Superearly plum is another popular variety of plum, which was bred by scientists L.A. Sevastyanova, G.E. Osipov. Experts worked at the Tatar Research Institute of Agriculture and strove to create as many varieties of plums as possible that could adapt to a wide variety of conditions. The Superearly plum was obtained as a result of free pollination of such a plum variety as Tatarskaya yellow. As a result, it turned out to be a rather interesting variety, entered into the state register in 2001. Since then, some experiments are still being carried out, as a result of which gardeners tend to cultivate the variety even in those conditions that are initially considered not the most favorable and suitable for this. One way or another, experience and practice have shown that if a gardener complies with all the norms and rules of agricultural technology, then he really gets very strong and productive plantings. We will talk about this in a little more detail later.
Superearly plum: description of the variety and characteristics
The plum tree of the Superearly variety is characterized by a rather medium or weak growth, the crown is spherical, medium thickened, but it looks quite attractive. Superearly plum has a characteristic average height of trees, but sometimes, in the most favorable conditions, planting can reach very large sizes, and the trees are vigorous. When a tree reaches an age of about fifteen years, then it can reach a height of four meters or more. But, again, this can only be achieved if the gardener observes all the rules for growing and caring for plums. By the way, there are no sky-high requirements, but still there are some subtleties that must be taken into account so that the plantings feel much better and give active growth and rapid development. The foliage is also rated as medium, but the planting is still quite attractive in nature. Gardeners just say that the Superearlynaya plum varieties are popular not only due to the fact that they give a bountiful harvest, but also due to the fact that when they bloom, they can look incredibly attractive and interesting. The bark is a little rough, over time it may crack a little, but this is only a feature of this plant, and in no way a sign that the planting is experiencing any inconvenience or illness. A lot of shoots are formed, they are thin and, at the same time, they are quite strong, they can withstand a large amount of harvest.
The plum tree of the Superearly variety has a rounded or slightly oval crown, which becomes more spreading over time. This is due to the fact that under the weight of the fruit, the branches can bend slightly. At the same time, the gardener can shape the crown, cut it off so that the planting looks neat and well-groomed. Only in this case it will be possible to say that the tree is under supervision, that its crown will be very neat even when the tree becomes old enough and even grows old. The crown has medium thickening, sometimes the branches can grow inward, and in this case the crown may thicken a little, but even this moment can be easily regulated and controlled by sanitary pruning and shaping. By the way, we will talk about this in more detail later, in the second part of this article. The color of the bark on the trunk can be gray, sometimes it turns dark gray.At first, the bark is smooth, but with age it can become rough, cracks appear on it. But that doesn't mean any negative aspects at all, and the overall fit remains attractive, strong and healthy.
On the tree, knotty shoots are formed, which, when the tree is still very young, can change their color. In this case, much will depend solely on the lighting in which the plum tree is located. But experienced gardeners generally say that the plum needs as much light as possible in order for it to grow and develop correctly in accordance with all the requirements.
For example, in the sun, knotty shoots can be painted pinkish or even brownish, but subject to abundant lighting. If the tree is in shade, then the color of the shoots may be light green. But over time, the color gradually changes to a brown-black shade - this is another of the features of this variety, which is worth paying attention to, so that later the gardener does not express his own feelings about the fact that the color can really change significantly. Longitudinal cracks of a yellow-brown hue can form on the shoots, and therefore the shoots look quite interesting - they become decorative, striped, very attractive. This is considered one of the features of the variety, in particular, some other plum plantings may look exactly the same.
Vegetative buds differ in that they have a conical shape. Their size is rather medium than large, but sometimes you can find rather large dense buds, which also stand out against the background of many other buds and lentils. Generative points, on the other hand, are small in size, more like an egg in shape, look quite attractive and strong. In general, how the tree itself feels, how abundant the crown and foliage of planting will be, will largely depend on the general condition and health of the kidneys in the future. By the way, about the leaves - the oval shape is more characteristic of the leaf blades, they look slightly elongated, and the top of the leaves is pointed. Quite a typical leaf shape that can be found on many other plum plantings. In general, foliage in favorable conditions can be quite abundant, and the tree looks incredibly lush and attractive. The gardeners themselves have repeatedly emphasized that the plums of this variety (and many other representatives of the plum culture) look just great, not to mention the fact that they give a very tasty and bountiful harvest.
The fruits of the Superearlynaya plum variety are not very large, most often you can find fruits weighing up to twelve grams, but there are specimens whose weight can exceed forty grams. The most important thing is to create the most comfortable conditions for planting, adhere to agricultural techniques that will maintain plantings in any condition. Coloring of plum fruits Super early - dark blue, reddish-purple, the fruits themselves are oval, barrels may differ from each other in size, a waxy coating is also formed on the fruits, which is not so easy to remove mechanically or with water. But even with this, the fruits do not completely lose their attractiveness in their taste characteristics and deserve attention due to their versatility. The peduncle is of medium length, rather dense, the fruits hold on to it very well, they crumble extremely rarely, except when overripe and very sharp gusts of wind. The separation is dry, the stone is small, occupies a very small part of the total volume of the fruit and pulp.
