Clematis Gypsy Queen
Clematis Gypsy Queen is a clematis variety, which is primarily intended to decorate gardens and personal plots, and the design time falls on the second half of summer or at the very beginning of the autumn period. The variety, which will be discussed in this article, belongs to the third pruning group, therefore, for overwintering, the gardener will have to remove absolutely all shoots so that the plant becomes even more decorative and stronger next year. But for this, some rules should be followed, since clematis can react to some mistakes in agricultural technology, which will lead to a very negative result.
Clematis Gypsy Queen as a whole differs in that it is completely unpretentious in care, the main requirements are to plant Clematis Gypsy Queen in a well-lit area, as well as to regularly water the planting and feed clematis in order to maintain its positive vital activity. This variety of clematis is suitable for growing in any climatic zone, but if the air temperature drops below -30 degrees, then in this case the plant needs care and additional shelter so that it does not die and does not receive any impact and destruction. In this article, we will give a more detailed description of the characteristics of the plant, talk about how to properly plant a plant and care for clematis, how you can propagate it in order to preserve all the features of the mother plant and create an excellent and very decorative bush.
Clematis Gypsy Queen: photo
Clematis Gypsy Queen: variety description
Clematis Gypsy Queen belongs to the large-flowered category, it is a perennial clematis, which belongs to the Zhakman group. It is this variety that has become widespread in floriculture and horticulture precisely due to the fact that it has a very long and abundant flowering, and also due to the fact that, unlike many other varieties, this particular one is incredibly resistant to fungal and viral diseases, so that he practically does not fall into the risk zone of those landings that can become infected.
The flowers of the plant grow medium in size, their diameter varies from eleven to fifteen centimeters, sometimes there are plants where the flowers reach as much as 18 centimeters. The flower's calyx consists of widely bent and open petals, which have an inverse ovoid shape. Usually four to six petals are obtained, which are colored in violet or magenta shades. The surface texture of the flowers is velvety, incredibly pleasant and attractive to the touch. Anthers are located inside the flower, which are also painted in a purple hue, while the pollen is red. This variety of clematis has one feature - the color of the flowers does not fade in the sun over time, it remains the same attractive and very bright, so this variety is very popular with flower growers and gardeners, and it looks really incredibly beautiful. One shoot can have from 18 to 20 flowers, the buds are mainly formed on the uppermost young shoots, so the overall composition looks very remarkable. Abundant flowering of this variety of clematis occurs approximately in the second half of the summer period, usually this is the very end of July, and flowering continues approximately until the very first October frost occurs. So gardeners choose this variety also because of such a long flowering.
Clematis Gypsy Queen: photo
Clematis Gypsy Queen is a shrub vine, the variety is characterized by such a feature as a high ability to form a large number of shoots. So, in just one clematis bush, up to fifteen strong shoots can develop. The leaves of the plant are trifoliate, have an ovoid shape, which is slightly pointed at the tip, the color of the leaves is saturated, green, the leaves can be from six to ten centimeters long, they are usually 2.5 to 6 centimeters wide, it all depends on the age of the plant and from his general condition. The plant, or rather its deciduous uniform, has a peculiarity - they can burn in the sun, so it is better not to place clematis in areas where an abundant amount of direct sunlight falls. A distinctive purple coloration can be seen along the edges of the young leaves, which makes the plant even more decorative and special.
The liana itself can be from 2.5 to 4 meters in height, the variety is suitable for landscaping terraces and balconies, winter greenhouses and gazebos, since in such conditions the plant looks very attractive and decorative. It needs support, and it can be undersized trees and shrubs, fences or trellises - everything that clematis can wrap around, and due to which it will look incredibly attractive. Also, the plant just looks great in group plantings, and as a completely independent planting, you can plant clematis and as a hedge. Gypsy Queen can grow in one and the same place, without losing its decorative features at all and without depleting the soil - in one place it is located up to twenty years, sometimes even more if the gardener looks after the plant, takes care of it.
The vegetative period of clematis usually begins when the average daily temperature is set above five degrees. In central Russia, such conditions are usually established around April, but the risk of return frosts is still high, and in order not to expose the plant to danger and risks, it is still worth waiting for a warmer period. New shoots from clematis will begin to grow in May, and their most active growth will occur in June, not earlier. The length of the shoots will increase very quickly - in about a day there will be an increase of ten centimeters, and this is really an amazing indicator for such crops, and in general it may surprise gardeners who do not yet have much experience in growing clematis.
The Gypsy Queen variety of clematis is also characterized by its high resistance during dry periods and during periods of frost. From the Gypsy Queen variety, domestic breeders have already bred the varieties of Clematis Negritanka (it has an almost black color of petals), as well as satellite, space, katerinka, melody, blue flame and many other varieties of clematis, which have the same attractive features and characteristics, and at the same time painted in very unusual shades that look incredibly interesting and attractive, especially if these are group plantings for creating a hedge.
