Plum Hungarian: variety description, photo, cultivation
The article presents the Hungarian plum: a description of the variety, photos, characteristics, guidelines for planting, growing, care, protection.
Plum Hungarian: variety description
Plum Hungarian: photo of the variety
One of the composition of cultures with a variety of features. Most breeders are very happy with the appearance of this variety. the fruit tolerates diseases and frosts, and also has a high taste, and it is from this variety that an excellent prune is obtained.
The plum variety Hungerka is a kind of fruit composition, which consists of a large number of species. In the European part of the fruit, a variety from Asia was released. It all started in the Balkan region. on Russian soil, culture was studied at the beginning of the twentieth century.
Hungary - discovered the perfect way to harvest. The fruits were removed without tearing, the plums fell off themselves when they were ripe. At this time, they wither. Namely, these fruits taste good, and can lie for a large amount of time after harvest.
Hungary is a country of plum trees, it is their territory that is overgrown with this variety. People who come to church to repent receive a plum tree shrub from the priest. In this country, plum trees grow on all roadsides.
Plum Hungarian: characteristic features of the variety
Plum Hungarian: photo
The plum tree of the Vengerka variety is tall, its size reaches from five to six meters. the crown is rounded, trapezoidal. Branches are brown, vigorous. Also, the crown can be cut to such an extent that the tree can grow no more than three or four meters.
This variety tolerates winters, but not strong ones; in the north, such a variety is not grown. It takes a small amount of time to restore a tree after winter.
Plum Hungerka easily tolerates drought, can give a large amount of harvest, even in dry weather.
Culture refers to independent fruiting. It is not necessary to plant crops in the neighborhood.
The variety has a wonderful immune system, it tolerates diseases, as well as rodents that infect the plant.
High productivity. The plum variety Hungarian belongs to perennials, lives up to thirty years.
A large number of shoots can develop from a tree, so cut off excess grass, and also look at the plants in the neighborhood, they can only enhance the growth of the shoots.
The color of the vegetation is late, the harvest depends on the variety.
It is necessary to put a support so that the branches do not break due to the large weight of the fruit.
Make sure that there are ripening plums on the branches, overripe, not fallen fruits can rot right on the shoots. Thus, they will lose their attractiveness.
Of the minuses, we can only say about the slow maturity of the Hungarian plum. Most species can only bear fruit in the sixth or eighth year after planting. If there are gardeners who rush vegetation for fruiting, but scientists have already succeeded in this and have discovered a variety that bears fruit already in the third or fourth year after planting a Hungarian plum sapling.
By the fruit, you can determine whether the tree is affected by pests, diseases or not, if the fruit has become much larger, then it is worth carrying out preventive work on your tree.
Hungarian plums: cultivar pollinators
Even so, you can plant nearby plants for pollination. Neighboring crops should bloom with Hungarian. In most cases, a garden plum is planted.
It is forbidden to grow bushes with berry crops, it interferes with the development of a Vengerka plum sapling.
What varieties does the Hungarian plum variety have?
There are two types of Hungarian plum varieties:
- Canteens are relevant in gardens at summer cottages, taste is at a high level.
- Technical - grown for commercial purposes. They give a big harvest, they are not squeamish.
Plum Hungarian Korneevskaya
Plum variety Hungarian Korneevskaya: photo
Plum Vengerka Korneevskaya independently bears fruit, the discovery took place in Russia, named after the scientist who received this variety. In order for the yield to become higher, it is necessary to plant nearby crops nearby. The tree grows to a height of about four meters, the crown is trapezoidal, wide. They usually collect about thirty kilograms. The tree can bear fruit as early as the fourth year after planting. Lives about fifteen years. Harvested in late summer or early autumn.
Plums Vengerka Korneevskaya bluish color, with a brown tint. The contents inside are tender, soft, juicy. Light yellow color. Medium bone. Fruit weight from thirty to thirty-five grams. Shoots bearing fruit must be cared for. These fruits can be used fresh, as well as boiled. Resistant to transportation.
They tolerate the winter season, the trunk has a strong wide bark, this allows the tree to tolerate frosts calmly. A small number of buds can be injured in the Vengerka Korneevskaya plum during severe frosts. Not all diseases are tolerated.