The length of the leaves can range from six to ten centimeters, and the leaves are four to six centimeters wide. They are large enough to look attractive.The leathery consistency of the leaf gleams in the sun, the leaves are always shiny and smooth on top, painted green. The lower part of the leaf plate can be colored in a less saturated gray-green shade, you can feel a slight pubescence along the veins. In general, the leaves look very cute and interesting, and therefore, when they bloom, the tree looks abundant, dense, "stuffed" with leaves. The difference between the leaves is that it has a double-toothed edge, the serration is at the middle level. Stipules are absent, the petiole is of medium length and the same medium thickness, colored in a green tint, but at the same time it is quite strong. The glands are formed quite miniature, one or two pieces at a time, they are painted in a yellow tint, and may be slightly rounded. In general, in general, the planting looks quite fresh and interesting, since its external indicators correspond to all the needs and tastes of the gardener, and this also plays an important role in when gardeners choose certain varieties of plants for cultivation on their site.
As for the flowers of the Superearly Plum, they are formed either singly, and in inflorescences there are two or three things. They are painted white, while they can be quite decorative due to the fact that they more resemble small roses. The flowers themselves are medium in size, but when flowering comes, the whole composition looks incredibly attractive and bright. In general, gardeners value plants precisely because they not only give a bountiful and tasty harvest, but also because, in general, during flowering, the planting is attractive and decorative. The tree of the Superearly plum variety is characterized by shortened and very small petioles, on which there are several pieces of iron. The inflorescence usually consists of two adjacent flowers, but you can find larger inflorescences - they already consist of three attractive flowers. Flower size - medium, cupped shape. When the planting blooms, the tree is literally strewn with incredibly fresh, snow-white attractive flowers. In this regard, we can say that this tree has a universal purpose - it not only gives a rather tasty and plentiful annual harvest, but can also look very attractive and elegant during flowering. It is just very important to maintain the cleanliness and order of the site with your own hands, as well as maintain the attractiveness and beauty of the plant. This is the only way to achieve an excellent result in the cultivation of plum crops.
Superearly plum differs in that very large fruits are formed on the plum tree, which have an oblong oval shape. Their mass can be different, mainly ranges from thirty to forty grams, but they are considered really large and very large when comparing this variety with some other varieties. With a small harvest, larger fruits can form, but the gardener himself can regulate his harvest, make it larger or less abundant. Fruits can form unequal, while on the side they are practically not flattened, differ in "paunchy", with all this have excellent indicators within the marketability of external characteristics. Gardeners really like the external characteristics of the plantings, they really talk about their advantages, but there are some points that can stop gardeners when choosing a variety. The fruits look quite decorative and attractive. In appearance, the Superearly plum resembles a Hungarian, but still, in general, we can say that many varieties of plums have almost the same fruits, regardless of the variety. The difference may lie only in the color of the skin, although even golden varieties turn dark blue or purple over time.
Initially, the fruits of the Super Early Plum turn green when they are just tied on the bushes, then, as they ripen, the color of the skin can become more saturated. When the plum reaches the period of consumer maturity, the skin turns dark purple with a thick blue bloom. Such a wax bloom can be gradually removed by rubbing the plums, but in general, you can use the fruits directly with it, since the bloom does not carry any harm at all. The pulp is colored in a yellow-green hue, when the fruits reach full ripeness, the color may change - it becomes brown-yellow. This suggests that the fruits have reached the peak of their ripening, which means that their taste characteristics are at their best at this time. In terms of consistency, the pulp is quite dense and fibrous, but if the plums are overripe, then the pulp becomes very soft and incredibly juicy. At the same time, any specific aromas do not appear at all, the planting remains very tasty even in an overripe state.
The fruits of the Superearly plum variety are medium in size, weighing from twenty to thirty grams, but sometimes there are fruits that reach a weight of forty grams. The fruits themselves are rounded, the top may be slightly depressed, but at the same time the fruits look quite interesting, have a presentation. There is a seam on the abdomen, but it is practically invisible, the stalk is medium, it also has an average thickness, the fruits are easily separated from the branch, especially when they reach their consumer maturity, but it is worth remembering that even despite this, the fruits rarely crumble completely small amount. The pulp is separated from the bone very easily and simply, and due to the fact that the bone itself is very small in size, you can enjoy the most delicious pulp to a greater extent. When processing fruits, this factor also plays a very significant role. The fruits are green in color; as they ripen, they turn dark purple with a blue tint. On the skin, you can see a large number of subcutaneous points, which are clearly visible if you look at the fruit.
There is a waxy coating on the skin, which is not so easy to get rid of even with mechanical friction. At the same time, gardeners say that plaque does not in any way affect the taste characteristics of the planting. The fruit has a sweet taste with pronounced sourness, the juice has no color. Experienced gardeners say that fruits have a universal purpose, and when processed, they go well with various other berries and fruits. The fruits are also very useful, they contain a large amount of vitamins and minerals, peptides, acids, which have a wonderful effect on human immunity and metabolism. The fruits are removed at the very beginning of September, while if you remove the unripe plums, they can be stored for up to two weeks, but if this is a special storage for fruits, then they will lie there for up to 2.5 months, completely without losing their characteristics as in taste and appearance. Experienced gardeners estimate the transportability of the fruits at a high level, their keeping quality is also very good.
