In stories and stories describing the life of American and Canadian Indians, the "white cedar of life" is mentioned. This refers to the western thuja, most of its varieties grow in North America. To date, thuja has spread throughout the world. Thuja Sankist is one of the varieties of the famous plant that is used for decorating territories.
Western thuja Sunkist: variety description
Thuja variety Sankist from the Cypress family. Wild trees grow up to 20 meters. The features of our variety are similar to those of the thuja "Luteya", since this variety was used to breed the species of thuja we are considering.
Translated from English, the word "sankist" means "a bundle of the sun." The tree is of short stature, evergreen, the needles of its rich golden color. On the garden plot, the height of thuja Sankist reaches up to 2 meters. There are also record holders for growth (at 10 years old) - 5 meters.
- The plant grows slowly, if you take good care of it, then in a year it will add plus 5 cm in length and in diameter.
- The twigs are erect, slightly twisted.
- Crown in the form of a pyramid.
- The needles are in the form of scales, at first they are light yellow in color, then they become bronze in color. The shade depends on the season.
- The roots are in the surface layer of the soil.
- In young years, the bark is colored brown, smooth. As the tree matures, the bark begins to exfoliate in even strips.
- Green flowers are difficult to notice among the needles, densely covering the shoots.
- The fruits of thuja Sankist are red cones, have several grains.
- The needles and bark are famous for their amazing coniferous aromatic properties. There is no resin release on the bark.
Tuya Sunkist in landscape design: photos and use cases
An evergreen tree of the western thuja variety Sankist of low growth looks original year-round. Golden needles contrasts perfectly with green and red shrubs and other beautiful vegetation.
2-3 varieties of thuja with different colors can be planted in the main part of the garden plot. It will also decorate the paths along the garden or rockery.
The golden thuja Sankist can be used to create a hedge around the perimeter of the territory or as a cover for outbuildings. The crown can be easily and simply formed, because the plant is perfectly sheared.
Our variety of thickened interwoven hedges will perfectly decorate the site and help protect the area from animals.
Thuja Sunkist looks great in combination with plants that cover the ground. If a tree is planted surrounded by stones, it will generally make an indelible impression on what you see. Moreover, it will be possible to admire this beauty all year round.
The undemanding plant is also grown in containers. Compact young trees are also used for landscape decoration.
How to propagate thuja
Reproduction of thuja Sankist occurs with the help of seeds and petioles. But since the variety was bred artificially, then when propagated by seeds, a loss of varietal characteristics may occur. Therefore, it is recommended to breed our variety with cuttings.
Vegetative reproduction path
The material for planting thuja Sankist should be prepared in the autumn season, somewhere in October. Rooting of the petioles is carried out under temperature conditions of about +25 degrees. In order for the root system to develop well, it is necessary that the air be highly humidified.
Breeders give advice about this - it is better to root the petioles in indoor greenhouse conditions or in plastic bags.
For more space, use zip bags instead of growing containers. Zip-bags in the light will be fixed by hanging on the windows.
We cut off the branches of thuja Sunkist with a small piece of bark with a pointed knife to preserve the “mother tree”. The length of the seedling should be about 15 cm. After this procedure, we clean the petiole to the middle of the needles and small branches from below.
The soil for planting is subject to mandatory disinfection. Usually the soil is heated in the microwave. Watering is carried out with boiled water.
To root 1 petiole, you need to prepare a glass of mixed turf and sand. To increase air and water permeability, add vermiculite or foam crumbs. The soil should be moderately moist.
Next, place the petiole in the soil and close the bag tightly. In this case, the seedlings will take root in 30 days. Packages with seedlings are kept in a well-lit place. Daylight hours should last 13-14 hours for the plants to germinate quickly.
When the thuja takes root, it is best to always keep the bag closed. The processes are clearly visible.
As soon as it is noticeable that the root system is developing, it is necessary to transplant the plant into a container. To grow the seedling further, mix nutrient-filled turf and coarse sand in a 2: 1 ratio.
- Place the drainage system on the bottom of the container.
- Pour one part of the earth.
- Place the seedling straight up.
- Pour soil around the container.
- Water and spray the seedling.
- Put in a polyethylene bag and close tightly for a couple of days.
- The plant opens only after 3 days, not earlier. The seedling needs to get used to the reduced amount of moisture.
How to plant thuja Sunkist correctly
Western thuja Sunkist: photo of the sunkist variety
When planting the western thuja varieties Sankist, do not forget that the plant will remain on this site for a long time - for a decade, or even more. Transplanting a mature tree will not be possible, because the thuja rhizome will go deep into the ground by a meter.
- The best planting time
Cultivation of thuja Sunkist under the open sky can continue from the spring season until the autumn season. Each planting time has its own characteristics.
- Planting in the summer season
If you are planting plants in open soil in the summertime, do not forget that the roots may dry out. For this reason, it is necessary to prepare a hole in advance for planting and transplant the tree instantly.
It is best to replant when the temperature conditions have not yet reached more than 20 degrees. It is required to make a shade for the tree in order to avoid drying of the roots and coniferous burns. The time interval between the extraction of the plant and the covering of the roots is 15-20 minutes, no more.
- Planting in the autumn
The main nuance when planting plants in the autumn season is that the soil subsides. A healthy plant will not stay in the ground, as it still has a weak root system. For this reason, when planting thuja in the autumn season, the installation of supports is required to prevent damage to the seedlings from wind or snow.
