Clematis for the northwest: planting and care
Clematis is a very beautiful climbing plant that is often used when creating landscaping on the site. Due to the wide variety of varieties, the crop can be grown throughout the territory of our country. Plant care will depend on the weather conditions of the region. This article will discuss how to grow clematis for the northwest.
Clematis for the northwest: how to choose seedlings?
For planting clematis for the northwest, seedlings are chosen that have already turned one or two years old. For this, rooted cuttings are used as planting material. The plant also reproduces by dividing the bush, layering, sometimes grafting.
The clematis seedling, which is planned to be planted for the northwest, must have a strong root system and at least five shoots, which will be at least 10 cm long. In addition, with a strong healthy shoot. No signs of disease should be present on the roots. They should look healthy, clean, and free of all kinds of blisters and stains. The shoots must have swollen buds, and the stems themselves must have a small diameter.
Before planting the plant, it is necessary to disinfect the roots in a special solution. For example, "Maxim" or "HOM". It will be good to treat the root system with heteroauxin, root root or any other ready-made preparation suitable for root treatment.
A weak young seedling can be pre-planted in some place comfortable for its growth, where it will be grown for about a couple of years. Where it will be easier to follow the rules for caring for the plant, and then it is already possible to transplant an already rooted, sufficiently mature plant to a permanent place.
Planting rules for clematis for the northwest
The optimal time for planting clematis in the northwest will be the third decade of spring, and it is also permissible to plant clematis in early autumn. Since the root system of clematis is sufficiently developed, it is necessary to dig a spacious planting hole so that the plant feels comfortable.
So, the depth of the pit is usually more than half a meter, and about 60 cm wide. The optimal composition of the soil is garden soil mixed with humus or peat, as well as sand. It must be added where the soil is very heavy or clayey.
The fertile layer of the earth must be saturated, moist and loose so that air can circulate freely in it; acidic soil is not suitable for growing clematis.
To create a neutral soil reaction, it is necessary to add two glasses of lime to the planting pit, as well as superphosphate and a ready-made complex of mineral fertilizers, in the amount of about 2 tablespoons.
Also, compost or rotted manure is added to the planting pit. In the latter case, you must first mix it with superphosphate. Ash is also added to the planting pit.
When you remove the seedling from the container in which it was originally sold, be sure to destroy the earthen feed and straighten all the roots to inspect them for damage. Firstly, because long roots are deliberately bent during sale, and this is unacceptable during planting, and besides, by straightening the roots and breaking the earthen ball, there will be more opportunities to see some damage. If the ends at the roots are dry, then it is better to cut them and process the sections with brilliant green.
Further, during planting, it is imperative to deepen the root collar of the plant.The pit is partially filled with prepared soil, then it is necessary to build a mound and place a seedling on it, carefully distributing all the processes of the root system. The earth is poured into the pit and the root collar should be 10 cm below the surface of the earth. It's good if you sprinkle it with sand. It is also necessary to add water to the planting hole during planting. After planting, the soil compresses as it should, however, if the plant is young and the buds have not yet sprouted, then you can first not cover the plants, but huddle it up, when a certain amount of time has passed, the plant adapts, and the stems begin to become covered with bark.
The sand that you pour into the center of tillering of the plant will protect it from moisture stagnation, as well as from the occurrence of various diseases.
After planting, it is necessary to water the plant, as well as lay out a sufficient layer of mulch, which will retain moisture in the ground and save you from loosening and weeding. It is best for a young plant to create shade at the beginning of its growth.
If the shoot on the seedlings is too long, then it is better to shorten it in order to stimulate the growth of new stems. This must be done for the entire first year, at about 30 cm from the ground, and it is also necessary to prevent premature flowering of clematis. In the first year, all efforts will be directed precisely at adapting the new plant to new conditions. It will need to be watered and weeded regularly.
Clematis for the northwest: care after planting
It is the time of year that will affect the features of caring for clematis for the northwest.
Thus, in spring, when the snow melts, our clematis can be opened. This should be done gradually, when there is no longer a risk of recurrent frosts, and the soil will melt after the winter period.
It is necessary to open the plant in the absence of the bright sun so that the first spring rays do not burn the swollen buds. Having removed the shelter, the bushes need to be broken up in order to give growth to new stems.
