Bush lily is found in almost every second site. And this fact can be explained: the plant is unpretentious, varied in color, has a very pleasant aroma. Flowers need agricultural technology, you need to work with them competently, be aware of which soil is suitable, how to properly water and propagate.
Bush lily: choosing a place for planting
The soil must be loose, dry, and free of weeds. Lily does not tolerate large amounts of water in the ground and stagnant moisture.
Asiatic and tubular lilies are grown outdoors, but they still need a little shading. You should not plant flowers near trees, as the ground may be dry in that place.
How to prepare the soil for planting
Preparation of the soil for planting lilies occurs in advance, because these flowers are perennials and will occupy their permanent residence for 5 years. If the soil is heavy, then especially for planting bulbs, river sand and peat are added to the ground, everything is mixed.
It should be remembered that an excessive amount of organic matter contributes to the active growth of the part of the flower that is above the ground. This harms the formation of flowering onions. The plant cannot tolerate cold at a high level, immunity to diseases is lost, the seedling blooms worse.
Before planting, fertilizing the soil is an important procedure. When plowing or digging the soil, it is necessary to apply both organic fertilizers and mineral components (phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium).
It is necessary to prepare the lily before planting in open ground in advance. When young shoots appear, the stems are still weak, they can break.
With the onions within 2 days, you need to carry out the following procedure: place in a place where they will be protected from overheating, mulch with moss, sand or soil.
Finished bulbs must be examined, bad ones must be weeded out, scales that have rotted must be removed. Make the long roots shorter, then the bulbs need to be pickled in the mixture.
Planting depth depends on the size of the bulb, on the type of soil and its composition. If the soil is sandy, then the bulb needs to be planted deep, if clay - higher.
It is necessary to plant in the holes, in depth it should be 3-4 times more than the height of the bulb itself. The value is measured from the top of the bulb to the top layer of the earth.
The main, the best fact when planting and transplanting lilies is the preservation of the original state of the integrity of the bulb and roots.
After the plants are planted, the soil must be mulched with peat or humus.
Bulbs are planted in autumn or spring. The best time, of course, is autumn, preferably September. If the weather is warm in the autumn, this means that the rooting of the bulbs will be successful. If frost has come, then it is necessary to cover the onions.
There are 3 principles for determining the planting depth, the choice is yours, as always.
- The first method: determining the depth by the size of the bulb, the group to which the variety belongs.
- The second method: calculation by the formula - multiply the height of the bulb by 3 or 4. Above the top of the bulb to the top of the soil, there should be two onion growth.
- The third method is to plant the bulb 10 cm deep from the top of the bulb to the surface of the earth. Onions that are planted at a shallow depth will independently go to the depth that they need. After planting, the soil should be mulched with peat or something else.
Bush lily - planting and care
Before planting, it is necessary to dig the earth. Onions are being examined. Dried roots are cut off, the cuts are covered with charcoal (it must be crushed in advance), since the onions and roots are deprived of the covering scales that protect them, they do not like being overdried.
Dried onions must be mulched with damp material before planting so that they absorb water. The planting depth is determined by the following characteristics: the size of the onion, the formation of roots in the stems, the composition of the soil.
Usually the onions are planted so that the depth is 3 times the diameter of the onion. But there are also exceptions - varieties that form a rosette of leaves near the ground: "Snow White", "Catsby", "X terracotta".
Their onions need to be deepened by 2-3 cm. Important: the top of the scales should be located almost at the surface layer of the soil. Bulbs with large shoots: Curly, Hansona, Willmott, Henry should be planted deeper than conventional bulbs.
The most deeply planted bulbs with stem roots.
The best way: the deepest planting of onions. Because: a lot of water is hiding below. In the autumn season, the temperature conditions are higher in the interior. For this reason, root growth takes longer.
From frosts in spring, it is encouraging that almost before the onset of spring, deeply planted onions have a strong slowdown in the growth of the shoot that bears the flowers.