- Planting in the spring season
The best period of time for planting plants in open soil is the second or third spring months. This season may vary at different latitudes. The main thing here is to have time to land before the juice begins to move.
During this period of time, the conifers actively begin to grow shoots.For this reason, a tree that was planted in the spring easily adapts to new conditions. Before the onset of the winter season, a strong root system develops, so the plant becomes frost-resistant.
- How to choose a site for planting and prepare the soil
Western thuja Sankist is unpretentious to shaded areas, can live on depleted soil. In order for the plant to develop fully, it needs soil filled with nutrients with neutral acid levels.
Crohn can grow disproportionate due to the fact that she will not have enough light. Coniferous golden color in shaded areas will change to greenish.
Under no circumstances should you plant it in places where groundwater flows close to the surface (more than 1 m). The plant loves water, it will not be able to develop due to stagnant moisture.
Composition of the land for planting: ½ turf, ½ manure, which has been peeled, or you can use compost fertilizer. In case of heavy soil, add coarse sand or a special mixture to the soil mixture in order to increase the permeability of the air.
To improve the saturation of the soil, you can add complex mixtures to it, for example, nitroammophoska or superphosphate.
Only be sure to mix the mixture with the soil, in order to avoid burns of the fragile root system.
Western thuja Sunkist: photo of the variety
Before removing the seedlings from the containers, it is necessary to make a soil mixture and a planting pit to reduce the time the thuja roots stay on the street.
- Digging the soil, removing weeds.
- Preparing the pit for planting. Dimensions: 80x80x80 cm.
- Soil preparation.
- Layout of the drainage system, a layer of 20 cm.
- Removing the plant from the container, immediately take the soil lump.
- Placing a seedling in the hole.
- Evenly spreading soil by ½ and tamping.
- Watering with a bucket of water so that the earth settles.
- Backfilling with the remaining earth.
- Mulching the trunk circle.
- Shelter from the sun with a cloth.
When deepening the plant, do not forget that the root collar should be 5-6 cm higher above the surface of the soil layer.
Western thuja Sunkist: photo of the sunkist variety
What agricultural technology includes: regularly feed and water the plants. To give the tree a decorative shape, you need to cut off young shoots to form the apical part.
In the first 30 days after planting the western thuja Sankist variety in a permanent place, you need to monitor the moisture content of the soil. Within 7 days, each plant may want to "drink water" up to 50 liters. If it is a dry and sultry period, then watering is required every other day, early in the morning or late in the evening.
Watering is carried out under the roots in the morning and spraying in the evening.
The earth located in the near-trunk circle of young seedlings can sink, thus pits are obtained. This will affect water stagnation and root rot. Therefore, you need to fill in the earth until the soil completely shrinks.
After the watering procedure has been carried out, the soil must be loosened 5-7 cm deep. Be sure to remove the weed so that it does not take nutrients from the thuja.
The first time feeding is applied 6 months after planting the thuja in a permanent place. In the spring season, you can feed the plants with ammonia containing mixtures. For conifers, there are just special store-bought preparations of prolonged action for nutrition. The mixtures contain all the components necessary for optimal growth and development of conifers.
Sanitary circumcision takes place during the spring season. Dried and damaged branches and part of the shoots are removed to ensure air permeability to the branches growing inside the tree. Garden varnish or resin is used to repair cuts and wounds in the bark.
It is recommended to form a crown in the autumn season, as long as the temperature conditions allow and keep above +5 degrees. Branches are cut that protrude far from the apical part.
But cutting shoots in large quantities is not recommended, because the tree grows slowly, recovery will be long.
How to prepare a thuja for wintering
The western thuja variety Sunkist has good cold tolerance. Shelter is required only for young trees, the root system of which is still weak. It is important to protect the plant from temperature moods and dangerous rays of the sun in the spring.
The trunk circle in the autumn season must be mulched with a thickened peat or compost layer. Young branches need to be tied up and covered with an air-permeable agrarian covering material. Covering material is removed in the spring season after the snow has melted.
Tuya Sankist: harmful insects and diseases
Western thuja Sunkist: photo of the variety
Thuja Sankist is immune to the fungus. But nevertheless, thuja can get sick with fusarium. Symptoms: the coloring of the needles changes, the branches dry out. This may also be due to illiterate care. Often times, the tree is bad from too much water and improperly applied fertilizers.
For this reason, before using antifungal drugs, adjust the moisture content of the soil and ventilate the crown.
For treatment, everything is applied as usual. The dried branches are cut and burned. Prevention - the use of fungicides that penetrate into parts of the thuja.
The variety of thuja Sunkist can be attacked by aphids and false shield insects. Prevention and treatment - preparations for leaf-eating insects; traditional medicine.
Western thuja Sanuist: reviews of gardeners
Marina, 46 years old, Nizhny Novgorod region: «We bought a plot and thought for a long time how to make it beautiful. Designer decor costs money. I rummaged through the Internet, found information about conifers. So many shrubs and trees made me dizzy! I got a variety of thuja Sankist, 2 spirea bushes, 3 varieties of roses. I am still far from the ideal view, but the thuja is already growing. I like this tree».
Vasily Anatolyevich, 64 years old, Perm: «I have been growing thuja for a long time. The western thuja variety Sankist is decorative, I admit it. But I don't like its yellow coloring. There is one tree left on the territory, as the wife likes it. I do not recommend growing thuja in our region for newcomers. It will not be possible to fashion a decorative figurine out of it if there are no skills. And if you cut too much, then this freak will occupy your site for quite a long time. It's a pity to look at the "decor" of such people who do not know how».