For a long time, it is believed that the mountain ash tree should bring happiness and joy to the house near which it is planted, and also protect it from fire. Until now, the branches and foliage of the culture are used as a disinfectant, which prevents spoilage of vegetables, and also purifies the water. Rowan fruits are widely used both in folk medicine, due to its beneficial properties, and in cooking. Today we will introduce you to rowan, which is distinguished by the color of its berries.
Rowan Burka and its main characteristics, description, advantages and disadvantages, how to plant it correctly, how to care for and propagate it. The issue of diseases and pests is also raised, and gardeners' reviews are presented.
Rowan Burka: description of the variety and characteristics
Rowan Burka: photo
Rowan Burka is a low tree, the height of which does not exceed 2.5 meters, with a spherical, small crown. This variety is a two species hybrid, which was formed by crossing the following varieties:
- alpine mountain ash;
- mountain ash forest.
Burka has chic pinnately dissected leaves, with a bright green color.
Rowan inflorescences are white, five-membered, with small flowers, having a gorgeous aroma.
An unusual, incredible entourage to the tree brings an unusual color of its fruits - brown-red berries with a sour, astringent taste.
The flowering of the culture occurs from late spring to early June (May - June), and the fruiting period starts closer in autumn - August - September.
Rowan Burka: pros and cons
Any species is endowed with its pros and cons - this crop variety is no exception.
What are the advantages of the mountain ash "Burka":
- high yield level, allowing to harvest about 50 kg. berries from one plant;
- the plant is pollinated independently, the flowers are in rowan of both sexes;
- this variety belongs to the 4th zone in terms of frost resistance, which means it can withstand the next minus temperature from -39 degrees to -25 degrees;
- a huge range of useful and medicinal properties contained in the fruits of the tree:
- vitamins of groups E, P, C, B2;
- magnesium, iron, iodine, phosphorus, manganese;
- folic acid;
- essential oils.
- the systematic use of berries will have a positive effect on the work of the whole organism as a whole.
- good resistance to sores and harmful insects.
Bourke's rowan has no drawbacks, except that gardeners can be frightened by the relatively slow growth of the plant.
I would like to note that due to the prevailing unusual taste of the fruits, they are not advised to be eaten raw. But chic compotes, juices are cooked from berries, added to tea, jam and various jams are made.
Rowan Burka landing
Rowan variety Burka prefers dry, drained soil, which is brought to a normal water balance. The plant is moisture-loving, but it is impossible to plant in swampy soil.
Rowan ordinary Burka, like most of its fellows, is a light-loving tree. When choosing a place for a culture, give preference to an unshaded area, otherwise the shoots will grow, leaving the lower part bare, the formation of ovaries will be small.
Preparation of a site for mountain ash
Based on the characteristics of the rowan variety, Burka is an absolutely undemanding plant. Grows remarkably in almost any soil, with particular preference for the following species
- sandy loam soil;
- loamy soil.
The main condition for good growth and development is that the soil should be loose, light, which will freely pass oxygen, water, and various nutrients to the root system of the tree.
As mentioned earlier, there should be a bright spot. The distance from Burka to neighboring trees should ideally be at least 4-5 meters.
Previously, a couple of weeks before planting the plant, a hole is dug, the depth of which is no more than 50 centimeters. The width of the hole depends on the roots of the planting material.
After that, the soil is prepared:
- fertile soil is mixed with ash (300 grams), superphosphate (150 grams), compost or humus (1 bucket);
- mix the resulting mixture well;
- then the mixture is poured into the hole - the third part of the volume of the hole should be covered;
- after which, half of the soil is poured into the hole, regardless of its fertility.
Rowan planting material must be healthy, strong, and not damaged. The root of the seedling should be about 20 cm long, with elastic and even bark.
Standard planting rules for Bourke's rowan:
- a bucket of water is poured into the prepared hole, after which you need to wait until all the moisture is absorbed;
- further, the seedling is placed in an upright position;
- the roots are straightened. It is impossible to deepen the root collar entirely, it is necessary that it peep out 6-7 centimeters above the ground;
- after which the plant is evenly covered with earth;
- then the ground is leveled around the plant. In no case should you trample the ground with your feet, as it will harden, which will prevent the ingress of oxygen, moisture and other nutrients;
- the seedling is watered abundantly;
- then the trunk ring is covered with mulch, which will protect the root system from frost, and in the warm season, it will not allow moisture to quickly evaporate, and also prevent the growth and development of weeds. Humus or peat is suitable as mulch.
Planting material is planted, as a rule, either in the autumn season (this is done a month before the onset of cold weather) or in the spring (this is done in March, when it has completely thawed and before the juice begins to move).
Rowan Burka: care
Rowan Burka: photo
After planting a tree, caring for it is absolutely simple, which will allow the mountain ash to grow and develop faster.