To determine the depth of the onions, it is necessary to find out the composition of the earth, its type. If planting is carried out on sandy soils, then the onions must be planted deeper.
Before planting the onions, river sand is poured under them to protect against harmful insects and diseases that can affect the seedlings. Next, an onion is planted on the sand and the roots are straightened.
To determine the interval between the bulbs when they are planted, you need to look at the size and growth of the bulbs. The largest bulbs are planted with an interval of 20-25 cm between each other. Smaller onions are planted at intervals of 10-15 cm.
After the flowers have been planted, good watering is necessary. Watering is needed so that the bulb is fixed in the ground. To smooth out the root system, watering will also affect the active growth of the plant. Watering is not carried out if the soil is already moist.
Agricultural technology consists in maintaining the soil in a moist, loosened form, applying fertilizers in order to protect it from various diseases. It is effective for flowers to root fertilize, since the leaves are sensitive to moisture.
Relative soil moisture is required throughout the period. The greatest need for moisture occurs from June-July, after the plants have faded. It is at this time that onions begin to develop and accumulate stocks of nutrients for wintering.
It is recommended to apply additional feed before watering or during watering.
In the first year after planting, the formation of flowers is weak, and flowers do not fully grow. To speed up their growth, you need to partially or completely cut the buds. Weak flowers, which can break from their own mass, need to be propped.
Plants begin to bloom actively 2 and 3 years after planting.
For 4-5 years, the growth of lilies slows down, they begin to bloom weakly. This is a bell: it's time to divide and transplant flowers to a new place of residence. It is necessary to choose a place for planting so that melt and rain water does not stagnate on it either in the spring season or in the autumn.
Humus from leaves is a good organic fertilizing. It is better to water a lot, but not often. Watering is carried out exactly at the root. Liliaceae are best fed 3-4 times in small portions.
Bush lily: photos and descriptions of some varieties
In the world space, there are about 100 varieties of 10 thousand different varieties of lily flowers, which are divided into 9 classes in the international classification. Below is information about the most popular varieties of bush lilies in Russian territories.
Bush saffron lily.
Flowering begins in early summer. Flowers are bright orange in color. They resemble an open bowl, collected in tassels of 4-8 flowers. Stem growth - 60 cm, no seeds. Shelter required in winter.
Royal lily (regale).
Flowering begins in the first days of July. Flowering in the form of a large funnel. The flowers are white, with red coloring on the outside and yellow coloring on the inner surface of the flower. They have a pleasant aroma.
The bulbs are dark purple in color, they are planted 20 cm deep. Reproduction occurs by seeds. The height of the bushes can reach 1 m. No shelter is required for wintering.
It begins to bloom in August. Flowers are red-orange in color, have dark specks. Stem growth - 1.5 m. 3-10 flowers are formed on it, there is no aroma. There are no seeds, but bulbs are formed in the leaf sinuses, which are suitable for breeding purposes.
The bulbs are white, they are planted 20 cm deep. Lilies are more like growing outdoors. It is a frost-resistant variety, no shelter required.
Lily Martagon (Curly).
Flowering begins on the 15th of June. The flowers are lilac-pink in color, in the form of a turban. Plants do not have a strong scent, but they still do. Long pedicels bear from 3-50 flowers, collected in inflorescences.
The petals have a back bend - they curl, hence the name. The growth of the stem is 2 m. The flower is propagated by the seed method, the seeds ripen in the first autumn days; bulbs; scales. The onion is yellow, planted 15 cm deep.
Lily Daurskaya (Pennsylvania).
The stem reaches a height of 1 m. Bush lily inflorescences are formed on it, each of which contains 1-25 flowers. It blooms beautifully both in the shade and in the sun. Tolerates any climatic conditions Reproduction takes place with scales, seeds, onions. White bulbs, planted to a depth of 10 cm.