The fruits of the Super Early Plum are incredibly tasty, they are sweet, there is a characteristic sourness, which sets off the sweetness and makes the taste characteristics of this variety even more harmonious. There is also a slight tinge of astringency, but it also does not spoil the feeling at all when you use these plums both fresh and processed. Breeders and more experienced gardeners assessed the tasting qualities of this variety and gave about 4.3 points. Of course, this is a subjective indicator, since to some people the fruits may seem incredibly sweet and tasty, and someone may not at all admire the indicators, comparing them with any other varieties.One way or another, gardeners agree that this is a worthy variety that will be cultivated in different parts of our country in the future, and its popularity will go far beyond the borders of Russia and neighboring countries.
The external characteristics of the planting, its health - all this will depend solely on what kind of care and agricultural technology the gardener used, whether he was attentive enough with planting to get the most unique result. Of course, it is very important to always remember the intricacies of planting and that each variety of plums has its own care needs. But we'll talk about this later. Let's return to some descriptions of the variety, since this information is of interest. The tree turns out to be medium-sized or vigorous, everything will also depend on what climatic region and region the plum tree grows in, and whether it receives enough lighting and support from the gardeners themselves. The shoots of the plant are quite straight and dense, thick, but sometimes the crop can be set so intense that even in such conditions, planting needs to regulate the crop or for the gardener to install additional support for some branches. Sometimes internodes are colored crimson or violet, and this color is formed on those sides where enough sunlight falls on the internodes.
The plum tree grows quite strongly, quickly, especially in the first few years after planting in an open area. At the same time, it still looks attractive even as an adult, even at a young age. This attractiveness is also due to the fact that the planting has a very neat crown, as if in fact this tree came to us from children's drawings - it is very neat, has an average level of thickening, rounded or slightly elongated. When the flowering period begins, the crown is covered with a large number of very attractive and beautiful flowers that exude a very pleasant aroma. The flowers are painted white, inside they have up to ten stamens, which, in contrast, look even more attractive and interesting. In place of the inflorescences, the fruits themselves are later formed, for which the plum variety is famous. By the way, it is worth noting that sometimes the fruits themselves can exude an incredibly pleasant light fruity aroma that spreads throughout the backyard. They attract birds, so you should always take care of protecting the plant and the harvest, and then the gardener will fully enjoy the harvest, which will be regular, abundant and incredibly tasty.
As we said earlier, the Superearly plum is a tall or medium-sized tree, although gardeners estimate this planting very differently. Most likely, these characteristics always depend on what the variety is compared to. Tallness occurs when the planting begins to bear fruit abundantly - in principle, this is the peak in planting, and here all the indicators are already characterized at a fairly high level. The rest of the time, the tree may not look very large, but rather it is compact and very neat, it is enough to just take care of it, since it is not very large. The gardener can carry out all types of pruning, and it is more convenient to harvest from compact plantings - until the last plum.
Plum plantings bloom in the medium term, many also say that early flowering can be achieved if the plum is planted in warm regions. The Superearly Plum is partly self-fertile, or self-fertile, so it is still recommended that several other plum trees be located nearby that have the same flowering period. Also, the crop can be tied independently - about one third. But if the weather conditions are unfavorable, then it will be inconvenient for insects to pollinate the plantings. This leads to the fact that fruiting will be completely negligible.Gardeners should take care of this aspect in advance in order to achieve the most positive result in fruiting. If we talk about pollinating varieties, then for plums, the Early Donetsk Hungarian, the Soviet Renklod or the simple Donetsk Hungarian are perfect. These trees are planted in the same area, at a distance. Sometimes cross-pollination can be carried out, which means that all trees will benefit from each other and, accordingly, the yield from the site will be incredibly high.
The Superearly Plum begins to bear fruit around the fourth or fifth year after the seedlings have been sent to the open field. It is also worth saying that in general plums are distinguished by good early maturity, so they are suitable for those gardeners who do not like to wait too long for the harvest, and who want to get results “here and now”. It is worth showing a little patience, but the result will not disappoint at all, but will only charm any gardener. Fruits ripen closer to August, sometimes ripening may occur earlier or a little later - everything will depend on the weather and climatic conditions in which the planting grows. The yield is quite high, and this is how both more experienced and novice gardeners evaluate it - so, from one plum tree, you can collect up to thirty to forty kilograms of high-quality and incredibly tasty fruits, which will differ in excellent taste characteristics, external attractiveness and the fact that in general plums are also very useful for the human body. Experienced gardeners say that there have been cases when it was possible to harvest twice as much crop from one tree than we stated above. Again, this aspect is influenced by a very large number of factors - this is the climate, and adherence to planting rules, and care from the gardener. It is also not a secret for anyone that the older the plum tree becomes, the more fruits can be harvested from it, and sometimes the plum reaches its peak and gives all his strength to ensure that the gardener reaps the maximum and plentiful harvest.
Some regulate the harvest, delay about three to four years after planting so that the tree is strengthened and rooted, and only after that they allow it to produce a harvest. Also, sometimes gardeners have to prune, since a lot of fruits can form on the plum, but they will be completely miniature. Due to the abundance of fruits, branches sometimes do not stand up - they break and lose strength even before fruiting occurs. As a result, part of the harvest is lost. But here a lot will depend on the characteristics of the tree itself, as well as on the state of the planting, and for what purposes the gardener himself grows the plum. The Superearly plum differs in that it tolerates frosts quite calmly, but still flower buds can be vulnerable, so it is recommended to take care of this in advance so that the plant does not lose its vitality. The fruits are very strong, they are excellently transported over long distances, so this is their huge advantage.