How to water rowan
First, the plant is watered immediately after it is planted. Further, it is necessary to water the mountain ash "Burka" at the very beginning of the growing season. Also, if hot, dry weather is established outside, humidification must be carried out. Also, be sure to water the plant 1.5-2 weeks before and after picking berries.
One tree will need 3 buckets of water, you need to water not at the root, but near the trunk ring.
The first feeding of the Burka mountain ash should be carried out no later than 3 years after its planting. As a rule, the first feeding falls in the spring.
- In the spring, before the flowering period, top dressing consists of sweeping humus (6-7 kg) with ammonium nitrate (50 grams).
- Further, rowan is fertilized in early summer. During this period, organic fertilizers are used as top dressing: a solution of manure or bird droppings (10 liters of liquid per plant).
- The last fertilization for the season is carried out at the beginning of autumn. At this point, superphosphate (half a glass) and wood ash (2 tablespoons) are added.
Rowan ordinary Burka: pruning
The process of pruning the Burka rowan tree begins when the plant is 2 years old. This procedure has three important functions:
- Formative, that is, the crown of the plant is given the necessary shape;
- Rejuvenating, that is, when pruning, shoots are regenerated;
- Regulatory, that is, control over the growth, the state of the mountain ash.
The tree is pruned, in the spring, until the buds swell. You cannot often and strongly cut the tree - this will negatively affect its health, growth and development - the bark is bare, the shoots go into rapid growth, which negatively affects the taste and quality characteristics of the berries.
Preparing mountain ash for winter
When pruning mountain ash, be sure to cut thin shoots, as they form branches that uselessly make the crown of the tree thick and dishonorable because of them.
There is no need to make a large amount of top dressing, as this will provoke the development of greenery, to the detriment of the harvest.
As noted earlier, mountain ash is a frost-resistant tree, therefore, it does not need any shelter and preparation for the winter season. She calmly tolerates air temperatures down to -39 degrees.
The Burka variety is pollinated independently. For cross-pollination, it is recommended to plant several trees of different varieties at once. If you notice that the tree is not pollinated, it is necessary to graft the mountain ash with cuttings of other crops.
Rowan burka harvesting
In each region, the speed with which the berries ripen is different. You can start picking berries already in August - September, when the fruits turn brown-purple, the flesh will be dense and slightly harsh.
After September, the berries become sweet, and the mountain ash continues to bear fruit throughout the autumn period until winter.
Possible diseases and pests, how to deal with them
The main pest for the fruits of mountain ash "Burka" is birds. If the tree is not “guarded”, the birds can leave you completely without a crop.
If the tree is strong and healthy, it has good immunity and it is not afraid of sores and insects.
If the mountain ash is weak, then it is dangerous for it:
With all the numbered and other harmful insects, specialized preparations will help to cope, using them strictly according to the instructions.
The most difficult thing is to get rid of necrosis and some types of mosaics. Disease prevention can be ensured if the tree is planted in accordance with all the requirements and rules, to fight insects, and also to fully care for the crop.
Reproduction of mountain ash Burka
For the common mountain ash Burka, belonging to the species mountain ash, the best breeding method is seed.
Propagating a plant by this method, you must adhere to the following steps:
- Seeds are taken from the ripe fruits of mountain ash, after which they need to be washed, peeled from the pulp and allowed to dry;
- Further, before direct planting, the seeds are mixed with not fine sand (1 part of seeds, 3 parts of sand). And leave for 2 months in the room, then the container is removed to the refrigerator for a couple of months;
- After the snow has melted, rowan seeds are sown in a greenhouse in any container suitable for seedlings. Until autumn, the seeds are watered, and the earth is loosened.
For rowan trees of valuable varieties, vegetative methods are used:
- root shoots;
- by layering method;
Rowan ordinary Burka is just a godsend for any gardener. This plant will decorate any site, it is absolutely unpretentious to the conditions and care for it. A series of simple manipulations in the form of watering, peeling and cutting - and the mountain ash will generously reward you with the harvest. Rowan berries are very tasty, and most importantly healthy.
Rowan Burka: reviews
Svetlana Makaridina, 39 years old, Novorossiysk
Most of all I was surprised by the color of the berries, which is not orange, as I'm used to - but they have a brown hue. I bought a seedling in the nursery and I still can't get enough of it. Rowan variety Burka took root immediately, no problems arose. I do not carry out any special care. Every year there are a lot of berries, they taste tart. I make jam from them, the children and my husband are delighted.
Vasilisa Akhtung, 41 years old, Borzna
A rowan seedling Burka was given to me by a neighbor on the site. I have three rowan trees and this variety has become an ideal addition to them. No hassle or worries. I regularly carry out prevention of diseases and from insect pests - I have not encountered ailments. Every year there is a generous harvest, I cook medicinal infusions from it, and sometimes compotes and jam. It seems to me that with the use of Bourke's rowan berries, my health has become much better.