The best varieties of tomatoes: descriptions, advantages, disadvantages
Everyone knows that tomatoes are very whimsical plants to grow. They can grow well in one garden and do not take root at all in another. My grandfather was always famous for his rich tomato harvest, he always had large, fleshy tomatoes that were very sweet in taste. However, the neighbors on the site could not boast of a tenth share of such a crop. The whole secret is in proper plant care and timely feeding. Probably every novice gardener asks which varieties of tomatoes are better to plant in order to harvest a good harvest as a result. In this article, I will tell you about five varieties of tomatoes that thrive on any land, dwell on their advantages and disadvantages, and tell you the secrets of growing them. Breeders have identified many varieties of tomatoes, differing in taste, skin color, size and other qualities. After reading this article, you can decide on the choice of variety and grow delicious tomatoes.
Tomato varieties: short
Tomatoes are a vegetable from the Solanaceae family and can be both annuals and perennials. They have a very well-developed root system, a tap-type root can go deep into the ground. The plant is very fond of warmth and a lot of light, and the bushes should be located further away so as not to interfere with each other. Tomato fruits are very juicy, they can be of different shapes and colors. They have unique nutritional and dietary properties and fit perfectly into the diet of people on a diet. The calorie content of one ripe fruit is about 19 kilocalories. Tomatoes are also enriched with a substance such as choline, which lowers blood cholesterol, increases hemoglobin and the body's immune properties, and also prevents fatty degeneration of the liver.
Tomato varieties: "Eternal Call"
Tomatoes of the "Vechnyi Zov" variety are classified as early-maturing, determinant, high-yielding, large-fruited varieties for open ground and film shelters, they are absolutely unpretentious to the environment. The fruits germinate quickly enough, the yield is high, with proper care, up to 9 kg of the crop can be harvested from each bush. The bushes grow well, the average height of the bush is about 70 cm. The fruits are very juicy and sweet in taste, round in red with shades of ribbing. These tomatoes are perfect for fresh consumption, juices or sauces. The average weight of a tomato is about 200 grams, in exceptional cases the weight can reach 900 grams. The disadvantage of this variety is a decrease in the size of the fruits with each sowing, that is, the first harvest will be the richest, then the size of the fruits will decrease.
Tomato variety "Bull heart"
Tomato variety "Bull's Heart" is a mid-season, large-fruited, determinate variety for growing on open ground or in a greenhouse. Tomato bushes are quite tall and spreading, their average height reaches 1.5 meters. Typically, the first harvest can be obtained 120 days after sowing the seeds. Tomatoes
this variety is very popular among gardeners, thanks to its large, juicy, fleshy fruits with excellent taste. Tomatoes of this variety are stored for a long time and do not lose their taste even after processing. However, they are not suitable for conservation, which is a significant disadvantage for some gardeners. The average weight of a tomato is 100-400 grams.The color of tomatoes is different: yellow, red and even black. When growing plants on open ground, the yield is up to 5 kg per bush. In a greenhouse, the yield can be increased to 12 kg. Novice gardeners are happy to choose this type of tomato, as it is more resistant to disease than other varieties. You can read more about the variety here.
Tomato variety "Cap of Monomakh"
This tomato variety is classified as determinant, large-fruited and high-yielding varieties. You can grow tomatoes of this type on open ground or in a greenhouse. The plant bears fruit best in climates with little difference in temperature between night and day. The bushes are very powerful, but at the same time very compact, their height can reach 1.5 meters. The appearance of the first fruits can be seen 110 days after sowing the seeds. Fruits are large, fleshy, deep red, very juicy. The maximum weight of a tomato can be up to 1 kg. Plants of this variety are adapted to late blight disease, it is quite rare. The only drawback is the unattractive appearance, since the larger size of the fruit can lead to the appearance of cracks. Tomatoes of this variety are great for salads or for making sauces. More about the variety Cap of Monomakh here.
Tomato variety "Pink honey"
Tomato variety Pink honey is a high-yielding, determinant, medium early variety, suitable for growing on open ground and under film. Very popular with gardeners. However, it is worth considering the peculiarities of your climate. If you live in a northern climate, it is best to grow these tomatoes in a greenhouse. The shrubs of the plant are slightly leafy, their height is about 1 meter. The sheets themselves are medium-sized, dark green in color. The first fruits can be seen 110 days after sowing the seeds. Tomatoes are large and fleshy, pink in color, honey flavor. The maximum fetal weight is 1.5 kg. As they say, tore off 3-4 pieces and scooped up a bucket. The yield of this variety is average, but with proper care, you can get up to 6 kg of tomatoes from a bush. A distinctive feature is drought resistance, so it is not recommended to water these plants abundantly. Great for making salads, sauces and tomato juice.
Tomato varieties: "Konigsberg"
This tomato variety was originally identified by Siberian breeders for growing in greenhouses. Later it was found that tomatoes of this variety thrive in any climate. These plants are not afraid of either drought or increased moisture, and they also adapt very well to temperature changes. The bushes of the plant are fluffy, up to 2 meters in height, the leaves of the potato type are green. The appearance of the first tomatoes is observed 115 days after sowing the seeds. Tomatoes are medium in size, elongated, bright red in color, very juicy and sweet. The average weight is about 300 grams. This type is famous for its high yield, up to 20 kg per bush. Tomatoes of this variety are best suited for conservation, long-term storage and transportation.
Features of caring for tomatoes. Their complementary foods.
It's no secret that tomatoes are very capricious plants and require an individual approach, starting from the moment of sowing the seeds. Seeds for sowing can be prepared in advance by yourself or purchased in stores. The best planting option is potting soil, either purchased or purchased. The main thing is that the mixture is
finely ground, without lumps. You can sow seeds in disposable peat cups or pots, which are sold in specialized stores. For sowing, it is best to use two seeds. The best time for sowing is early March. For a good germination of sprouts, it is necessary to provide the plant with favorable conditions, the temperature should not be less than 22 degrees. After the sprouts appear, you need to ensure that the light hits them evenly, illuminating all the plants.Some gardeners use artificial lighting. After the appearance of the first leaves, the seedlings are transplanted into the ground. It is necessary to shed the earth abundantly before transplanting. Subsequently, it is not recommended to water the plant abundantly. Each tomato bush withstands several fruits at a time. However, care must be taken to ensure that the load on the stem is equal. Gardeners recommend tying the plant up. For the garter, you need to use a material that will not harm the stem. The land near the plant must be deeply cultivated, this contributes to the better development of the root system.
An important factor for getting a good harvest is the right complementary food. It is best to feed the plant every two weeks. The very first complementary food must be done at the time of transplanting seedlings into the ground. You can feed the plant with potassium and phosphorus, as well as systemic fungicides.
Unfortunately, tomatoes are very susceptible to diseases such as late blight. In order to avoid infection, it is necessary to treat the bushes with Bordeaux liquid (1% solution) before planting seedlings and 2 weeks after it.