Gooseberry Kursu Dzintars
Many gardeners prefer gooseberry varieties with spines and branches covered with thorns. The inconvenience of harvesting from such bushes is compensated by the high degree of their resistance to low temperatures and adverse weather conditions. In addition, thorny varieties produce a richer crop than their more harmless counterparts.
Kursu Dzintars gooseberry belongs to the thorny varieties and fully possesses all the advantages of the thorny gooseberry listed above. In this article, we will tell you how to plant and grow the Kursu Dzintars gooseberry variety, how to properly care for it in order to get a bountiful harvest of tasty and healthy berries.
Gooseberry Kurshu Dzintars: variety description and characteristics
Gooseberry Kursu Dzintars: photo
Gooseberry varieties Kursu Dzintars (Kursu Dzintars) came to domestic gardens from Latvia, where it was obtained by breeders as a result of crossing other varieties that are popular in the Baltic States ("Sterna Razhiga", "Pellervo"). The gooseberry variety Kuršu Dzintars belongs to the early maturing, its bushes are not distinguished by their large size and spreading branches. Straight shoots are covered with thorns spaced at medium intervals.
Kursu Dzintars gooseberry plants are often used by designers to create a spectacular garden landscape: due to the unusual combination of color of leaves and berries, the Kursu Dzintars gooseberry is distinguished by a high degree of decorativeness. Its foliage downy from the bottom creates a pale green background interspersed with yellowness (the base of the leaves is yellowish in color), on which oval-shaped berries, painted in a golden honey shade, look beautiful.
The surface of the Kursu Dzintars gooseberry fruit is glossy-smooth, without edges. The skin is not very dense, although it tolerates transportation well. Beneath it lies a surprisingly sweet and aromatic pulp. The berries are not very large, their weight can reach 3 g.
The fruits of the Kursu Dzintars gooseberry variety have a rather long shelf life and a universal purpose - they are equally good both fresh and as canned food. This gooseberry variety blooms in mid-May, the fruiting period is in the first week of August. From 1 bush, on average, you can get from 4 to 6 kg of berries, from 1 hectare up to 7 tons of harvest are harvested.
Kursu Dzintars gooseberry prefers well-lit areas, since strong shading can negatively affect the quality and quantity of the crop. It is advisable to avoid planting Kursu Dzintars gooseberry bushes in damp and wetlands, in areas with high groundwater levels. This variety does not tolerate excess moisture in the soil.
Competent and timely pruning of the branches and shoots of the gooseberry Kursu Dzintars also has a positive effect on the yielding qualities of this gooseberry variety, and also allows you to give its crown a decorative shape.
How to plant gooseberry Kursu Dzintars
As mentioned above, the location of the site where it is planned to grow the Kurshu Dzintars gooseberry variety is of primary importance. Care should be taken to provide sufficient lighting and the required level of soil moisture.
An excess of water in the soil is fraught with the development of putrefactive processes in the gooseberry root system, which can lead to the death of plants.Therefore, experienced gardeners recommend choosing areas where the groundwater level is at least one and a half meters to the surface of the earth. Gooseberry Kursu Dzintars does not like heavy clay soils, which should also be avoided.
Lack of sunshine is bad for Kuršu Dzintars gooseberry berries - they become smaller, their number is reduced.
The transfer of Kursu Dzintars gooseberry seedlings to open ground is carried out in autumn or spring. In both cases, it is important to choose the right time interval when this procedure will pass with the best result.
When choosing the spring planting of the Kursu Dzintars gooseberry, one should focus on the interval between the thawing of the soil and the swelling phase of the buds. This is an extremely short period, otherwise the young plant will slowly adapt, and the survival rate decreases. That is why many gardeners prefer to plant seedlings in the ground in the fall, when the period favorable for this procedure is longer. The main requirement is to carry it out no later than 3-4 weeks before the arrival of the first frost.
Due to the bulk of the gooseberry bushes, before planting, it is necessary to outline a plan for their placement on the site and prepare the landing holes in advance. Gooseberries Kursu Dzintars do not tend to grow very much, therefore, for bushes of this variety, an interval of 100-130 cm between holes will be sufficient. It is recommended to leave a distance of at least one and a half meters between the rows, and a maximum of two meters.
The preparation of the planting holes is carried out ahead of time: for the spring planting, it is necessary to dig holes in the fall, for the fall planting - at least 4 weeks before the planned procedure. To plant gooseberry bushes, it will be enough to dig holes with dimensions of 40 cm by 40 cm and a depth of up to 50 cm.
In order for the Kursu Dzintars gooseberry seedlings to adapt more quickly to a new place, fertilizer should be added to the holes. The optimal combination of components assumes the presence of 100 g of wood ash, 50 g of superphosphate, 40 g of potassium sulfate, 10 kg of rotted manure, which can be replaced with compost.
It is also recommended to prepare the gooseberry seedlings Kuršu Dzintars for planting in the ground. For this purpose, their root system can be placed in a solution for a day, stimulating its growth and development. In addition, you can prune dry roots and shorten the branches, leaving 5-6 buds on each shoot.
When starting to transplant the Kurshu Dzintars gooseberry, a mixture of soil and fertilizers should be poured at the bottom of the planting hole, a seedling is placed in the resulting hill, distributing its roots along its sides. Then the root part of the plant must be covered with earth and tamped tightly, leaving no air voids in the soil. The root collar must be deepened by 5-7 cm - due to this, replacement shoots will begin to form. Finally, you need to thoroughly water the gooseberry plantings.
