Cherry plum varieties: 15 best for central Russia
If you want to get a wonderful harvest of cherry plum, then you need not only to properly observe agricultural techniques, but also to choose the right varieties of cherry plum correctly. And this is not as easy as it might seem. Taking into account the specifics of climatic conditions, we have made a selection of the most-very varieties of cherry plum for the Moscow region and the middle lane.
Varieties with large fruits
Description of cherry plum variety Tent
This variety is usually not high. The first harvest can be obtained after four to five years. The crown of the tree has a rounded shape, directed downward. The branches are quite densely arranged. Plums are large, one piece can weigh about forty grams. Possesses good taste and dessert qualities, inside the fruits are yellow. On average, you can get about 35 kg from one plant. The Tent variety is beautiful in the form of sweet preparations, but fresh fruits are also able to please with their taste. Ripening - early maturing. Resistant to frost. The tent is not a self-fertile variety. Does not tolerate insufficient watering very well.
Description of the cherry plum variety Nayden
According to the ripening period, the variety belongs to the mid-season. The tree is usually medium in size. The branches grow densely, the crown has a rounded shape. The fruits are quite large, reaching 35 - 37 grams in weight. The plum tastes sweet, with sourness, the flesh is yellow. In the third year of its life, this variety can already give a good harvest. From trees "aged" you can get about forty kilograms of plums. Not bad resistant to temperature extremes. He doesn't like dry weather very much. Pollinated not without help. It is necessary that other varieties grow in the neighborhood that bloom at the same time as Naydena.
Description of cherry plum variety Gek
This variety is mid-season. It has a fast growth, the trees are medium in height. The branches grow densely, drooping slightly downward. The crown is rounded. One fruit can weigh up to 35 grams. The pulp is dark yellow. Dessert taste with sourness. Poor bone separation is noted. According to the purpose, the variety is universal. Huck tolerates cold temperatures well. The harvest is consistently good. Pollinated with the help of other neighboring trees in a cross way.
Description of cherry plum variety Monomakh
Plums of this variety are not the largest, weighing about 25-30 grams. They have a good dessert taste. The pulp is juicy. Favorably differs in that the bone is separated freely. This variety has an interesting shape that resembles a Monomakh hat. The peel of the fruit is deep purple in color. The variety belongs to the early maturing. The yield is consistently high.
Varieties that are not afraid of frost
Description of cherry plum variety Gift to St. Petersburg
This plum has a lot of positive qualities. For example, the Gift to St. Petersburg is perfectly capable of surviving the cold, and is also well prepared for a changeable climatic situation. He is not afraid of a large amount of precipitation with frosts. The plant is usually medium in size. It has a large, dense, rather spreading crown. Four years later, this variety will already delight you with a good harvest. The good news is that this variety produces a crop every year, with almost no exceptions.Plums have a pretty light orange color. Slightly elongated in shape. Not the largest, one fruit weighs twenty grams. The taste is sweet with a noticeable sourness. This variety has good transportability and is well suited for commercial purposes. Gardeners actively use it for harvesting purposes.
This cherry plum appeared thanks to the sectioners not so long ago. At the same time, she very quickly entered the market and conquered a large number of gardeners and summer residents. The trees are not too tall, the branches are not dense, but the crown is quite spreading. Cherry plum is large, has a rounded shape, slightly oval, towards the end the fruit is slightly sharpened. The skin has a burgundy hue, there is a small wax bloom. The pulp is dark orange, sweet with sourness. You can use this variety, both for making jams, jams, and eating fresh fruits. The variety is quite adaptive, quickly begins to bear fruit. In mid-July, you can safely enjoy ripe fruits. It tolerates low temperatures perfectly. Is self-fertile.
It has a very high resistance to frost, the trees are not too tall, rather medium. It is noted that the Rocket Seedling is capable of surviving temperatures as low as -35 degrees. The branches grow densely, the crown is wide. Cherry plum is rather large in size, one fruit weighs about thirty grams. The fruits are red, round in shape, slightly pointed towards the end. Many experienced gardeners praise this variety for its very high yield.