Plum Hungarian Pulkovskaya
Plum Hungarian Pulkovskaya: photo of the variety
The plum variety Vengerka Pulkovskaya ripens late, it can bear fruit itself, but not in large quantities. The size of the tree reaches from three to four meters, the crown is in the form of a trapezoid, wide. Fruiting appears in the third year after planting. One tree can produce up to twenty-five kilograms. Ripening occurs late, not all fruits ripen at once, the harvest takes place along the stages of maturity, at the beginning of autumn. A tree can live from twenty to twenty-five years.
Fruits are small in size, uneven, weight from twenty to twenty-five grams. the peel is dark reddish, the contents are yellowish inside. Plum Hungarian Pulkovskaya calmly endures frost. Plums can hang for a long time without dropping. The culture also carries pests, such as aphids. Of the minuses, only cracks in the fruits can be noted due to the large amount of precipitation. Also, the plum variety Vengerka Pulkovskaya needs to prepare the soil so that it is soaked.
Plum Hungarian Voronezh
Plum Hungarian Voronezh: photo of the variety
Plum Hungarian Voronezh independently bears fruit, ripens late, is grown in the southern territories. The size of the tree reaches from three to three and a half meters. the crown is round, the branches are directed upwards. Any plum crop can be planted in the neighborhood for pollination, for example, Peach, Zyuzinskaya, Michurinskaya and the like.
From one plum tree Hungarian Voronezh, you can collect about thirty kilograms. Fruit weight from forty grams. the shape is curved, elongated. The skin is dark purple in color, with a reddish tint. The content inside is greenish olive color, taste is high. Used fresh, as well as boiled.
Benefits - excellent immune system, recovery takes little time after winter.
Disadvantages of plum Hungarian Voronezh - does not tolerate the winter period, during the cold summer season, the fruits may not be colored. The fruits are harvested in this form, left to ripen.
Plum Hungarian Dubrovskaya
Plum Hungarian Dubrovskaya: photo of the variety
Plum varieties Vengerka Dubrovskaya are rarely seen in greenhouses or in summer cottages. The tree is tall, the crowns are large oval. The variety is widespread in the south. Produces fruit five years after planting. The fruits are harvested in early autumn. By weight, the harvest per season reaches about thirty kilograms.
The plums themselves of the Vengerka Dubrovskaya variety are small, dark purple in color, the peel is covered with a layer of bluish bloom. Fruit weight from twenty-five to thirty kilograms, sweet to taste, with a sour taste. The seeds are difficult to pull out of the pulp. The plum Hungarian Dubrovskaya has a well-developed immunity. Transfers diseases and pests. Resistant to transportation.
Plum Hungarian Michurinskaya
Plum Hungarian Michurinskaya: photo of the variety
Plum Hungarian Michurinskaya bears fruit on its own. The yield from one tree is twenty-five kilograms. The fruit is dark purple in color, with a layer of bluish bloom. The contents inside are sweet, greenish, juicy. Taste at a height, slightly sour. Small stone. The fruit can hang for a sufficient amount of time on the tree, when ripe, it does not fall off. The attractiveness is not lost.
The plum variety Vengerka Michurinskaya is resistant to the winter season, tolerates transportation. This culture is grown commercially, used in the production of baby food. But the Hungarian Michurinskaya plum has only one drawback, not so significant - with effort it is necessary to remove the bones from the pulp.
Azhanskaya plum Hungarian
Plum Hungarian Azhanskaya: photo of the variety
The culture is known from the territory of France. The tree is tall, ranging in size from four to four and a half meters. the crown is crushed. Fruiting occurs four or five years after planting. The yield of one tree is about seventy kilograms. Maturation occurs at the end of the summer season. The culture bears fruit on its own, but if you want the yield to increase, you can plant neighboring crops for pollination, for example, the following: Renklod Green, Renklod Altana.
The fruit is large, the rind is dense, the color is dark purple with the addition of a wine shade. The contents inside are loose, green in color. The plum is sweet to taste with a sour aftertaste. Fruit weight from fifteen to twenty-five grams. Ripe fruits do not fall from the tree, but hang for a long time.