There are several characteristics of the Superearlynaya variety that you should definitely pay attention to, since they characterize not only the entire culture group, but also individual varieties. In particular, the Superearly plum is characterized, which we are examining in this article. Firstly, the variety in question is highly sensitive to droughts, so you should not allow the soil to dry out. Planting due to the lack of a sufficient amount of moisture can demonstrate with all its appearance that it is experiencing difficulties in growth and development. In general, not only the root system weakens, but also the state of the shoots and branches becomes unhealthy, exhausted.Of course, the fruits also react to dry periods - they have nowhere to be saturated with moisture, respectively, they cannot be very juicy and attractive in the end, and their external characteristics are far from ideal. So, if suddenly, according to the forecast, the gardener notices that there will be a prolonged drought ahead, then it is recommended to carry out not only planned, but also additional watering, which can save not only the life of the planting itself, but also save the entire crop. Then the trees will feel safe, will grow and develop in accordance with all norms. So the gardener should not always focus on watering schedules if there are some conventions that are directly related to climatic and temperature conditions.
Secondly, the Superearly plum is distinguished by a fairly high level of immunity and stress resistance. Even if the gardener does not have time to carry out all preventive measures and procedures, even here the plant will feel quite comfortable. But it is not worth neglecting care and some measures, because like any tree, a plum also needs timely watering, top dressing, pruning, digging up the soil and simply examining and monitoring the external state of the planting. But the variety also has weak points. For example, planting is susceptible to attacks from aphids or plum moths, which can cause total damage to the planting, weaken it, which will ultimately lead to the death of both the tree and the entire crop. In general, pests are the weak point of any plant, and in no case should these and many other insects settle on the plantings. They feed on the plantings themselves, the juice from the leaves and fruits, which will lead not only to the loss of the crop, but also to the loss of the entire plant as a whole.
Features of the variety
Some gardeners emphasize that the Superearly plum is not only fruitful, but also so decorative that it is simply impossible to take your eyes off it. We agree - the plum really looks very attractive if you follow all the norms of agricultural technology and planting care. But we will talk about this a little later, since there are several more characteristics of the variety that are worth mentioning. Indeed, the plant looks incredibly attractive. It is almost impossible to take your eyes off it when the plum begins to bloom, because it is at this time that it looks like a fragrant white cloud, and the gardener, by the number of flowers, can understand how intense the ovary will be. Sometimes some of the flowers can be cut off - then the harvest will turn out to be slightly less than the declared norm, but the fruits will be much larger. This is due to the fact that the plant sent all its energy to the formation of those fruits, the ovaries of which will ultimately remain. This is another way to regulate yields, and it is used quite often.
In general, it should be said that the very early plum tree itself turns out to be miniature, if it is properly regulated and looked after. It is neat, and it is a pleasure to take care of it. In general, even less experienced gardeners will be able to cope with some of the grooming procedures and conditions that sometimes need to be followed in order to get the perfect tree. So the variety has many advantages, and this Superearly plum is considered one of the most promising among many others. Despite the fact that it is only being studied now, every year it becomes more and more popular and in demand, and it is highly likely that very soon this variety will compete with many other varieties of plums, which are already very common in modern gardening. This is a big plus in light of the fact that new varieties are regularly appearing, new varieties of plums that have their own special characteristics.Yet gardeners trust the time-tested classics, and therefore they prefer to choose varieties like the one to which this informative article was devoted. We try to present in the article exclusively truthful and factual information so that it is much easier for the gardener to make a choice among all the other varieties and varieties.
Superearly plum belongs to the large-fruited category, plums are colored dark purple with a bluish tinge, which becomes even more intense as the plums ripen and reach their consumer maturity. They are covered with a thick waxy coating, which is difficult to remove even when the fruit is rubbed. Plums can be rusty from one while, they can be uniform, but this does not affect in any negative way specifically on the taste characteristics of the fruit. Even taking this into account, the Superearly plum remains very popular and in demand among gardeners and gardeners. One plum fruit in weight can reach fifty grams, while the fruits are usually very uniform, all of the same size, which is also very important for those who grow the variety on a large industrial scale - you can safely pick plums and not pick them, they are already with technical point of view ready for sale. There is also a funnel on the cream, because of which it is enough to simply break the fruit in half. This funnel seems to have been specially created for this, and it is really very convenient. The stone is simply separated from the pulp itself, slightly round and small, so that it will be easy for the gardener to process the fruit, and in general the plums will be rich in terms of pulp, which means there will be much more material than seeds. As for the taste characteristics, plums stand out in this regard - reaching consumer maturity, they become very sweet. Despite the blue-violet color of the fruits, they are yellow inside with a slight green tinge. The pulp is juicy, at the same time quite dense, sweet, but there is a sour aftertaste, which, as it were, sets off the sweetness. That is why plum is becoming more versatile in its application.
Superearly plum are generally very popular, since they really attract to themselves not only because they are very tasty and interesting as marketable fruits, but also because they contain a large amount of vitamins and microelements, acids, sugar, which have an excellent effect on the human body, on its immunity and metabolism. In addition, you should definitely pay attention to the fact that, in general, plantings today are very attractive, because gardeners are always pleased to have a crop that was grown on their own plot. The most important thing is to be sensitive and attentive and realize the full responsibility and importance of the growing process. Although the gardener understands that plums are a type of planting that forgives some mistakes and shortcomings, it is still worth keeping in mind that this plant responds perfectly to the same sensitive attitude.
