Black currant Kanahama
A subspecies of such a fruit and berry crop as black currant, which will be discussed in detail in this article, is a representative of varieties with an average ripening period. Black currant Kanahama appeared in the Research Institute of Horticulture of Siberia named after V.I. M.A. Lisavenko, thanks to the works of breeders such as I.P. Kalinin, N.I. Nazaryuk, M.A. Pershina, by breeding varieties Llama and Bow to Borisova. The Kanahama currant variety is on the state varietal test since 2005.
Black currant Kanahama: variety description and characteristics
Black currant Kanahama: photo of the variety
The Kanahama black currant shrub has a medium height and an average level of spreading. Growing shoots are of medium size, they are straight, have a green color and a matte surface, without pubescence. Shoots are lignified, smooth and brown in color. The kidneys are endowed with medium size and rounded elongated shape. The kidney of the upper part is free, it is sharp and single, has a deviation and a brown color.
The leaves of the Kanahama currant bush are five-lobed. One leaf has a medium size and a matte surface of a pale green hue. It has a wrinkled structure, leathery, the surface of the leaf is straight. The apical part of the middle blade is pointed and elongated; there are also additional projections. The lateral lobes are of medium size, pointed, have notches rather deep and very small, they also have a direction towards the upper part of the leaf, with a right angle between the veins of the middle lateral lobes. The basal lobes are endowed with good development, their veins are extended.
The base of the Kanahama currant leaf has an open recess with an average depth. The teeth are very small in size, short in length and obtuse, bent, their "tip" is quite clearly expressed. The leaf petiole has an average length and thickness, green in color and with pubescence, along the edge of the leaf has a rather pale color, is located at an acute angle of 45 degrees.
The flowers of the Kanahama black currant variety, when opened, have an average size and goblet shape. Sepals are pale pink in color, open and bent. The stigma of the pistil is at the level of the anthers. The brushes are endowed with an average length, they are drooping and loose. The axis of such a brush is thick and winding, has a green color.
Description of Kanahama berries
The berries of the Kanahama currant grow to a large size, each such berry can reach an average weight of 2.5-3.5 grams. They have a round shape, the surface is covered with a thin black skin. When removed from this berry, the separation is dry. Ripening of fruits occurs simultaneously. Also, these berries have good transportability. The stalk is short and green in color. Closed cup.
The taste of the Kanahama currant is rather delicate and sweet, with a small amount of sourness. When tasting, these fruits received an estimate of 4.5 points, out of five possible. It is also worth noting that these berries have a universal purpose. In their chemical composition, pods contain: dry soluble substances 15.1 percent, total sugars 12.4 percent, titratable acids 2 percent, ascorbic acid 83 milligrams per 100 grams of product, pectins (wet weight) 1.8 percent.
The main distinguishing features of the Kanahama black currant variety: a good level of hardiness to frost and a dry period, early maturity, has a high immunity to powdery mildew, hazel grouse, gall aphid, and is rarely affected by a kidney mite. The yield level for this subspecies is on average 2 kilograms per shrub, or 6.7-10 tons per hectare.
Currant Kanahama: reviews of gardeners
- Ksenia Valentinovna, Moscow region: “The Kanahama black currant variety, surprisingly, is not the most popular and demanded variety. But in vain. This currant has many positive qualities.Such as early maturity, self-fertility, large berries and a high level of productivity. I grow only Kanahama currants in my garden, and I don’t regret it. ”
- Maria Vasilievna, Leningrad region: “Kanahama currant is a real decoration of my garden and a real joy for my children. They simply adore these berries, moderately sweet and moderately sour. As a gardener, I really like that the Kanahama black currant variety has a high rate of immunity to many diseases and pests. "