Disadvantages - plums can crack due to cloudy weather. Further, mold and mildew may appear. The insect infecting this variety is the almond seed. It does not tolerate frost, therefore, it is suitable for cultivation only in the territories of the south.
Plums Hungarian Donetskaya
Plum Vengerka Donetskaya: photo of the variety
Plum Vengerka Donetskaya bears fruit on its own. It was discovered by scientists from Donetsk. The tree of such a culture is small, reaching up to four hundred and fifty centimeters. Bears fruit four or five years after planting. The yield per season is about thirty kilograms. As we know, the tree is self-fertile, but for greater effect, neighboring crops are planted nearby for greater pollination, for example, the following: Anna Shpet, Italian, Renklod Altana.
Fruit by weight can be about thirty grams. in color, the fruit is dark purple, with a shade of brown. There is a thick layer of plaque on the peel. The contents inside are greenish in color, sweet to taste with a sour aftertaste. The use of the fruit can be varied, fresh, boiled or dried. After picking, plums can lie up to twenty-one days, and if they are removed to a cellar or basement, they can lie even longer.
For plum varieties Vengerka Donetskaya, it is necessary to prepare the soil. Does not tolerate dryness, loamy soil, saturated with nutrients, is needed. The variety tolerates transportation. The tree bears fruit for about twenty years.
There are two types of plum varieties Vengerka Donetskaya - early ripe and late ripe.Their difference is only in the ripening period and the taste of the fruit.
Plum Hungarian Amazing
Plum Hungarian Amazing: photo of the variety
Neighboring pollinators are needed to grow such a crop. The tree is tall, reaching about four and a half meters. begins to bear fruit four or five years after planting. The yield from one tree is from twenty-five to thirty kilograms of fruit.
Fruits are small, oval, dark bluish color, yellow content inside. There is a small layer of plaque on the peel. Fruit weight from twenty five to thirty grams. the bones are difficult to pull out. Transfers diseases. It tolerates the cold season, thus, it can be found in the Ural territories.
Plum Hungarian Bogatyrskaya
Plum Hungarian Bogatyrskaya: photo of the variety
Plum Hungarian Bogatyrskaya is a culture that ripens early, its taste is at a high level. Fruit can be removed at the end of July. The yield of one tree is from eighty to one hundred and twenty kilograms. The tree is small, spread out, about four meters in size. fruiting for about thirty years. The first fruits of the Vengerka Bogatyrskaya plum can be seen four or five years after planting.
The fruits of the Hungarian Bogatyrskaya plum are large, sweet with a sour taste. Weight from thirty to sixty grams. the peel is dark blue, closer to black, there is a layer of gray plaque. Content inside olive. Used for industrial purposes. Shift transportation. The disadvantage is that it is difficult to pull out the bone.
Plum Hungarian Italian
Plum Hungarian Italian: photo of the variety
The Hungarian Italian plum ripens in early autumn. The tree is small, rounded crown. The yield per m of one tree is from seventy to eighty kilograms. In order for the fruits to be larger, it is necessary to plant neighboring crops for pollination, for example, the following: Altana, Green Renklod, Azhanskaya. Fruiting can be observed as early as four years after planting.
The mass of plum varieties Hungarian Italian - from thirty to thirty-five grams. the peel is dark blue, there is a layer of white bloom. The contents inside are greenish with yellow color, the flesh is closer to the stone is denser. The smell is practically not felt. Transfers many diseases, as well as pests. Not resistant to dry soil.
The Hungarian Italian plum is grown only in the south. Not resistant to the cold season.
Plum Hungarian Plum
Plum Hungarian ordinary: photo of the variety
Plum Hungarian common is a well-known culture. The tree is tall, about six meters in size. crown in the form of a trapezoid, branches growing to the sides. Bears fruit for about thirty years. The yield from one plum tree Hungarian ordinary is from one hundred and fifty to one hundred and eighty kilograms. The crop bears fruit on its own, but neighboring crops can be planted for pollination to increase the yield.
