How often to water petunia
Very often in gardens and vegetable gardens there is a plant such as petunia. It is very beautiful and adorns the entire site with its presence. Petunia can also be found in a flower bed in front of a museum, a theater, or even in front of an administrative building. It can be grown in pots and hung from poles, or it can be grown at home. Why is she so popular? This is due to the fact that petunia has an attractive appearance and also has a high resistance to stress. With basic care work, which consists in watering, lighting and feeding, the plant will bloom for a long time and colorfully. The most important thing in petunia care is watering. It is he who strongly influences its development, growth and flowering, so it is important to know how to water petunia
How to water petunia? First, briefly about the plant itself
This plant belongs to perennial herbaceous flowers or shrub. One scientist lived in France, who very often visited various scientific expeditions. And then one day, being near South America, he found a very beautiful plant, he was attracted by the flower itself.
The plant had a peculiarity in that its foliage was similar to the foliage of a tobacco plant, which is why he named it Nicotiana.
After 15 years had passed, many plants were found that looked like Nicotiana. Therefore, breeders-scientists decided to create a new genus of plants, which was named Petunia.
How to grow petunia
When a petunia begins its growing season, it needs a lot of sunlight or just lighting. Especially when grown at home. Without enough light, petunia will not grow and develop its beautiful flowers. Lighting can be built from two fluorescent lamps, this will be enough.
After you decide to transplant a flower into open ground, you need to take care of the soil in which it will develop. Having dug a hole, a drainage system must be installed at the bottom using expanded clay, broken brick or large pebbles.
Drainage is a necessary installation that will remove excess moisture. Then a layer of soil mixed with peat, sand and deciduous soil should be placed on the drainage system. It is not advised to do otherwise, since this option is the best for the good development of the petunia. Fertilizing the soil is also necessary so that the plant is saturated with nutrients.
Note: Cultivars of this plant that have large flowers should not grow in an area where there is dampness, groundwater or drafts.
During the cultivation of petunias, the following work must be performed:
Petunia does not need special care. She only needs good lighting or lighting. This is the most important thing for the good development of the flower. Lighting can be provided by sunlight or lamps.
You should also cleanse the plant from parts that have already faded or dried out. This little pruning stimulates plant growth as well as proper development.
Pinching is also done. It should be done over about 5-6 internodes, as it promotes the emergence of new shoots.Pruning or shortening long shoots is necessary to form a round and fluffy bush. Produced only at the discretion of the gardener.
How to water petunia
Watering the petunia is imperative. This flower is very fond of moisture, so it must be watered by the root method, once or twice a day. In order not to flood the plant, it is necessary to install a drainage system in a hole or in a pot, depending on where it grows.
Ordinary stones can also serve as drainage. In the absence of a drainage system, the soil will begin to acidify, and moisture will begin to stagnate. This will all very badly affect the plant. Since the root system can begin to rot and the petunia will die.
Top dressing should not be applied to the plant soil carefully. It can be safely fed with various fertilizers. All fertilizers will have a good effect on her. It is worth considering that when the petunia is in the growing season or during the period of flower formation, it will be necessary to often make additional fertilizing to the soil. Indeed, in such periods, she needs them most of all.
Note: Any fertilizer can be applied to the soil, except for organic fertilizing.
How often to water petunia outdoors?
Quite often, petunia is grown not only at home, but also in the open field. The irrigation scheme for this kind of cultivation is slightly different.
Plants that grow in open ground tolerate moisture very well, which cannot be said about drought. Consequently, with a decrease in the moisture content of the air or soil, the plant will begin to slow down its growth. This problem can be solved by changing the irrigation scheme.
If the case turned out to be neglected, then this can lead to the death of the petunia due to severe drought. Usually, all plants grown at home are regularly and abundantly watered and petunia is no exception. Moisture saturates the plant with essential micronutrients. It also adjusts the temperature for regular application.
In rare cases, but it may be that water is harmful to the plant. This only happens when watering is plentiful. And the first layers of soil do not have time to absorb moisture, but accumulate it. In this case, rotting of the root system may begin. To avoid such a problem, watering must be done slowly so that the soil has time to absorb moisture.
If moisture is applied in too small doses, then the plant begins to turn yellow and expose its stems. Petunia at any age is watered only with settled water and do it very carefully. You can water it not by the root method, but using drip irrigation. Many gardeners use this irrigation method. With such watering, you must use a regular syringe, which will turn the water into drops.