This variety owes its name to the scientific institute of the same name. It was there that breeders bred him. As a rule, a tree reaches about three meters in height. The branches are quite wide, spreading. The crown is slightly conical, the leaves are quite far from each other. The fruits of this variety themselves are not large, have a shape similar to an egg. The skin is thin, which makes the variety not very transportable. The surface of the fruit is light red. Inside the cherry plum is sweet, juicy. It has a slightly loose, fibrous structure. The separation of the bone occurs without difficulty. Gardeners note a good level of yield, usually about thirty kilograms are harvested from one plant. Timiryazevskaya is not a very whimsical variety to care for. Has a high degree of frost resistance. Little susceptible to attacks of diseases of fungal origin.
Russian plum of self-fertile varieties
This variety is simply ideal for growing in a small area, as it has a fairly compact size. Moreover, every year the Kuban comet pleases gardeners with a wonderful harvest. One plant can bear about forty kilograms of fruit. Cherry plum has a beautiful ruddy skin with a reddish tint. The pulp is yellow, sweet with sourness. One fruit in weight, as a rule, reaches 25 - 30 grams. The variety is good both for various preparations and for eating fresh fruits. One of the tangible disadvantages of this variety is the separation of the bone from the pulp is very poor. There is no need to additionally pollinate trees. Handles cold temperatures well. This also applies to the wood of the plant and flower buds. Care should be taken to ensure that watering is carried out on a timely and regular basis.
This variety is a good pollinator for other varieties. It has a good level of productivity; gardeners can get about forty kilograms from one plant. Not too tall, rather medium in size. The first fruits can be harvested after three years. This variety belongs to the mid-season in terms of ripening. One cherry plum in weight reaches, as a rule, 27 - 30 grams. The pulp is dark yellow. Has a sweet taste, light sourness and an interesting banana aftertaste. It tolerates low temperatures well. The Traveler is also able to survive a short drought.
The variety is self-fertile. Well suited for the middle lane. Has a high level of frost resistance. Rarely exposed to diseases and pests, due to good immunity. As a rule, one plant reaches a height of two to three meters. The crown has a fairly decorative spherical shape. It needs to be monitored and periodically pruned to maintain a decorative look. Usually this cherry plum ripens by early July. However, it can be on the branches for quite a long time, up to the beginning of August. Mara's skin has a deep yellow-orange color. Dessert Mara to taste. Fibrous in structure, very good for workpieces.
Recommended varieties of cherry plum for the Moscow region
Due to its size, this variety is very suitable for growing in small summer cottages, as it is very compact. As a rule, Columnar reaches about three meters in height, but the size of the crown is not more than one and a half meters in diameter. This variety withstands low temperatures well. It tends to quickly rehabilitate after frost. This variety bears fruit of large size, one reaches about forty grams in size. The peel of the fruit is deep red, has a slight waxy coating. A large amount of rain for this variety is not scary, the fruits do not crack due to excess moisture. The pulp has a delicate, fibrous structure with an excellent sweet taste.
The tree is not too tall, rather medium in size. This variety is unpretentious in agricultural technology. Has a high level of adaptation to varied weather. Sharp temperature jumps are not a problem for Rubinova, this variety will easily survive such a shock. Cherry plum has a beautiful bright burgundy color. The pulp is dark yellow, very sweet, without an acidic component.
Gold of the Scythians
This variety has appeared relatively recently. The plant usually reaches about three meters in height. The crown is not too spreading, it has a cone-shaped head start. The fruits of the Gold of the Scythians are large, each fruit usually weighs 30 - 35 grams. The skin color is very beautiful, golden. The pulp of the fruit has a pleasant dessert taste. The structure is fibrous. This variety is not afraid of sharp temperature jumps, which are so frequent in the climate of the Moscow region. It is not whimsical in agricultural technology. The first harvest, as a rule, is harvested already in the third year of the tree's life. It bears fruit every year, with almost no exceptions. The yield is average. The gold of the Scythians requires additional pollination.
It is very convenient to grow this variety in a small area. Since the early-fruited are fairly compact trees. Yields a harvest quite early. In the second - third year, you can already enjoy the first fruits. Has a reddish color. The fruits are not too large. Inside the cherry plum is sweet, the texture is slightly fibrous. Gardeners note an easy separation of the bone among the advantages. It is a pleasure to eat such cherry plum straight from the branch. Has a high degree of cold resistance. Not afraid of strong gusts of wind. Among the disadvantages is that there is an additional pollinator tree in the neighborhood.
Cherry plum varieties photo