In general, the fruits of the Superearly plum variety are incredibly attractive, their size is above average, the main color of the pulp is yellowish. There is no pubescence, there is a waxy coating and a small number of subcutaneous points, which do not at all indicate disease. The dots under the skin are just one of the peculiarities of the variety, and you should not worry if the gardener notices them on their fruits. This is only a feature of the variety, so if the gardener found the dots, then in no case should he worry about them. This is only a specific feature of this plum plant, and if the tree does not show any other signs, then we can say that it is completely healthy. So it is worth regularly examining the planting, examining the leaves and shoots, branches for neoplasms, putrefactive disorders.It is worth noting that, in general, the Superearly plum has a high level of immunity, so that the tree rarely succumbs to attacks from bacteria and pests, as well as attacks from pathogenic bacteria and fungal spores. If, moreover, the gardener carries out the prevention of diseases, then there is a high probability that the risks will decrease altogether to zero.
The ExtraEarly plum can tolerate short-term droughts, and in general, plums do not experience any stress, especially if the drought does not last more than three to four days. But still, if the gardener is unable to moisten the soil in time and deliver the necessary moisture to the root system, this will lead to the irreversible death of the planting. Sharp gusts of wind and sharp frosts, drafts - all this also does not frighten gardeners, since the tree can withstand these climatic manifestations. But nevertheless, it is worth remembering that there are some needs for care, in agricultural technology, which must be taken into account. Only in this case it will be possible to achieve incredible results, planting will reciprocate to the gardener - a plentiful, tasty and very useful harvest. We will talk about this further in a little detail, we will talk about the intricacies of choosing planting materials, how to prepare them for planting. We will also touch upon the issues and subtleties of plant care, some points that really matter for planting, because it is very important to take into account the characteristics of the variety, its characteristic features, nuances. In the future, it will largely depend on the health of planting and the abundance of fruiting, the quality of the crop, which gardeners always bet on, especially if it is a wider industrial cultivation, and not plots limited to a backyard territory.
The flowering of the plant occurs approximately in the interval from May 14 to May 22, and it should be borne in mind that the Superearly plum is self-fertile. But if suddenly the gardener wants to improve all the indicators of the crop - both its taste and abundance, then you can also take several pollinator varieties that will play a very important role in this matter. For example, excellent pollinating varieties are such plantings as Skorospelka red, Mirnaya, Kuibyshevskaya blue, Ternoslivka Kuibyshevskaya. At the same time, the ripening period for fruits is rather late, but for many gardeners this is a positive characteristic. Trees begin to bear fruit in the fifth or sixth year after planting the seedling in open ground, but these periods may shift - everything will depend on the climatic and weather conditions in which this variety grows, and on how much the gardener adhered to all the requirements that directly determine agrotechnical issues. When a tree reaches the age of eight to twelve years, then up to thirty kilograms of the crop can be removed from it. Fruiting at the Superearly plum is regular, annual, the fruits are attached to the branches well, if they crumble, then in small quantities. If the gardener picks fruits from trees in a timely manner, then this will increase the likelihood that absolutely the entire crop will be preserved.
Trees have an average level of drought resistance, they are very rarely affected by various diseases that can disrupt the life of the tree and lead to its death. At the same time, there are still certain conditions for planting and caring for this variety, which should definitely be taken into account. Next, we will just tell you a few subtleties and details that can be very useful for a gardener who is engaged in planting and caring for plums.
If the tree grows slightly in different climatic and natural conditions, then it is highly likely that ripening will occur at the end of July, or at the very beginning of August.Fruits are very useful for the human body, as they contain a very large amount of dry substances, vitamins and minerals, peptides, carotene and acids, which can be incredibly important for the human body, for its immunity, metabolism and some body systems that with age can wear out. But plums, due to the huge number of positive properties and useful qualities, can play a very significant role in the human body. Moreover, plums can be given both to the smallest lovers of sweet fruits, and they are incredibly popular among adults. But in order to achieve such a result, it is still worth keeping in mind that planting and agricultural technology have their own points that should be maintained so that the harvest is as tasty and healthy as possible. In principle, there are no complex procedures in the requirements, so that even less experienced gardeners can cope with such procedures and achieve significant success in growing plums.
Superearly plum: planting varieties
Superearly plum is a medium-yielding variety that is sufficiently resistant to frost, which can withstand temperature extremes and some external influences. Plum Superearly self-fertile, but if several pollinating varieties are planted nearby, then it will also be possible to achieve some success in growing a plum crop. The advantages of the variety include the fact that it is a fast-growing and self-fertile variety (in the most comfortable conditions), it is resistant to short droughts and hot weather. At the same time, there are drawbacks - the fruits are not always large, although you can find really large specimens, the taste of the fruits is assessed as satisfactory (I would like to emphasize that all assessments are based on exclusively subjective opinions of gardeners), when ripe, the fruits can crack, especially if the gardener overdid it with watering. Next, we will talk about some of the features of agricultural technology, so that the gardener understands what can and cannot be done, and how to succeed in planting and caring for them in the future.