Fruits are medium, weight is about twenty grams. the skin is dark purple in color, almost black. The contents are sweet inside, but with a sour taste. Plum varieties Hungarian ordinary must be watered. Transfers disease. It is resistant to transportation, after harvesting it can lie for another twenty-five days. They are grown only in the south or with a temperate climate; in the north there is no option for planting plums.
Plum Hungarian Belarusian
Plum Hungarian Belarusian: photo of the variety
Fruits of the plum variety Hungarian Belorusskaya are large. The tree is small in size, reaching up to three and a half meters. the crown of the tree is lush, small in the thick. Fruits appear three or four years after planting. Fruiting is average. Ripening occurs in early autumn. The yield from one tree is thirty kilograms.
Fruits are oval, elongated, weighing up to forty grams. the skin is dark purple.The contents inside are yellowish in color, sweet to taste with a sour aftertaste. The plum variety Hungarianka Belorusskaya is resistant to the cold season, and also tolerates diseases and pests. Annual harvest. After harvesting, the fruits lie for a sufficient time. The Hungarian Belorusskaya plum is also well tolerated.
Plum Hungarian Moscow
Plum Hungarian Moscow: photo of the variety
Fruiting of the Hungarian Moscow plum is independent. The culture was discovered in one thousand nine hundred and fifty-five, the size of a tree is from three to three and a half meters. the crown is round, wide. Fruiting begins seven or eight years after planting. The yield from one tree is forty kilograms. The fruits of the Vengerka Moskovskaya plum ripen in early autumn.
Fruits are smooth, dark purple in color, weight from twenty to thirty grams. The fruit is elongated. The contents inside are greenish. The bones are easily pulled out. But the taste of the fruits is not entirely sweet, not as large as those of the newly introduced crops. Plum varieties Vengerka Moskovskaya are used both fresh, boiled or dried.
Plum Hungarian: planting varieties
It is worth planting a Hungarian plum in good weather; in the south, for example, they are planted in mid-autumn. In the middle lane in the middle of spring. Do not forget that the soil for the crop must be ready at the time of planting.
How to choose the right landing site?
In order for the Hungarian Plum to quickly take root, you need to know some criteria for planting:
- Light - a large amount of light is needed, as well as heat. The place should be open to the sun, you can plant a Vengerka plum sapling in the south or southwest of the site. Do not plant in low areas or in areas with strong gusts of wind.
- Earth - slightly alkaline will be ideal. If the soil is weak, it is nourished with nutrients. Groundwater should not be in the pit, it should be at a distance of at least one hundred and fifty centimeters.
- Moisture - when a large amount of moisture accumulates, the neck of the roots begins to rot. Thus, you cannot plant at the bottom. There is dampness, fog, water accumulation after rains, snow accumulates in winter.
- Neighboring cultures - recommends planting crops in an interval of about three meters with neighboring ones.
The right choice of soil
The ideal ground for a mill is a sand lance or loam. In acidic soils, such a variety will not develop. But if you have no other option, then you can add about six hundred grams of wood ash to the soil, and you can also use dolomite flour. Also, the culture does not tolerate drought, so watch the soil moisture. Otherwise, the ovaries may fall off, thus the amount of the crop decreases.
It is not necessary to fill the planting hole with lime, it can damage the roots of the Hungarian plum sapling. They get rid of acid in the soil long before planting, when they huddle the ground. Lime can be used in quantities of eight hundred grams per square meter.
For a quick adaptation, it is necessary to prepare the ground in advance. Thus, weeds are removed from the planting site, spud and manure is introduced into the soil.
Recommendations for choosing a seedling
If you choose the right bushes for planting, then you are guaranteed good fruiting of the plum for many years. In the bazaars, you can find injured seedlings that do not take root well. Therefore, you need to buy shrubs in special nurseries, greenhouses.
- From one to two years;
- The roots are healthy, not dry;
- The bark is healthy, without herbs;
- The trunk is flat, does not split;
- Small rootstock;
- No injured and dried branches, with healthy roots;
- The first grade is from one hundred and forty centimeters in size, from thirteen millimeters in width;
- The second grade is from one hundred and ten centimeters in size, eleven millimeters wide;
- Branched saplings from fifty centimeters in size, fourteen millimeters wide, branches about twenty centimeters in size;
- The seedling should be free of injuries, healthy, strong, without symptoms of any diseases.