Also in the spring clematis is watered for the northwest with milk of lime. You can add ash solution, add calcium-containing preparations.
A very good composition for clematis is nitrate, which contains a large amount of nitrogen and calcium. When the air temperature warms up to 10 degrees, an active build-up of green mass will begin. Therefore, the bush will need to be fed.
In late spring and early summer, it is necessary to add ready-made mineral complexes while watering the plant. You can add dry mixtures to moistened soil, you can use organic solutions, alternating with mineral solutions.
To protect the plant from possible diseases, such as root rot and wilting, it is necessary to carry out root feeding with special microbiological preparations.
In the spring, you should also take care of the garter and the creation of support for the vine. You can buy ready-made designs that are sold in specialty stores. These will be arches, screens, battens and other structures. If the support is not very reliable, then you will need to install it every spring, so it is better to choose durable and high-quality materials. When the support is selected, the strongest stems should be tied to the support before they reach a length of half a meter. If you ignore the tying of clematis, then their stems will simply intertwine with each other and the plant will die, since when untangling the stems there is a risk of breakage. Therefore, when the plant overwinters, you immediately need to move on to installing support and tying up the stems before they begin to actively build up the green mass, and set them in the right direction. Having tied only a few shoots at the very beginning of spring and giving them the necessary growth line, then the plant dutifully follows the proposed design and itself clings to suitable objects. You can correct the shape of the bush as clematis grows and branches.
Features of summer care
In summer, all plant care is reduced to watering, fertilizing, and removing weeds. Plus, you need to protect clematis from possible diseases and pests.
Clematis for the northwest: watering
The main rule is that watering should be rare, but abundant, so that moisture reaches the tips of the roots.
One clematis plant needs 10 liters of water. If the summer is dry and there is little rainfall, you will need to water it once a week. You need to focus on the condition of the soil - it should always be slightly moistened. In addition, you need to be afraid of stagnant water, especially near the roots, and do not plant clematis under roof drains. During watering, you need to ensure that water does not fall on the leaves and in the center of the bush. It is also necessary to loosen the soil after each watering so that a crust does not form on the soil, which impedes the passage of air. To rid yourself of these procedures, it is better to immediately lay out a sufficient layer of mulch, which will consist of humus or peat. It will not only keep moisture in the ground, but it will also promote better air circulation, as well as nourish the plants.
Since clematis are pruned every year in the fall and begin to re-grow the green mass in the spring, they require constant nutrition. Those fertilizers that were laid in the planting hole when planting a seedling will perform their nutritional functions for one year, therefore, starting from the second or third year, it is necessary to regularly apply new fertilizer for good growth and flowering of the plant.
Preparations need to be made different, containing a variety of elements and nutrients. In spring, as a rule, nitrogen-containing preparations are introduced, which stimulate the growth of stems and leaves. In the summer, during the further growth of the plant and the formation of buds, it will be necessary to fertilize clematis at least three times with organic fertilizers and mineral fertilizers. Here, everyone chooses the fertilization scheme that is convenient for him. Some alternate between mineral and organic solutions. You can use humus as mulch, and then fertilize the plant with only mineral preparations. You can add dry powders while watering the plant. The only period that does not require any fertilization is the flowering of the plant. If the clematis variety blooms in two periods, then after the first period has passed, it is necessary to pluck the shoots on which the flowers have already bloomed so that the plant does not waste energy on the formation of fruits.
All the main fertilizers and preparations were applied in the spring and in the first half of summer, so these nutrients should be enough until next year. In the fall, they make preparations that contain potassium and phosphorus, so as not to stimulate the growth of stems and leaves, which is inappropriate at this time of the year.
Preparations containing superphosphate are recommended to be added in the fall, during the preliminary preparation of the bush for winter. Thus, it can be used for the next year.
Since the largest number of clematis varieties for the northwest continues to bloom until the first frost in autumn, subzero temperatures at night will not cause any harm to the plant and its flowers. However, by about November, it is better to organize enough shelter, before the plant has time to freeze. In cold regions, the shelter is placed even earlier.
Clematis is a perennial plant that is used for decoration purposes.
Thanks to its unpretentiousness, a large number of varieties and good resistance to various climatic conditions, observing simple rules, growing clematis for the northwest, you can get an excellent result.
Clematis for the northwest: video