In order to plant a plum, it is necessary to choose only that soil that will perfectly absorb moisture, and at the same time the site should be located on a hill. Thanks to this, the groundwater will be located as deep as possible, and due to this, the root system will be safe. It will not come into contact with groundwater, putrefactive unfavorable growths and formations will not form on the root system, which in one way or another can harm the immunity and health of the plum tree. As for the time, spring is considered the best period. But if the plum saplings were purchased in the fall, then you can dig them in on your garden plot, and cover them with spruce branches on top so that the plant does not freeze. Also, when snow falls, it will be necessary to cover the seedlings with snow. In general, when plum trees are still very small, they need additional support from the gardener. It should be borne in mind that the health of the planting and its stability in various conditions will largely depend on the participation and attention of the gardener.
The most common agrotechnical measures that are vital for plantings are watering, timely fertilization and dressing, tree pruning, taking into account the peculiarities of the crown and its formation. Also, agricultural technology should take into account all the smallest details, since it is on them that the general condition of the plantings will largely depend on them in the future. The gardener must control how the plant reacts to certain events, whether it can independently cope with some external stimuli.After each watering, each feeding, pruning and shaping, the gardener closely monitors the condition of any parts of the plant, observes the rate of growth and development. This is extremely necessary, because otherwise you may not notice in time dangerous diseases or infections, fungal neoplasms or damage, which will then lead to a weakening of the plantings and, as a result, to the fact that the plums will simply die. Further, I would like to dwell in more detail on some of the activities and procedures that are simply vital for planting at any age, and which should be guided by when the gardener realizes that he is ready to provide these activities to his own plantings.
Superearly plum takes root well on loams, and the soil should be distinguished by a high lime content. In such a soil composition, the seedling will feel very comfortable and good. Moreover, the benefits of such a composition will be incredible both for very young trees, and for those that have already managed to take root and even give their first fruits. If the seedling is placed in soil where there is a lot of sand, then a small amount of clay can be added to the hole. If, on the contrary, the soil is very heavy, dense and clayey, then with the help of peat and sand it can be made lighter and looser. Such a composition is generally ideal for seedlings also for the reason that they must receive a sufficient amount of moisture and oxygen, and only light soils are able to provide access of these substances directly to the root system. There is a special planting scheme, and if the gardener adheres to it, then he will automatically follow all the necessary agricultural technology requirements. Also, if certain subtleties are observed, the landings themselves will feel more comfortable and safer. We will list a few basic steps and nuances:
- The soil should be enriched with fertilizers in the autumn, but in the spring the site is carefully dug to a depth of about forty centimeters - about the bayonet of a shovel
- Top dressing is placed in the pit, which the gardener must prepare in advance. These dressings are designed specifically for plum and fruit crops and are truly capable of providing all-round planting support. It is very important to take into account that overfeeding of plums will not lead to any positive consequences, so it is better to take care of the rates and dosages in advance. It is better to underfeed than to oversaturate the plant in such a way that it can hurt and vice versa - weaken after a similar procedure.
- A seedling is neatly placed on a small mound, the root system is straightened. We will talk about this later, but still, it is better that two gardeners take part in the planting, since they will help each other wonderfully, one will support the seedling from above, and the second will straighten the roots and throw in the soil so that air pockets do not form
- The root collar of the planting should look out about three to four centimeters, this is necessary in order for the planting to feel as comfortable as possible. In general, such little things make up the health of the planting, its active growth and fruiting. Also, do not confuse the root collar and the place where the planting stock was carried out, since they differ in their color.
- The root system needs constant moisture, and it should be very carefully sprinkled with soil. During planting, the seedling is also constantly shaken. This is done so that air channels and chambers do not form around the roots. They can then form pests and microorganisms, fungal diseases that can lead to the death of the planting. So in this aspect it is worth treating as carefully as possible, especially at the very beginning - in the process of planting a seedling in open ground
- After planting, the root zone is recommended to be treated with mulch.Thanks to mulching, the plant will be protected from attacks from pests, the mulch will keep the soil warm, and it will also prevent the soil from rapidly evaporating from the root zone. Mulch can consist of straw or sawdust, as well as humus. The most important thing is to simply pay more attention to this process, and then the landing will be perfectly safe.
When a plum tree of the Superearly variety takes root, grows, becomes older, it will feel great under the supervision of gardeners. Plants must be constantly fed. Moreover, top dressing is applied mainly to the top layer of the soil, and then, with the help of irrigation, fertilizers can be spread even into very deep layers of the soil. Ideally, wood ash, potassium salts are suitable for feeding, which are ideal for supporting the life of the plant, as well as for increasing the immunity and stress resistance of the plant. In addition, plants can tolerate frost and temperature changes, but only if the gardener creates all possible comfortable conditions for planting. The microclimate is incredibly important for planting to feel comfortable, easy, and in order for plants to withstand even the harshest conditions, it is necessary to always maintain plant life from a very young age. In addition, wood reacts remarkably to substances such as urea, nitrophoska, superphosphate. Usually, with the help of these components, top dressing is organized two to three times per season, much will depend on the age of planting, on its condition, on the climatic conditions that develop in a particular area where the tree grows.