Clematis Gypsy Queen: photo
Planting and caring for clematis Gypsy Queen
As a rule, planting clematis Gypsy Queen can be scheduled for either the spring or autumn periods. It is recommended to plant clematis of the Jeepsie Queen variety in well-lit areas so that the plant feels as comfortable as possible. Clematis also love when the root system is located precisely in the shaded part, here is the green mass in direct sunlight. In nature, clematis thrive in undergrowth areas, where the roots are located in a humid and cool environment, and inflorescences and leaf blades receive as much illumination as they just need in order to fully reveal their decorative and attractive potential.If suddenly clematis does not have enough lighting, then flowering may not occur at all, and because of this, the plant will lose its decorative abilities. This feature should be borne in mind just before planting seedlings in open ground, as well as when orienting the vines on the supports themselves, around which they will wrap around. In order to shade the root of the plant, a low herb can be planted on the south side of clematis, which will just shade the root system of the plant. It should be borne in mind that, ideally, phloxes that have a fibrous root system are suitable for planting, and due to it, the roots of clematis will feel just great.
Young plants respond particularly well to good lighting. Therefore, it is best to place them in rows that are oriented from the east to the west. Shoots on supports should be distributed in such a way that they do not further throw shadows on each other, because in this case the plant will receive maximum illumination, which means that their decorative characteristics will be revealed in the best possible way. If the plant grows in southern regions and warm regions, then they are best planted there in a slightly shaded area. If clematis suddenly overheats with the sun's rays, then the plant may suffer, and the consequences are so negative that there is a great risk that the plant may not survive at all after such exposure. Some say that overheating can be more dangerous than overcooling shrubs.
According to the description of the main characteristics of the clematis variety Gypsy Queen, this plant belongs to the late clematis, which have a third pruning group. Flowers and inflorescences of such clematis are formed on shoots that grow in the current season, so they should be cut very shortly for the winter, because this procedure will help stimulate the growth of new, young shoots. Pruning is usually carried out to the very first true leaf, almost to the very stump. If the gardener has decided to keep several lashes, then next year the flowering will begin about 20 days earlier than the stated date, and this indicator is considered quite significant, especially for those flower growers who want to enjoy flowering as quickly as possible. It is recommended to cover the plant for the winter period to protect it from frost and too strong gusts of wind. For this, the plants are covered with sand or peat, and a non-woven material is thrown over it. You can also, after sprinkling with sand or peat, just cover the plant with snow.
As for the composition of the soil, in general, clematis does not differ in some whimsicality or exactingness. But if the gardener wants to get the most attractive plant and gorgeous flowering, then it is better to choose light loam or sandy loam soils, which also include humus. For clematis, it is also best to choose a soil with a low acidity level, which will also be well-drained. Drainage is generally a part of the soil that plays a special significant role. Plants are very fond of good, high-quality and abundant watering, but at the same time, if water stagnation is suddenly noticed in the root part, this will lead to the fact that the flowers will soon simply die for this very reason. In the area where clematis is planted, the level of groundwater should be at least one and a half meters, sometimes the roots will reach moisture, and this will lead to the development of fungal diseases. So that the soil does not dry out too much, the surface should be covered with a layer of mulch, which will consist of peat, humus, sawdust or dry straw - any natural and improvised means that can be found right on the backyard. As for feeding, ideally these are mineral complex mixtures, which have already included all the necessary and significant components.When the plant is in the growing season, then it should be provided with fertilizing with a high nitrogen content, because thanks to it, the plant will be able to maximize its green part, as well as demonstrate a really gorgeous flowering.
If the soil on the site is heavy and clayey, then its composition as a whole can be changed. For this, sand or humus is added to it; peat can also be used as an additional component. Before planting clematis in the soil, it should be thoroughly loosened to a depth of more than half a meter. This is due to the fact that clematis can develop a very deep root system, which penetrates to a depth of about one meter, which means that throughout this entire path, the soil should be as comfortable and prepared as possible, otherwise there is a great risk that the plant will not receive maximum the amount of nutrients, and soon they will fade, will not bloom or will not be as decorative at all as expected of him.
Clematis Gypsy Queen: photo
If there are depleted and very poor soils on the site, then they can also be enriched using trace elements for this. It is also worth adding rotted manure or compost, mineral mixtures and fertilizers to such soils. If the soil is highly acidic, then this indicator can also be adjusted - it is enough to use chalk or lime to add, which perfectly complement the soil, making it incredibly attractive for planting. You can also use wood ash, as it is also great for adding to the soil and reducing acidity. If we talk about soil cultivation, then this should be done in advance, before the clematis seedling is placed in open ground.
