Caring for roses in the fall: 5 simple rules
Rose is the queen of the garden and the pride of every gardener. Among the great variety of flowers, the rose was and remains the best of the best. Over time, a great many of these wonderful flowers appeared, many of them bloom until the very cold. In the summer, caring for rose bushes is rather primitive, feeding and watering. What to do in the fall? What's the best way to look after? How to properly cover? What to do to make the rose endure the winter well? About this and not only I will try to tell you in this article: caring for roses in the fall.
Caring for roses in the fall: rules for feeding and watering
Rose bushes respond very positively to feeding, so I apply fertilizers several times per season. Usually I alternate organic and mineral fertilizers, but I can feed my beauties with fertilizers that contain nitrogen. Top dressing should be carried out only in the first half of the season. In August, feeding should be stopped so as not to provoke the growth of shoots we do not need. For a rose to bloom, it is very important that its shoots do not freeze in winter. In the fall, we feed the roses with the "Autumn" fertilizer, this measure allows us to feed the shoots well before hibernation. And roses will survive even the fiercest winter without loss. The main components of the preparation allow the plant to accumulate useful substances in the shoots. During the wintering period, these substances well prevent cells from rupture. Watering rose bushes in the fall should be very rare. Moisture provokes active growth, and before the onset of autumn cold weather, plant growth should be minimized. It is not necessary to loosen the soil and weed roses in the fall.
Caring for roses in the fall: pruning
Not all varieties of roses require pruning in the fall. It is best to prune roses before September. Pruning can provoke the growth of young shoots, which is highly undesirable, because how not to cover them in the winter, they will freeze. Only sick and weak shoots are cut in the fall, this is a kind of prevention against the occurrence of fungi and viruses. But it happens that pruning in the fall is extremely necessary, especially for heavily overgrown and branched bushes. After all, the dense branches of a plant are a very big load for the root system. If the excess shoots are not eliminated, the rose will begin to ache, the flowers will become small, and the shoots will gradually begin to rot. In this case, pruning in the fall is simply necessary, this measure will allow the plant to overwinter calmly, and the root system will have a sufficient amount of nutritious juices. The rose will be strong, the flowers are large and healthy. Pruning is best done on a dry, warm day. After pruning, the wounds must be tightened. I start pruning just before the cold weather, in October. I remove all old and crooked shoots, cut off the tops. I cut off dried flowers and buds that did not have time to bloom.
Before I start hiding roses for the winter, I am good at picking off the remains of the foliage from the bush. If the leaves are left, then they will begin to sweep over the shelter, and this is the most favorable environment for the appearance of fungal diseases. Also, the bushes before wintering must be treated with a weak solution of copper sulfate. With this solution we cultivate the land around the bush and the bush itself. Vitriol is the best disinfectant; it kills almost all fungi and infections. We bend down the shoots. Usually, in our climatic zone, roses need to be closed for the winter. Best of all, the fierce winter is tolerated by those bushes that are covered with a thick layer of snow. The most comfortable and suitable temperature for wintering roses is maintained under the snow cover.Roses should be covered in warm and dry weather, before the frost begins. After frost, the branches of the rose will become fragile and it will be difficult to bend them correctly. I bend very strong branches gradually, gently bending the branches lower and lower. I fix the bent branches with a special hairpin. If the rose is very branched, then I tie the bush well with twine, and only after that I bend the bunches to the ground.
We cover for the winter
Covering roses early is not worth it. I usually wait until the air temperature is slightly lower than 0 degrees. I cover roses in different ways. I wrap roses in non-woven material or film. But my favorite method is as follows: - I sprinkle the soil around the bushes with sawdust, cover the bushes themselves with hay; - then I wrap everything well in film. Nowadays, roses tolerate winter very well, and the five rules that I told you will help to prepare your beauties well for winter.