In general, experienced gardeners recommend feeding annually, and as soon as the plant reaches an age of twelve to fifteen years, it is recommended to increase the amount of organic fertilizers. In autumn, you should not use top dressing, since at this time the plants will prepare for wintering, they will need to create all favorable conditions for rest, since in general plums really need after abundant fruiting that the gardener prepares them for a real "vacation". You should also not use nitrogen-containing substances in the fall, since they will provoke the growth of green mass, and this is far from what is needed for plantings, especially in the autumn-winter period. In general, it is worth paying attention to such subtleties, since this plant, despite its external strength, is very vulnerable, and therefore sometimes it forgives mistakes, but if these are regular violations of agricultural technology, then there is a great risk that very soon the plant will simply wither and die. So in everything it is worth being as careful as possible and making sure that the plant is safe under the supervision of its own owner.
Gradually, as the snow melts, it is necessary to carefully examine the planting material. They should not have any damage, bites from rodents, and there should be no damaged, broken branches. The seedlings are dug out very carefully and it is recommended to do this before the seedling is sent directly into the open ground. That is, the time between digging a seedling and planting it should be just minimal so that the seedling does not experience any stress. This is a very important part of agricultural technology and an important rule for planting a plant, which is taken into account regardless of what type and variety of plum the seedling belongs to.
Superearlynaya plum grows remarkably in well-lit areas, which at the same time will be protected from too harsh gusts of wind and drafts. In general, it is always worth remembering that the wind is not the best friend of any plantings, so trees need the gardener to protect them, so that he tries to prevent the plantings from freezing and so that they are in constant draft conditions. Plum trees can also be planted along fences, but at the same time it is worth choosing exclusively sunny sides, as well as retreating some space from the fence itself. Superearly plums need freedom and vast space, so that they have room to grow, and in which direction to develop.Even if these are compact trees, it is still worth paying attention to these conditions so that the plantings feel safe and comfortable. If tall adult plants are already growing on the site, then the plum can be planted on the south side of them. Thus, there will be no shadow from large tall trees, which means that young plantings will grow remarkably and be in constant light.
It is recommended to prepare a pit for landing in advance. This can be done either in the fall or in the early spring period. Approximately a couple of weeks before planting seedlings in open ground, it is recommended to make sure that the pit is prepared in accordance with all the requirements and rules that exist when preparing a plot for this serious and very responsible procedure. The depth of the pit can be up to half a meter, but the diameter can be up to eighty centimeters. In general, the size of the pit will depend entirely on the size of the seedling and its root system. The root system should be freely located in the fossa, it should not be cramped. If this is a group planting of plum seedlings, then the distance between the dug holes should be at least three meters. In general, the gardener should make sure that the plantings are free and comfortable, and that they do not oppress and shade each other. The rest has its own characteristics, which we will also talk about.
When a hole is dug, the soil from there is mixed with humus, the proportion should be 2: 1. Before the gardener starts planting, it is recommended to drive a wooden peg into the center of the pit, and a cone should be built around it, which consists of pre-prepared soil. The peg is necessary in order to tie a young seedling to it, and in the future to protect it from gusts of wind and drafts. You should not ignore this procedure, since the well-being and health of the planting itself will largely depend on it. It is also necessary to evenly distribute the root system of the seedling around the pre-built cone so that the planting grows healthy and strong. Also, experienced gardeners advise planting not alone, but together - one gardener will support the seedling from above, and the second will gently straighten the root system in the hole itself.
Approximately from the north of the hammered peg, the gardener installs a plum sapling, and gradually covers it from above with soil for planting, which he prepared in advance. The seedling is shaken periodically so that air pockets do not form around the root system. It is also worth compacting the soil a little - for the same purpose. As the soil sprinkles, the gardener should be very careful to monitor its level. The seedling itself should not dodge anywhere, it should be located strictly vertically - this is the key to a healthy and very strong planting. Of course, a second gardener will also help with this, who will also take a look at the planting and will be able to give good advice on its location in time.
After the planting of the seedling has been completed, it is necessary to manually create a roller around the circumference of the tree, which consists of the same soil mixture, and the roller is watered with water. the water should be settled, at room temperature, you can also use rain or melt water, as they are incredibly useful in their properties, especially for young seedlings. It is not recommended to use cold water, as low temperatures can harm the root system - it will experience severe stress, and during the rooting process this is a completely destructive factor, due to which the planting may die or slowly grow and develop. Two to three buckets of water will be enough to water one tree. After that. As moisture is absorbed into the soil mixture, the soil should be mulched with straw, humus or other organic additives with similar properties.Mulch has several functions - it is necessary to protect the plant from pests and bacteria, also thanks to mulch moisture evaporates more slowly and heat also comes out of the soil much more slowly. So do not neglect this procedure, since it is very important.
Superearly plum: care
It is very easy to care for the Superearly plum variety, and the care measures do not differ at all from those intended for other plum varieties. But still it is worth paying attention to one nuance - planting needs constant watering, since the plum is a moisture-loving tree. If the weather is rather dry and the climate is similar, then the plum should be watered in June, and then in July. Further, the last watering is scheduled for the very end of September, so that the tree gradually prepares for winter frosts. If we talk about the methods of irrigation, then plums respond well to root moisture, which can be carried out using special installations for watering shrubs and trees. Sometimes a gardener can manually distribute buckets of water, but this is physically difficult and takes a lot of time. In gardening today, a huge number of other devices have been invented that just make the life of any gardener easier, and they really deserve a lot of attention.