It is recommended to buy shrubs in plastic pots with soaked soil. Thus, the transplant can take place calmly, the roots are not injured during this period. The shrub is transplanted along with the soil on the roots.
If you bought a shrub that was not planted in a container, then you need to process the roots in a chatter box, then plant them on a hump, placing the roots so that they do not intertwine, cover them with soaked earth on top.
Plum Hungarian: agricultural technology
In the autumn or spring, crops are planted in the same way. Only when planting in the spring, the hole is prepared in the fall.
- The planting hole is prepared fourteen days before planting.
- You need to dig a hole sixty to seventy centimeters in diameter, the depth should be fifty to sixty centimeters.
- In the middle of the hole, you need to put a support, sticking it twenty centimeters deep.
- Next, you need to fill the hole with prepared soil, in a small layer. In order for the soil to be fertile, it is necessary to add to it: manure, saltpeter, earth, chlorine with potassium, superphosphate. Soil must be added from the coast to create drainage and warmth in the soil.
- A small hump is made, on which the seedling is placed, distributing the roots so that they do not get confused.
- The well is filled with prepared soil, moistened, and a layer of mulch is placed on top, for example, sawdust or peat.
Caring for varieties is simple and the same. The variety needs moisturizing, slicing, and other procedures.
Plum Hungarian is very fond of moisture, but this variety can tolerate drought. There are types of plums that yield crops in severe drought conditions. But in such conditions, the culture becomes weaker. Thus, vegetation needs to be moistened during drought, even if it can survive the heat.
Aged Vengerka plum must be moistened five to six times per season. The average amount of hydration is eight to ten times. Moisten vegetation when:
- Flowering period;
- When forming the ovary;
- When fruiting.
As the fruit grows in size, moisturize as much as possible, but do not overfill! This will give an excellent harvest for the following years.
Small shrubs that have just been planted are often moistened, because their root system has not yet matured, and it can itself give moisture to the vegetation. The amount of moisture depends on age; three to four buckets of water will be enough for a young shrub.
In the Vengerka plum variety, a sufficient amount of energy is spent on fruiting. Therefore, it is worth feeding the variety, the yield depends on it.
- During flowering, the variety can be fed with urea;
- When fruiting, you can give nitrophosk;
- After ripening, they are fed with potassium sulfate, also superphosphate;
- At the end of the growing season, they are fed with compost.
It is worth looking after the Hungarian plum variety during the whole season:
- Mowing overgrowth;
- Hilling, with a mulch hand around the tree, you do not need to huddle the soil;
- Establishing supports for branches that are found under the weight of the fruit;
- Whitewashing - the lower part of the trunk, as well as the lower branches.
In the spring, until the buds open, the tree must be treated with urea, this will help in the fight against diseases and insects that infect the tree. Further, the tree is disinfected against insects that feed on the tree, you can use drugs such as: "Akarin", "Fitoverm", "Iskra - bio". Then there is an increase in immunity with the help of "Zircon" or "Ecoberin". In the autumn, it is worth repeating the procedure with the same means. This will help the plant transition into winter with ease.
Also in the spring, birdhouses for birds are placed, they help in protecting the tree from insects.
Plum Hungarian: preparation for wintering
A number of plum crops are resistant to the cold season, but for such territories they were hybridized. The aged trees are resistant to the cold season, they do not even need to be insulated. You can only mulch the circle around the tree, for example, with manure or peat. Young trees should be insulated. They need to be covered with agrofibre. You can also simply wrap up the trunk. You should not use any films, the seedling will mate and fester.
To control pests, you need to cover with strong fiber through which rodents will not crawl to the tree. It is important that oxygen passes through it. Some gardeners use metal mesh.
- The first method is petioles or shoots. The ideal option would be overgrowth. After rooting, it can be planted in soil.
- With the help of seeds, keep in the refrigerator. From early autumn to early spring. Then plant in the ground, after a year you can observe small seedlings.