Gooseberry care instructions
Caring for the Kuršu Dzintars gooseberry does not require any special efforts and skills. Like other varieties of this culture, it is distinguished by its unpretentiousness. However, there is a certain set of rules that you still want to follow. This will increase the yield of the gooseberry and improve the taste of its berries.
Periodic loosening of the soil around the Kuršu Dzintars gooseberry bush will enrich the soil with oxygen. This should be done with caution: the roots of the bushes of this variety are located quite close to the surface of the earth, therefore, deepening by more than 7 cm is not recommended. You can only dig up the area outside the watering circle with a shovel.
Weeding will rid the beds of weeds that draw nutrients and moisture from the soil, depriving them of the gooseberry bushes. In addition, the area without weeds looks well-groomed and neat.
Gooseberry Kurshu Dzintars tolerates drought well, but it is still not worth the risk, forgetting about watering.Lack of moisture will negatively affect the quality and volume of the crop. In the spring, it is recommended to water the gooseberries every 2 weeks; with the onset of the fruiting period, the procedures can be made more frequent - 1 watering every 6-10 days. At the end of the harvest, watering can be reduced again: it will be enough once a month or a little more often.
Kursu Dzintars gooseberries need regular pruning: this not only helps to improve the health of the bush, but also has a positive effect on its decorative qualities. You can form a crown already 2-3 years after planting, cutting off old branches and the main part of root shoots. In the fourth year of the plant's life, it is recommended to remove all excess shoots - this will make the crown less dense, the berries will receive more sunlight, and the risk of the spread of diseases will significantly decrease.
The most suitable time for pruning Kursu Dzintars gooseberry bushes is autumn (after the leaves fall) or spring (before the buds swell). During sanitary pruning, all damaged branches and shoots, as well as those over 6 years old, are removed. They do not play a special role in the fruiting process, since the berries are formed on the branches at the age of 3-6 years.
Gooseberry Kursu Dzintars is distinguished by a high degree of fertility, however, it is possible to increase the yield by applying fertilizers. It is recommended to apply twice during the season: the first time fertilizers are used in the spring, before the onset of the flowering phase. This will increase the green mass, as well as speed up the process of flowering and fruit setting. In the autumn, after the harvest is harvested, the fertilization procedure is aimed at preparing the plant for winter, so that with the arrival of spring it will grow faster.
Disease prevention and pest control
Gooseberry bushes Kursu Dzintars are extremely attractive for all kinds of harmful insects. Therefore, it is rather difficult to do without preventive measures for their processing. The first procedure should be carried out in the spring, before the flowers bloom.
Powdery mildew is a dangerous disease for the Kuršu Dzintars gooseberry. Infection with it occurs in conditions of excessive concentration of water in the soil, as a result of prolonged rains. The first sign of this fungal infection is the formation of gray spots on the surface of leaves and shoots. Noticing these symptoms, you should immediately treat the gooseberry bush with a solution that includes 3 g of copper sulfate and 5 g of regular baking soda. This mixture must be dissolved in 1 liter of water and sprayed with it on the affected bush. You must hurry, as powdery mildew spreads extremely quickly and can destroy the entire plant.
Shelter for the winter
The gooseberry variety Kurshu Dzintars, although it is quite winter-hardy, still needs shelter for the period of winter cold. It is recommended to start preparing for wintering in the fall:
- first, it is necessary to remove all fallen and dry foliage from the site, since it can become a refuge for pests and fungal spores, which, with the arrival of spring, can provoke plant infection;
- shown to abundantly moisten the soil around the gooseberry bushes;
- you can apply fertilizers based on potassium and phosphorus to the soil;
- it is recommended to disinfect the soil in the trunk circle with a solution of magnesium permanganate;
- as mentioned above, it is necessary to carry out sanitary pruning and remove all parts of the plant affected by diseases or pests;
- the ground around the bushes (radius - 30 cm) should be covered with a layer of mulch about 5 cm thick, consisting of humus or peat.
Breeding methods for gooseberry Kursu Dzintars
Gooseberry Kursu Dzintars reproduces in various ways, however, it is for this variety that propagation by layering is most preferable. The preparatory phase begins in March, before the buds open.For this purpose, the strongest shoots are selected in the root zone and placed in trenches or pits specially dug next to them. The depth is about 10 cm, the shoots must be fixed to the ground, and their tops must be pinched in order to accelerate the formation of individual root systems. As a result, each horizontal shoot gives from 4 to 6 new shoots, from which independent seedlings will grow during the year.
Gooseberry Kursu Dzintars: reviews of gardeners
- Svetlana Vladimirovna, Leningrad region: “I believe that the Kuršu Dzintars gooseberry has a number of advantages that distinguish it favorably from many gooseberry varieties. These include, first of all, a high degree of resistance to bad weather, frost and drought, as well as a high and, most importantly, stable yield. And of course, one cannot fail to mention the pleasant taste of Kuršu Dzintars gooseberries, in general, the variety suits me completely, I will continue to grow it further ”.
- Kirill Alekseevich, Sverdlovsk region: “The summer months in my area are often not pleasing with warm and sunny weather, so the fact that the Kursu Dzintars gooseberry growing in my garden tolerates the cold well is a real miracle. Caring for the Kuršu Dzintars gooseberry variety is not very difficult, which allows me to pay attention to more harmful crops in my garden. Personally, I have not found any flaws in the Kursu Dzintars gooseberry variety ”.
Gooseberry Kurshu Dzintars: photo of the variety