Note: After each watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil so that the root system is saturated with oxygen.
Petunia: how to water a potted plant that grows indoors
If petunia is grown indoors, then watering is carried out a little differently than when growing in the open field. The potted plant should be watered by foliar and root methods, that is, using a spray bottle.
In no case should it be brought to drought. Since a plant that grows indoors is much softer than a plant growing outdoors. If you bring it to dryness, the petunia will soon die. With regular and proper watering, petunia will feel comfortable and delight the eye of its owner.
Spraying is carried out daily. But only moisture should not get on the petunia buds. Since the plant needs to be watered 2 times a day, in the morning it is watered by the root method, and in the evening it is sprayed.
When to water petunia?
This plant cannot live without water and does not tolerate a long period of drought.If you notice that the foliage of the plant begins to sag, as well as the buds droop and become wet, then watering must be done. Without regular watering, the buds lose their grace and beauty.
It is worth noting that it will be simply impossible to restore the splendor of the buds in the future. The flowers will continue to lose their appearance, turning yellow and falling off. Also, with prolonged drought, the immune system of the plant will receive a strong blow. That is, even with the slightest infections, petunia will begin to become infected and will not be able to fight the disease.
In the summer, petunia should be watered 2 times a day. This can be done early in the morning and in the evening. Sometimes gardeners are physically unable to water 2 times a day. Therefore, it is necessary to add a sufficient amount of hydrogel to the soil and use funnel-cones.
Watering should not be carried out in the presence of sunlight. Since they can burn the plant and burns will appear on it.
In winter, watering is carried out only once a day, and then only when the upper layers of the soil are completely dry.
How to water petunia for abundant flowering. What fertilizing are needed
In the summer, petunia is fed only with complex fertilizers or dressings, which contain a large amount of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. During this period, the plant needs nitrogen in order to grow the crown of the plant.
The use of phosphorus will help the formation of new roots and the formation of flowers, and the use of potassium allows the plant to increase the size of the bud.
What fertilizers should be applied and at what time?
After the seeds have been sown, after a few days, nitrogen fertilization must be applied. If the plant needs help in forming a bush, it is also necessary to add nitrogen fertilization.
Before the plant should bloom, it is necessary to make a phosphorus-potassium dressing.
Note: A very good feeding is a drug called Kemira Lux. Since it contains not only phosphorus and potassium, but also a fairly large amount of nitrogen. You can also use Agricola, which has a good effect on flowering crops.
Fertilizing to form a strong plant
In order for the petunia to form strong and healthy, nitrogen fertilization must be applied. A large amount of nitrogen is found in boron, pink crystallone, plantoma. The use of nitrogen fertilization allows you to bring the date of flowering of buds closer, and also such fertilization contributes to the formation of new flowers. Nitrogen fertilizers help to avoid soil depletion, as they provide it with urea, carbyne, potassium humate and magnesium.
In specialized stores, fertilizers are in granular form. This view is easier to use. After all, plant nutrition begins only when the granules are completely dissolved. And this happens after about 40 minutes. This type of fertilizer is not suitable for petunias, as an excess of fertilizing can have a bad effect on the plant. And the amount of fertilizer that will be absorbed into the soil cannot be determined by adding granules. Therefore, it is necessary to use other types of fertilizers.
Before the flowering process of petunia begins, you need to make more fertilizing. Top dressing should be applied about three times during the whole season. Liquid or dry top dressing will do. Experts say that replenishment of minerals should be carried out once every 7 days. Such an introduction does not allow petunias to fade. You can use Aquarine and Planton S.
How to water petunia - common mistakes
The most common mistake in petunia care is improper watering.
If the plant begins to turn yellow, it means that the grower is bringing too much water into the soil. Excess moisture can lead to root rot and death. Therefore, it is necessary to start solving the problem on time. To begin with, you need to trim the leaves, which have become yellow, and treat the trimming site with fingicide.
After pruning, leave the plant for 2-5 days without watering. The top layers of the soil should dry well. For this, daily loosening should be carried out.
In the end, I want to say that petunia is a wonderful plant that, with proper care, develops correctly and pleases the eye of the gardener.
Great attention should be paid to watering and lighting the plant. Since these are two most important criteria, thanks to which the plant develops well and forms beautiful buds.