plant will help protect the culture from the attacks of bugs.
Rose Care: Cracked Shoots
If you notice the appearance of cracks on the stems, the buds stopped forming, and spots began to appear on the green mass of the plant, then you need to cut off all the affected branches as carefully as possible, and treat the bush itself with a solution with wormwood, nettle and horsetail.
Caring for roses: how to prune
It is imperative to cut off those shoots that have begun to grow inside the bush. This will allow the plant to grow new and young shoots. You can also cut those flowers that have already withered, this will help future flowering to be brighter and more spectacular.
Rose care: conclusion
With proper care and comfortable conditions, the plant will delight you with abundant fragrant flowering from year to year.