- With the help of vaccination - only specialists can reproduce in this way.
Plum Hungarian: protection against diseases, pests
The immune system of the Vengerka plum variety is excellent. But some diseases and insects can harm vegetation. Therefore, it is worth treating the vegetation with special means.
Diseases of culture:
- Hole spot - symptoms: a large number of brown spots on the foliage. The branches become dry, the fruits deteriorate. Moisten the soil, remove weeds. Spray with Bordeaux.
- Black knotty - symptoms: swelling appears on the branches, then dryness and death of the branches. To fight, treat with Bordeaux preparation. Cut and burn diseased parts of the tree. Lubricate with copper sulfate at the cut site.
- Rust - symptoms: yellow spots on the foliage, then the foliage dries and falls. Remove weeds, huddle the soil. Treat with Bordeaux preparation.
Insects affecting the Hungarian plum:
- Moth - it is necessary to treat the tree with insecticides, also remove weeds, and spud. Burn the affected parts of the tree.
- Unpaired silkworm - it is necessary to collect all the caterpillars from the tree, disinfect the vegetation with insecticides. It is also necessary to remove branches and process the trunk.
Plum Hungarian: harvesting and storage
The originality of the collection:
- Weather without rain, warmth is necessary.
- After the rain has passed, you do not need to run and pick the fruits, and you should also not do this in the early morning.
- You need to harvest at a time when the fruit has not yet crumbled.
- Ripening takes place in turn, so the fruit is harvested two or three times.
- Fruits are taken indoors so that they can see the light there. After seven days, you can safely consume the ripe fruit.
- The fruit is harvested with a fruit stem. They are removed into a container, after which they are taken to a cold room.
- It is often not worth touching the fruit, so you can remove the layer of plaque that serves to protect the plums from the environment.
- The fruits are removed first from the lower layer of the branches, then they go up.
- Ladders or stepladders are used to remove fruits from the top of the head.
- Do not stand on the branches, they may break off.
- Fruit that will be used commercially should not be shaken off the tree to avoid damaging it.
How to store the fruits of the Hungarian plum correctly:
- Fruits that are even, without cracks, are put into boxes, in layers, each layer on new paper.
- The containers are placed in a room with a cool temperature from zero to two degrees, moisture is about eighty-five percent. In this case, the fruits can lie from two to two and a half months.
- You can also put the fruits in bags. Indoors at zero degrees, they can lie for about two months.
Fruit can be used fresh, boiled or dried. Jam, jam, compotes, dried fruits are made.
Hungarian plum: benefits and harms, calorie content of Hungarian plum
Consuming such plums can slow down the aging process. Pros of consuming fruits:
- Acts well on the circulatory systems;
- Reduces cholesterol;
- Eliminates the signs of bowel cancer;
- Reduces pressure;
- Reduces the development of aging.
If the level of acidity in the stomach is increased, then the consumption of this variety is prohibited, or in moderation. Prunes contain a large amount of sugar, so it costs three to four to consume.
Composition and calorie content of Vengerka plum:
- Fat from two percent;
- Protein from eight percent;
- Carbohydrates from ninety percent;
- Potassium and sodium in large quantities;
- Vitamins A, C, E;
- Calories about forty-two kilocalories per hundred grams.
Plum Hungarian: reviews
We were zoned plum sapling Vengerka by parents from Anapa. We are planting a seedling. The first time everything was fine. But a cold winter came, the tree froze and died. It is a pity that it cannot get accustomed to our places. But the fruits are delicious. From the Vengerka variety, we planted Voronezh, it is more resistant to frost.
I grow only Moskovskaya from the Vengerka plum variety. Fruits grow, taste sour, but they are not an option to eat in this form. But the wife makes jam or jams, they turn out to be very tasty. We harvest in early autumn. The variety is resistant to the winter period, in our region such a tree is just a miracle.
Plum Hungarian is a miracle for a gardener, especially in the middle lane. The culture is drought tolerant, so you can safely go on vacation and leave it for the summer, but remember to fill the tree trunk circle. Plum Hungarian will delight you every autumn, with good grooming!
Plum Hungarian: video about the variety