For irrigation, it is worth taking water that has been heated by the sun's rays, as we noted earlier - plum plantings are not in the best way able to respond to cold water. So, for the well-being and safety of the plant, some conditions should be taken into account so that the planting feels as comfortable as possible. As for dressings, plums respond well to magnesium dressings, which are easily perceived by plants. Before the autumn digging, it is necessary to use the magnesium component along with phosphorus fertilizers. In such a tandem, fertilizing is perfectly perceived by plants, and in general plums enhance their stress resistance and immunity.
It is also recommended to add about one hundred grams of superphosphate and potassium magnesia under each tree plum planting. These components increase the plant's immunity, and if the seedling is still very young, then there is a high probability that the plants will begin to root and grow much faster and more actively. Any top dressing should be used in accordance with the instructions for use and conditions, as if the grower does not use them correctly, then the likelihood of irreparable damage to the tree increases. In addition, the components introduced in their composition may differ depending on the period of time and in what season these dressings are applied. For example, if we talk about the early spring period, then the soil needs the gardener to enrich it with nitrogen-containing dressings. In the summer, it is worth feeding the plum with a tincture based on bird droppings. If there is no bird droppings, then it can be replaced - here, ideally, cow dung is suitable. The gardener gives the first top dressing to the plum just after the tree enters the flowering stage. After about two to three weeks (it all depends on the growth rate and how the plant reacts to feeding), you can give another identical feeding. The grower constantly monitors the state of his plant, checks whether the components have been perceived and how the state of the plant itself has changed after it finally began to be fed.
When a tree reaches the age of two, and sometimes three years, then a large number of shoots and twigs can form on it. They should be shortened from time to time, because thanks to the pruning procedure, the gardener will be able to form a very beautiful and, most importantly, healthy crown. Shoots on the stem are removed even in their fresh, green state.But you should also not ignore the shoots that form in the root zone - they are removed, and this procedure is carried out about four times during the entire summer season. Sometimes the number of procedures is increased or decreased - much will depend on how intensively the root growth is growing, and what its size and shape are.
It is worth saying that the Superearly plum is distinguished by a very high level of resistance to various diseases and attacks from pests. Also, plums very rarely get sick with fungi, which is also a very big advantage of this culture. Neither moniliosis, nor a disease such as polystygmosis is terrible for this tree. But it is still worth carrying out preventive fungicide treatments, plant inspections, pruning in order to prevent even the possible risks of developing these incredibly dangerous diseases at all.
For planting, seedlings that are two years old or less are ideal. It will be much easier for such planting material to get accustomed to new conditions, which means that the risks are reduced that even at this level of planting will already be weeded out, because they may be unsuitable and rather weak. The older the planting materials, the more difficult it will be for plantings to take root in new conditions, and this is due to the fact that age will indeed play a very serious role in this matter. Therefore, this indicator should by no means ignore such indicators.
In order to protect plantings from pests (for example, from the plum moth), it is recommended to install special pheromone traps that will mainly attract males of this pest. But if the defeat has already become too extensive, then a more effective remedy must be used. For example, you can spray trees with insecticides, which are now available in any gardening store, as well as in nurseries where the gardener bought the seedlings themselves. For the first time, processing is carried out in May, but the last spraying is scheduled for a period of one month before the gardener starts harvesting the plum crop. The intervals between spraying should be at least two weeks, so that each portion can be perceived normally by plantings, and then there is no more satiety to these drugs. When spraying, it is also worth observing safety precautions and all the rules, according to which the gardener will not only not harm the plantings - he will not harm his own health in the first place.
Superearly plum has some advantages, but it also has weaknesses that are also worth discussing. When choosing, a gardener should know about all the features and characteristics of a plant, both positive and negative, so that it is easier for him in choosing whether he wants to grow this variety on his site, or still he would like to choose some other plantings , more stable and reliable. As for the positive characteristics, first of all it is that. That trees are resistant to too much frost, the yield is always assessed as high. The fruits today can be very versatile - they are used in private households, and the Superearly plum can be grown on a wider industrial scale. But if we talk about the shortcomings, then perhaps the most important is that the yield can sometimes be irregular, especially if the Superearly plum was planted in unstable climatic conditions. But, as more experienced gardeners say, even this disadvantage can be dealt with - for example, several pollinating varieties can be planted nearby, which can make the yield abundant, and fruiting - regular.
As we said, the fruits of the Superearly plum variety are incredibly attractive and tasty, juicy and healthy.The Superearly plum itself combines the features of unpretentiousness, productivity, the tree itself grows very attractive and decorative. In many ways, everything will depend on the attitude of the gardener himself to planting, as well as on whether he can cope with all the subtleties and rules of agricultural technology. Usually, even not very experienced gardeners leave quite positive reviews about trees, emphasizing that plums are very tasty, the taste characteristics are interesting. Therefore, the Superearly plum is recommended as one of the most advantageous. Most likely, with a full study of it, the Superearly plum will be able to compete even with the most demanded and popular varieties, it just takes a little more time.
Only if all the requirements of agricultural technology are observed will it be possible to achieve an ideal result, and therefore even an experienced gardener should constantly improve his skills and knowledge in the question asked. Of course, these subtleties and aspects cannot be perceived in full at once, but gradually you can improve your capabilities, and then the results will not take long. The harvest of the Superearly plum variety will be plentiful and very tasty, the fruits will be versatile, they can be stored for a long time and can even be transported over very long distances, which not all varieties can do. This is a combination of the merits of the gardener himself, selection work and, of course, the very features of the Superearly plum variety.