Since clematis Gypsy Queen differs in that it has a very large mass of leaves, active evaporation of the hearth passes through it, clematis should be regularly watered with settled, melt or rainwater. If the plant lacks moisture, then this can lead to the fact that the process of synthesis of nutrients slows down, the plant will literally starve, and this will provoke a deterioration in the general condition of the plant and the development of various diseases and infections. For this reason, watering must be necessarily adjusted - in central Russia it is carried out at least once every seven days, but if clematis grows in very sultry southern regions, then watering should be organized much more often. When the bush reaches 7-10 years of age, then it is worth watering not only the near-stem circle - the irrigation zone expands to seventy centimeters, so that the plant, whose root system has grown abundantly, receives comprehensive and necessary moisture. The average water consumption per week for clematis usually ranges from thirty to fifty liters, no less.
Reproduction of clematis Gypsy Queen
The Gypsy Queen variety of clematis is usually propagated by summer green cuttings. The popularity of this method is due to the fact that the survival rate of these green cuttings is approximately 82%. Pruning cuttings is carried out from June to July, it is best to do this when the plant has entered the stage of its budding. If you try to propagate clematis using seeds, then this can lead to the fact that the resulting plantings completely lose the characteristics and characteristics of the mother plant, and therefore seed reproduction in floriculture and in reproduction of a particular clematis is not used at all. After the plant has been pruned in order to propagate clematis, it should be well fed. No more than a third of the shoots can be cut from one bush, otherwise, due to abundant pruning, the plant will experience shock and stress, and there is a great risk that it will not recover at all.In order to propagate clematis by cuttings, mainly the middle part of the live shoot is used. Cuttings that are already cut specifically for propagation should have approximately two viable and vegetative buds.
Clematis Gypsy Queen: photo
In order to make the cuttings even more viable and stronger, it is worth using growth stimulants. These can be substances and preparations such as heteroauxin, indolylbutyric acid, naphthylacetic acid, which have an excellent effect on shoot growth, especially if the solution is mixed correctly and the instructions for use are followed. The exposure time of shoots in stimulants is from seven to ten hours, and they are kept there right before direct planting of cuttings in open ground.
Summer clematis cuttings can be rooted in open ground and in boxes. As a soil, it is best to take a specially prepared substrate, which will include all the necessary substances and trace elements: the first layer should include humus or compost, which will be from twenty to thirty centimeters. The second layer of the substrate is a mixture that consists of sand and peat, as well as a little perlite.
When growing cuttings, it is very important to regularly water the planting materials, spray them with settled water at room temperature. In order to create conditions close to greenhouses, plants are covered with film or glass to create a greenhouse effect. The optimum temperature in this case should be from 20 to 25 degrees, in such conditions the plant will feel as comfortable as possible, but if the temperature is higher than the declared marks, this will lead to the fact that the cuttings may die. Cuttings are also installed not in direct sunlight, but in diffused light, since direct sunlight can burn them, and this will negatively affect the plants. There is a high risk that the cuttings will not grow at all, and if you do not create the most comfortable conditions for them in time, then this method of reproduction will be in vain.
After about a month or a maximum of a month and a half, young plants must be hardened, for this they are taken out for some time to fresh air, as well as in conditions where direct sunlight falls on them. 10-14 days after the cuttings began to harden, glass or film, due to which the greenhouse effect was formed, can be removed from the plantings. Cuttings usually hibernate in the open field, but at the same time, you should be very careful to protect them from too strong and severe frosts, in which case it is necessary to create a shelter for the cuttings.
Clematis Gypsy Queen: photo
Annual cuttings should be planted in open ground only the next year, in the fall, or in September, or in October. This is due to the fact that by this time they will develop a strengthened root system, which means it will be much easier for them to adapt to completely new environmental conditions. It is also worth focusing on some criteria, which just indicate that planting materials can be placed in open ground. One of these criteria is that at least five roots have been formed in the cutting, their length should be half a meter or more. If the gardener bought the cuttings in a nursery or a specialized store, then they can be planted in April or May, since these materials are considered the most prepared and hardened enough to place them directly in the open ground in the near future. If you follow all the rules of agricultural technology and take care of the plants, then very soon you will be able to enjoy beautiful plants that will also incredibly decoratively grow and develop, delight the gardener with indicators of their progress in development.Of course, you should be very careful about planting, constantly monitor and inspect the plants in order to identify possible deviations or diseases in time. Only in this case it will be possible to say that the care was provided versatile and maximum, and to expect decorativeness, majesty and abundant flowering from the plant in gratitude. Of course, Clematis Gypsy Queen today is one of the leaders among all other varieties of clematis, as it combines unpretentiousness and excellent growth and development indicators, and due to this, in general, this Clematis Gipsy Queen is so valued among gardeners and gardeners in different areas of our countries, even in those where, in principle, initially not all varieties of clematis can take root, not to mention their growth and flowering.